- source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
- source: Family History Library Catalog
- the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia
Norham is a village in Northumberland, England, just south of the River Tweed and the border with Scotland.
It is the site of the 12th century Norham Castle, and was for many years the centre for the Norhamshire exclave of County Durham. It was transferred to Northumberland in 1844.
It was on the Tweed here that Edward I of England met the Scots nobility in 1292 to decide on the future king of Scotland.
Sir Walter Scott gained fame as a poet, particularly with Marmion set around the Battle of Flodden in 1513. It begins:
- Day set on Norham's castled steep,
- And Tweed's fair river, broad and deep,
- And Cheviot's mountains lone:
- The battled towers, the donjon keep,
- The loophole grates where captives weep,
- The flanking walls that round it sweep,
- In yellow lustre shone.
The 19th century Ladykirk and Norham Bridge is a late stone road bridge that connects the village with Ladykirk in the Scottish Borders.
J. M. W. Turner always tipped his hat to Norham Castle, as it was the place which brought him fame as an artist. The picture of the castle which hangs in Tate Britain, luminously near-abstract, is one of the great treasures of the collection.