Place:Cheshire, England

NameCheshire
Alt namesChessource: postal abbreviation
Cheshsource: Curious Fox: UK Counties and Shires [online] (2002). accessed 16 Dec 2002
Chestersource: BHA, Authority file (2003-)
Chestershiresource: Curious Fox: UK Counties and Shires [online] (2002). accessed 16 Dec 2002
CHSsource: Chapman county code(GENUKI)
County of Chestersource: Wikipedia
TypeHistoric county, Administrative county, Modern county
Coordinates53°N 2.7°W
Located inEngland
See alsoGreater Manchester, Englandmetropolitan county to which various districts were transferred 1974
Merseyside, Englandmetropolitan county to which districts were transferred 1974
Contained Places
Borough
Altrincham ( - 1974 )
Bebington ( - 1974 )
Birkenhead ( - 1974 )
Chester
Congleton
Dukinfield ( - 1974 )
Ellesmere Port
Hyde ( - 1974 )
Macclesfield
Stalybridge ( - 1974 )
Stockport ( - 1974 )
Wallasey ( - 1974 )
Warrington ( 1974 - )
Widnes ( 1974 - )
Civil parish
Agden (near Malpas)
Aldford
Alpraham
Anderton
Arrowe ( - 1974 )
Ashton
Aston
Aston-by-Budworth
Aston-juxta-Mondrum
Bache
Barnton
Barton
Beeston
Bickerton
Bidston-cum-Ford ( - 1974 )
Bosden ( - 1974 )
Bradley
Bridge Trafford
Brimstage ( - 1974 )
Brinnington ( - 1974 )
Bruen-Stapleford
Buerton (near Aldford)
Buerton (near Nantwich)
Bulkeley
Bunbury
Burton
Burton-by-Tarvin
Burtonwood ( 1974 - )
Burwardsley
Caldecott
Calveley
Capenhurst
Carden
Caughall
Chester Castle ( 1894 - 1974 )
Chidlow
Childer Thornton
Chorlton (near Malpas)
Chorlton-by-Backford
Chowley
Christleton
Church-Shocklach
Churton-by-Farndon
Claughton-cum-Grange ( - 1974 )
Claverton
Clotton-Hoofield
Clutton
Coddington
Cotton-Abbotts
Cotton-Edmunds
Crewe-by-Farndon
Croft ( 1933 - )
Croughton
Cuerdley ( 1974 - )
Culcheth ( 1974 - )
Dodleston
Duckington
Duddon
Dutton
Edge
Edgerley
Egerton
Foulk-Stapleford
Frankby ( - 1974 )
Glazebury ( 1974 - )
Golborne ( 1974 - )
Golbourn-Bellow
Golbourn-David
Grafton
Grange ( - 1974 )
Greasby ( - 1974 )
Great Boughton
Great Meols ( - 1974 )
Great Mollington ( - 1901 )
Great Sankey ( 1974 - )
Great Saughall ( - 1948 )
Great Stanney
Great Sutton
Guilden-Sutton
Hale (near Widnes) ( 1974 - )
Hampton
Handley
Harthill
Hatton (near Tarporley)
Hatton (near Warrington)
Haughton
Higher Bebington ( - 1974 )
Higher Walton
Hockenhull
Hoole
Hoose ( - 1974 )
Hooton
Horton
Horton-cum-Peel
Houghton Middleton and Arbury ( 1974 - )
Hoylake-cum-West Kirby ( 1894 - 1974 )
Huxley
Iddinshall
Irby ( - 1974 )
Keckwick
Kelsall
Kenyon ( 1974 - )
Kingsmarsh
Landican ( - 1974 )
Larkton
Lea-Newbold
Lea-by-Backford
Leighton (near Neston)
Liscard ( - 1974 )
Little Leigh
Little Meols ( - 1974 )
Little Mollington ( - 1901 )
Little Saughall ( - 1848 )
Little Sutton
Little Warford ( 1951 - )
Littleton
Lower Bebington ( - 1974 )
Lower Walton
Macefen
Marlston-cum-Lache
Marston
Marthall-cum-Warford ( 1894 - 1951 )
Matley ( - 1974 )
Mere
Mobberley
Mollington ( 1901 - )
Moston (near Chester)
Mouldsworth
Netherpool
Newton-by-Daresbury
Newton-by-Tattenhall
Newton-juxta-Malpas
Noctorum ( - 1974 )
Norbury (near Stockport) ( - 1974 )
Norton ( - 1967 )
Offerton ( - 1974 )
Oldcastle
Oxton ( - 1974 )
Partington ( - 1974 )
Peckforton
Penketh ( 1974 - )
Pensby ( - 1974 )
Peover Inferior
Peover Superior
Pickmere
Picton
Poulton
Poulton-cum-Seacombe ( - 1974 )
Poulton-cum-Spital ( - 1974 )
Poulton-with-Fearnhead ( 1974 - )
Pulford
Reddish ( 1901 - 1974 )
Ridley
Rixton-with-Glazebrook ( 1974 - )
Rowton
Sevenoaks
Shocklach
Shocklach-Oviatt
Shotwick Park
Southworth-with-Croft ( 1974 - )
Spurstow
Stockport Etchells ( - 1974 )
Storeton ( - 1974 )
Stretton (near Malpas)
Stretton (near Warrington)
Sutton (near Frodsham)
Tabley Inferior
Tabley Superior
Tarporley
Tarvin
Tatton
Thingwall ( - 1974 )
Thornton Hough ( - 1974 )
Threapwood ( 1896 - )
Tilston
Tilstone-Fearnall
Tiverton
Toft
Torkington ( - 1974 )
Tushingham-cum-Grindley
Upton-by-Birkenhead ( - 1974 )
Upton-by-Chester
Warburton ( - 1974 )
Wervin
West Kirby ( - 1974 )
Weston (near Crewe)
Weston (near Runcorn)
Whitby
Whitley ( 1936 - )
Wigland
Wincham
Woodbank
Woodchurch ( - 1974 )
Woolston-with-Martinscroft ( 1974 - )
Wychough
District municipality
Chester City (borough) ( 1974 - 2009 )
Congleton (borough) ( 1974 - 2009 )
Crewe and Nantwich (borough) ( 1974 - 2009 )
Ellesmere Port and Neston (borough) ( 1974 - 2009 )
Halton (borough) ( 1974 - )
Macclesfield (borough) ( 1974 - 2009 )
Vale Royal (borough) ( 1974 - 2009 )
Warrington (metropolitan borough) ( - 1974 )
Former community
Woodhey (near Faddiley)
Former parish
Acton Grange
Handforth-with-Bosden ( - 1877 )
Knutsford Nether ( - 1895 )
Knutsford Over ( - 1895 )
Hamlet
Agden (near Malpas)
Bexton
Bridge Trafford
Churton Heath
Claverton
Croughton
Lea-by-Backford
Netherpool
Overpool
Picton
Rock Ferry ( - 1974 )
Toft
Hundred
Broxton (hundred)
Bucklow (hundred)
Eddisbury (hundred)
Macclesfield (hundred)
Nantwich (hundred)
Northwich (hundred)
Wirral (hundred)
Inhabited place
Acton Bridge
Acton
Adlington
Alderley Edge
Aldford
Alsager
Altrincham ( - 1974 )
Alvanley
Antrobus
Appleton
Ashley
Aston-juxta-Mondrum
Backford
Baguley ( - 1931 )
Barnston ( - 1974 )
Barnton
Beeston
Bewsey
Bickerton
Bickley
Bidston ( - 1974 )
Birkenhead ( - 1974 )
Blackden Heath
Bollington
Bosley
Bostock Green
Bramhall ( - 1974 )
Bredbury ( - 1974 )
Brinnington ( - 1974 )
Broadbottom ( - 1974 )
Broadheath ( - 1974 )
Broken Cross
Bromborough ( - 1974 )
Broxton
Buerton (near Nantwich)
Bunbury
Burton
Byley
Caldy ( - 1974 )
Calveley
Capenhurst
Cheadle Hulme ( - 1974 )
Cheadle ( - 1974 )
Chelford
Chester
Childer Thornton
Cholmondeley
Comber Mere
Comberbach
Compstall ( - 1974 )
Congleton
Cranage
Crewe
Croft ( 1933 - )
Crowton
Cuddington
Culcheth ( 1974 - )
Daresbury
Davenham
Dean Row
Delamere
Disley
Ditton
Duckington
Dukinfield ( - 1974 )
Dunham-on-the-Hill
Eastham ( - 1974 )
Eccleston
Egerton
Egremont ( - 1974 )
Ellesmere Port
Elton
Farndon
Fearnhead
Flowery Field ( - 1974 )
Foxwist Green
Frodsham
Gatley ( - 1974 )
Gawsworth
Gee Cross ( - 1974 )
Goostrey
Grappenhall
Great Barrow
Great Budworth
Great Saughall ( - 1948 )
Great Sutton
Halton
Handforth
Hapsford
Hartford
Haslington
Hatchmere
Hattersley ( - 1974 )
Hatton (near Warrington)
Hazel Grove ( - 1974 )
Helsby
Henbury
Hermitage Green
High Lane ( - 1974 )
High Legh
Hollingworth ( - 1974 )
Hollins Green
Holmes Chapel
Hoole
Hooton
Houghton Green
Hurdsfield
Hyde ( - 1974 )
Ince
Irby ( - 1974 )
Keckwick
Kelsall
Kerridge
Kettleshulme
Kingsley
Kirkleyditch
Knolls Green
Knutsford
Lach Dennis
Langley
Latchford
Lawton
Leasowe ( - 1974 )
Ledsham
Little Budworth
Little Neston
Little Saughall ( - 1848 )
Little Stanney
Lostock Gralam
Ludworth ( 1936 - 1974 )
Lymm
Macclesfield
Malpas
Manley
Marple ( - 1974 )
Marthall ( 1851 - )
Martinscroft
Marton
Matley ( - 1974 )
Mellor ( 1936 - 1974 )
Mickle Trafford
Middlewich
Mobberley
Mollington ( 1901 - )
Monks Heath
Moreton ( - 1974 )
Morley Green
Mottram in Longdendale ( - 1974 )
Moulton
Nantwich
Ness
Neston
Nether Alderley
New Brighton ( - 1974 )
New Ferry ( - 1974 )
Newchurch (near Winwick) ( 1974 - )
Norley
Northen Etchells ( - 1931 )
Northwich
Norton ( - 1967 )
Oakgrove
Ollerton
Orford
Over
Padgate
Parkgate
Partington ( - 1974 )
Pensby ( - 1974 )
Plumley
Poole
Port Sunlight ( - 1974 )
Pott Shrigley
Poynton
Prenton ( - 1974 )
Prestbury
Preston on the Hill
Puddington
Pulford
Raby ( - 1974 )
Rainow
Ringway ( - 1974 )
Risley
Rixton-with-Glazebrook ( 1974 - )
Rode Heath
Romiley ( - 1974 )
Rostherne
Runcorn
Sale ( - 1974 )
Sandbach
Sandiway
Saughall Massie ( - 1974 )
Saughall
Shavington
Shotwick
Siddington
Stalybridge ( - 1974 )
Stockton Heath
Styal
Sutton Lane Ends
Sworton Heath
Tarporley
Tarvin
Tattenhall
Thelwall
Thornton-le-Moors
Threapwood ( 1896 - )
Thurstaston ( - 1974 )
Timperley ( - 1974 )
Twiss Green
Tytherington
Wardle
Warren
Warrington ( 1974 - )
Waverton
Weaverham
Wervin
West Kirby ( - 1974 )
Weston (near Crewe)
Wharton
Wheelock
Whitley Inferior ( - 1936 )
Whitley Superior ( - 1936 )
Wildboarclough
Willaston (near Neston)
Wilmslow
Winnington
Winsford
Withington Green
Woodford ( - 1974 )
Woolston
Wybunbury
Parish
Agden (near Altrincham)
Alderley
Antrobus
Ashley
Audlem
Bexton
Bidston ( - 1974 )
Blacon-cum-Crabwall
Bollington
Bradwall
Daresbury
Grappenhall
Great Budworth
High Legh
Moore
Overchurch (by Birkenhead) ( - 1974 )
Stoak
Woodchurch ( - 1974 )
Parish (ancient)
Aldford
Bebington ( - 1974 )
Bunbury
Burton
Chester St. Mary-on-the-Hill
Chester St. Oswald ( - 1882 )
Christleton
Coddington
Dodleston
Farndon
Guilden-Sutton
Handley
Harthill
Heswall ( - 1974 )
Plemstall
Pulford
Shocklach
Stoke (near Chester)
Tarvin
Tilston
Waverton
Parish (political)
Abbey Precincts
Registration district
Altrincham Registration District ( 1837 - 1898 )
Birkenhead Registration District ( 1861 - 1974 )
Bucklow Registration District ( 1898 - 1974 )
Chester Registration District ( 1870 - 1974 )
Congleton Registration District ( 1837 - 1937 )
Crewe Registration District ( 1937 - 1974 )
Great Boughton Registration District ( 1837 - 1870 )
Macclesfield Registration District
Nantwich Registration District ( 1837 - 1937 )
Northwich Registration District
Runcorn Registration District ( 1837 - 1974 )
Stockport Registration District
Tarvin Registration District ( 1871 - 1930 )
West Cheshire Registration District ( 1937 - 1974 )
Wirral Registration District
Rural district
Bucklow Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Chester Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Congleton Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Disley Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Macclesfield Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Malpas Rural ( 1894 - 1936 )
Nantwich Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Northwich Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Runcorn Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Stockport Rural ( 1894 - 1904 )
Tarvin Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Tintwistle Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Tittenley Rural ( 1894 - 1895 )
Wirral Rural ( 1894 - 1933 )
Seat
Eaton (near Chester)
Suburb
Ashton upon Mersey ( - 1974 )
Bache
Baguley ( - 1931 )
Benchill ( - 1931 )
Blacon-cum-Crabwall
Bosden ( - 1974 )
Bowdon ( - 1974 )
Bredbury ( - 1974 )
Brooklands ( - 1974 )
Carrington ( - 1974 )
Cheadle Hulme ( - 1974 )
Claughton-cum-Grange ( - 1974 )
Dunham Massey ( - 1974 )
Egremont ( - 1974 )
Godley ( - 1974 )
Hale (near Altrincham) ( - 1974 )
Hale Barns ( - 1974 )
Hattersley ( - 1974 )
Hazel Grove ( - 1974 )
Heald Green ( - 1974 )
Heaton Chapel ( 1913 - 1974 )
Heaton Mersey ( 1913 - 1974 )
Heaton Moor ( 1913 - )
Heaton Norris ( 1913 - 1974 )
Higher Walton
Landican ( - 1974 )
Latchford
Leasowe ( - 1974 )
Lower Walton
Ludworth ( 1936 - 1974 )
Marple ( - 1974 )
Moss Nook ( - 1931 )
New Brighton ( - 1974 )
Newall Green ( - 1931 )
Newton (near Hyde) ( - 1974 )
Newton-by-Chester
Noctorum ( - 1974 )
Northen Etchells ( - 1931 )
Northenden ( - 1931 )
Northern Moor ( - 1931 )
Oldfield Brow ( - 1974 )
Overchurch (by Birkenhead) ( - 1974 )
Oxton ( - 1974 )
Partington ( - 1974 )
Peel Hall (Wythenshawe) ( - 1931 )
Penketh ( 1974 - )
Poulton-cum-Seacombe ( - 1974 )
Reddish ( 1901 - 1974 )
Ringway ( - 1974 )
Rock Ferry ( - 1974 )
Romiley ( - 1974 )
Sharston ( - 1931 )
Sutton (near Frodsham)
Thingwall ( - 1974 )
Timperley ( - 1974 )
Tranmere ( - 1974 )
Upton-by-Birkenhead ( - 1974 )
Upton-by-Chester
Warburton ( - 1974 )
West Timperley ( - 1974 )
Weston (near Runcorn)
Woodchurch ( - 1974 )
Woodford ( - 1974 )
Woodhouse Park ( - 1931 )
Wythenshawe ( - 1931 )
Township
Agden (near Altrincham)
Agden (near Malpas)
Aldersey
Alpraham
Anderton
Ashton
Aston
Aston-by-Budworth
Bache
Bartington
Barton
Beeston
Bickerton
Bidston-cum-Ford ( - 1974 )
Bradley
Bridge Trafford
Bruen-Stapleford
Bruera
Buerton (near Aldford)
Buerton (near Nantwich)
Bulkeley
Burton-by-Tarvin
Burwardsley
Caldecott
Calveley
Capenhurst
Carden
Caughall
Cheadle-Bulkeley ( - 1974 )
Chidlow
Chorlton (near Malpas)
Chowley
Church-Shocklach
Churton Heath
Churton-by-Farndon
Claughton-cum-Grange ( - 1974 )
Claverton
Clifton
Clotton-Hoofield
Clutton
Cogshall
Cotton-Abbotts
Cotton-Edmunds
Crewe-by-Farndon
Croughton
Crowley
Cuddington Heath
Duckington
Duddon
Dutton
Eaton (near Chester)
Edge
Edgerley
Egerton
Foulk-Stapleford
Golbourn-Bellow
Golbourn-David
Grafton
Grange ( - 1974 )
Greasby ( - 1974 )
Great Boughton
Great Mollington ( - 1901 )
Great Saughall ( - 1948 )
Hampton
Hatton (near Tarporley)
Haughton
Higher Bebington ( - 1974 )
Higher Walton
Hockenhull
Hoole
Hooton
Horton
Horton-cum-Peel
Huntington
Huxley
Iddinshall
Keckwick
Kelsall
Kenyon ( 1974 - )
Knutsford Over ( - 1895 )
Larkton
Lea-Newbold
Lea-by-Backford
Leighton (near Neston)
Little Leigh
Little Mollington ( - 1901 )
Little Saughall ( - 1848 )
Little Sutton
Littleton
Lower Walton
Macefen
Marbury (near Northwich)
Marlston-cum-Lache
Marston
Mere
Moore
Moston (near Chester)
Mouldsworth
Newton-by-Chester
Newton-by-Daresbury
Newton-by-Tattenhall
Newton-juxta-Malpas
Norton ( - 1967 )
Oldcastle
Oxton ( - 1974 )
Peckforton
Pickmere
Picton
Poulton
Ridley
Rowton
Saighton
Sevenoaks
Shocklach-Oviatt
Spurstow
Stockham
Stoke (near Chester)
Stretton (near Malpas)
Stretton (near Warrington)
Sutton (near Frodsham)
Tilstone-Fearnall
Tiverton
Tushingham-cum-Grindley
Upton-by-Chester
Wervin
Weston (near Runcorn)
Whitley Inferior ( - 1936 )
Whitley Superior ( - 1936 )
Wigland
Wincham
Woodbank
Wychough
Uninhabited place
Barrow
Unitary authority
Cheshire East ( 2009 - )
Cheshire West and Chester ( 2009 - )
Halton (borough) ( 1974 - )
Warrington (metropolitan borough) ( - 1974 )
Unknown
Allostock
Alvaston
Arclid
Astbury
Austerson
Baddiley
Baddington
Barthomley
Basford
Batherton
Betchton
Birches
Birtles
Blackden
Blakenhall
Bollin-Fee
Bollington (near Macclesfield)
Bollington Cross
Brereton-cum-Smethwick
Bridgemere
Brindley
Broomhall
Bucklow
Buglawton
Burland
Burley-Dam
Butley
Byley-with-Yatehouse
Capesthorne
Castle Hall
Castle-Northwich
Checkley-cum-Wrinehill
Cholmondestone
Chorley (near Macclesfield)
Chorley (near Nantwich)
Chorlton (near Nantwich)
Church Minshull
Church-Lawton
Churton-by-Aldford
Clive
Cool-Pilate
Coppenhall
Cotton
Croxton
Dane-Bridge
Darnhall
Davenport
Dodcott-cum-Wilkesley
Doddington
Eaton (near Congleton)
Eaton (near Northwich)
Eaton (near Tarporley)
Eddisbury
Edgeley
Edleston
Elworth
Faddiley
Fallybroom
Frith
Fulshaw
Gloverstone
Goostrey-cum-Barnshaw
Great Warford
Greavefold
Hankelow
Hassall Green
Hassall
Hatherlow
Hatherton
Henhull
Hough
Hulme Walfield
Hulme
Hulse
Hunsterson
Hurleston
Kermincham
Kinderton-with-Hulme
Kingswood
Lache-with-Saltney
Lea (near Nantwich)
Leese
Leftwich
Leighton (near Crewe)
Lindow
Low Oulton
Lower Kinnerton
Lower Withington
Lyme Handley
Macclesfield Forest
Marbury-cum-Quoisley
Marton (near Northwich)
Micklehurst
Millbrook
Millington
Minshull Vernon
Mooresbarrow-with-Parme
Moreton-cum-Alcumlow
Morley
Moston (near Sandbach)
Mottram
Mottram-St. Andrew
Newbold-Astbury
Newhall (near Nantwich)
Newhall (near Northwich)
Newton (near Macclesfield)
Newton (near Middlewich)
Newton-by-Frodsham
Norbury (near Nantwich)
North Rode
Oakmere
Occleston
Occlestone
Odd Rode
Old Withington
Onston
Oughtrington
Outwood
Overton
Pexhall
Portwood
Pownall-Fee
Priors-Hay
Quoisley
Radnor
Ravenscroft
Romily
Rope
Rudheath
Rushton
Saltersford
Sandbach Heath
Saniway
Shavington-cum-Gresty
Shipbrook
Shurlach
Smallwood
Snelson
Somerford Booths
Somerford
Sound
Spital Boughton
Sproston
Staley
Stanthorne
Stapeley
Stockton
Stoke (near Nantwich)
Stublach
Sutton (near Macclesfield)
Sutton (near Middlewich)
Swettenham
Taxall
Tetton
Tintwistle
Tittenley
Twemlow
Upton (near Macclesfield)
Utkinton
Walgherton
Wallerscote
Wardsend
Warmingham
Weaver
Wettenhall
Whaley Bridge
Whaley-cum-Yeardsley
Whatcroft
Whitegate
Willaston (near Nantwich)
Wimbolds Trafford
Wimboldsley
Wincle
Wirswall
Wistaston
Witton-cum-Twambrooks
Woodcott
Woodhead
Woodley
Woolstanwood
Worleston
Worth
Wrenbury
Urban district
Alderley Edge
Altrincham ( - 1974 )
Ashton upon Mersey ( - 1974 )
Bebington and Bromborough ( 1922 - 1933 )
Bowdon ( - 1974 )
Bredbury and Romiley ( - 1974 )
Bromborough ( - 1974 )
Cheadle and Gatley ( 1894 - 1974 )
Ellesmere Port and Whitby
Ellesmere Port
Golborne ( 1974 - )
Hale (near Altrincham) ( - 1974 )
Hazel Grove and Bramhall ( 1900 - 1974 )
Higher Bebington ( - 1974 )
Hoylake ( - 1974 )
Knutsford
Longdendale ( 1936 - 1974 )
Lower Bebington ( - 1974 )
Neston
Neston-cum-Parkgate
Runcorn
Wirral Urban ( 1933 - 1974 )
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the following text is based on an article in Wikipedia
Enlarge
Panorama photo showing part of the Cheshire Plain looking from the Mid-Cheshire Ridge
Enlarge
Panorama photo showing part of the Cheshire Plain looking from the Mid-Cheshire Ridge

Cheshire (archaically the County Palatine of Chester; abbreviated Ches.) is a ceremonial county in northwest England, in the United Kingdom. The western edge of the county forms part of England's border with Wales. Cheshire's county town is the city of Chester, although the largest town is Warrington, which until 1974 was in Lancashire. Other major towns include Widnes, Congleton, Crewe, Ellesmere Port, Runcorn, Macclesfield, Winsford, Northwich, and Wilmslow. Until the nationwide municipal reorganization of 1974 the county contained the Wirral, Stockport, Sale, Altrincham and other towns which are now part of Merseyside or Greater Manchester.

Today the county is bordered by Merseyside and Greater Manchester to the north, Derbyshire to the east, Staffordshire and Shropshire to the south, and Flintshire and Wrexham in Wales to the west. Cheshire is also a part of the Welsh Marches.

Cheshire's area is 2,343 square kilometres (905 sq mi) and its population is around 1 million. Apart from the large towns along the River Mersey and the historic city of Chester, it is mostly rural, with a number of small towns and villages that support an agricultural industry. It is historically famous as a former principality and for the production of Cheshire cheese, salt, bulk chemicals, and woven silk.

Contents

History

Toponymy

Cheshire's name was originally derived from an early name for Chester, and was first recorded as Legeceasterscir in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles, meaning the shire of the city of legions. Although the name first appears in 980, it is thought that the county was created by Edward the Elder around 920.

For more information, see the EN Wikipedia article Cheshire.

Administrative history

After the Norman conquest of 1066 by William I, dissent and resistance continued for many years after the invasion. In 1069 local resistance in Cheshire was finally put down using draconian measures as part of the Harrying of the North. The ferocity of the campaign against the Saxon populace was enough to end all future resistance. Examples were made of major landowners such as Saxon Earl Edwin of Mercia, their properties confiscated and redistributed amongst Norman barons. William I made Cheshire a county palatine and gave Gerbod the Fleming the title, first Earl of Chester. But when he returned to Normandy in about 1070, the king used his absence to declare the earldom forfeit and gave the title and Cheshire to Hugh d'Avranches (nicknamed Hugh Lupus, or 'wolf'). Due its strategic location on Welsh Marches, the Earl had complete autonomous powers to rule on behalf of the king in the county palatine.

Palatine hundreds

For more information, see the EN Wikipedia article Cheshire.

Palatine feudal baronies

For more information, see the EN Wikipedia article Cheshire.

Lands devolved to Lancashire

In 1182 the land north of the Mersey became administered as part of the new county of Lancashire, thus resolving any uncertainty about the county in which the land "Inter Ripam et Mersam"(the area between the Mersey and Ribble) was. Over the years, the ten hundreds consolidated and changed names to leave just seven--Broxton, Bucklow, Eddisbury, Macclesfield, Nantwich, Northwich and Wirral.

Acquires Welsh-March lands

In 1397 the county had lands in the march of Wales added to its territory, and was promoted to the rank of principality. This was because of the support the men of the county had given to King Richard II, in particular by his standing armed force of about 500 men called the "Cheshire Guard". As a result the King's title was changed to "King of England and France, Lord of Ireland, and Prince of Chester". No other English county has been honoured in this way, although it lost the distinction on Richard's fall in 1399.

Lands devolved to Greater Manchester and Merseyside

Through the Local Government Act 1972, which came into effect on 1 April 1974, some areas in the north-west of Cheshire became part of the metropolitan counties of Greater Manchester and Merseyside.
Greater Manchester absorbed

Merseyside took on much of the Wirral Peninsula in the north-west, including the county boroughs of

At the same time the Tintwistle Rural District was transferred to Derbyshire.
The area of Lancashire south of the Merseyside/Greater Manchester area, including Widnes and the county borough of Warrington, was added to the new non-metropolitan county of Cheshire.

Cheshire 1974-1998

From 1 April 1974 the area under the control of the county council was divided into eight local government districts:

Unitary Authorities created

On 1 April 1998 Halton and Warrington became unitary authorities independent of Cheshire County Council, but remained part of Cheshire for ceremonial purposes and also for fire and policing. In April 2009 the remainder of Cheshire was converted into two more unitary authorities: Cheshire East and Cheshire West and Chester.

Since 1 April 2009 the cities and towns in Cheshire are:
Cheshire East (unitary)


Cheshire West and Chester (unitary)


Halton (unitary)


Warrington (unitary)

Politics and administration

Cheshire is a ceremonial county. This means that although there is no county-wide elected local council, Cheshire has a Lord Lieutenant and High Sheriff for ceremonial purposes under the Lieutenancies Act 1997. All four unitary authority areas (Cheshire East, Cheshire West and Chester, Halton, and Warrington) have borough status.

Research Tips

  • The GENUKI and UKBMD pages on Cheshire and its parishes point to many other sources of information on places within the county. The many small parishes and townships that existed before 1866 are treated individually as well as the larger towns and conurbations.
  • A Vision of Britain through Time provides a series of maps from the Ordnance Survey illustrating the towns and villages of Cheshire and also the borders between parishes. The following group of maps provide views of the county at various dates, illustrating the changes in administrative structure.
  • Cheshire Archives and Local Studies have organized a facility to compare 19th century maps (including tithe maps circa 1830) with modern Ordnance Survey maps. These are available for every civil parish. The detail is very magnified and it is difficult to read any placenames on the older maps. Cheshire Archives and Local Studies are the local keepers of historical material for the county.
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