Place:Cheshire, England

NameCheshire
Alt namesChessource: postal abbreviation
Cheshsource: Curious Fox: UK Counties and Shires [online] (2002). accessed 16 Dec 2002
Chestersource: BHA, Authority file (2003-)
Chestershiresource: Curious Fox: UK Counties and Shires [online] (2002). accessed 16 Dec 2002
CHSsource: Chapman county code(GENUKI)
County of Chestersource: Wikipedia
TypeHistoric county, Administrative county, Modern county
Coordinates53°N 2.7°W
Located inEngland
See alsoGreater Manchester, Englandmetropolitan county to which various districts were transferred 1974
Merseyside, Englandmetropolitan county to which districts were transferred 1974
Contained Places
Ancient parish
Winwick ( 1974 - )
Borough
Altrincham ( - 1974 )
Bebington ( - 1974 )
Birkenhead ( - 1974 )
Chester
Congleton
Dukinfield ( - 1974 )
Ellesmere Port
Hyde ( - 1974 )
Macclesfield
Stalybridge ( - 1974 )
Stockport ( - 1974 )
Wallasey ( - 1974 )
Warrington ( 1974 - )
Widnes ( 1974 - )
Civil parish
Agden (near Malpas)
Arrowe ( - 1974 )
Bidston-cum-Ford ( - 1974 )
Bosden ( - 1974 )
Brimstage ( - 1974 )
Brinnington ( - 1974 )
Burton
Burtonwood ( 1974 - )
Childer Thornton
Croft ( 1933 - )
Cuerdley ( 1974 - )
Culcheth ( 1974 - )
Frankby ( - 1974 )
Glazebury ( 1974 - )
Golborne ( 1974 - )
Grange ( - 1974 )
Great Meols ( - 1974 )
Great Sankey ( 1974 - )
Great Stanney
Great Sutton
Hale (near Widnes) ( 1974 - )
Heswall-cum-Oldfield ( - 1974 )
Higher Bebington ( - 1974 )
Hoose ( - 1974 )
Hooton
Houghton Middleton and Arbury ( 1974 - )
Hoylake-cum-West Kirby ( - 1974 )
Irby ( - 1974 )
Kenyon ( 1974 - )
Landican ( - 1974 )
Liscard ( - 1974 )
Little Meols ( - 1974 )
Little Sutton
Lower Bebington ( - 1974 )
Marthall-cum-Warford ( 1894 - 1951 )
Matley ( - 1974 )
Mobberley
Netherpool
Noctorum ( - 1974 )
Norbury (near Stockport) ( - 1974 )
Offerton ( - 1974 )
Penketh ( 1974 - )
Pensby ( - 1974 )
Peover Inferior
Peover Superior
Poulton-cum-Seacombe ( - 1974 )
Poulton-cum-Spital ( - 1974 )
Poulton-with-Fearnhead ( 1974 - )
Reddish ( 1901 - 1974 )
Rixton-with-Glazebrook ( 1974 - )
Southworth-with-Croft ( 1974 - )
Stockport Etchells ( - 1974 )
Storeton ( - 1974 )
Tabley Inferior
Tabley Superior
Tarporley
Thingwall ( - 1974 )
Thornton Hough ( - 1974 )
Torkington ( - 1974 )
Upton-by-Birkenhead ( - 1974 )
West Kirby ( - 1974 )
Whitby
Woodchurch ( - 1974 )
Woolston-with-Martinscroft ( 1974 - )
District municipality
Chester City (borough) ( 1974 - 2009 )
Congleton (borough) ( 1974 - 2009 )
Crewe and Nantwich (borough) ( 1974 - 2009 )
Ellesmere Port and Neston (borough) ( 1974 - 2009 )
Halton (borough) ( 1974 - )
Macclesfield (borough) ( 1974 - 2009 )
Vale Royal (borough) ( 1974 - 2009 )
Warrington (metropolitan borough) ( - 1974 )
Former community
Woodhey (near Faddiley)
Former parish
Acton Grange
Handforth-with-Bosden ( - 1877 )
Hamlet
Agden (near Malpas)
Netherpool
Overpool
Rock Ferry ( - 1974 )
Hundred
Broxton (hundred)
Bucklow (hundred)
Eddisbury (hundred)
Macclesfield (hundred)
Nantwich (hundred)
Northwich (hundred)
Wirral (hundred)
Inhabited place
Acton Bridge
Acton
Adlington
Alderley Edge
Aldford
Alsager
Altrincham ( - 1974 )
Alvanley
Anderton
Antrobus
Appleton
Arley
Ashley
Ashton
Aston
Backford
Baguley ( - 1931 )
Barnston ( - 1974 )
Barnton
Barton
Bate Heath
Beeston
Bewsey
Bickley
Bidston ( - 1974 )
Birkenhead ( - 1974 )
Blackden Heath
Bollington
Bosley
Bostock Green
Bramhall ( - 1974 )
Bredbury ( - 1974 )
Bridge Trafford
Brinnington ( - 1974 )
Broadbottom ( - 1974 )
Broadheath ( - 1974 )
Broken Cross
Bromborough ( - 1974 )
Broxton
Bunbury
Burton
Byley
Caldy ( - 1974 )
Capenhurst
Cheadle Hulme ( - 1974 )
Cheadle ( - 1974 )
Chelford
Chester
Childer Thornton
Cholmondeley
Christleton
Comber Mere
Comberbach
Compstall ( - 1974 )
Congleton
Cranage
Crewe
Croft ( 1933 - )
Crowton
Cuddington
Culcheth ( 1974 - )
Daresbury
Davenham
Dean Row
Delamere
Disley
Ditton
Dukinfield ( - 1974 )
Dunham-on-the-Hill
Dutton
Eastham ( - 1974 )
Eccleston
Egremont ( - 1974 )
Ellesmere Port
Elton
Englesea-Brook
Farndon
Fearnhead
Flowery Field ( - 1974 )
Foxwist Green
Frodsham
Gatley ( - 1974 )
Gawsworth
Gayton ( - 1974 )
Gee Cross ( - 1974 )
Goostrey
Grappenhall
Greasby ( - 1974 )
Great Barrow
Great Budworth
Great Sutton
Halton
Handforth
Hapsford
Hartford
Haslington
Hatchmere
Hattersley ( - 1974 )
Hatton
Hazel Grove ( - 1974 )
Helsby
Henbury
Hermitage Green
Heswall ( - 1974 )
High Lane ( - 1974 )
High Legh
Higher Walton
Higher Whitley
Hollingworth ( - 1974 )
Hollins Green
Holmes Chapel
Hooton
Houghton Green
Hurdsfield
Hyde ( - 1974 )
Ince
Irby ( - 1974 )
Kelsall
Kerridge
Kettleshulme
Kingsley
Kirkleyditch
Knolls Green
Knutsford
Lach Dennis
Langley
Latchford
Lawton
Leasowe ( - 1974 )
Ledsham
Little Budworth
Little Leigh
Little Neston
Little Stanney
Lostock Gralam
Lower Whitley
Ludworth ( 1936 - 1974 )
Lymm
Macclesfield
Malpas
Manley
Marple ( - 1974 )
Marston
Marthall
Martinscroft
Marton
Matley ( - 1974 )
Mellor ( 1936 - 1974 )
Mere
Mickle Trafford
Middlewich
Mobberley
Mollington
Monks Heath
Moore
Moreton ( - 1974 )
Morley Green
Mottram in Longdendale ( - 1974 )
Mouldsworth
Moulton
Nantwich
Ness
Neston
Nether Alderley
New Brighton ( - 1974 )
New Ferry ( - 1974 )
Newchurch (near Winwick) ( 1974 - )
No Man's Heath
Norley
Northen Etchells ( - 1931 )
Northwich
Norton
Oakgrove
Ollerton
Orford
Over
Padgate
Parkgate
Partington ( - 1974 )
Pensby ( - 1974 )
Pickmere
Picton
Plumley
Poole
Port Sunlight ( - 1974 )
Pott Shrigley
Poynton
Prenton ( - 1974 )
Prestbury
Preston on the Hill
Puddington
Raby ( - 1974 )
Rainow
Ringway ( - 1974 )
Risley
Rixton-with-Glazebrook ( 1974 - )
Rode Heath
Romiley ( - 1974 )
Rostherne
Runcorn
Sale ( - 1974 )
Sandbach
Sandiway
Saughall Massie ( - 1974 )
Saughall
Shavington
Shotwick
Siddington
Stalybridge ( - 1974 )
Stanlow
Stockton Heath
Stretton
Styal
Sutton Lane Ends
Sutton Weaver
Sworton Heath
Tarporley
Tarvin
Tattenhall
Thelwall
Thornton-le-Moors
Thurstaston ( - 1974 )
Tilston
Timperley ( - 1974 )
Twiss Green
Tytherington
Upton
Warburton ( - 1974 )
Wardle
Warren
Warrington ( 1974 - )
Waverton
Weaverham
Wervin
West Kirby ( - 1974 )
Weston
Wharton
Wheelock
Wildboarclough
Willaston (near Neston)
Wilmslow
Wincham
Winnington
Winsford
Withington Green
Woodford ( - 1974 )
Woolston
Wybunbury
Parish
Alderley
Audlem
Bidston ( - 1974 )
Overchurch ( - 1974 )
Stoak
Woodchurch ( - 1974 )
Parish (political)
Abbey Precincts
Rural district
Bucklow Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Chester Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Congleton Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Disley Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Macclesfield Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Malpas Rural ( 1894 - 1936 )
Nantwich Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Northwich Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Runcorn Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Stockport Rural ( 1894 - 1904 )
Tarvin Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Tintwistle Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Tittenley Rural ( 1894 - 1895 )
Wirral Rural ( 1894 - 1933 )
Suburb
Ashton upon Mersey ( - 1974 )
Baguley ( - 1931 )
Benchill ( - 1931 )
Bosden ( - 1974 )
Bowdon ( - 1974 )
Bredbury ( - 1974 )
Brooklands ( - 1974 )
Carrington ( - 1974 )
Cheadle Hulme ( - 1974 )
Claughton-cum-Grange ( - 1974 )
Dunham Massey ( - 1974 )
Egremont ( - 1974 )
Godley ( - 1974 )
Hale (near Altrincham) ( - 1974 )
Hale Barns ( - 1974 )
Hattersley ( - 1974 )
Hazel Grove ( - 1974 )
Heald Green ( - 1974 )
Heaton Chapel ( 1913 - 1974 )
Heaton Mersey ( 1913 - 1974 )
Heaton Moor ( 1913 - )
Heaton Norris ( 1913 - 1974 )
Landican ( - 1974 )
Leasowe ( - 1974 )
Ludworth ( 1936 - 1974 )
Marple ( - 1974 )
Moss Nook ( - 1931 )
New Brighton ( - 1974 )
Newall Green ( - 1931 )
Newton (near Hyde) ( - 1974 )
Noctorum ( - 1974 )
Northen Etchells ( - 1931 )
Northenden ( - 1931 )
Northern Moor ( - 1931 )
Oldfield Brow ( - 1974 )
Overchurch ( - 1974 )
Oxton ( - 1974 )
Peel Hall ( - 1931 )
Penketh ( 1974 - )
Poulton-cum-Seacombe ( - 1974 )
Reddish ( 1901 - 1974 )
Ringway ( - 1974 )
Rock Ferry ( - 1974 )
Romiley ( - 1974 )
Sale Moor ( - 1974 )
Sharston ( - 1931 )
Thingwall ( - 1974 )
Timperley ( - 1974 )
Tranmere ( - 1974 )
Upton-by-Birkenhead ( - 1974 )
West Timperley ( - 1974 )
Woodchurch ( - 1974 )
Woodford ( - 1974 )
Woodhouse Park ( - 1931 )
Wythenshawe ( - 1931 )
Township
Bidston-cum-Ford ( - 1974 )
Cheadle-Bulkeley ( - 1974 )
Kenyon ( 1974 - )
Little Sutton
Uninhabited place
Barrow
Unitary authority
Cheshire East ( 2009 - )
Cheshire West and Chester ( 2009 - )
Halton (borough) ( 1974 - )
Warrington (metropolitan borough) ( - 1974 )
Unknown
Agden (near Altrincham)
Aldersey
Allostock
Alpraham
Alvaston
Arclid
Astbury
Aston-Grange
Aston-by-Budworth
Aston-by-Sutton
Aston-juxta-Mondrum
Austerson
Bache
Baddiley
Baddington
Barthomley
Bartington
Basford
Batherton
Betchton
Bexton
Bickerton
Birches
Birtles
Blackden
Blacon-cum-Crabhall
Blakenhall
Bollin-Fee
Bollington (near Macclesfield)
Bollington Cross
Bradley
Bradwall
Brereton-cum-Smethwick
Bridgemere
Brindley
Broomhall
Bruen-Stapleford
Bruera
Bucklow
Buerton
Buglawton
Bulkeley
Burland
Burley-Dam
Burton-by-Tarvin
Burwardsley
Butley
Byley-with-Yatehouse
Caldecott
Calveley
Capesthorne
Carden
Castle Hall
Castle-Northwich
Caughall
Checkley-cum-Wrinehill
Chidlow
Cholmondestone
Chorley (near Macclesfield)
Chorley (near Nantwich)
Chorlton (near Malpas)
Chorlton (near Nantwich)
Chorlton-by-Backford
Chowley
Church Minshull
Church-Lawton
Churton-by-Aldford
Churton-by-Farndon
Clifton
Clive
Clotton-Hoofield
Clutton
Coddington
Cogshall
Cool-Pilate
Coppenhall
Cotton
Cotton-Abbotts
Cotton-Edmunds
Croughton
Crowley
Croxton
Dane-Bridge
Darnhall
Davenport
Dodcott-cum-Wilkesley
Doddington
Doddleston
Duckington
Dudden
Duddon
Eaton (near Chester)
Eaton (near Congleton)
Eaton (near Northwich)
Eaton (near Tarporley)
Eddisbury
Edge
Edgeley
Edgerley
Edleston
Elworth
Faddiley
Fallybroom
Foulk-Stapleford
Frandley
Frith
Frodsham Lordship
Fulshaw
Gloverstone
Golbourn Bellow
Golbourn-David
Goostrey-cum-Barnshaw
Grafton
Great Boughton
Great Mollington
Great Saughall
Great Warford
Greavefold
Guilden-Sutton
Hampton
Handley
Hankelow
Hargrave
Harthill
Hassall Green
Hassall
Hatherlow
Hatherton
Hatton (near Tarporley)
Haughton
Henhull
Hockenhull
Hoole
Horton
Horton-cum-Peel
Hough
Hulme Walfield
Hulme
Hulse
Hunsterson
Huntington
Hurleston
Huxley
Iddinshall
Kekewick
Kermincham
Kinderton-with-Hulme
Kingsmarsh
Kingswood
Lache-with-Saltney
Larkton
Lea (near Chester)
Lea (near Nantwich)
Lea-Newbold
Leese
Leftwich
Leighton (near Crewe)
Lindow
Little Mollington
Little Saughall
Little Warford
Littleton
Low Oulton
Lower Kinnerton
Lower Walton
Lower Withington
Lyme Handley
Macclesfield Forest
Macefen
Marbury (near Crewe)
Marbury (near Northwich)
Marlston-cum-Leach
Marton (near Northwich)
Micklehurst
Millbrook
Millington
Minshull Vernon
Mooresbarrow-with-Parme
Moreton-cum-Alcumlow
Morley
Moston (near Chester)
Moston (near Sandbach)
Mottram
Mottram-St. Andrew
Newbold-Astbury
Newhall (near Nantwich)
Newhall (near Northwich)
Newton (near Macclesfield)
Newton (near Middlewich)
Newton-by-Chester
Newton-by-Daresbury
Newton-by-Frodsham
Newton-by-Tattenhall
Newton-juxta-Malpas
Norbury (near Nantwich)
North Rode
Oakmere
Occleston
Occlestone
Odd Rode
Old Withington
Oldcastle
Onston
Oscroft
Oughtrington
Outwood
Overton
Peckforton
Pexhall
Pickton
Plemonstall
Plumbley
Portwood
Pownall-Fee
Preston-on-the-Hill
Priors-Hay
Pulford
Quoisley
Radnor
Ravenscroft
Ridley
Romily
Rope
Rowton
Rudheath
Rushton
Saighton
Saltersford
Sandbach Heath
Saniway
Sevenoaks
Shavington-cum-Gresty
Shipbrook
Shocklach
Shotwick Park
Shurlach
Smallwood
Snelson
Somerford Booths
Somerford
Sound
Spital Boughton
Sproston
Spurstow
St. Oswald
Staley
Stanthorne
Stapeley
Stockham
Stockton
Stoke (near Chester)
Stoke (near Nantwich)
Stretton (near Warrington)
Stublach
Sutton (near Frodsham)
Sutton (near Macclesfield)
Sutton (near Middlewich)
Swettenham
Tatton
Taxall
Tetton
Threapwood
Tilstone Fearnall
Tintwistle
Tittenley
Tiverton
Toft
Tushingham-cum-Grindley
Twemlow
Upton (near Chester)
Upton (near Macclesfield)
Utkinton
Walgherton
Wallerscote
Wardsend
Warmingham
Weaver
Weston (near Runcorn)
Weston-Point
Wettenhall
Whaley Bridge
Whaley-cum-Yeardsley
Whatcroft
Whitegate
Whitley-Inferior
Whitley-Superior
Wichaugh
Wigland
Willaston (near Nantwich)
Willington
Wimbolds Trafford
Wimboldsley
Wincle
Wirswall
Wistaston
Witton-cum-Twambrooks
Woodbank
Woodcott
Woodhead
Woodley
Woolstanwood
Worleston
Worth
Wrenbury
Urban district
Alderley Edge
Altrincham ( - 1974 )
Ashton upon Mersey ( - 1974 )
Bebington and Bromborough ( 1922 - 1933 )
Bowdon ( - 1974 )
Bredbury and Romiley ( - 1974 )
Bromborough ( - 1974 )
Cheadle and Gatley ( 1894 - 1974 )
Ellesmere Port and Whitby
Ellesmere Port
Golborne ( 1974 - )
Hale (near Altrincham) ( - 1974 )
Hazel Grove and Bramhall ( 1900 - 1974 )
Higher Bebington ( - 1974 )
Hoylake ( - 1974 )
Longdendale ( 1936 - 1974 )
Lower Bebington ( - 1974 )
Neston
Neston-cum-Parkgate
Runcorn
Wirral Urban ( 1933 - 1974 )
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this article is based one in Wikipedia
Enlarge
Panorama photo showing part of the Cheshire Plain looking from the Mid-Cheshire Ridge
Enlarge
Panorama photo showing part of the Cheshire Plain looking from the Mid-Cheshire Ridge

Cheshire (archaically the County Palatine of Chester; abbreviated Ches.) is a ceremonial county in northwest England, in the United Kingdom. The western edge of the county forms part of England's border with Wales. Cheshire's county town is the city of Chester, although the largest town is Warrington, which until 1974 was in Lancashire. Other major towns include Widnes, Congleton, Crewe, Ellesmere Port, Runcorn, Macclesfield, Winsford, Northwich, and Wilmslow. Until the nationwide municipal reorganization of 1974 the county contained the Wirral, Stockport, Sale, Altrincham and other towns.

Today the county is bordered by Merseyside and Greater Manchester to the north, Derbyshire to the east, Staffordshire and Shropshire to the south, and Flintshire and Wrexham in Wales to the west. Cheshire is also a part of the Welsh Marches.

Cheshire's area is 2,343 square kilometres (905 sq mi) and its population is around 1 million. Apart from the large towns along the River Mersey and the historic city of Chester, it is mostly rural, with a number of small towns and villages that support an agricultural industry. It is historically famous as a former principality and for the production of Cheshire cheese, salt, bulk chemicals, and woven silk.

Contents

History

Toponymy

Cheshire's name was originally derived from an early name for Chester, and was first recorded as Legeceasterscir in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles, meaning the shire of the city of legions. Although the name first appears in 980, it is thought that the county was created by Edward the Elder around 920.

For more information, see the EN Wikipedia article Cheshire.

Administrative history

After the Norman conquest of 1066 by William I, dissent and resistance continued for many years after the invasion. In 1069 local resistance in Cheshire was finally put down using draconian measures as part of the Harrying of the North. The ferocity of the campaign against the Saxon populace was enough to end all future resistance. Examples were made of major landowners such as Saxon Earl Edwin of Mercia, their properties confiscated and redistributed amongst Norman barons. William I made Cheshire a county palatine and gave Gerbod the Fleming the title, first Earl of Chester. But when he returned to Normandy in about 1070, the king used his absence to declare the earldom forfeit and gave the title and Cheshire to Hugh d'Avranches (nicknamed Hugh Lupus, or 'wolf'). Due its strategic location on Welsh Marches, the Earl had complete autonomous powers to rule on behalf of the king in the county palatine.

Palatine hundreds

For more information, see the EN Wikipedia article Cheshire.

Palatine feudal baronies

For more information, see the EN Wikipedia article Cheshire.

Lands devolved to Lancashire

In 1182 the land north of the Mersey became administered as part of the new county of Lancashire, thus resolving any uncertainty about the county in which the land "Inter Ripam et Mersam"(the area between the Mersey and Ribble) was. Over the years, the ten hundreds consolidated and changed names to leave just seven--Broxton, Bucklow, Eddisbury, Macclesfield, Nantwich, Northwich and Wirral.

Acquires Welsh-March lands

In 1397 the county had lands in the march of Wales added to its territory, and was promoted to the rank of principality. This was because of the support the men of the county had given to King Richard II, in particular by his standing armed force of about 500 men called the "Cheshire Guard". As a result the King's title was changed to "King of England and France, Lord of Ireland, and Prince of Chester". No other English county has been honoured in this way, although it lost the distinction on Richard's fall in 1399.

Lands devolved to Greater Manchester and Merseyside

Through the Local Government Act 1972, which came into effect on 1 April 1974, some areas in the north-west of Cheshire became part of the metropolitan counties of Greater Manchester and Merseyside.
Greater Manchester absorbed

Merseyside took on much of the Wirral Peninsula in the north-west, including the county boroughs of

At the same time the Tintwistle Rural District was transferred to Derbyshire.
The area of Lancashire south of the Merseyside/Greater Manchester area, including Widnes and the county borough of Warrington, was added to the new non-metropolitan county of Cheshire.

Cheshire 1974-1998

From 1 April 1974 the area under the control of the county council was divided into eight local government districts:

Unitary Authorities created

On 1 April 1998 Halton and Warrington became unitary authorities independent of Cheshire County Council, but remained part of Cheshire for ceremonial purposes and also for fire and policing. In April 2009 the remainder of Cheshire was converted into two more unitary authorities: Cheshire East and Cheshire West and Chester.

Since 1 April 2009 the cities and towns in Cheshire are:
Cheshire East (unitary)


Cheshire West and Chester (unitary)


Halton (unitary)


Warrington (unitary)

Politics and administration

Cheshire is a ceremonial county. This means that although there is no county-wide elected local council, Cheshire has a Lord Lieutenant and High Sheriff for ceremonial purposes under the Lieutenancies Act 1997. All four unitary authority areas (Cheshire East, Cheshire West and Chester, Halton, and Warrington) have borough status.

Research Tips


This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Cheshire. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.