Newburn is a semi-rural village, parish, and former urban district located, since 1974, in western Tyne and Wear, in northeast England. Situated on the banks of the River Tyne, it is built up the valley as it rises from the river. It is situated approximately 5 miles (8.0 km) from the city of Newcastle upon Tyne, 14 miles (23 km) east of Hexham and 13 miles (21 km) south southwest of Morpeth. In the 2001 UK census, the population was given as 9,301, increasing to 9,536 at the 2011 UK census. The town is in the Newcastle upon Tyne district of Tyne and Wear.
Historically, the town was larger than Newcastle upon Tyne as it was the most eastern fordable point of the River Tyne. The area has Roman remains, and a Norman church dating from 1070 AD. In 1640, the Battle of Newburn took place. The village grew with the Industrial Revolution with the discovery of coal, and in 1822 Spencer's Steelworks was opened. The steelworks grew to a size which led the village to be known colloquially as "New Sheffield", after the town famed for its steel-making prowess. The town's steelworks fell into decline after the First World War.
In 1894, Newburn Urban District Council was formed. This governed Newburn, along with other suburbs to the west of Newcastle. In 1911, the district council offices were officially opened. On 1 April 1974, following the Local Government Act 1972, it became part of the metropolitan borough of Newcastle upon Tyne in the metropolitan county of Tyne and Wear.
A Vision of Britain through Time provides a description of Newburn from John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales of 1870-72 and makes an interesting comparison with the modern town found in Wikipedia.
Until 1935, as an urban district, Newburn contained the following parishes: East Denton, Newburn Hall, Sugley, Throckley, Wallbottle and West Denton. In 1935 these six parishes were absorbed into the parish of Newburn itself.
Townships in the ancient parish
As an ancient parish Newburn had the following townships and chapelries: