|Alt names||Sarn||source: hamlet in parish|
|Upper Threapwood||source: hamlet in parish|
|Type||Locality, Civil parish|
|Located in||Cheshire, England (1896 - )|
|Also located in||Flintshire, Wales ( - 1896)|
|See also||Broxton Hundred, Cheshire, England||hundred in which it was situated (by dispute)|
|Maelor Hundred, Flintshire, Wales||hundred in which it was situated (by dispute)|
|Malpas Rural, Cheshire, England||rural district in which it was located 1894-1936|
|Tarvin Rural, Cheshire, England||rural district in which it was located 1936-1974|
|Cheshire West and Chester District, Cheshire, England||district municipality and unitary authority covering the area since 2009|
- source: Family History Library Catalog
- the following text is based on an article in Wikipedia
Threapwood is a small village and civil parish which, since 2009, has been located in the unitary authority of Cheshire West and Chester and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England. It is close to the villages of Shocklach, Worthenbury and Malpas.
Threapwood developed on an area of common land, historically a tract of woodland lying between Cheshire and Flintshire, which was traditionally reputed to have fallen outside of county, parish and township boundaries: it was therefore outside the jurisdiction of any Justice of the Peace and paid no land tax or parish rates. This status was reflected in its name, with "threap" being a common Old English place name element referring to disputed boundary areas.
This vague administrative status was to lead to Threapwood gaining a reputation as a home to "abandoned characters of every description, and especially of women of loose or blemished morals". It was also a refuge for military deserters. Various attempts were made to bring Threapwood within the normal administrative structure; by the Militia Acts of 1792 it was decreed to be in Worthenbury - though for the purposes of the militia only - and the Mutiny Act 1797 placed it in the parish of Malpas.
Until Victorian times the village continued to be regarded as partly in Cheshire, and partly in Flintshire. But in 1896, under the "County of Chester (Threapwood) Order", the county boundary (and therefore the boundary between England and Wales), which passed through the village, was adjusted slightly in favour of Cheshire. It includes the hamlets of Sarn (part) and Upper Threapwood. The population was 256 in 1851, 305 in 1901, 290 in 1951, and 285 in 2001. (Source:GENUKI)
A Vision of Britain through Time provides the following description of Threapwood from John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales of 1870-72:
- "THREAPWOOD, an extra-parochial chapelry in the district of Wrexham and counties of Flint and Chester; 8 miles WNW of Whitchurch [railway] station. Post town, Wrexham. Acres: 160. Population: 335. Houses: 90. The property is much subdivided. Bricks and tiles are made. The living is a [perpetual] curacy in the diocese of St. Asaph. Value: £102. Patron: the Bishop of Chester. The church is good; and there are two dissenting chapels, and a national school."
- The GENUKI and UKBMD pages on Cheshire and its parishes point to many other sources of information on places within the county. The many small parishes and townships that existed before 1866 are treated individually as well as the larger towns and conurbations.
- A Vision of Britain through Time provides a series of maps from the Ordnance Survey illustrating the towns and villages of Cheshire and also the borders between parishes. The following group of maps provide views of the county at various dates, illustrating the changes in administrative structure.
- Cheshire Archives and Local Studies have organized a facility to compare 19th century maps (including tithe maps circa 1830) with modern Ordnance Survey maps. These are available for every civil parish. The detail is very magnified and it is difficult to read any placenames on the older maps. Cheshire Archives and Local Studies are the local keepers of historical material for the county.
[[Category:Broxton Hundred, Cheshire, England]
Categories: Cheshire, England | Maelor Hundred, Wales, England | Malpas Rural, Cheshire, England | Tarvin Rural, Cheshire, England | Threapwood, Cheshire, England | Cheshire West and Chester District, Cheshire, England