Place:Runcorn, Cheshire, England

Alt namesHigher Runcornsource: hamlet in parish
Runcorn Heathsource: hamlet in parish
Stenhillssource: hamlet in parish
Westfieldsource: hamlet in parish
TypeParish (ancient), Civil parish, Urban district
Coordinates53.333°N 2.733°W
Located inCheshire, England
See alsoBucklow Hundred, Cheshire, Englandhundred in which it was located
Halton District, Cheshire, Englandunitary authority into which it was absorbed in 1974
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Runcorn is an industrial town and cargo port in Halton, Cheshire. In 2011, Halton's population was recorded to be 127,500, with Runcorn alone being 70,000. The town is on the southern bank of the River Mersey, where the estuary narrows to form Runcorn Gap. Directly to the north across the Mersey is the town of Widnes. Upstream and to the northeast is the town of Warrington and downstream to the west is the city of Liverpool.

Runcorn railway station is on a branch of the West Coast Main Line. It provides frequent services to London (Euston), Liverpool and Birmingham. The A533 road passes through the town from the south, crossing the Runcorn Gap over the Silver Jubilee Bridge, the lowest bridge crossing of the River Mersey. The Manchester Ship Canal runs alongside the Runcorn bank of the River Mersey; the Bridgewater Canal terminates in the canal basin in the town centre, as the staircase of locks leading down to the ship canal was filled in many decades ago.

Runcorn was a small, isolated village until the coming of the Industrial Revolution. It was a health resort in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Towards the end of the 18th century, a port began to develop on the south bank of the River Mersey. During the 19th century, industries developed the manufacture of soap and alkali, quarrying, shipbuilding, engineering and tanning. In the early 20th century, the prime industries were chemicals and tanning. The original village has grown to include what were outlying villages. Except for chemicals, all of the old industries have disappeared and there has been diversification, in particular because of the close links to the motorway system and the development of warehousing and distribution centres. A new town was built to the east of the existing town in the 1960–'70s and areas of private housing have been established, farther to the east; this has resulted in the population more than doubling from around 30,000 to its present level of 70,000.

For more information, see the EN Wikipedia article Runcorn.

GENUKI provides the following details: Runcorn was a township in Runcorn ancient parish in Bucklow Hundred which became a civil parish in 1866. It includes the hamlets of Higher Runcorn, Runcorn Heath, Stenhills and Westfield. The population was 1,379 in 1801, 8,688 in 1851, 16,491 in 1901, 23,931 in 1951, and 58,503 in 2001.

In 1936 it gained parts of Clifton, Halton and Norton and the whole of Weston. Of these only Halton and Weston had significant population. The areas of Clifton and Norton were almost uninhabited.

In 1967 it gained the remainder of Halton, and parts of Aston, Daresbury, Dutton, Moore, Norton, Preston Brook and Sutton (near Runcorn).

Research Tips

  • The GENUKI and UKBMD pages on Cheshire and its parishes point to many other sources of information on places within the county. The many small parishes and townships that existed before 1866 are treated individually as well as the larger towns and conurbations.
  • A Vision of Britain through Time provides a series of maps from the Ordnance Survey illustrating the towns and villages of Cheshire and also the borders between parishes. The following group of maps provide views of the county at various dates, illustrating the changes in administrative structure.
  • Cheshire Archives and Local Studies have organized a facility to compare 19th century maps (including tithe maps circa 1830) with modern Ordnance Survey maps. These are available for every civil parish. The detail is very magnified and it is difficult to read any placenames on the older maps. Cheshire Archives and Local Studies are the local keepers of historical material for the county.
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Runcorn. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.