Place:Westmorland, England

Watchers
NameWestmorland
Alt namesWestmerlandsource: Wikipedia
Westmorelandsource: Family History Library Catalog
Westmorelandsource: Wikipedia
Westmorlandsource: Family History Library Catalog
WESsource: Chapman Code (GENUKI)
TypeHistoric county, Administrative county
Located inEngland     ( - 1974)
See alsoCumbria, Englandsuccessor modern county established 1974
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names


Westmorland is one of the historic counties of England. It was abolished for administrative purposes in 1974 with its territory being merged with the neighbouring county of Cumberland and parts of Lancashire and Yorkshire to form the modern administrative county of Cumbria. Westmorland's county town was Appleby, although the County Council had its headquarters at Kendal, the county's largest town.

Westmorland is sometimes spelled Westmoreland; even older spellings are Westmerland and Westmereland.

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

At the time of Domesday Book in 1086, parts of the county were considered either to form part of Yorkshire or to be within the separate kingdom of Scotland, having historically been associated with the Kingdom of Strathclyde. The Normans conquered the area that is now Cumbria in 1092 during the reign of William II and created the baronies of Kendal and Westmorland. These were originally distinct jurisdictions with separate sheriffs, but were formed into a single county of Westmorland in 1226/7. Before 1226 the Barony of Kendal was connected to the Earldom or Honour of Lancaster while that of Westmorland was part of the Earldom of Carlisle.

The historic county boundaries are with Cumberland to the north, County Durham and Yorkshire to the east, and Lancashire to the south and west. Windermere forms part of the western border with Lancashire north of the sands, and Ullswater part of the border with Cumberland.

The highest point of the county is Helvellyn at 950m (3,117 ft). According to the 1831 census the county covered an area of .[1]

Appleby, the historic county town, formed a historic borough and was not reformed by the Municipal Corporations Act 1835, although reform came in 1885. Kendal was reformed as a municipal borough in 1835.

Division into wards

Rather than being divided into hundreds, Westmorland was subdivided into the two baronies of Westmorland (or sometimes Appleby) and Kendal.

The baronies were each further subdivided into two wards:

Research Tips


source: Family History Library Catalog
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Westmorland. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.