Place:Newburn, Northumberland, England

TypeTownship, Parish (ancient), Civil parish, Urban district
Coordinates54.967°N 1.733°W
Located inNorthumberland, England     ( - 1974)
Also located inTyne and Wear, England     (1974 - )
See alsoTynedale Ward, Northumberland, Englandancient county division in which it was part located
Morpeth Ward, Northumberland, Englandancient county division in which it was part located
Castle Ward, Northumberland, Englandancient county division in which it was part located
City of Newcastle upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear, Englandmetropolitan borough covering the area since 1974
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog
the text in this section is based on an article in Wikipedia

Newburn is a semi-rural village, parish, and a former urban district in the county of Northumberland, England. Since 1974, however, it is located in the western part of the county of Tyne and Wear. Situated on the banks of the River Tyne, it is built up the valley which rises from the river. It is situated approximately 5 miles (8.0 km) from the centre of Newcastle upon Tyne, 14 miles (23 km) east of Hexham and 13 miles (21 km) south southwest of Morpeth. In the 2001 UK census, the population was given as 9,301, and increased to 9,536 by the 2011 UK census. The town is in the City of Newcastle upon Tyne metropolitan district.

In the distant past, the town was larger than Newcastle upon Tyne as it was the most eastern fordable point of the River Tyne. It was located on the point where the three ancient wards of Tynedale, Morpeth and Castle came together.

Image:Northumberland se corner 1935-1974.png

The parishes labelled A, B and C on the map are Darras Hall, Little Callerton and South Dissington.

The area has Roman remains, and a Norman church dating from 1070 AD. In 1640, the Battle of Newburn took place. The village grew with the Industrial Revolution with the discovery of coal, and in 1822 Spencer's Steelworks was opened. The steelworks grew to a size which led the village to be known colloquially as "New Sheffield", after the town famed for its steel-making prowess. The town's steelworks fell into decline after the First World War.

A Vision of Britain through Time provides a description of Newburn from John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales of 1870-72 which makes an interesting comparison with the modern town found in Wikipedia.

Townships in the ancient parish

As an ancient parish Newburn had the following townships and chapelries:

Newburn as an urban district and after 1974

In 1894, Newburn Urban District Council was formed. This governed Newburn, along with other suburbs to the west of Newcastle. In 1911, the district council offices were officially opened.

Until 1935, as an urban district, Newburn contained the following parishes:

In 1935 these six parishes were absorbed into the parish of Newburn itself. Newburn became part of the Newcastle upon Tyne in Northumberland in 1935 and of the City of Newcastle upon Tyne in Tyne and Wear in 1974.

On 1 April 1974, following the Local Government Act 1972, Newburn became part of the metropolitan borough of City of Newcastle upon Tyne in the county of Tyne and Wear.

Research Tips

  • Northumberland Archives previously known as Northumberland Collections Service and Northumberland County Record Office. Now based within Woodhorn Museum in Ashington and providing free access to numerous records for local and family historians alike.
Full postal address: Museum and Northumberland Archives, Queen Elizabeth II Country Park, Ashington, Northumberland, NE63 9YF; Phone: 01670 624455
There is a branch office in Berwick upon Tweed.
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Newburn. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.