Eglingham is a village and civil parish in Northumberland, England, situated about 7 miles (11 km) northwest of Alnwick and 10 miles (16 km) from Wooler. The village lies in the sheltered valley of the Eglingham Burn, a tributary of the River Aln, about 100 metres (330 ft) above sea level, in a rural conservation area set amongst rolling countryside, within 5 miles (8 km) of the Cheviot Hills. The village is surrounded by mainly arable farmland, moorland and woodland.
The village has about 60 dwellings and a population of about 100, most situated either side of the through-road, and including the local manorial property, Eglingham Hall.
As a parish Eglingham is about nine miles (14 km) in length by four and a half in breadth, with an area of 23,361 acres (94.54 km2). It comprises 2 villages and 15 settlements:
The River Breamish, which rises in the Cheviots, runs through the parish. The geological composition of the parish includes rich gravelly loam along the path of the river; clay predominating in the centre of the parish, and unenclosed moorland in the south and east. Within the moor area is Kimmer Loch, covering 10 acres (4.0 ha), and reputed to abound in perch and pike.
The parish is largely agricultural, although gravel extraction continues to the west. In 2011, the UK census reported a population for the parish of 385. Villages in the parish also serve as bases for commuters working in Alnwick and Newcastle upon Tyne.
In addition to agriculture, the parish's population was also engaged in mining coal and quarrying limestone and freestone, all of which are described as being available in abundance. A nineteenth-century travellers' guide describes a stream of water which "is turned black as common ink by an infusion of galls". Eglingham colliery closed in November 1897, after becoming unprofitable owing to the costs of removing water from the main coal seams at Black Hill.
Further descriptions from 1855 and 1871
(Source: History, Topography, and Directory of Northumberland, Whellan, 1855).
"SHIPLEY, a township in the parish of Eglingham, county Northumberland, 5 miles N.W. of Alnwick. It is wholly agricultural. The Earl of Tankerville and J. H. H. Atkinson, Esq., are lords of the manor." (Source: ibid)
A Vision of Britain through Time provides the following description of Eglingham from John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales of 1870-72: