Place:Northumberland, England

Watchers
NameNorthumberland
Alt namesNBLsource: Curious Fox: UK Counties and Shires [online] (2002). accessed 16 Dec 2002
Norhumberlandsource: Oxford Dictionary of English Place-Names (1998)
Northdsource: Royal Mail: PAF Digest [online] (2002) accessed 16 Dec 2002
Northumsource: Gazetteer of Great Britain (1999) xviii
Nthumbsource: BIAB Online (1999-2000) accessed 16 Dec 2002; UK Counties and Regions Abbreviations [web site] (1997-98) accessed 16 Dec 2002
TypeHistoric county, Administrative county, Modern county
Coordinates55.169°N 1.687°W
Located inEngland
See alsoTyne and Wear, Englandunitary authority which replaced Northumberland in 1974
Contained Places
Borough (county)
Newcastle upon Tyne ( - 1974 )
Tynemouth ( - 1974 )
Borough (municipal)
Berwick upon Tweed
Blyth ( 1906 - 1974 )
Morpeth
Wallsend ( 100 - 1974 )
Whitley Bay ( - 1974 )
Castle
Prudhoe Castle ( - 1910 )
Chapelry
Allendale
Alnmouth
Ancroft ( 1844 - )
Beadnell
Bellingham
Benwell ( - 1974 )
Birtley
Blanchland
Brinkburn
Byker ( - 1974 )
Carham
Cornhill on Tweed ( 1844 - )
Cramlington ( - 1935 )
Dalton ( - 1955 )
Doddington
Earsdon (near North Shields) ( - 1974 )
Falstone
Gosforth ( - 1974 )
Greenhead
Halton
Haydon
Hebron
Horton ( - 1920 )
Humshaugh
Kyloe ( 1844 - )
Longhoughton
Lowick
Lucker
Mickley
Netherwitton
Newbrough
Newcastle upon Tyne All Saints ( - 1914 )
Newcastle upon Tyne St. Andrew ( - 1914 )
Newcastle upon Tyne St. John ( - 1914 )
Newton
Rennington
Rock
South Charlton
Sugley ( - 1935 )
Tweedmouth
Ulgham
Walker ( - 1974 )
Wark on Tyne
West Allen ( 1897 - )
Whitley Bay ( - 1974 )
Widdrington
Willington ( 1974 - )
Civil parish
Abberwick
Acklington Park
Acklington
Acomb
Acton and Old Felton
Adderstone with Lucker ( 1955 - )
Adderstone
Akeld
Allendale
Alnham
Alnmouth
Alnwick
Alwinton
Amble
Ancroft ( 1844 - )
Anick
Apperley
Ashington and Sheepwash
Ashington ( 1896 - )
Aydon Castle ( - 1955 )
Aydon
Bamburgh Castle
Bamburgh
Barrow ( - 1995 )
Bassington
Bavington
Beadnell
Beanley
Bearl
Bebside
Belford ( 1844 - )
Bellingham
Bellister
Belsay
Benridge
Benwell ( - 1974 )
Berwick Hill ( - 1955 )
Berwick upon Tweed
Bewick ( 1955 - )
Bickerton ( - 1955 )
Biddlestone
Bingfield
Birling
Birtley
Bitchfield ( - 1955 )
Black Callerton ( - 1955 )
Black Carts with Ryehill
Black Heddon ( - 1955 )
Blanchland
Blenkinsopp
Blyth ( 1906 - 1974 )
Bockenfield
Bolam Vicarage ( - 1955 )
Bolam
Bolton
Bothal Demesne ( 1866 - 1935 )
Bothal
Bradford (near Morpeth)
Bradford in Bamburgh
Brandon
Branton
Branxton
Brenkley ( - 1974 )
Brinkburn
Broome Park
Broomhaugh and Riding ( 1955 - )
Broomhaugh
Broomley and Stocksfield
Brotherwick
Broxfield
Brunswick ( 1955 - 1974 )
Brunton
Budle
Bullers Green ( - 1888 )
Bullocks Hall
Burradon (near Rothbury)
Burradon in Tyneside ( - 1974 )
Burton
Butterlaw ( - 1974 )
Byker ( - 1974 )
Bywell St. Andrew
Bywell St. Peter ( - 1887 )
Bywell ( 1887 - )
Caistron
Callaly and Yetlington
Cambo ( - 1955 )
Camperdown ( - 1974 )
Capheaton
Carham
Carrycoats ( - 1955 )
Cartington
Causey Park ( - 1955 )
Charlton
Chathill
Chatton
Cheeseburn Grange
Chevington
Chillingham
Chirdon
Chirton ( - 1974 )
Chollerton
Clarewood
Clennell
Coanwood
Coatyards ( - 1955 )
Cocklaw
Cockle Park
Coldcoats ( - 1955 )
Coldsmouth and Thompsons Walls
Corbridge
Cornhill on Tweed ( 1844 - )
Corridge
Corsenside
Coupland ( - 1955 )
Cowpen
Cramlington ( - 1935 )
Craster
Crawley
Cresswell
Crookhouse ( - 1955 )
Cullercoates ( - 1974 )
Dalton ( - 1955 )
Darras Hall
Deanham ( - 1955 )
Debdon ( - 1955 )
Detchant
Dilston ( - 1955 )
Dinnington ( - 1974 )
Ditchburn
Doddington
Doxford
Duddo ( 1844 - )
Dueshill ( - 1889 )
Dukes Hagg ( - 1955 )
Dunstan
Eachwick
Earle
Earsdon (near Morpeth) ( - 1955 )
Earsdon (near North Shields) ( - 1974 )
Easington
East Brunton
East Denton ( - 1935 )
East Heddon ( - 1955 )
East Lilburn
East Matfen ( - 1955 )
East Shaftoe
East Thornton ( - 1955 )
East and West Hartford
Edington
Edlingham
Eglingham
Elford
Ellingham
Ellington
Elsdon
Elswick ( - 1974 )
Eltringham ( - 1910 )
Elwick ( 1844 - )
Elyhaugh
Embleton
Eshott
Espershields
Ewart
Ewesley
Fairhaugh ( - 1955 )
Fairnley ( - 1955 )
Fallodon
Fallowfield
Fallowlees ( - 1955 )
Falstone
Farnham ( - 1955 )
Fawdon Clinch and Hartside
Fawdon and Clinch
Fawdon ( - 1974 )
Featherstone
Felkington ( 1844 - 1955 )
Felton
Fenham ( - 1974 )
Fenrother ( - 1955 )
Fenwick (near Hexham)
Fleetham
Flotterton
Ford
Gallow Hill
Glanton ( - 1955 )
Glororum
Gloster Hill
Gosforth ( - 1974 )
Great Bavington
Great Ryle ( - 1955 )
Great Whittington ( - 1955 )
Greenhead
Greenleighton ( - 1955 )
Greens and Glantlees ( - 1955 )
Greys Forest ( - 1955 )
Greystead
Grindon ( 1844 - 1955 )
Guyzance
Hadstone
Hallington
Halton Shields ( - 1887 )
Halton
Haltwhistle
Harbottle
Harehope
Harlow Hill ( - 1955 )
Harnham
Hartburn Grange ( - 1955 )
Hartburn
Hartington ( - 1955 )
Hartley Burn
Hartley
Harwood ( - 1955 )
Haughton ( - 1955 )
Hauxley
Hawick
Hawkwell ( - 1955 )
Haydon
Hazlerigg ( - 1974 )
Hazon and Hartlaw ( - 1955 )
Healey and Combhill ( - 1955 )
Healey
Heathpool
Heaton ( - 1974 )
Hebron
Heddon on the Wall
Hedgeley
Hedley Woodside ( - 1887 )
Hedley
Henshaw
Hepburn ( - 1955 )
Hepple
Hepscott
Hesley Hurst
Heugh
Hexham
Hexhamshire High Quarter ( 1866 - 1955 )
Hexhamshire Low Quarter ( 1866 - )
Hexhamshire Middle Quarter ( 1866 - 1955 )
Hexhamshire West Quarter ( 1866 - 1955 )
Hexhamshire ( 1955 - )
High Angerton
High Buston
High Callerton
High Fotherley
High and Low Highlaws
High and Low Trewhitt ( - 1955 )
Higham Dykes
Highlaws
Hirst
Hollinghill
Holy Island ( 1844 - )
Holystone
Holywell
Hoppen
Horncliffe ( 1844 - )
Horsley (near Wylam) ( - 1955 )
Horsley
Horton Grange ( - 1974 )
Horton ( - 1920 )
Houghton and Close House
Howick
Howtel
Humbleton ( - 1955 )
Humshaugh
Ilderton
Ingoe ( - 1955 )
Ingram Linhope Greenshawhill and Hartside
Ingram Linhope and Greenshawhill
Ingram
Jesmond ( - 1974 )
Kearsley
Kenton ( - 1974 )
Kidland ( - 1955 )
Kielder ( 1955 - )
Kilham
Kirkharle
Kirkhaugh
Kirkheaton
Kirkley ( - 1955 )
Kirknewton
Kirkwhelpington
Knaresdale ( - 1955 )
Knarsdale with Kirkhaugh ( 1955 - )
Kyloe ( 1844 - )
Lambley
Lanton ( - 1955 )
Learchild
Lee St. John
Lee Ward
Lemmington
Lesbury
Lilburn ( 1955 - )
Linbridge ( - 1955 )
Linsheeles ( - 1955 )
Little Bavington ( - 1955 )
Little Callerton
Little Ryle ( - 1955 )
Little Whittington ( - 1955 )
Loanend ( 1844 - 1955 )
Long Horsley
Longbenton ( - 1974 )
Longframlington
Longhirst
Longhoughton
Longridge ( 1844 - 1955 )
Longshaws
Longwitton
Lorbottle ( - 1955 )
Low Angerton ( - 1955 )
Low Buston
Lowick
Lucker
Lynemouth
Mason ( - 1974 )
Meldon
Melkridge
Mickley
Middleton Hall
Middleton
Milbourne
Milfield
Mitford
Molesden
Monkhouse
Monkridge ( - 1955 )
Monkseaton ( - 1974 )
Morpeth Castle
Morpeth
Morwick
Mount Healey ( - 1955 )
Mousen
Murton ( - 1974 )
Nafferton ( - 1955 )
Nesbit (near Hexham) ( - 1955 )
Nesbit (near Wooler) ( - 1955 )
Netherton ( 1955 - )
Netherwitton
New Bewick
Newbiggin by Newburn
Newbiggin by the Sea
Newbiggin in Shotley
Newbrough
Newburn Hall
Newburn ( - 1974 )
Newcastle upon Tyne All Saints ( - 1914 )
Newcastle upon Tyne St. Andrew ( - 1914 )
Newcastle upon Tyne St. John ( - 1914 )
Newham (near Morpeth)
Newham
Newlands
Newminster Abbey ( - 1935 )
Newsham and South Blyth ( 1866 - 1920 )
Newstead
Newton Park
Newton Underwood
Newton by the Sea
Newton on the Moor
Newton
Newtown (near Rothbury) ( - 1955 )
Newtown (near Wooler) ( - 1955 )
Norham Mains ( 1844 - 1955 )
Norham ( 1844 - 1955 )
North Charlton
North Dissington ( - 1955 )
North Gosforth ( - 1974 )
North Middleton (near Morpeth) ( - 1955 )
North Middleton (near Wooler)
North Seaton
North Shields ( - 1974 )
North Sunderland
Nunnykirk
Nunriding
Ogle
Old Bewick
Old Moor ( - 1995 )
Ord ( 1891 - )
Otterburn ( 500 - )
Ouston
Outchester
Ovingham
Ovington
Paston ( - 1955 )
Pauperhaugh
Peels
Pegswood
Pigdon
Plashetts and Tynehead ( 1866 - 1955 )
Plenmellor with Whitfield ( 1955 - )
Plenmellor
Ponteland
Portgate
Powburn
Prendwick ( - 1955 )
Preston (near Alnwick)
Preston (near North Shields) ( - 1974 )
Prestwick
Prudhoe Castle ( - 1910 )
Ratchwood
Raw ( - 1955 )
Reaveley
Rennington
Riding
Ridley
Riplington
Ritton Coltpark ( - 1955 )
Ritton Whitehouse
River Green
Rochester
Rock
Roddam
Roseden
Ross ( 1844 - )
Rothbury
Rothley
Rudchester ( - 1955 )
Ryal
Sandhoe
Scrainwood
Seaton Delaval ( - 1935 )
Seghill ( - 1935 )
Selbys Forest
Sharperton
Shawdon
Sheepwash ( 1896 - 1935 )
Shilbottle
Shilvington
Shipley
Shoreston
Shoreswood ( 1844 - 1955 )
Shortflatt
Shotley Low Quarter
Simonburn
Slaley
Smalesmouth ( - 1958 )
Snitter
South Charlton
South Dissington ( - 1955 )
South Middleton (near Morpeth)
South Middleton (near Wooler)
Spindlestone
Spital Hill
Spittle (near Hexham) ( - 1955 )
Stamford
Stamfordham
Stannington
Stanton
Stelling
Sturton Grange
Styford
Sugley ( - 1935 )
Swarland
Sweethope
Swinhoe
Tarset West
Tarset ( 1955 - )
Thirlwall
Thirston with Shothaugh
Thirston ( 1955 - )
Thockrington ( - 1955 )
Thornbrough ( - 1955 )
Thorneyburn ( - 1955 )
Thorngrafton
Thornton ( 1844 - 1955 )
Throphill
Thropton
Titlington
Todburn
Todridge ( - 1955 )
Togstone
Tosson
Tranwell and High Church
Trewick
Tritlington
Troughend ( - 1955 )
Tughall
Tweedmouth
Twizell (near Norham) ( 1844 - 1955 )
Twizell in Morpeth ( - 1955 )
Tynemouth ( - 1974 )
Ulgham
Unthank ( - 1955 )
Walker ( - 1974 )
Walkmill
Wall
Wallbottle
Wallington Demesne
Walltown
Walridge ( - 1955 )
Warden
Warenford
Warenton
Wark on Tyne
Warkworth
Warton ( - 1955 )
Wellhaugh ( 1866 - 1955 )
Welton ( - 1955 )
West Allen ( 1897 - )
West Brunton
West Denton
West Heddon
West Lilburn
West Matfen
West Shaftoe ( - 1955 )
West Thornton ( - 1955 )
Westgate
Westnewton ( - 1955 )
Whalton
Whitchester
Whitfield
Whitley Bay ( - 1974 )
Whitridge ( - 1955 )
Whittingham
Whittington ( 1955 - )
Whittle (near Alnwick)
Whittle (near Hexham) ( - 1955 )
Whitton
Whittonstall
Whorlton ( - 1935 )
Widdrington
Willington ( 1974 - )
Wingates ( - 1955 )
Witton Shields ( - 1955 )
Woodhorn Demesne
Woodhorn
Woodhouse
Woodside ( - 1955 )
Wooler
Woolsington ( - 1974 )
Wooperton
Wreighill ( - 1955 )
Wylam
Yeavering ( - 1955 )
Deserted settlement
Housesteads
District municipality
Alnwick District ( 1974 - 2009 )
Berwick upon Tweed District ( 1974 - 2009 )
Blyth Valley District ( 1974 - 2009 )
Castle Morpeth District ( 1974 - 2009 )
Tynedale District ( 1974 - 2009 )
Wansbeck District ( 1974 - 2009 )
Extra parochial area
Kidland ( - 1955 )
Kirkheaton
Monkhouse
River Green
Former administrative division
Hexhamshire ( 1955 - )
Hamlet
Wark on Tweed
Hundred
Bamburgh Ward
Castle Ward
Coquetdale Ward
Glendale Ward
Islandshire ( 1844 - )
Morpeth Ward
Norhamshire ( 1844 - )
Tynedale Ward
Inhabited place
Ayle
Backworth ( - 1974 )
Bardon Mill
Baybridge
Beaconhill
Bearsbridge
Beauclerc
Bellshill
Beltingham
Benthall
Bilton
Bolam West Houses
Bomarsund
Boulmer
Bowsden
Branch End
Bridge End
Broomhill
Brownieside
Butteryhaugh
Bywell ( 1887 - )
Cambois
Carterway Heads
Causey Park Bridge
Chesters
Cheswick Buildings
Cheswick
Chollerford
Clifton
Coalcleugh
Collingwood
Colpitts Grange
Crag Lough
Englingham
Guide Post
Killingworth
Marston St. Lawrence
North Seaton Colliery
Painshawfield
Radcliffe
Scremerston Station
Seahouses
Sparty Lea
Stonehaugh
Throckley ( - 1974 )
Warkton
Parish (ancient)
Alnham
Alnwick
Alwinton
Bamburgh
Bedlington ( 1844 - )
Belford ( 1844 - )
Bellingham
Berwick upon Tweed
Bolam
Bothal
Branxton
Brinkburn
Bywell St. Andrew
Bywell St. Peter ( - 1887 )
Chatton
Chillingham
Chollerton
Corbridge
Corsenside
Dinnington ( - 1974 )
Doddington
Edlingham
Eglingham
Ellingham
Elsdon
Embleton
Falstone
Felton
Ford
Greystead
Haltwhistle
Hartburn
Heddon on the Wall
Hexham
Holy Island ( 1844 - )
Holystone
Howick
Ilderton
Ingram
Kirkhaugh
Kirknewton
Kirkwhelpington
Knaresdale ( - 1955 )
Lambley
Lee St. John
Long Horsley
Longbenton ( - 1974 )
Longhoughton
Meldon
Mitford
Morpeth
Newburn ( - 1974 )
Norham ( 1844 - 1955 )
Ovingham
Ponteland
Rothbury
Shilbottle
Simonburn
Slaley
Stamfordham
Stannington
Thockrington ( - 1955 )
Tynemouth ( - 1974 )
Warden
Wark on Tyne
Warkworth
Whalton
Whitfield
Whittingham
Woodhorn
Wooler
Registration district
Alnwick Registration District
Belford Registration District ( 1837 - 1936 )
Bellingham Registration District ( 1837 - 1936 )
Berwick Registration District ( 1837 - 1936 )
Castle Ward Registration District ( 1837 - 1936 )
Glendale Registration District ( 1837 - 1936 )
Haltwhistle Registration District ( 1837 - 1936 )
Hexham Registration District ( 1837 - 1936 )
Morpeth Registration District ( 1837 - 1936 )
Newcastle upon Tyne Registration District ( 1837 - 1936 )
Northumberland Central Registration District ( 1937 - 2008 )
Northumberland North First Registration District ( 1937 - 2008 )
Northumberland North Second Registration District ( 1937 - 2008 )
Northumberland Registration District ( 2008 - )
Northumberland South Registration District ( 1937 - 2008 )
Northumberland West Registration District ( 1937 - 2008 )
Rothbury Registration District ( 1837 - 1936 )
Tynemouth Registration District ( 1837 - 1936 )
Rural district
Alnwick Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Belford Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Bellingham Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Castle Ward Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Glendale Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Haltwhistle Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Hexham Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Morpeth Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Newcastle Rural ( 1912 - 1974 )
Norham and Islandshires Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Rothbury Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Tynemouth Rural ( 1894 - 1912 )
Settlement
Choppington ( 1844 - )
Suburb
Jesmond ( - 1974 )
Walker ( - 1974 )
Township
Abberwick
Acklington Park
Acklington
Acomb
Acton and Old Felton
Adderstone
Akeld
Amble
Anick
Apperley
Ashington and Sheepwash
Aydon Castle ( - 1955 )
Aydon
Bamburgh Castle
Barrow ( - 1995 )
Bassington
Beanley
Bearl
Bebside
Belford ( 1844 - )
Bellister
Belsay
Benridge
Berwick Hill ( - 1955 )
Bickerton ( - 1955 )
Biddlestone
Bingfield
Birling
Bitchfield ( - 1955 )
Black Callerton ( - 1955 )
Black Carts with Ryehill
Black Heddon ( - 1955 )
Blanchland
Blenkinsopp
Bockenfield
Bolam Vicarage ( - 1955 )
Bolam
Bolton
Bothal Demesne ( 1866 - 1935 )
Bradford (near Morpeth)
Bradford in Bamburgh
Brandon
Branton
Brenkley ( - 1974 )
Broome Park
Broomhaugh
Broomley and Stocksfield
Brotherwick
Broxfield
Brunton
Budle
Bullers Green ( - 1888 )
Bullocks Hall
Burradon (near Rothbury)
Burradon in Tyneside ( - 1974 )
Burton
Butterlaw ( - 1974 )
Caistron
Callaly and Yetlington
Cambo ( - 1955 )
Capheaton
Carrycoats ( - 1955 )
Cartington
Causey Park ( - 1955 )
Charlton
Chathill
Cheeseburn Grange
Chevington
Chirdon
Chirton ( - 1974 )
Choppington ( 1844 - )
Clarewood
Clennell
Coanwood
Coatyards ( - 1955 )
Cocklaw
Cockle Park
Coldcoats ( - 1955 )
Coldsmouth and Thompsons Walls
Corridge
Coupland ( - 1955 )
Cowpen
Craster
Crawley
Cresswell
Crookhouse ( - 1955 )
Cullercoates ( - 1974 )
Dalton ( - 1955 )
Darras Hall
Deanham ( - 1955 )
Debdon ( - 1955 )
Detchant
Dilston ( - 1955 )
Dinnington ( - 1974 )
Ditchburn
Doxford
Duddo ( 1844 - )
Dueshill ( - 1889 )
Dukes Hagg ( - 1955 )
Dunstan
Eachwick
Earle
Earsdon (near Morpeth) ( - 1955 )
Easington
East Brunton
East Denton ( - 1935 )
East Heddon ( - 1955 )
East Lilburn
East Matfen ( - 1955 )
East Shaftoe
East Thornton ( - 1955 )
East and West Hartford
Edington
Elford
Ellington
Elswick ( - 1974 )
Eltringham ( - 1910 )
Elwick ( 1844 - )
Elyhaugh
Eshott
Espershields
Ewart
Ewesley
Fairhaugh ( - 1955 )
Fairnley ( - 1955 )
Fallodon
Fallowfield
Fallowlees ( - 1955 )
Farnham ( - 1955 )
Fawdon Clinch and Hartside
Fawdon ( - 1974 )
Featherstone
Felkington ( 1844 - 1955 )
Felton
Fenham ( - 1974 )
Fenrother ( - 1955 )
Fenwick (near Hexham)
Fleetham
Flotterton
Gallow Hill
Glanton ( - 1955 )
Glororum
Gloster Hill
Great Bavington
Great Ryle ( - 1955 )
Great Whittington ( - 1955 )
Greenleighton ( - 1955 )
Greens and Glantlees ( - 1955 )
Greys Forest ( - 1955 )
Greystead
Grindon ( 1844 - 1955 )
Guyzance
Hadstone
Hallington
Halton Shields ( - 1887 )
Halton
Harbottle
Harehope
Harlow Hill ( - 1955 )
Harnham
Hartburn Grange ( - 1955 )
Hartburn
Hartington ( - 1955 )
Hartley Burn
Hartley
Harwood ( - 1955 )
Haughton ( - 1955 )
Hauxley
Hawick
Hawkwell ( - 1955 )
Hazon and Hartlaw ( - 1955 )
Healey and Combhill ( - 1955 )
Healey
Heathpool
Heaton ( - 1974 )
Heddon on the Wall
Hedgeley
Hedley Woodside ( - 1887 )
Hedley
Henshaw
Hepburn ( - 1955 )
Hepple
Hepscott
Hesley Hurst
Heugh
Hexhamshire High Quarter ( 1866 - 1955 )
Hexhamshire Low Quarter ( 1866 - )
Hexhamshire Middle Quarter ( 1866 - 1955 )
Hexhamshire West Quarter ( 1866 - 1955 )
High Angerton
High Buston
High Callerton
High Fotherley
High and Low Highlaws
High and Low Trewhitt ( - 1955 )
Higham Dykes
Highlaws
Hirst
Hollinghill
Holywell
Hoppen
Horncliffe ( 1844 - )
Horsley (near Wylam) ( - 1955 )
Horsley
Horton Grange ( - 1974 )
Houghton and Close House
Howtel
Humbleton ( - 1955 )
Humshaugh
Ingoe ( - 1955 )
Ingram Linhope Greenshawhill and Hartside
Ingram Linhope and Greenshawhill
Jesmond ( - 1974 )
Kearsley
Kenton ( - 1974 )
Kilham
Kirkharle
Kirkley ( - 1955 )
Lanton ( - 1955 )
Learchild
Lee Ward
Lemmington
Lesbury
Linbridge ( - 1955 )
Linsheeles ( - 1955 )
Little Bavington ( - 1955 )
Little Callerton
Little Ryle ( - 1955 )
Little Whittington ( - 1955 )
Loanend ( 1844 - 1955 )
Longframlington
Longhirst
Longridge ( 1844 - 1955 )
Longshaws
Longwitton
Lorbottle ( - 1955 )
Low Angerton ( - 1955 )
Low Buston
Lynemouth
Mason ( - 1974 )
Melkridge
Mickley
Middleton Hall
Middleton
Milbourne
Milfield
Mitford
Molesden
Monkridge ( - 1955 )
Monkseaton ( - 1974 )
Morpeth Castle
Morpeth
Morwick
Mount Healey ( - 1955 )
Mousen
Murton ( - 1974 )
Nafferton ( - 1955 )
Nesbit (near Hexham) ( - 1955 )
Nesbit (near Wooler) ( - 1955 )
New Bewick
Newbiggin by Newburn
Newbiggin by the Sea
Newbiggin in Shotley
Newburn Hall
Newburn ( - 1974 )
Newham (near Morpeth)
Newham
Newlands
Newminster Abbey ( - 1935 )
Newsham and South Blyth ( 1866 - 1920 )
Newstead
Newton Park
Newton Underwood
Newton by the Sea
Newton on the Moor
Newton
Newtown (near Rothbury) ( - 1955 )
Newtown (near Wooler) ( - 1955 )
Norham Mains ( 1844 - 1955 )
North Charlton
North Dissington ( - 1955 )
North Gosforth ( - 1974 )
North Middleton (near Morpeth) ( - 1955 )
North Middleton (near Wooler)
North Seaton
North Shields ( - 1974 )
North Sunderland
Nunnykirk
Nunriding
Ogle
Old Bewick
Old Moor ( - 1995 )
Otterburn ( 500 - )
Ouston
Outchester
Ovington
Paston ( - 1955 )
Pauperhaugh
Peels
Pegswood
Pigdon
Plenmellor
Portgate
Powburn
Prendwick ( - 1955 )
Preston (near Alnwick)
Preston (near North Shields) ( - 1974 )
Prestwick
Prudhoe Castle ( - 1910 )
Ratchwood
Raw ( - 1955 )
Reaveley
Riding
Ridley
Riplington
Ritton Coltpark ( - 1955 )
Ritton Whitehouse
Rochester
Roddam
Roseden
Ross ( 1844 - )
Rothley
Rudchester ( - 1955 )
Ryal
Sandhoe
Scrainwood
Seaton Delaval ( - 1935 )
Seghill ( - 1935 )
Selbys Forest
Sharperton
Shawdon
Shilvington
Shipley
Shoreston
Shoreswood ( 1844 - 1955 )
Shortflatt
Shotley Low Quarter
Smalesmouth ( - 1958 )
Snitter
South Charlton
South Dissington ( - 1955 )
South Middleton (near Morpeth)
South Middleton (near Wooler)
Spindlestone
Spital Hill
Spittle (near Hexham) ( - 1955 )
Stamford
Stanton
Stelling
Sturton Grange
Styford
Swarland
Sweethope
Swinhoe
Tarset West
Thirlwall
Thirston with Shothaugh
Thornbrough ( - 1955 )
Thorneyburn ( - 1955 )
Thorngrafton
Thornton ( 1844 - 1955 )
Throphill
Thropton
Titlington
Todburn
Todridge ( - 1955 )
Togstone
Tosson
Tranwell and High Church
Trewick
Tritlington
Troughend ( - 1955 )
Tughall
Twizell (near Norham) ( 1844 - 1955 )
Twizell in Morpeth ( - 1955 )
Unthank ( - 1955 )
Walkmill
Wall
Wallbottle
Wallington Demesne
Walltown
Walridge ( - 1955 )
Warenford
Warenton
Wark on Tweed
Warton ( - 1955 )
Wellhaugh ( 1866 - 1955 )
Welton ( - 1955 )
West Brunton
West Denton
West Heddon
West Lilburn
West Matfen
West Shaftoe ( - 1955 )
West Thornton ( - 1955 )
Westgate
Westnewton ( - 1955 )
Whitchester
Whitridge ( - 1955 )
Whittle (near Alnwick)
Whittle (near Hexham) ( - 1955 )
Whitton
Whittonstall
Whorlton ( - 1935 )
Willington ( 1974 - )
Wingates ( - 1955 )
Witton Shields ( - 1955 )
Woodhorn Demesne
Woodhouse
Woodside ( - 1955 )
Woolsington ( - 1974 )
Wooperton
Wreighill ( - 1955 )
Wylam
Yeavering ( - 1955 )
Unknown
Annitsford
Balkwell
Beaufront
Bell's Close
Birdhope Craig
Brierdean
Carrshields
Cheeseburn
Cockshaw
Colwell and Swinburn
Cornhill
Deanraw
Denwick
Farne Islands
Haggerston
Halton Lea Gate
High and Low Brunton
Howden
Jupiter
Keenley
Linmouth
Linton
Little Houghton
Matfen
Mindrum
Minster Acres
Morpeth-Castle
Newtown (near Alnwick)
Ninebanks
Nunridge
Park
Plashetts
Red Row
Ridsdale
Scotswood
Seaton Terrace
Shankhouse
Sleekburn
St. Oswald in Lee
Stonecroft
Windmill Hill
Woodside Ward
Wooley Burnfoot
Urban district
Alnwick
Amble
Ashington ( 1896 - )
Bedlington ( 1844 - )
Benwell and Fenham ( - 1974 )
Benwell ( - 1974 )
Blyth ( 1906 - 1974 )
Camperdown ( - 1974 )
Cowpen
Cramlington ( - 1935 )
Earsdon (near North Shields) ( - 1974 )
Elswick ( - 1974 )
Gosforth ( - 1974 )
Heaton ( - 1974 )
Hexham
Longbenton ( - 1974 )
Newbiggin by the Sea
Newburn ( - 1974 )
Prudhoe
Rothbury
Seaton Delaval ( - 1935 )
Seaton Valley ( 1935 - 1974 )
Seghill ( - 1935 )
Walker ( - 1974 )
Weetslade
Whitley and Monkseaton ( 1894 - 1954 )
Willington ( 1974 - )
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Northumberland (pronounced) is a county in North East England. The northernmost county of England, it borders Cumbria to the west, County Durham to the south and Scotland to the north. To the east is the North Sea coastline with a long distance path. The county town is Alnwick although the county council is located in Morpeth.

The county of Northumberland included Newcastle upon Tyne until 1400, when the city became a county of itself. Northumberland expanded greatly in the Tudor period, annexing Berwick-upon-Tweed in 1482, Tynedale in 1495, Tynemouth in 1536, Redesdale around 1542 and Hexhamshire in 1572. Islandshire, Bedlingtonshire and Norhamshire were incorporated into Northumberland in 1844. Tynemouth and other settlements in North Tyneside were transferred to Tyne and Wear in 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972.

Being on the Anglo-Scottish border, Northumberland has been the site of a number of battles. The county is noted for its undeveloped landscape of high moorland, now largely protected as the Northumberland National Park. Northumberland is the most sparsely populated county in England, with only 62 people per square kilometre.

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

The area once formed part of the Roman Empire; later, as Northumberland, it witnessed much conflict between England and Scotland. As evidence of its violent history, Northumberland has more castles than any other county in England, including those of Alnwick, Bamburgh, Dunstanburgh, Newcastle and Warkworth.

The region of present-day Northumberland once formed the core of the Anglian kingdom of Bernicia (from ca. 547), which united with Deira (south of the River Tees) to form the kingdom of Northumbria in the 7th century. The historical boundaries of Northumbria under King Edwin (reigned 616-633) stretched from the Humber in the south to the Forth in the north, though in 1018 its northern part, between the Tweed and the Forth (including Lothian, the region which contains Edinburgh), was ceded to the Kingdom of Scotland.

Northumberland is often called the "cradle of Christianity" in England, because Christianity flourished on Lindisfarne - a tidal island north of Bamburgh, also called Holy Island - after King Oswald of Northumbria (reigned 634-642) invited monks from Iona to come to convert the English. Lindisfarne saw the production of the Lindisfarne Gospels (ca. 700) and it became the home of St Cuthbert (ca. 634-687, abbot from ca. 665), who is buried in Durham Cathedral.

Bamburgh is the historic capital of Northumberland, the "royal" castle from before the unification of the Kingdoms of England under the monarchs of the House of Wessex in the 10th century.

The Earldom of Northumberland was briefly held by the Scottish royal family by marriage between 1139–1157 and 1215–1217. Scotland relinquished all claims to the region as part of the Treaty of York (1237). The Earls of Northumberland once wielded significant power in English affairs because, as powerful and militaristic Marcher Lords, they had the task of protecting England from Scottish invasion.

Northumberland has a history of revolt and rebellion against the government, as seen in the Rising of the North (1569-1570) against Elizabeth I of England. These revolts were usually led by the Earls of Northumberland, the Percy family. Shakespeare makes one of the Percys, the dashing Harry Hotspur (1364-1403), the hero of his Henry IV, Part 1. The Percys were often aided in conflict by other powerful Northern families such as the Nevilles and the Patchetts; the latter were stripped of all power and titles after the English Civil War of 1642–1651.

The county was also a centre for Roman Catholicism in England, as well as a focus of Jacobite support after the Restoration of 1660. Northumberland became a wild county, where outlaws and Border Reivers hid from the law. However, the frequent cross-border skirmishes and accompanying local lawlessness largely subsided after the Union of the Crowns of Scotland and England under King James I and VI in 1603.

Northumberland played a key role in the industrial revolution from the 18th century onwards. Many coal mines operated in Northumberland until the widespread closures under Labour and subsequent Conservative governments in the 1970s and 1980s. Collieries operated at Ashington, Bedlington, Choppington, Netherton, Ellington and Pegswood. The region's coalfields fuelled industrial expansion in other areas of Britain, and the need to transport the coal from the collieries to the Tyne led to the development of the first railways. Shipbuilding and armaments manufacture were other important industries before the deindustrialisation of the 1980s.

Northumberland remains largely rural. As the least-densely populated county in England, it commands much less influence in British affairs than in times past. In recent years the county has had considerable growth in tourism due to its scenic beauty and the abundant evidence of its historical significance.

Governance

The four most northerly ancient counties of England – Cumberland, Westmorland, County Durham and Northumberland – were historically divided into administrative units called "wards" instead of "hundreds" or "wapentakes", as in other counties further south. Wards were areas originally organised for military purposes, each centred on a castle. (Source:Wikipedia)

The organization of wards remained in place in an increasingly less organized fashion until the passing of the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834 and the establishment of Registration Districts in 1837.

At the end of the Victorian era, the Local Government Act 1894 was passed. This created a system of urban and rural districts with elected councils. These, along with the town councils of municipal boroughs created earlier in the century, formed a second tier of local government below the existing county councils. The act also introduced elected parish councils in rural areas.

The Local Government Act 1972 which came into being on 1 April 1974 introduced a pattern of two-tier metropolitan and non-metropolitan county and district councils which remains in use today in large parts of England, although the metropolitan county councils were abolished in 1986, and both county and district councils have been replaced with unitary authorities in many areas since 1990.

The Local Government Act 1972 also created the administrative county of Tyne and Wear. It covered an area around the mouths of the River Tyne and the River Wear and effectively reduced the size of the counties of Northumberland and Durham. The county boroughs of Tynemouth (which included North Shields, Wallsend and Whitley Bay), and the City of Newcastle upon Tyne were transferred to Tyne and Wear.

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