Place:Compstall, Cheshire, England

Watchers
NameCompstall
Alt namesWernethsource: name until 1897
TypeVillage, Urban district
Coordinates53.417°N 2.05°W
Located inCheshire, England     ( - 1974)
Also located inGreater Manchester, England     (1974 - )
See alsoStockport, Cheshire, Englandancient parish of which it was a township
Macclesfield Hundred, Cheshire, Englandhundred in which it was located
Hyde, Cheshire, Englandmunicipal borough including part of Werneth 1881-1894
Stockport Rural, Cheshire, Englandrural district including Werneth/Compstall 1894-1902
Bredbury and Romiley, Cheshire, Englandurban district which absorbed Compstall in 1936
Stockport (metropolitan borough), Greater Manchester, Englandmetropolitan borough into which the urban district was absorbed in 1974
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog
source: Family History Library Catalog

NOTE: Werneth, Cheshire has been redirected here. There is another place called Werneth in Oldham, Lancashire (now also in Greater Manchester). Werneth in Cheshire had its name changed to Compstall in 1897.

Werneth

Werneth started out as a sheep market but in 1804 a water-driven calico printing business was established. (Calico is a form of printed cotton.) This was the beginning of Compstall Mills, a large business whose buildings are still in existence with plans in hand to refurbish the site. (Source: Wikipedia).

GENUKI on Werneth and GENUKI on Compstall provide the following information

Werneth was a township in Stockport ancient parish in Macclesfield Hundred which became a civil parish in 1866. The population was 1,152 in 1801 and 3,635 in 1851.

Part of its area was located in Hyde which was a municipal borough. This area was transferred to Hyde in 1894. The remainder of the civil parish was renamed Compstall in 1897. It was part of Stockport Rural District until 1902 when Compstall Urban District came into being. In 1936 the urban district was abolished when the neighbouring Bredbury and Romiley Urban District became a civil parish and absorbed Compstall.

Bredbury and Romiley Urban District was absorbed into Stockport in Greater Manchester in 1974.

Research Tips

  • The whole Wikipedia article on Compstall is a good brief social history of the area.
  • The GENUKI and UKBMD pages on Cheshire and its parishes point to many other sources of information on places within the county. The many small parishes and townships that existed before 1866 are treated individually as well as the larger towns and conurbations.
  • A Vision of Britain through Time provides a series of maps from the Ordnance Survey illustrating the towns and villages of Cheshire and also the borders between parishes. The following group of maps provide views of the county at various dates, illustrating the changes in administrative structure.
  • Cheshire Archives and Local Studies have organized a facility to compare 19th century maps (including tithe maps circa 1830) with modern Ordnance Survey maps. These are available for every civil parish. The detail is very magnified and it is difficult to read any placenames on the older maps. Cheshire Archives and Local Studies are the local keepers of historical material for the county.