Place:Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland, England

NameNewcastle upon Tyne
Alt namesNewcastlesource: Van Marle, Pittura Italiana (1932)
Newcastle-upon-Tynesource: Family History Library Catalog
Newcastle-upon-Tynesource: Athena, Romano-British Sites [online] (2000) accessed 6 February 2001
Pons Aeliisource: Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 651
Pons Aeliussource: Blue Guide: England (1980) p 655
Shieldfieldsource: Family History Library Catalog
TypeCity, Borough
Coordinates54.97802°N 1.613835°W
Located inNorthumberland, England
Also located inTyne and Wear, England    

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Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland, in A Vision of Britain Through Time

source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Newcastle upon Tyne, commonly known as Newcastle (RP: ; Locally: or ), is a city and metropolitan borough in Tyne and Wear, North East England. Historically part of Northumberland, it is situated on the north bank of the River Tyne centred from the North Sea. The city grew up in the area that was the location of the Roman settlement called Pons Aelius, though it owes its name to the castle built in 1080, by Robert (II), Duke of Normandy, "Curthose", William the Conqueror's eldest son. The city grew as an important centre for the wool trade and it later became a major coal mining area. The port developed in the 16th century and, along with the shipyards lower down the river, was amongst the world's largest shipbuilding and ship-repairing centres. Newcastle's economy includes corporate headquarters, learning, digital technology, retail, tourism and cultural centres.

Among its main icons are Newcastle Brown Ale, a leading brand of beer, Newcastle United F.C., a Premier League team, and the Tyne Bridge. It has hosted the world's most popular half marathon, the Great North Run, since it began in 1981.

The city is at the urban core of the Tyneside conurbation, which is the seventh most populous conurbation in the United Kingdom and the largest in the North East region. Newcastle is a member of the English Core Cities Group and with Gateshead the Eurocities network of European cities.

The regional nickname and dialect for people from Newcastle and the surrounding area is Geordie.

History and early development

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia


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