Place:Lancashire, England

Watchers
NameLancashire
Alt namesLANsource: Curious Fox: UK Counties and Shires [online] (2002). accessed 16 Dec 2002
Lancastersource: Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 500
Lancssource: Wikipedia
Lancastershiresource: misspelling
TypeHistoric county, Administrative county, Modern county
Coordinates53.7°N 2.667°W
Located inEngland
See alsoCumbria, Englandmodern county to which an area of Lancashire was transferred in 1974
Greater Manchester, Englandmodern metropolitan county to which an area of Lancashire was transferred in 1974
Merseyside, Englandmodern metropolitan county to which an area of Lancashire was transferred in 1974
Contained Places
Borough
Accrington
Barrow-in-Furness ( 1867 - 1974 )
Blackburn ( 300 - )
Blackpool
Bootle ( 1842 - 1974 )
Burnley ( 1500 - )
Chorley ( 1881 - 1974 )
Clitheroe
Colne
Fleetwood
Haslingden
Lancaster
Liverpool ( - 1974 )
Lytham St Annes
Morecambe
Nelson
Preston ( 1179 - )
Rawtenstall
Southport ( - 1974 )
St Helens ( - 1974 )
Warrington ( - 1974 )
Widnes ( - 1974 )
Cemetery
Newton Friends Burial Ground ( 1974 - )
Civil parish
Aighton Bailey and Chaigley
Ainsworth ( - 1974 )
Aintree ( - 1974 )
Altham
Anglezarke
Bamber Bridge
Barley-with-Wheatley-Booth
Barnacre with Bonds
Barnoldswick ( 1974 - )
Barton Moss ( 1894 - 1933 )
Barton
Bashall-Eaves ( 1974 - )
Billinge Chapel End ( - 1974 )
Billinge Higher End ( - 1974 )
Billington
Birtle-cum-Bamford ( - 1974 )
Blacko
Bold ( - 1974 )
Bolton-by-Bowland ( 1974 - )
Bowland with Leagram ( - 1935 )
Bracewell and Brogden ( 1974 - )
Bracewell ( 1974 - )
Breightmet ( - 1974 )
Broughton
Brunshaw
Charnock-Heath
Chatburn
Chipping
Clayton-le-Dale
Clifton (near Eccles) ( - 1933 )
Cliviger
Clock Face ( - 1974 )
Croft ( - 1933 )
Cuerden
Cuerdley ( - 1974 )
Culcheth ( - 1974 )
Dalton
Darcy-Lever ( - 1974 )
Davyhulme ( - 1974 )
Deane ( - 1974 )
Dinckley
Downham
Easington (Bowland Forest) ( 1974 - )
Eccleshill
Eccleston ( - 1974 )
Foulridge
Garswood ( - 1974 )
Gisburn Forest ( 1974 - )
Gisburn ( 1974 - )
Golborne ( - 1974 )
Goldshaw Booth
Goosnargh
Great Lever ( - 1974 )
Great Sankey ( - 1974 )
Grimsargh
Grindleton ( 1974 - )
Habergham-Eaves
Haighton
Halliwell ( - 1974 )
Hapton
Haydock ( - 1974 )
Heaton (near Bolton) ( - 1974 )
Heaton-with-Oxcliffe
High Bowland Forest ( 1974 - )
Horton (near Gisburn) ( 1974 - )
Houghton Middleton and Arbury ( - 1974 )
Hutton
Ightenhill
Kenyon ( - 1974 )
Leagram ( - 1935 )
Little Bowland ( - 1935 )
Little Mitton ( 1935 - )
Livesey
Longton
Low Bowland Forest ( 1974 - )
Lydiate ( - 1974 )
Maghull ( - 1974 )
Mearley
Mellor
Middop ( 1974 - )
Moss Side (South Ribble)
Mossley ( - 1974 )
Newsholme (near Gisburn) ( 1974 - )
Newton-in-Bowland ( 1974 - )
North Turton
Northtown
Old Laund Booth
Osbaldeston
Outwood ( - 1974 )
Over Hulton ( - 1974 )
Paythorne ( 1974 - )
Pendleton (Ribble Valley)
Penketh ( - 1974 )
Penwortham
Pleasington
Poulton-with-Fearnhead ( - 1974 )
Ramsgreave
Reddish ( - 1901 )
Reedley Hallows
Ribchester
Rimington ( 1974 - )
Rivington
Rixton-with-Glazebrook ( - 1974 )
Roughlee Booth
Sabden
Salesbury
Salterforth ( 1974 - )
Sawley (near Clitheroe) ( 1974 - )
Shaw and Crompton ( - 1974 )
Simonstone
Slaidburn ( 1974 - )
Southworth-with-Croft ( - 1974 )
Tarbock ( - 1974 )
Thornley-with-Wheatley
Thurnham (near Lancaster)
Tockholes
Todmorden ( - 1888 )
Tosside ( 1974 - )
Twiston
Unsworth ( - 1974 )
Waddington ( 1974 - )
Walmersley-cum-Shuttleworth ( - 1974 )
West Bradford ( 1974 - )
Whalley
Wheatley-Carr
Whiston ( - 1974 )
Whittingham
Wilpshire
Windle ( - 1974 )
Winstanley ( - 1974 )
Wiswell
Witton ( - 1934 )
Woodplumpton
Woolston-with-Martinscroft ( - 1974 )
Worsthorne with Hurstwood
Worston
Wrightington
Yate and Pickup-Bank
District municipality
Blackburn (borough) ( 1974 - 1998 )
Burnley (borough) ( 1974 - )
Chorley (borough) ( 1974 - )
Fylde (borough) ( 1974 - )
Hyndburn (borough) ( 1974 - )
Lancaster (borough) ( 1974 - )
Pendle District ( 1974 - )
Preston (borough) ( 1974 - )
Ribble Valley (borough) ( 1974 - )
Rossendale (borough) ( 1974 - )
South Ribble (borough) ( 1974 - )
West Lancashire (borough) ( 1974 - )
Wyre (borough) ( 1974 - )
Former borough
Ashton-under-Lyne ( 1000 - 1974 )
Bolton ( 1842 - 1974 )
Bury ( - 1974 )
Eccles ( - 1974 )
Farnworth (near Bolton) ( - 1974 )
Leigh ( - 1974 )
Manchester ( - 1974 )
Middleton (Greater Manchester) ( - 1974 )
Oldham ( 1849 - 1974 )
Prestwich ( - 1974 )
Radcliffe ( - 1974 )
Rochdale ( 1856 - 1974 )
Salford ( - 1974 )
Swinton and Pendlebury ( - 1974 )
Wigan ( 1246 - 1974 )
Former parish
Hundersfield ( - 1894 )
Little Sankey
Hamlet
Coates ( 1974 - )
Downall Green ( - 1974 )
Entwistle
Middop ( 1974 - )
Outwood ( - 1974 )
Turton Bottoms
Inhabited place
Abbey Village
Abbeystead
Abram ( - 1974 )
Accrington
Acre
Adlington
Affetside ( - 1974 )
Aigburth ( - 1974 )
Ainsdale
Aintree ( - 1974 )
Aldcliffe
Aldingham
Altham
Appley Bridge
Arkholme
Ashton-in-Makerfield ( - 1974 )
Ashton-on-Ribble
Ashton-under-Lyne ( 1000 - 1974 )
Aspull ( - 1974 )
Astley (Wigan) ( - 1974 )
Astley Bridge ( - 1974 )
Astley Green ( - 1974 )
Atherton ( - 1974 )
Audenshaw ( - 1974 )
Aughton Park
Bacup
Baguley ( 1931 - 1974 )
Balderstone
Bamber Bridge
Banks
Bardsea ( - 1974 )
Barnoldswick
Barnoldswick ( 1974 - )
Barrow Nook
Barton-upon-Irwell ( - 1974 )
Bashall-Eaves ( 1974 - )
Baxenden
Becconsall
Belmont
Bickerstaffe
Birkdale ( - 1974 )
Blackamoor
Blackburn ( 300 - )
Blackley ( - 1974 )
Blacko
Blackpool
Bolton-Le-Sands
Bolton-by-Bowland ( 1974 - )
Borwick
Bracewell ( 1974 - )
Bradshaw ( - 1974 )
Bretherton
Brindle
Brinscall
Brogden ( 1974 - )
Broughton-in-Furness
Bryn ( - 1974 )
Burnley ( 1500 - )
Burscough Bridge
Burscough
Burtonwood ( - 1974 )
Bury ( - 1974 )
Cadishead ( - 1974 )
Calderbrook ( - 1974 )
Cantsfield
Carnforth
Cartmel Fell
Cartmel
Catforth
Caton
Catterall
Chadderton ( - 1974 )
Chapeltown
Charnock Richard
Church
Churchtown
Claughton
Clayton-le-Moors
Clayton-le-Woods
Cleveleys
Clitheroe
Cockerham
Colton
Common Edge
Coniston
Coppull
Copster Green
Cottam
Cravens
Crawshawbooth
Croft ( - 1933 )
Cronton ( - 1974 )
Crosby ( - 1974 )
Croston
Crumpsall ( - 1974 )
Culcheth ( - 1974 )
Dalton-in-Furness
Darwen
Dendron
Denshaw ( - 1974 )
Denton ( - 1974 )
Didsbury ( - 1974 )
Digmoor
Downholland Cross
Droylsden ( - 1974 )
Dryford
Dunnockshaw
Earby
Earcroft
Eccles ( - 1974 )
Edenfield
Edge Hill ( - 1974 )
Edgworth
Egerton ( - 1974 )
Ellel
Elswick
Elton ( - 1974 )
Euxton
Everton ( - 1974 )
Failsworth ( - 1974 )
Farington
Farleton
Farnworth (near Bolton) ( - 1974 )
Fazakerley ( - 1974 )
Feniscowles
Finsthwaite
Firswood ( - 1974 )
Formby ( - 1974 )
Forton
Foulridge
Freckleton
Friezland ( - 1974 )
Galgate
Garstang
Garston ( - 1974 )
Garswood ( - 1974 )
Gateacre ( - 1974 )
Gisburn ( 1974 - )
Glazebury ( - 1974 )
Goldshaw Booth
Grange-over-Sands ( - 1974 )
Great Altcar
Great Crosby ( - 1974 )
Great Eccleston
Great Harwood
Great Marton
Great Mitton
Great Plumpton
Greenhalgh
Greenmount ( - 1974 )
Greenodd ( - 1974 )
Gressingham
Grimeford Village
Grimsargh
Grindleton
Haigh ( - 1974 )
Haighton Green
Hale
Halewood ( - 1974 )
Halsall
Halton
Hambleton
Hapton
Harwood ( - 1974 )
Haskayne
Haslingden Grane
Haughton Green ( - 1974 )
Haverthwaite
Hawkshead ( - 1974 )
Hawkstone
Helmshore
Hesketh Bank
Heskin Green
Heysham
Heywood ( - 1974 )
Higham
Higher Ballam
Higher Penwortham
Higher Walton
Hindley Green ( - 1974 )
Hindley ( - 1974 )
Hoddlesden
Hoghton
Holmeswood
Hornby
Horwich ( - 1974 )
Hough Green ( - 1974 )
Huncoat
Hundred End
Hurlston Green
Hurlston
Hurst Green
Hutton
Huyton ( - 1974 )
Ince-in-Makerfield ( - 1974 )
Inskip
Ireby
Ireleth
Irlam ( - 1974 )
Kearsley ( - 1974 )
Kelbrook
Kenyon ( - 1974 )
Kirkby ( - 1974 )
Kirkham
Kitt Green ( - 1974 )
Knott End-on-Sea
Knotty Ash ( - 1974 )
Knowsley ( - 1974 )
Lancaster
Langho
Lathom
Lea Town
Leck
Lees ( - 1974 )
Leyland
Limbrick
Lindale
Litherland ( - 1974 )
Little Altcar ( - 1974 )
Little Crosby
Little Eccleston
Little Hulton ( - 1974 )
Little Marton
Little Plumpton
Little Singleton
Littleborough ( - 1974 )
Liverpool ( - 1974 )
Longridge
Longton
Longworth
Lostock Hall
Love Clough
Lower Darwen
Lower Penwortham
Lowton ( - 1974 )
Lumb
Lunt
Lydiate ( - 1974 )
Maghull ( - 1974 )
Manchester ( - 1974 )
Marylebone
Mawdesley
Melling
Mellor Brook
Mellor
Mere Brow
Mereclough
Midge Hall
Milnrow ( - 1974 )
Moorside ( - 1974 )
Morecambe
Moss Side (near Maghull) ( - 1974 )
Mossley Hill ( - 1974 )
Mossley ( - 1974 )
Moston ( - 1974 )
Much Hoole
Mythop
Nelson
Nether Burrow
Nether Kellet
Netherton
New Hey ( - 1974 )
New Lane
New Longton
Newburgh
Newby Bridge ( - 1974 )
Newsham
Newsholme
Newton-in-Bowland ( 1974 - )
Newton-le-Willows ( - 1974 )
Norden ( - 1974 )
Northen Etchells ( 1931 - 1974 )
Oakenshaw
Ormskirk
Orrell ( - 1974 )
Oswaldtwistle
Over Burrow
Overton
Padiham
Parbold
Paythorne
Pendlebury ( - 1974 )
Pendleton (Ribble Valley)
Pennington (near Leigh)
Penwortham
Pinfold
Poulton-le-Fylde
Prescot ( - 1974 )
Priest Hutton
Rainford ( - 1974 )
Rainhill ( - 1974 )
Rampside
Ramsbottom ( - 1974 )
Rawtenstall
Read
Ribbleton
Ribchester
Rishton
Rivington
Rixton-with-Glazebrook ( - 1974 )
Roby Mill
Roby ( - 1974 )
Rochdale ( 1856 - 1974 )
Rockcliffe
Roose
Royton ( - 1974 )
Rufford
Rusland
Ryal Fold
Saint Michael's on Wyre
Salford ( - 1974 )
Salterforth ( 1974 - )
Salwick
Samlesbury Bottoms
Samlesbury
Sawley Abbey ( 1974 - )
Scarisbrick
Scarth Hill
Seaforth ( - 1974 )
Sefton (village) ( - 1974 )
Shevington ( - 1974 )
Shirdley Hill
Silverdale
Singleton
Skelmersdale
Slyne
Sollom
Speke ( - 1974 )
Stacksteads
Staining
Stalmine
Staveley
Stonyhurst
Stretford ( - 1974 )
Stubbins
Summerseat ( - 1974 )
Swarthmoor
Swinton ( - 1974 )
Tarleton
Tarlscough
Tatham
Thornton
Todmorden ( - 1888 )
Torver ( - 1974 )
Tottington ( - 1974 )
Toxteth ( - 1974 )
Trawden
Treales
Tunstall
Tyldesley ( - 1974 )
Ulverston ( - 1974 )
Up Holland
Urmston ( - 1974 )
Walkden ( - 1974 )
Wallmer Bridge
Walsden ( - 1888 )
Walshaw ( - 1974 )
Walton ( - 1974 )
Walton-le-Dale
Wardle ( - 1974 )
Warrington ( - 1974 )
Warton
Water
Waterloo ( - 1974 )
Wavertree ( - 1974 )
Weeton
Wennington
Wesham
West Derby ( - 1974 )
Westby
Westhead
Westhoughton ( - 1974 )
Whalley
Wharles
Wheelton
Whiston ( - 1974 )
Whitefield ( - 1974 )
Whittington
Whittle-le-Woods
Wigan ( 1246 - 1974 )
Wingates ( - 1974 )
Winwick-with-Hulme
Withnell
Woolton ( - 1974 )
Worsley ( - 1974 )
Worsthorne
Worthington ( - 1974 )
Wrea Green
Wrightington Bar
Yealand Conyers
Yealand Redmayne
Yealand Storrs
Locality
Birch (near Middleton) ( - 1974 )
Buckley ( - 1974 )
Fishpool ( - 1974 )
Parish
Bolton-le-Moors ( - 1974 )
Lund
Thornham (near Middleton) ( - 1974 )
Winwick ( - 1974 )
Rural district
Barton-upon-Irwell Rural ( 1894 - 1933 )
Blackburn Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Bolton Rural ( 1894 - 1898 )
Bowland Rural ( 1974 - )
Burnley Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Bury Rural ( 1894 - 1933 )
Chorley Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Clitheroe Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Fylde Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Garstang Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Lancaster Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Leigh Rural ( 1894 - 1933 )
Limehurst Rural ( 1894 - 1954 )
Lunesdale Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
North Lonsdale Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Preston Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Sefton Rural ( 1894 - 1932 )
Ulverston Rural ( 1894 - 1960 )
Warrington Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
West Lancashire Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Whiston Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Wigan Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Suburb
Ainsworth ( - 1974 )
Alkrington ( - 1974 )
Allerton ( - 1974 )
Ancoats ( - 1974 )
Anfield ( - 1974 )
Ardwick ( - 1974 )
Atherton ( - 1974 )
Baguley ( 1931 - 1974 )
Barton-upon-Irwell ( - 1974 )
Bedford ( - 1974 )
Benchill ( 1931 - 1974 )
Beswick ( - 1974 )
Bradford (Manchester) ( - 1974 )
Buckley ( - 1974 )
Burnage ( - 1974 )
Castlefield ( - 1974 )
Castleton ( - 1974 )
Cheetham Hill ( - 1974 )
Cherry Tree
Childwall ( - 1974 )
Chorlton-cum-Hardy ( - 1974 )
Chorlton-upon-Medlock ( - 1974 )
Clayton (Manchester) ( - 1974 )
Collyhurst ( - 1974 )
Croxteth Park ( - 1974 )
Crumpsall ( - 1974 )
Davyhulme ( - 1974 )
Didsbury ( - 1974 )
Eccles ( - 1974 )
Edge Hill ( - 1974 )
Everton ( - 1974 )
Fairfield (near Liverpool) ( - 1974 )
Fallowfield ( - 1974 )
Flixton ( - 1974 )
Garston ( - 1974 )
Gateacre ( - 1974 )
Gorse Hill ( - 1974 )
Gorton ( - 1974 )
Grassendale ( - 1974 )
Great Lever ( - 1974 )
Habergham-Eaves
Halliwell ( - 1974 )
Harpurhey ( - 1974 )
Heaton (near Bolton) ( - 1974 )
Heaton Chapel ( - 1913 )
Heaton Mersey ( - 1913 )
Heaton Moor ( - 1913 )
Heaton Norris ( - 1913 )
Hulme ( - 1974 )
Irlam ( - 1974 )
Kirkdale ( - 1974 )
Knotty Ash ( - 1974 )
Langley ( - 1974 )
Lees ( - 1974 )
Levenshulme ( - 1974 )
Longsight ( - 1974 )
Lostock Hall
Lostock ( - 1974 )
Middle Hulton ( - 1974 )
Miles-Platting ( - 1974 )
Milnrow ( - 1974 )
Moss Nook ( 1931 - 1974 )
Moss Side (Manchester) ( - 1974 )
Moss Side (South Ribble)
Mossley Hill ( - 1974 )
Moston ( - 1974 )
Newall Green ( 1931 - 1974 )
Newton Heath (near Manchester) ( - 1974 )
Northen Etchells ( 1931 - 1974 )
Northenden ( 1931 - 1974 )
Northern Moor ( 1931 - 1974 )
Old Trafford ( - 1974 )
Openshaw ( - 1974 )
Orrell and Ford (Merseyside) ( - 1974 )
Over Hulton ( - 1974 )
Patricroft ( - 1974 )
Peel Green ( 1974 - )
Peel Hall ( 1931 - 1974 )
Pemberton ( - 1974 )
Pendlebury ( - 1974 )
Penketh ( - 1974 )
Platt Bridge ( 1599 - 1974 )
Reddish ( - 1901 )
Rhodes ( - 1974 )
Rusholme ( - 1974 )
Scotland ( - 1974 )
Sharples ( - 1974 )
Sharston ( 1931 - 1974 )
Smallbridge ( - 1974 )
Smithills ( - 1974 )
Speke ( - 1974 )
Stoneycroft ( - 1974 )
Swinton ( - 1974 )
Thornham (near Middleton) ( - 1974 )
Tonge (near Bolton) ( - 1974 )
Tonge (near Middleton) ( - 1974 )
Toxteth Park ( - 1974 )
Trafford Park ( - 1974 )
Walkden ( - 1974 )
Walton ( - 1974 )
Wavertree ( - 1974 )
West Derby ( - 1974 )
Westleigh ( - 1974 )
Whalley Range ( - 1974 )
Withington ( - 1974 )
Woodhouse Park ( 1931 - 1974 )
Woolton ( - 1974 )
Wythenshawe ( 1931 - 1974 )
Township
Barton-upon-Irwell ( - 1974 )
Bedford ( - 1974 )
Duxbury
Elton ( - 1974 )
Sharples ( - 1974 )
Westleigh ( - 1974 )
Unitary authority
Blackburn with Darwen ( 1998 - )
Blackpool
Unknown
Alkincoats
Allithwaite
Alston
Altcar
Anderton
Angerton
Ashton-with-Stodday
Ashworth
Askham-in-Furness
Aughton (near Ormskirk)
Bardsley
Bare
Besses o'th' Barn
Bilsborrow
Birtenshaw
Bispham
Blawith
Bleasdale
Blue Pits
Blundellsands
Bootle-cum-Linacre
Brathay
Briercliffe
Brockholes
Broughton (near Salford)
Browsholme
Bryning-with-Kellamergh
Bulk
Burrow-with-Burrow
Butterworth
Cabus
Caldervale
Chorlton
Chowbent
Church Coniston
Claife
Claughton (near Hornby)
Clayton-Green
Cloughfold
Cockersand Abbey
Coldhurst
Copp
Cowpe-Lenches Newhallhey and Hall-Carr
Crawford
Crawshaw-Booth
Cuerdale
Dalton (near Wigan)
Dearnley
Dilworth
Dinkley
Ditton
Dixon-Green
Douglas
Downholland
Dunkenhalgh
Dunnerdale
Dutton
East Broughton
East Crompton
Eccleston (near Prescot)
Edgeworth
Egton-with-Newland
Ellenbrook
Elston
Enfield
Fairbottom
Fairfield (near Manchester)
Fairhaven
Farnworth (near Prescot)
Feniscliffe
Fernyhalgh
Fishwick
Flookburgh
Foggathorpe
Folds
Gannow
Glodwick
Goodmanham
Goodshaw
Goose Green
Great & Little Carleton
Great Heaton
Great Singleton
Greenacres
Greenacres-Moor
Greenalgh-with-Thistleton
Greenheys
Gribthorpe
Habergham-All Saints
Hall-fold
Hamer
Hardhorn-with-Newton
Hardshaw
Hartshaw
Hartshead
Hatherall
Haughton
Haulgh
Hawkshaw Lane
Healey
Heapey
Heapley
Henheads
Heskin
Heyside
Higher Booths
Hindsford
Holcombe
Holden
Holleth
Hollinfare
Hollinwood
Holme
Hooley-Hill
Hope
Hopwood ( - 1974 )
Howick
Hurst
Hurstwood
Ightenhill-Park
Ince-Blundell
Inglewhite
Ingol
Kirkby-Ireleth
Kirkland
Kirkmanshulme
Knowle Green
Knuzden
Lamberhead Green
Lanehead
Layton-with-Warbreck
Leesfield
Leverbridge
Lindeth
Little Eccleston with Larbreck
Little Harwood
Little Heaton
Little Woolton
Littledale
Low Wray
Lower Booths
Lower Holker
Lowick
Mansriggs
Marsden
Marton
Melling (near Hornby)
Melling (near Maghull)
Middleton (near Lancaster)
Monton Green
Mount Pleasant
Much Woolton
Musbury
Myerscough
Nateby
Nether Wyersdale
New Horwich
Newbold
Newchurch
Newchurch-in-Pendle
Newchurch-in-Rossendale
Norbreck
Norris Bank
North Meols
Ordsall-in-Salford
Orford
Osmotherley
Out Rawcliffe
Over Darwen
Over Kellet
Over Wyersdale
Park-Lane
Parr
Pennington (near Ulverston)
Pilkington
Pilling
Pilsworth
Pits o'th' Moor
Poulton-le-Sands
Preesall-with-Hackensall
Prestolee
Quernmoor
Rainsough
Red Lumb
Redbank
Ribby-with-Wrea
Risley
Roaches
Roeburndale
Roseacre
Roughtown
Satterthwaite
Sawrey
Scorton
Scotforth
Seathwaite
Sefton
Shireshead
Simonswood
Skelwith
Skerton
Slyne-with-Hest
Sowerby
St. Anne's-on-the-Sea
St. Michael-on-Wyre
Stanley
Stede
Subberthwaite
Sutton
Tarnacre
Tatham-Fell
Tewitfield
Thornton (near Fleetwood)
Thornton (near Liverpool)
Torrisholme
Tottington-Higher-End
Tottington-Lower-End
Tottlebank
Towneley
Tunstead
Ulnes-Walton
Upper Holker
Upper Rawcliffe-with-Tarnacre
Urswick
Walkden-Moor
Walmsley
Walney
Walsden
Walton Breck
Wardleworth
Water Grove
Waterfoot
Waterhead
Weaste
Welsh Whittle
Wernith
Westby-with-Plumpton
Wheatley
Whitechapel
Willitoft
Willows
Winmarleigh
Winton
Woodland and Heathwaite
Wray-with-Botton
Wrayton
Wuerdle-with-Wardle
Urban district
Abram ( - 1974 )
Adlington
Ashton-in-Makerfield ( - 1974 )
Barnoldswick ( 1974 - )
Barrowford
Billinge and Winstanley ( 1894 - 1974 )
Blackrod ( - 1974 )
Brierfield
Carnforth
Chadderton ( - 1974 )
Denton ( - 1974 )
Droylsden ( - 1974 )
Earby ( 1974 - )
Earlestown ( - 1974 )
Failsworth ( - 1974 )
Formby ( - 1974 )
Fulwood
Golborne ( - 1974 )
Haydock ( - 1974 )
Hindley ( - 1974 )
Huyton-with-Roby ( - 1974 )
Ince-in-Makerfield ( - 1974 )
Lees ( - 1974 )
Leyland
Litherland ( - 1974 )
Little Lever ( - 1974 )
Longridge
Newton-le-Willows ( - 1974 )
Orrell ( - 1974 )
Padiham
Poulton-le-Fylde
Preesall
Prescot ( - 1974 )
Rainford ( - 1974 )
Rainhill ( - 1974 )
Ramsbottom ( - 1974 )
Royton ( - 1974 )
Shaw and Crompton ( - 1974 )
Standish-with-Langtree ( 1894 - 1974 )
Stretford ( - 1974 )
Swinton and Pendlebury ( - 1974 )
Thornton-Cleveleys
Tottington ( - 1974 )
Trawden
Turton
Tyldesley ( - 1974 )
Urmston ( - 1974 )
Walton-le-Dale
Waterloo with Seaforth ( - 1974 )
Whitworth
Worsley ( - 1974 )
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is based on an article in Wikipedia

Lancashire is a non-metropolitan county of historic origin in the North West of England. It takes its name from the city of Lancaster, and is sometimes known as the County of Lancaster. Although Lancaster is still considered to be the county town, Lancashire County Council is based in Preston. Lancashire is sometimes referred to by the abbreviation Lancs, as originally used by the Royal Mail. The population of the ceremonial county is 1,449,300 (UK 2011 census). People from the county are known as Lancastrians.

The history of Lancashire is thought to have begun with its founding in the 12th century. In the Domesday Book of 1086, some of its lands had been treated as part of Yorkshire. The land that lay inter Ripam et Mersam, "between the Ribble and Mersey", formed part of the returns for Cheshire. Once its initial boundaries were established, it bordered Cumberland, Westmorland, Yorkshire and Cheshire.

Lancashire emerged during the Industrial Revolution as a major commercial and industrial region. The county encompassed several hundred mill towns and collieries. By the 1830s, approximately 85% of all cotton manufactured worldwide was processed in Lancashire. Preston, Bury, Accrington, Blackburn, Bolton, Rochdale, Oldham, Chorley, Darwen, Nelson, Colne, Burnley and Wigan were major cotton mill towns during this time. Blackpool was a major centre for tourism for the inhabitants of Lancashire's mill towns, particularly during wakes week.

The county was subject to a significant boundary reform in 1974, which removed Liverpool and Manchester with most of their surrounding conurbations to form part of the metropolitan counties of Merseyside and Greater Manchester respectively. At this time, the detached northern part of Lancashire in the Lake District, including the Furness Peninsula and Cartmel, was made part of Cumbria. Today the county borders Cumbria, Greater Manchester, Merseyside and North and West Yorkshire. The Duchy of Lancaster exercises the right of the Crown in the area known as the County Palatine of Lancaster, which includes Lancashire as well as parts of Greater Manchester and Merseyside.

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History

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Early history

The county was established in 1182[1] and later than many other counties. During Roman times the area was considered part of the Brigantes tribal area and was in the military zone of Roman Britain. The towns of Manchester, Lancaster, Ribchester, Burrow, Elslack and Castleshaw were all originally Roman forts. In the centuries immediately following the Roman withdrawal in 410AD the northern parts, at least, of the county probably formed part of the Brythonic kingdom of Rheged, a successor entity of the Brigantes tribe of northern Britain. During the mid 8th Century, this area was incorporated into the Anglo-Saxon Kingdom of Northumbria, which itself became a part of England in the 10th Century. In the Domesday Book, its lands between the Ribble and the Mersey were known as "Inter Ripam et Mersam" and were included in the returns for Cheshire. Although some historians have taken this to mean that south Lancashire was, at that time, part of Cheshire,[2] neither can it be said clearly to have been part of Cheshire. It is also claimed that the territory to the north formed, at that time, part of the West Riding of Yorkshire.[3] It bordered on Cumberland, Westmorland, Yorkshire, and Cheshire. The county was divided into the six hundreds of Amounderness, Blackburn, Leyland, Lonsdale, Salford and West Derby. Lonsdale was further partitioned into Lonsdale North, which was the detached part north of "the sands" of Morecambe Bay (including both Furness and Cartmel), and Lonsdale South.

Modern history

Lancashire is now much smaller than its historical extent, following a major reform of local government. In 1889 an administrative county of Lancashire was created, covering the historical county except for county boroughs such as Blackburn, Burnley, Barrow-in-Furness, Preston, Wigan, Liverpool, Manchester. The area covered by the Lord-Lieutenant (termed now a ceremonial county) continued to cover the entirety of the administrative county along with the county boroughs, and thus was expanded slightly whenever boroughs annexed areas in other neighbouring counties. Examples of this include Wythenshawe (an area of Manchester south of the River Mersey and historically in Cheshire), and southern Warrington. This area also did not cover the western part of Todmorden, where the ancient border between Lancashire and Yorkshire runs through the middle of the town.

During the 20th century the county became increasingly urbanised, particularly the southern part. To the existing county boroughs of Barrow-in-Furness, Blackburn, Bolton, Bootle, Burnley, Bury, Liverpool, Manchester, Oldham, Preston, Rochdale, Salford, St Helens and Wigan were added Blackpool (1904), Southport (1905), and Warrington (1900). The county boroughs also had many boundary extensions. The borders around the Manchester area were particularly complicated, with narrow protrusions of the administrative county between the county boroughs – Lees urban district formed a detached part of the administrative county, between Oldham county borough and the West Riding of Yorkshire.

By the census of 1971 the population of Lancashire (including all its associated county boroughs) had reached 5,129,416, making it then the most populous geographic county in the UK. The administrative county of Lancashire was also the most populous of its type outside of London, with a population of 2,280,359 in 1961. On 1 April 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, the administrative county of Lancashire was abolished, as were the county boroughs. The urbanised southern part largely became part of two new metropolitan counties. The south-western part became part of Merseyside, the south-eastern part was incorporated into Greater Manchester. The new county of Cumbria took the Furness exclave.[1]

The boroughs of Liverpool, Knowsley, St Helens and Sefton were removed entirely from Lancashire. In Greater Manchester the successor boroughs were Bury, Bolton, Manchester, Oldham (part), Rochdale, Salford, Tameside (part), Trafford (part) and Wigan. Warrington and Widnes, south of the new Merseyside/Greater Manchester border, rather than become part of Greater Manchester or Merseyside were instead made part of the new non-metropolitan county of Cheshire. The urban districts of Barnoldswick and Earby, the Bowland Rural District and the parishes of Bracewell and Brogden and Salterforth from the Skipton Rural District from the West Riding of Yorkshire became part of the new Lancashire.[4] One parish, Simonswood, was transferred from the borough of Knowsley in Merseyside to the district of West Lancashire in 1994. In 1998 the county borough system re-appeared in all but name, when Blackpool and Blackburn with Darwen became independent unitary authority areas. The Wars of the Roses tradition continued with Lancaster using as its symbol the red rose and York the white. Pressure groups, including Friends of Real Lancashire and the Association of British Counties advocate the use of the historical boundaries of Lancashire for ceremonial and cultural purposes.

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