Place:Tyne and Wear, England

NameTyne and Wear
Alt namesT & Wsource: BIAB Online (1999-2000) accessed 16 Dec 2002; UK Counties and Regions Abbreviations [web site] (1997-98) accessed 16 Dec 2002
Tyne & Wearsource: Royal Mail: PAF Digest [online] (2002) accessed 16 Dec 2002
TYRsource: Curious Fox: UK Counties and Shires [online] (2002). accessed 16 Dec 2002
TypeMetropolitan county
Coordinates54.917°N 1.583°W
Located inEngland     (1974 - 1986)
See alsoNorthumberland, Englandcounty from which it was formed in 1974
Durham, Englandcounty from which it was formed in 1974
Contained Places
Borough (county)
Newcastle upon Tyne ( 1974 - )
South Shields ( 1974 - )
Sunderland ( 1974 - )
Tynemouth ( 1974 - )
Borough (metropolitan)
North Tyneside ( 1974 - )
South Tyneside ( 1974 - )
Borough (municipal)
Wallsend ( 1974 - )
Whitley Bay ( 1974 - )
Chapelry
Benwell ( 1974 - )
Byker ( 1974 - )
Gosforth ( 1974 - )
Whitley Bay ( 1974 - )
Civil parish
Benwell ( 1974 - )
Burradon in Tyneside ( 1974 - )
Byker ( 1974 - )
Chirton
Earsdon (near North Shields) ( 1974 - )
Elswick ( 1974 - )
Fenham ( 1974 - )
Gosforth ( 1974 - )
Heaton ( 1974 - )
Jesmond ( 1974 - )
Longbenton ( 1974 - )
Newburn ( 1974 - )
North Shields ( 1974 - )
Preston (near North Shields) ( 1974 - )
Tynemouth ( 1974 - )
Whitley Bay ( 1974 - )
Inhabited place
Albany ( 1974 - )
Backworth ( 1974 - )
Birtley
Blaydon
Boldon
Chopwell
Crawcrook ( 1974 - )
Cullercoats
Dudley
Felling
Gateshead
Gibside
Hetton-le-Hole
Houghton-le-Spring ( 1974 - )
Jarrow ( 300 - )
Killingworth
Marsden
New York
Newcastle upon Tyne ( 1974 - )
Rowlands Gill
Ryhope ( 1974 - )
Ryton
Satlwell
South Shields ( 1974 - )
Sunderland ( 1974 - )
The Boldons ( 1974 - )
Throckley ( 1974 - )
Washington ( 1974 - )
Whickham
Whitburn
Whitley Bay
Wideopen
Parish
Bishopwearmouth ( 1974 - )
Ford ( 1974 - present )
Monkwearmouth ( 1974 - present )
Penshaw
Sunderland ( 1974 - )
Parish (ancient)
Longbenton ( 1974 - )
Newburn ( 1974 - )
Tynemouth ( 1974 - )
Suburb
Dunston ( 1974 - )
Jesmond ( 1974 - )
Township
Burradon in Tyneside ( 1974 - )
Chirton
Earsdon (near North Shields) ( 1974 - )
Elswick ( 1974 - )
Fenham ( 1974 - )
Heaton ( 1974 - )
Jesmond ( 1974 - )
Newburn ( 1974 - )
North Shields ( 1974 - )
Preston (near North Shields) ( 1974 - )
Urban district
Benwell and Fenham ( 1974 - )
Benwell ( 1974 - )
Earsdon (near North Shields) ( 1974 - )
Elswick ( 1974 - )
Gosforth ( 1974 - )
Heaton ( 1974 - )
Longbenton ( 1974 - )
Newburn ( 1974 - )
Walker ( 1974 - )
Whitley and Monkseaton ( 1974 - )
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names


the text in this section is based on an article in Wikipedia

Tyne and Wear is a metropolitan county in northeast England located around the mouths of the rivers Tyne and Wear. It came into existence in 1974 after the passage of the Local Government Act 1972. It consists of the five metropolitan boroughs of South Tyneside, North Tyneside, City of Newcastle upon Tyne, Gateshead and City of Sunderland. It is bounded on the east by the North Sea, and has borders with Northumberland to the north and County Durham to the south.

Prior to the 1974 reforms, the territory now covered by the county of Tyne and Wear straddled the border between the counties of Northumberland and Durham, the border being marked by the river Tyne; that territory also included the five municipalities listed above which were then defined as "county boroughs".

Tyne and Wear County Council was abolished in 1986, and so its districts (the metropolitan boroughs) are now unitary authorities (each a single-tier administration). However, the metropolitan county continues to exist in law and as a geographic frame of reference, and as a ceremonial county.

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