Place:Norfolk, England

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NameNorfolk
Alt namesNFKsource: Curious Fox: UK Counties and Shires [online] (2002).
NOR-f'ksource: Wikipedia
Norfsource: Gazetteer of Great Britain (1999) xviii
Norfksource: BIAB Online (1999-2000) accessed 16 Dec 2002; UK Counties and Regions Abbreviations [web site] (1997-98) accessed 16 Dec 2002
Norfolk countysource: Getty Vocabulary Program
Norfolkshiresource: Family History Library Catalog
TypeHistoric county, Administrative county, Modern county
Coordinates52.667°N 1°E
Located inEngland
Contained Places
Civil parish
Banham
Denton
Elsing
Hingham
Ormesby Saint Michael
Thetford ( 500 - )
Wramplingham
Deserted settlement
Grimes Graves
General region
Norfolk Broads
Inhabited place
Acle
Alburgh
Alby Hill
Aldborough
Aldeby
Alpington
Anmer
Antingham
Arminghall
Ashby Saint Mary
Ashill
Ashwellthorpe
Ashwicken
Aslacton
Attleborough
Attlebridge
Aylmerton
Aylsham
Baconsthorpe
Bacton
Bagthorpe
Bale
Banham
Banningham
Barford
Barmer
Barney
Barnham Broom
Barton Bendish
Barton Turf
Bastwick
Bawburgh
Bawdeswell
Bawsey
Bedingham Green
Beeston Regis
Beeston Saint Lawrence
Beeston
Beetley
Beighton
Belaugh
Belton
Bergh Apton
Berney Arms
Bessingham
Besthorpe
Bexwell
Billingford
Billockby
Binham
Bintree
Bircham Newton
Bircham Tofts
Bittering
Blackborough End
Blakeney
Blickling
Blo' Norton
Blofield
Bodham
Bodney
Boughton
Bracon Ash
Bradwell
Bramerton
Brampton
Brancaster
Brandiston
Brandon Parva
Breckles
Bressingham
Brettenham
Bridgham
Briningham
Brinton
Brisley
Briston
Brockdish
Brooke
Broome
Broomsthorpe
Brumstead
Brundall
Buckenham
Bunwell
Burgh Saint Margaret
Burgh next Aylsham
Burnham Deepdale
Burnham Market
Burnham Norton
Burnham Overy
Burnham Thorpe
Burston
Buxton
Caister-on-Sea
Caistor Saint Edmunds
California
Calthorpe
Cantley
Carbrooke
Carleton Forehoe
Carleton Rode
Carleton Saint Peter
Castle Acre
Castle Rising
Caston
Catfield
Cawston
Chedgrave
Claxton
Clenchwarton
Cley next the Sea
Clippesby
Cockley Cley
Cockthorpe
Colby
Colkirk
Colney
Coltishall
Colton
Congham
Corpusty
Costessey
Cranwich
Cranworth
Crimplesham
Cringleford
Cromer
Crostwick
Crownthorpe
Croxton
Denton
Denver
Deopham
Dersingham
Dickleburgh
Didlington
Dilham
Diss
Ditchingham
Docking
Downham Market
Drayton
Dunston
Dunton
Earsham
East Barsham
East Beckham
East Bradenham
East Carleton
East Dereham ( 100 - )
East Harling
East Lexham
East Raynham
East Rudham
East Runton
East Ruston
East Somerton
East Tuddenham
East Walton
East Winch
Easton
Eccles on Sea
Edgefield
Egmere
Ellingham
Elsing
Emneth
Erpingham
Fakenham
Felbrigg
Felmingham
Felthorpe
Feltwell
Fersfield
Field Dalling
Filby
Fincham
Fishley
Flitcham
Flordon
Fodderstone Gap
Fordham
Forncett-St. Peter
Foulden
Foulsham
Foxley
Framingham Earl
Framingham Pigot
Freethorpe
Frenze
Frettenham
Fring
Fulmodeston
Garboldisham
Garveston
Gasthorpe
Gateley
Gayton Thorpe
Gayton
Gillingham
Gimingham
Gissing
Glandford
Godwick
Gooderstone
Gorleston
Great Bircham
Great Cressingham
Great Dunham
Great Ellingham
Great Fransham
Great Hockham
Great Massingham
Great Moulton
Great Plumstead
Great Ryburgh
Great Snoring
Great Walsingham
Great Yarmouth ( 400 - )
Gresham
Gressenhall
Grimston
Griston
Guestwick
Guist
Gunthorpe
Hackford
Haddiscoe
Hainford
Hales
Halvergate
Hanworth
Happisburgh
Hapton
Hardley Street
Hardwick
Harleston
Harpley
Hassingham
Hay Green
Heacham
Heckingham
Hedenham
Helhoughton
Hellesdon
Hellington
Hemblington
Hempnall
Hempstead
Hempton
Hemsby
Hengrave
Hethel
Hethersett
Hevingham
Heydon
Hickling
Hilborough
Hilgay
Hillington
Hindolveston
Hindringham
Hingham
Hockering
Hockwold cum Wilton
Hoe
Holkham
Holme Hale
Holme-next-the-Sea
Holt
Honing
Honingham
Hopton-on-Sea
Horning
Horningtoft
Horsey
Horsford
Horsham
Horstead
Houghton
Houghton-Saint-Giles
Hoveton
Howe
Hunstanton
Hunworth
Ickburgh
Illington
Ingham
Ingoldisthorpe
Ingworth
Intwood
Irstead
Itteringham
Kelling
Kenninghall
Kerdiston
Ketteringham
Kettlestone
Kimberley
King's Lynn ( 500 - )
Kirby Bedon
Kirby Cane
Kirstead Green
Knapton
Lamas
Langham
Langley Street
Larling
Lessingham
Letheringsett
Letton Green
Leziate
Limpenhoe
Lingwood
Litcham
Little Barningham
Little Cressingham
Little Dunham
Little Ellingham
Little Fransham
Little Hautbois
Little Hockham
Little Massingham
Little Melton
Little Plumstead
Little Ryburgh
Little Walshingham
Loddon Ingloss
Loddon
Long Stratton
Longham
Ludham Bridge
Ludham
Lyng
Manson Green
Marham
Marlingford
Marsham
Martham
Matlaske
Mattishall
Mautby
Melton Constable
Merton
Methwold
Metton
Middleton
Mileham
Morley Saint Botolph
Morningthorpe
Morston
Moulton Saint Mary
Mousehold Heath
Mulbarton
Mundesley
Mundford
Mundham
Narborough
Narford
Neatishead
Necton
New Buckenham
Newton Flotman
Newton
North Barsham
North Burlingham
North Creake
North Elmham ( 500 - )
North Lopham
North Pickenham
North Tuddenham
North Walsham
Northrepps
Northwold
Norton Subcourse
Norwich ( 400 - )
Old Buckenham
Old Catton
Ormesby Saint Margaret
Ormesby Saint Michael
Oulton
Outwell
Overstrand
Ovington
Oxborough
Oxnead
Oxwick
Panxworth
Paston
Pentney
Plumstead
Poringland
Postwick
Potter Heigham
Pulham Market
Pulham Saint Mary
Quidenham
Rackheath
Ranworth
Raveningham
Redenhall
Reedham
Reepham
Repps
Reymerston
Ridlington
Ringland
Ringstead
Rockland All Saints
Rockland Saint Mary
Rockland Saint Peter
Rollesby
Rougham
Roughton
Roydon
Runcton Holme
Runhall
Rushall
Rushford
Ryston
Saham Toney
Salhouse
Salle
Salthouse
Sandringham
Saxlingham Nethergate
Saxlingham
Saxthorpe
Scarning
Sco Ruston
Scole
Scottow
Scoulton
Scratby
Sculthorpe
Sea Palling
Sedgeford
Seething
Sharrington
Shelfanger
Shelton
Shereford
Sheringham
Shimpling
Shingham
Shipdham
Shotesham
Shouldham
Shropham
Sidestrand
Sisland
Skeyton
Sloley
Smallburgh
Snetterton
Snettisham
South Acre
South Burlingham
South Creake
South Lopham
South Pickenham
South Raynham
South Runcton
South Walsham
Southburgh
Southery
Southrepps
Southwood
Sparham
Spixworth
Sporle
Sprowston
Stalham
Stanfield
Stanford
Stanhoe
Starston
Stibbard
Stiffkey
Stockton
Stody
Stoke Ferry
Stoke Holy Cross
Stokesby
Stow Bardolph
Stow Bedon
Stradsett
Stratton Saint Michael
Stratton Strawless
Strumpshaw
Suffield
Surlingham
Sustead
Sutton
Swaffham
Swainsthorpe
Swannington
Swanton Abbot
Swanton Morley
Swanton Novers
Swardeston
Syderstone
Tacolneston
Tasburgh
Tatterford
Tattersett
Taverham
Terrington Saint John
Terrington St Clement
Testerton
Tharston
The Norfolk Burnhams
Thelveton
Thetford ( 500 - )
Thompson
Thornage
Thornham
Thorpe Abbots
Thorpe Market
Thorpe Row
Thorpe Saint Andrew
Thorpland
Thrigby
Thurgarton
Thurlton
Thurne
Thurning
Thursford
Thurton
Thuxton
Tilney cum Islington
Topcroft
Trimingham
Trunch
Tunstead
Upton
Walcott
Walpole Saint Peter
Walsingham
Waterden
Watton
Wayford Bridge
Weeting
Wells-next-the-Sea
Welney
West Acre
West Barsham
West Bradenham
West Dereham
West Harling
West Lexham
West Lynn
West Raynham
West Rudham
West Runton
West Somerton
West Walton Highway
West Walton
Weston Longville
Westwick
Whissonsett
Wilby
Winterton-on-Sea
Wiveton
Woodbastwick
Worstead
Wramplingham
Wroxham
Wymondham
Parish
Pulham-St. Mary-the-Virgin
Unknown
Alby
Alderford
Alethorpe
Ashby (near Brundall)
Ashby (near Buckenham)
Ashmanhaugh
Babingley
Barnham-Broome
Barningham-Norwood
Barningham-Town
Barroway Drove
Barwick
Bayfield
Bedingham
Beechamwell
Beeston-St. Andrew
Billingford (near Scole)
Bixley
Booton
Bowthorpe
Bracondale
Bradeston
Bradfield
Brandestone
Braydeston
Broadland
Bromholm
Buckenham-near-Tofts
Burgh Parva
Burgh-St. Margaret and St. Mary
Burgh-St. Peter
Burlingham-St. Andrew
Burlingham-St. Edmund
Burlingham-St. Peter
Burnham-Sutton-cum-Burnham-Ulph
Burnham-Westgate
Bylaugh
Caistor-next-Yarmouth
Caldecot
Carrow
Catton
Choseley
Clavering
Colveston
Coston
Crostwight
Dunton-cum-Doughton
Earlham
East Bilney
East Carlton
East Rainham
East Wretham
Eaton-St. Andrew
Eccles
Edingthorpe
Etling Green
Forehoe
Forncett-St. Mary
Fritton
Fulmodeston-cum-Croxton
Fundenhall
Gaywood
Geldeston
Great Hautbois
Great Poringland
Great Ringstead
Great Witchingham
Great and Little Snarehill
Grimstone
Gunton
Guton
Hackford-by-Reepham
Hardingham
Hardley
Hargham
Haveringland
Heigham
Hempstead-with-Eccles
Herringby
Hillington (near Lynn)
Hockham
Hockwold
Holme-next-Runcton
Holverstone
Horsey-next-the-Sea
Horsham St. Faith
Houghton-on-the-Hill
Hoveton-St. John
Hoveton-St. Peter
Irmingland
Kempston
Kerdistone
Keswick
Kilverstone
Kirstead
Lakenham
Langford
Langhale
Langley
Letton
Little Moulton
Little Poringland
Little Snoring
Little Witchingham
Lynford
Mannington
Markshall
Mattishall Burgh
Melton-Magna
Mendham
Mintlyn
Morley-St. Peter
Morton-on-the-Hill
Moulton
Needham
New Houghton
Newton-by-Castleacre
North Lynn
North Norfolk
North Runcton
North Wootton
Oby
Ormsby-St. Margaret
Ormsby-St. Michael
Palling
Pensthorpe
Pockthorpe
Pudding-Norton
Pulham-St. Mary Magdalene
Quarles
Quiddenham
Redmore
Repps-cum-Bastwick
Riddlesworth
Rockland-St. Andrew
Roudham
Roxham
Roydon (near Kings-Lynn)
Runham
Runton
Santon-House
Saxlingham-Thorpe
Setch
Shernborne
Shottesham-All Saints
Shottesham-St. Mary
Shouldham-Thorpe
South Lynn
South Rainham
South Walsham-St. Lawrence
South Walsham-St. Mary
South Wootton
Sporle-with-Palgrave
Sturston
Swafield
Swanton-Abbott
Themelthorpe
Thorpe
Thorpe-Parva
Thorpe-next-Haddiscoe
Threxton
Thwaite-All Saints
Thwaite-St. Mary
Tibenham
Tilney-All Saints
Tilney-St. Lawrence
Titchwell
Tittleshall
Tivetshall
Tivetshall-St. Margaret
Tivetshall-St. Mary
Toft-Monks
Toft-Trees
Tottenhill
Tottington
Trowse
Tunstall
Tuttington
Twyford
Upwell
Wacton
Wallington-cum-Thorpland
Walpole-St. Andrew
Walsoken
Warham
Watlington
Waxham
Weasenham-All Saints
Weasenham-St. Peter
Weeting-with-Broomhill
Welborne
Wellingham
Wendling
Wereham
West Beckham
West Bilney
West Newton
West Rainham
West Tofts
West Winch
West Wretham
Westfield
Weybourne
Wheatacre-All Saints
Whinbergh
Whitlingham
Whittington
Whitwell
Wickhampton
Wicklewood
Wickmere
Wiggenhall-St. Germans
Wiggenhall-St. Mary-Magdalene
Wiggenhall-St. Mary-the-Virgin
Wiggenhall-St. Peter
Wighton
Wilton
Wimbotsham
Winfarthing
Winterton
Witton (near Brundall)
Witton (near North Walsham)
Wolterton
Wolverton
Wood-Dalling
Wood-Norton
Woodrising
Woodton
Wormegay
Worthing
Wortwell
Wreningham
Wretton
Yarmouth
Yaxham
Yelverton
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Norfolk is a low-lying county in the East of England. It has borders with Lincolnshire to the west, Cambridgeshire to the west and southwest and Suffolk to the south. Its northern and eastern boundaries are the North Sea coast and to the north-west the county is bordered by the Wash. The city of Norwich is the county town of Norfolk which is the fifth largest ceremonial county in England, with an area of 5,371 km² (2,074 sq mi). Of the 34 non-metropolitan English counties, Norfolk is the seventh most populous, with a population of 859,400. However, as a largely rural county it has a low population density: 401 per square mile (or 155 people per square kilometre). Norfolk has about one-thirtieth the population density of central London, the tenth lowest density county in the country, with 40% of the county’s population living in the four major built up areas of Norwich (213,000), Great Yarmouth (63,000), King's Lynn (46,000) and Thetford (25,000). The Broads, a well known network of rivers and lakes, is located towards the county's east coast, extending south into Suffolk. The area has the status of a National Park and is protected by the Broads Authority. Historical sites, such as those in the centre of Norwich, also contribute to tourism.

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Norfolk was settled in pre-Roman times, with camps along the higher land in the west where flints could be quarried. A Brythonic tribe, the Iceni, inhabited the county from the 1st century BC to the end of the 1st century AD. The Iceni revolted against the Roman invasion in 47 AD, and again in 60 AD led by Boudica. The crushing of the second rebellion opened the county to the Romans. During the Roman era in Norfolk roads and ports were constructed throughout the county and farming took place.

Situated on the east coast, Norfolk was vulnerable to invasion from Scandinavia and Northern Europe, and forts were built to defend against the Angles and Saxons. By the 5th century the Angles, after whom East Anglia and England itself are named, had established control of the region and later became the "north folk" and the "south folk", hence, "Norfolk" and "Suffolk". Norfolk, Suffolk and several adjacent areas became the kingdom of East Anglia, which later merged with Mercia and then Wessex. The influence of the Early English settlers can be seen in the many place names ending in "-ton", and "-ham". Endings such as "-by" or "-thorpe" are also common, indicating Danish place names: in the 9th century the region again came under attack, this time from Danes who killed the king, Edmund the Martyr. In the centuries before the Norman Conquest the wetlands of the east of the county began to be converted to farmland, and settlements grew in these areas. Migration into East Anglia must have been high as by the time of the Conquest and Domesday Book survey it was one of the most densely populated parts of the British Isles. During the high and late Middle Ages the county developed arable agriculture and woollen industries. Norfolk's prosperity at that time is evident from the county's large number of mediaeval churches: of an original total of over one thousand, 659 survive, more than in the whole of the rest of Great Britain. The economy was in decline by the time of the Black Death, which dramatically reduced the population in 1349. Over one-third of the population of Norwich died during a plague epidemic in 1579. By the 16th century Norwich had grown to become the second largest city in England, but in 1665 the Great Plague again killed around one third of the population. During the English Civil War Norfolk was largely Parliamentarian. The economy and agriculture of the region declined somewhat. During the Industrial Revolution Norfolk developed little industry except in Norwich and was a late addition to the railway network.

In the 20th century the county developed a role in aviation. The first development in airfields came with the First World War; there was then a massive expansion during the Second World War with the growth of the Royal Air Force and the influx of the American USAAF 8th Air Force which operated from many Norfolk Airfields. During the Second World War agriculture rapidly intensified, and it has remained very intensive since with the establishment of large fields for growing cereals and oil seed rape.

Norfolk's low-lying land and easily eroded cliffs, many of which are chalk and clay, make it vulnerable to the sea, the most recent major event being the North Sea flood of 1953. The low-lying section of coast between Kelling and Lowestoft Ness in Suffolk is currently managed by the Environment Agency to protect the Broads from sea flooding. Management policy for the North Norfolk coastline is described in the North Norfolk Shoreline Management Plan which was published in 2006 but has yet to be accepted by the local authorities. The Shoreline Management Plan states that the stretch of coast will be protected for at least another 50 years, but that in the face of sea level rise and post-glacial lowering of land levels in the South East, there is an urgent need for further research to inform future management decisions, including the possibility that the sea defences may have to be realigned to a more sustainable position. Natural England have contributed some research into the impacts on the environment of various realignment options. The draft report of their research was leaked to the press, who created great anxiety by reporting that Natural England plan to abandon a large section of the Norfolk Broads, villages and farmland to the sea to save the rest of the Norfolk coastline from the impact of climate change.

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This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Norfolk. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.