Place:Kent, England

NameKent
Alt namesKENsource: Curious Fox: UK Counties and Shires [online] (2002). accessed 16 Dec 2002
TypeHistoric county, Administrative county, Modern county
Coordinates51.28°N 0.52°E
Located inEngland
See alsoGreater London, Englandmunicipality into which part of Kent was absorbed in 1965
Contained Places
Area
Barnehurst ( - 1965 )
Barnes Cray ( - 1965 )
Bellingham ( - 1889 )
Bickley ( - 1965 )
Blackfen ( - 1965 )
Blackheath ( - 1889 )
Brockley ( 1900 - )
Charlton ( - 1855 )
Coney Hall ( - 1965 )
Crystal Palace ( 1899 - 1965 )
Downham ( - 1889 )
Hither Green ( - 1889 )
Isle of Thanet
North Woolwich ( - 1965 )
Plaistow ( - 1965 )
Plumstead ( - 1889 )
Sydenham ( - 1889 )
Borough (county)
Canterbury
Borough (metropolitan)
Greenwich ( - 1889 )
Lewisham ( - 1889 )
Woolwich (metropolitan borough) ( - 1889 )
Borough (municipal)
Beckenham ( - 1965 )
Bexley ( - 1965 )
Bromley ( - 1965 )
Chatham
Dartford
Deal
Dover
Erith ( - 1965 )
Faversham
Folkestone
Gillingham
Gravesend
Hythe
Lydd
Maidstone
Margate
New Romney
Queenborough in Sheppey ( 1968 - 1974 )
Queenborough
Ramsgate ( 450 - )
Rochester
Sandwich
Tenterden
Tunbridge Wells
Chapelry
Bredhurst
Broomfield (Maidstone)
Capel le Ferne
Capel
Detling
Downe ( - 1965 )
East Sutton
East Wickham ( - 1965 )
Edenbridge
Farnborough ( - 1965 )
Hucking
Knockholt
Lidsing
Otford
Seal
Shipbourne
Smeeth
St. Leonard Hythe
St. Mary Cray ( - 1965 )
Stansted
Stelling
Tunbridge Wells
City district
East London ( - 1965 )
Civil parish
Acol
Acrise
Addington
Adisham
Aldington
Alkham
Allhallows
Allington
Appledore
Ash next Sandwich
Ash with Ridley ( 1934 - )
Ash
Ashurst
Aylesford
Aylesham
Barham
Barming
Bearsted
Beckenham ( - 1965 )
Bekesbourne
Benenden
Bethersden
Bexley ( - 1965 )
Bicknor
Bidborough
Biddenden
Bilsington
Birchington
Bircholt
Birling
Bishopsbourne
Blackmanstone ( - 1934 )
Blean
Bonnington
Borough Green
Boughton Aluph
Boughton Malherbe
Boughton Monchelsea
Boughton under Blean
Boxley
Brabourne
Brasted
Bredhurst
Brenchley
Brenzett
Bridge
Bromley ( - 1965 )
Brookland
Broomfield (Maidstone)
Buckland (near Dover)
Burham
Burmarsh
Canterbury East Bridge Hospital
Canterbury St. Gregory the Great
Capel le Ferne
Capel
Chalk
Challock
Charlton ( - 1855 )
Chart Sutton
Chartham
Chelsfield ( - 1965 )
Cheriton
Chevening
Chiddingstone
Chilham
Chislehurst ( - 1965 )
Chislet
Cliffe at Hoo
Cobham
Cooling
Cowden
Coxheath
Cranbrook
Crayford ( - 1965 )
Crundale
Cudham ( - 1965 )
Cuxton
Darenth
Dartford
Denton (Gravesend)
Denton (near Dover)
Denton with Wootton
Deptford St. Nicholas ( - 1889 )
Detling
Ditton
Downe ( - 1965 )
Dymchurch
East Farleigh
East Malling
East Peckham
East Sutton
East Wickham ( - 1965 )
Eastbridge ( - 1934 )
Eastry
Eastwell
Edenbridge
Egerton
Elham
Elmsted
Eltham ( - 1889 )
Erith ( - 1965 )
Eynsford
Eythorne
Fairfield
Farnborough ( - 1965 )
Farningham
Faversham Without
Fawkham
Fordwich
Frant ( - 1894 )
Frindsbury Extra
Frinsted
Frittenden
Gillingham
Godmersham
Goodnestone
Goudhurst
Grain
Grange
Gravesend
Great Chart
Great Mongeham
Guston
Hackington
Hadlow
Halling
Halstead
Harbledown
Harrietsham
Hartley
Hastingleigh
Hawkhurst
Hawkinge
Headcorn
Hever
High Halstow
Higham
Hildenborough
Hinxhill
Hoath
Hollingbourne
Hoo St. Werburgh
Hoo
Hope All Saints ( - 1934 )
Horsmonden
Horton Kirby
Hothfield
Hougham Without
Hucking
Hunton
Hurst
Hythe
Ickham and Well
Ifield
Ightham
Ivychurch
Kemsing
Kenardington
Keston ( - 1965 )
Kidbrooke ( - 1889 )
Kingsdown (near Deal)
Kingsnorth
Kingston
Knockholt
Lamberhurst
Langdon
Langley
Lee ( - 1889 )
Leeds
Leigh
Lenham
Lewisham ( - 1889 )
Lidsing
Linstead
Little Chart
Littlebourne
Longfield
Loose
Lower Hardres
Luddesdowne
Lullingstone
Lydd
Lydden
Lyminge
Lympne
Maidstone
Marden
Mareston
Meopham
Mereworth
Mersham
Midley ( - 1934 )
Milton (Canterbury)
Milton next Gravesend
Mint
Molash
Monks Horton
Mottingham ( - 1965 )
Murston
Nackington
Nettlestead
New Romney
Newchurch
Newenden
Newington next Hythe
Newington next Sittingbourne
Nonington
North Cray ( - 1965 )
Northbourne
Northfleet
Nursted
Offham
Old Romney
Orgarswick ( - 1934 )
Orlestone
Otford
Otham
Otterden
Oxney
Paddlesworth (near Folkestone)
Paddock Wood
Patrixbourne
Pembury
Penge ( 1900 - 1965 )
Penshurst
Petham
Platt
Plaxtol
Pluckley
Plumstead ( - 1889 )
Postling
Poulton
Preston by Wingham
Preston next Faversham
Ridley
Ringwould
Ripple
River
Riverhead
Rochester Castle Precincts
Rochester St. Margaret
Rochester
Rolvenden
Ruckinge
Ryarsh
Saltwood
Sandhurst
Sarre
Seal
Sevenoaks Weald
Sevenoaks
Sevington
Shadoxhurst
Shepherdswell with Coldred
Shipbourne
Sholden
Shoreham
Shorne
Sidcup ( - 1965 )
Smarden
Smeeth
Snargate
Snave
Snodland
Southfleet
Speldhurst
St. Dunstan Without
St. Leonard Hythe
St. Margaret Extra ( 1894 - 1905 )
St. Mary Cray ( - 1965 )
St. Mary Hoo
St. Mary in the Marsh
St. Nicholas at Wade
St. Pauls Cray ( - 1965 )
Stansted
Staple
Staplegate
Staplehurst
Stelling Minnis
Stelling
Stockbury
Stodmarsh
Stoke
Stone cum Ebony
Stone near Dartford
Stourmouth
Strood Extra ( 1894 - 1935 )
Strood
Sturry
Sundridge
Sutton at Hone
Sutton by Dover
Swanley ( 1955 - )
Swanscombe
Swingfield
Temple Ewell with River
Temple Ewell
Teston
Thanington Without
Thurnham
Tilmanstone
Tonbridge
Tonge
Trottiscliffe
Tunbridge Wells
Ulcombe
Upper Hardres
Waltham
Warden
Warehorne
Wateringbury
West Cliffe
West Farleigh
West Hythe
West Kingsdown
West Langdon
West Malling
West Peckham
West Wickham ( - 1965 )
Westbere
Westerham
Westwell
Whitfield
Wichling
Wickhambreaux
Willesborough
Wilmington
Wingham
Wittersham
Womenswold
Woodchurch
Woodnesborough
Woolwich ( - 1889 )
Wootton
Wormshill
Worth
Wouldham
Wye
Yalding
District
Biggin Hill
Petts Wood
District municipality
Ashford District ( 1974 - )
Canterbury District ( 1974 - )
Dartford District ( 1974 - )
Dover District ( 1974 - )
Gillingham District ( 1974 - 1998 )
Gravesham District ( 1974 - )
Gravesham
Maidstone District ( 1974 - )
Medway District ( 1974 - )
Rochester upon Medway
Sevenoaks District ( 1974 - )
Shepway District ( 1974 - )
Swale District ( 1974 - )
Thanet District ( 1974 - )
Tonbridge and Malling District ( 1974 - )
Tunbridge Wells District ( 1974 - )
Extra parochial area
Canterbury East Bridge Hospital
Canterbury St. Gregory the Great
Mint
Rochester Castle Precincts
Staplegate
Stelling Minnis
Former administrative division
Aylesford Lathe
Scray Lathe
Shepway Lathe
St. Augustine Lathe
Sutton at Hone Lathe
Former parish
Barfrestone
Betteshanger
Chillenden
Elmstone
Ham
Herne
Knowlton
Little Mongeham
Northdown ( 1894 - 1913 )
Rainham
Reculver
Seasalter ( - 1894 )
St. Lawrence Extra ( - 1935 )
St. Peter Extra ( 1894 - 1914 )
Stonar
Stone next Faversham
Swalecliffe
Waldershare
Former village
Bexleyheath ( - 1965 )
Hamlet
Crouch (near Platt)
Eastwell
Grange
Ham
Mottingham ( - 1965 )
Oxney
Penge ( 1900 - 1965 )
Scotney
Tudeley
Hundred
Aloesbridge Hundred
Axstane Dartford and Wilmington Hundred ( - 1894 )
Berkeley Hundred
Bewsborough Hundred
Bircholt Barony and Franchise
Blackbourne Hundred
Blackheath Hundred
Bleangate Hundred
Boughton under Blean Hundred
Brenchley and Horsmonden Hundred
Bridge and Petham Hundred
Bromley and Beckenham Hundred ( - 1965 )
Calehill Hundred
Chart and Longbridge Hundred
Chatham and Gillingham Hundred
Codsheath Hundred
Cornillo Hundred
Cranbrook Hundred
Downhamford Hundred
East Barnfield Hundred
Eastry Hundred
Eyhorne Hundred
Faversham Hundred
Felborough Hundred
Folkestone Hundred
Ham Hundred
Hayne Hundred
Hoo Hundred
Hythe Hundred
Isle of Sheppey Liberty
Kinghamford Hundred
Langport Liberty
Larkfield Hundred
Little and Lesnes Hundred
Littlefield Hundred
Loningborough Hundred
Maidstone Hundred
Marden Hundred
Milton Hundred
Newchurch Hundred
Oxney Hundred
Preston Hundred
Ringslow Hundred
Rolvenden Hundred
Romney Marsh Liberty
Ruxley Hundred
Selbrittenden Hundred
Shamwell Hundred
Somerden Hundred
St. Martin Ivychurch Hundred
Stowting Hundred
Street Hundred
Tenterden Hundred
Teynham Hundred
Toltingtrough Hundred
Tonbridge Lowey Hundred
Twyford Hundred
Washlingstone Hundred
West Barnfield Hundred
Westerham Hundred
Westgate Hundred
Whitstable Hundred
Wingham Hundred
Worth Hundred
Wrotham Hundred
Wye Hundred
Inhabited place
Acol
Adisham
Ash next Sandwich
Ashford
Aylesham
Badlesmere
Bapchild
Barfrestone
Benenden
Berwick
Bethersden
Betteshanger
Biddenden
Birchington on Sea
Birchington
Bluebell Hill
Bobbing
Bodsham
Borden
Borstal ( 1998 - )
Bough Beech
Boughton Green
Bredgar
Broadstairs and St. Peter's
Brogdale
Bromley Common ( - 1965 )
Canterbury
Capstone
Chainhurst
Charing
Chatham
Chattenden
Chilham
Chillenden
Church Street
Claygate Cross
Cliffe Woods
Cliffe at Hoo
Collier Street
Coombe
Coxheath
Cranbrook
Crockenhill
Deal
Denton (near Dover)
Dover
Dunk's Green
Dunkirk
East Langdon
Eastchurch
Eastling
Eastry
Edenhall
Egerton
Elmstone
Etchinghill
Eythorne
Fairseat
Farthingloe
Faversham
Finglesham
Folkestone
Fordwich
Frittenden
Garlinge
Golden Green
Goodnestone
Grafty Green
Graveney
Great Mongeham
Green
Greenhithe
Greenwich ( - 1889 )
Guston
Harbledown
Hartlip
Hawkhurst
Hawley
Herne Bay
Herne
Hildenborough
Hoo St. Werburgh
Horton
Idle Hill
Istead Rise
Kearsney
Kennington
Kingsdown (near Deal)
Kit's Coty
Knockholt Pound
Knowlton
Lade
Leaveland
Leybourne
Leysdown on Sea
Linstead
Linton
Luddesdowne
Luton
Manston
Margate
Marshborough
Martin Mill
Martin
Meopham Station
Milton Regis
Minster in Sheppey
Minster in Thanet
Monkton
Nackington
North Eastling
North Leigh
Northwood
Oad Street
Oare
Ospringe
Paddlesworth (near Folkestone)
Pineham
Plaxtol
Preston by Wingham
Queenborough
Rainham
Ramsgate ( 450 - )
Reculver
Richborough
Riverhead
Rodmersham
Rolvenden
Saint Lawrence
Sandgate
Sandhurst
Sandwich
Sarre
Sellindge
Selling
Sevenoaks Weald
Shalmsford Street
Sheerness
Sittingbourne
South Ashford
St. Margaret's at Cliffe
Stalisfield
Staple
Statenborough
Stodmarsh
Stowting
Sutton Valence
Tenterden
Teynham
Thong
Throwley
Tunstall
Under River
Upchurch
Walderslade
Wallend
Walmer
West Kingsdown
West Langdon
Westgate on Sea
Whitley Row
Whitstable
Wingham
Wrotham
Wye
Island
Isle of Sheppey
Parish
Foots Cray ( - 1965 )
Harty
Hayes ( - 1965 )
St. Cosmus and St. Damian in the Blean
Westgate Holy Cross Within
Westgate Holy Cross Without ( - 1911 )
Woolwich (metropolitan borough) ( - 1889 )
Parish (ancient)
Acrise
Addington
Aldington
Alkham
Allhallows
Allington
Appledore
Ash
Ashurst
Aylesford
Barming
Bearsted
Beckenham ( - 1965 )
Bexley ( - 1965 )
Bicknor
Bidborough
Bilsington
Bircholt
Birling
Blackmanstone ( - 1934 )
Bonnington
Boughton Malherbe
Boughton Monchelsea
Boxley
Brasted
Brenchley
Brenzett
Bromley ( - 1965 )
Brookland
Buckland (near Dover)
Burmarsh
Chalk
Charlton by Dover
Charlton ( - 1855 )
Chart Sutton
Chelsfield ( - 1965 )
Cheriton
Chevening
Chiddingstone
Chislehurst ( - 1965 )
Cobham
Cowden
Crayford ( - 1965 )
Cudham ( - 1965 )
Cuxton
Darenth
Dartford
Deptford St. Nicholas ( - 1889 )
Dymchurch
East Malling
East Peckham
Eastbridge ( - 1934 )
Elham
Eltham ( - 1889 )
Erith ( - 1965 )
Eynsford
Fairfield
Farningham
Fawkham
Frant ( - 1894 )
Frinsted
Gillingham
Goudhurst
Grain
Gravesend
Hadlow
Halling
Halstead
Harrietsham
Hartley
Hastingleigh
Hawkinge
Headcorn
Hever
High Halstow
Higham
Hollingbourne
Horsmonden
Horton Kirby
Hunton
Hurst
Hythe
Ifield
Ightham
Ivychurch
Kemsing
Kenardington
Keston ( - 1965 )
Kidbrooke ( - 1889 )
Lamberhurst
Langley
Lee ( - 1889 )
Leeds
Leigh
Lenham
Lewisham ( - 1889 )
Longfield
Loose
Lydd
Lydden
Lyminge
Lympne
Maidstone
Marden
Mareston
Margate St. John the Baptist
Meopham
Mersham
Midley ( - 1934 )
Milton (Canterbury)
Milton next Gravesend
Nettlestead
New Romney
Newchurch
North Cray ( - 1965 )
Northfleet
Nursted
Offham
Old Romney
Orlestone
Otham
Otterden
Pembury
Penshurst
Postling
Ridley
Rochester St. Margaret
Ruckinge
Ryarsh
Saltwood
Sevenoaks
Shadoxhurst
Shoreham
Shorne
Sidcup ( - 1965 )
Snodland
Southfleet
Speldhurst
St. Pauls Cray ( - 1965 )
Staplehurst
Stockbury
Stoke
Strood
Sundridge
Sutton at Hone
Swanscombe
Swingfield
Teston
Thurnham
Tonbridge
Trottiscliffe
Tudeley
Ulcombe
Upper Hardres
Warehorne
Wateringbury
West Farleigh
West Hythe
West Malling
West Peckham
West Wickham ( - 1965 )
Westerham
Wichling
Wilmington
Wittersham
Woolwich ( - 1889 )
Wormshill
Wouldham
Yalding
Registration district
Ashford Registration District ( 1941 - 1998 )
Ashford with Shepway Registration District ( 1998 - 2003 )
Blean Registration District ( 1837 - 1941 )
Bridge Registration District ( 1837 - 1974 )
Bromley Registration District ( 1837 - 1965 )
Canterbury Registration District ( 1837 - 1998 )
Canterbury with Swale Registration District ( 1998 - 2003 )
Chatham Registration District ( 1941 - 1998 )
Cranbrook Registration District ( 1837 - 1941 )
Dartford Registration District ( 1837 - 1900 )
Dover Registration District ( 1837 - 1998 )
East Ashford Registration District ( 1837 - 1941 )
Eastry Registration District ( 1837 - 1941 )
Elham Registration District ( 1837 - 1941 )
Faversham Registration District ( 1837 - 1941 )
Folkestone Registration District ( 1941 - 1974 )
Gravesend Registration District (new) ( 1980 - 2003 )
Gravesend Registration District ( 1837 - 1941 )
Greenwich Registration District ( 1837 - 1889 )
Hollingbourne Registration District ( 1837 - 1941 )
Hoo Registration District ( 1837 - 1923 )
Kent Registration District ( 2003 - )
Lewisham Registration District ( 1837 - 1889 )
Maidstone Registration District ( 1837 - 2003 )
Malling Registration District ( 1837 - 1941 )
Medway Registration District (new) ( 1998 - )
Medway Registration District ( 1837 - 1941 )
Milton Registration District ( 1837 - 1941 )
North Aylesford Registration District ( 1837 - 1884 )
Romney Marsh Registration District ( 1837 - 1941 )
Sevenoaks Registration District ( 1837 - 1941 )
Sheppey Registration District ( 1837 - 1979 )
Shepway Registration District ( 1974 - 1998 )
Sidcup Registration District ( 1837 - 1965 )
Sittingbourne Registration District ( 1941 - 1979 )
Strood Registration District ( 1884 - 1923 )
Strood and Hoo Registration District ( 1923 - 1941 )
Swale Registration District ( 1980 - 1998 )
Tenterden Registration District ( 1837 - 1941 )
Thanet Registration District ( 1837 - 1998 )
Thanet with Dover Registration District ( 1998 - 2003 )
Tonbridge Registration District ( 1837 - 1979 )
Tunbridge Wells Registration District ( 1980 - 2003 )
West Ashford Registration District ( 1837 - 1941 )
Woolwich Registration District ( 1837 - 1889 )
Rural district
Blean Rural ( 1894 - 1934 )
Bridge Blean Rural ( 1934 - 1974 )
Bridge Rural ( 1894 - 1934 )
Bromley Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Cranbrook Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Dartford Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Dover Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
East Ashford Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Eastry Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Elham Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Faversham Rural ( 1894 - 1934 )
Hollingbourne Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Hoo Rural ( 1894 - 1935 )
Isle of Thanet Rural ( 1894 - 1935 )
Maidstone Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Malling Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Medway Rural ( 1894 - 1905 )
Milton Rural ( 1894 - 1935 )
Romney Marsh Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Sevenoaks Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Sheppey Rural ( 1894 - 1968 )
Strood Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Swale Rural ( 1935 - 1974 )
Tenterden Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Tonbridge Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
West Ashford Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Suburb
Beckenham ( - 1965 )
Bexleyheath ( - 1965 )
Chelsfield ( - 1965 )
Chislehurst ( - 1965 )
Cliftonville
Crayford ( - 1965 )
Cudham ( - 1965 )
Denton (Gravesend)
Eltham ( - 1889 )
Foots Cray ( - 1965 )
Forest Hill ( - 1889 )
Garlinge
Keston ( - 1965 )
Lee ( - 1889 )
North Cray ( - 1965 )
Orpington ( - 1965 )
Riverhead
Sidcup ( - 1965 )
Welling ( - 1965 )
West Wickham ( - 1965 )
Westbrook
Unitary authority
Medway ( 1998 - )
Unknown
Bewerley
Brook
Buckland (near Faversham)
Charing Heath
Davington
Doddington
Elmley
Flemings
Frankfield
Gavelkind
Glassenbury
Hernhill
High Halden
Iwade
Kingsdown (near Sittingbourne)
Leysdown
Linkhill
Lower Halstow
Luddenham
Matfield Green
Milstead
Nepicar
Newnham
Norton
Rosherville
Seabrook
Sheldwich
Shortlands
Sissinghurst
Small Hythe
South Street
St. Dunstan
Stanford
The Brents
Westenhanger
Wheatle Hall
Woodlands
Urban district
Ashford
Beckenham ( - 1965 )
Bexley ( - 1965 )
Broadstairs and St. Peter's
Cheriton
Chislehurst and Sidcup ( 1934 - 1965 )
Chislehurst ( - 1965 )
Crayford ( - 1965 )
Erith ( - 1965 )
Foots Cray ( - 1965 )
Herne Bay
Milton Regis
Northfleet
Orpington ( - 1965 )
Penge ( 1900 - 1965 )
Sandgate
Sevenoaks
Sheerness
Sidcup ( - 1965 )
Sittingbourne and Milton ( 1930 - 1974 )
Sittingbourne
Southborough
Swanscombe
Tonbridge
Walmer
Whitstable
Wrotham
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Kent is a county in South East England and one of the home counties. Its ceremonial and historic definition comprises the administrative county of Kent and the unitary borough of Medway. Kent has a nominal border with Pas-de-Calais, France halfway through the Channel Tunnel and a defined boundary with Essex in the middle of the Thames Estuary, crossed east of the town of Dartford by the orbital motorway to the capital city and north-east of Swanscombe by a major railway. The county borders, since 1965, Greater London to the north west near the towns of Swanley and Dartford, Surrey to the west near Westerham and East Sussex to the south west from Tunbridge Wells to Lydd. Maidstone is its county town. Historically Rochester and Canterbury had city status, lost in the case of Rochester in 1998 after combination into Medway. The earliest two medieval cathedrals in formal designation are in each as a result of the official conversion of formative England to Roman Catholicism by Saint Augustine of Canterbury (d. 604).

The land between London and the strait separating mainland Europe, Kent has thus been key in both successful diplomacy and conflict, ranging from the Leeds Castle peace talks of 1978 and 2004 to Battle of Britain during World War II. East Kent was known as Hell Fire Corner during the conflict.

England relied on the county's ports to provide warships through much of its history; the Cinque Ports in the 12th–14th centuries and Chatham Dockyard in the 16th–20th centuries were of particular importance. France can be seen clearly in fine weather from Folkestone and the White Cliffs of Dover. Hills in the form of the North Downs and the Greensand Ridge span the length of the county and in the series of valleys in between and to the south are most of the county's .

Because of its relative abundance of fruit-growing and hop gardens, Kent is traditionally known as "The Garden of England" – particularly when commending the county or its produce, although other counties have tried to claim the title. Haulage, logistics and tourism are major industries throughout the 12 districts of the administrative county. Major industries in the north-west of Kent include aggregate building materials, printing and scientific research replacing this area's 20th century focus on cement, papermaking, and aircraft construction. Coal mining has also played its part in Kent's industrial heritage. Large parts of Kent are within the London commuter belt. The food-and-drinks sector (including agriculture) are significant in south and east Kent. Twenty-eight per cent of the county forms part of two Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty: the North Downs and The Weald.

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

The area has been occupied since the Palaeolithic era, as attested by finds from the quarries at Swanscombe. The Medway megaliths were built during the Neolithic era. There is a rich sequence of Bronze Age, Iron Age, and Roman era occupation, as indicated by finds and features such as the Ringlemere gold cup and the Roman villas of the Darent valley.

The modern name of Kent is derived from the Brythonic word Cantus meaning "rim" or "border". This describes the eastern part of the current county area as a border land or coastal district. Julius Caesar had described the area as Cantium, or home of the Cantiaci in 51 BC. The extreme west of the modern county was by the time of Roman Britain occupied by Iron Age tribes, known as the Regnenses.

East Kent became a kingdom of the Jutes during the 5th century and was known as Cantia from about 730 and recorded as Cent in 835. The early medieval inhabitants of the county were known as the Cantwara, or Kent people. These people regarded the city of Canterbury as their capital.

In 597, Pope Gregory I appointed the religious missionary (who became Saint Augustine of Canterbury after his death) as the first Archbishop of Canterbury. In the previous year, Augustine successfully converted the pagan King Æthelberht of Kent to Christianity. The Diocese of Canterbury became Britain's first Episcopal See with first cathedral and has since remained Britain's centre of Christianity. The second designated English cathedral was in Kent at Rochester Cathedral.

In the 11th century, the people of Kent adopted the motto Invicta, meaning "undefeated". This naming followed the invasion of Britain by William of Normandy. The Kent people's continued resistance against the Normans led to Kent's designation as a semi-autonomous county palatine in 1067. Under the nominal rule of William's half-brother Odo of Bayeux, the county was granted similar powers to those granted in the areas bordering Wales and Scotland.

During the medieval and early modern period, Kent played a major role in several of England's most notable rebellions, including the Peasants' Revolt of 1381, led by Wat Tyler, Jack Cade's Kent rebellion of 1450, and Wyatt's Rebellion of 1554 against Queen Mary I.


The Royal Navy first used the River Medway in 1547. By the reign of Elizabeth I (1558–1603) a small dockyard had been established at Chatham. By 1618, storehouses, a ropewalk, a drydock, and houses for officials had been built downstream from Chatham.

By the 17th century, tensions between Britain and the powers of the Netherlands and France led to increasing military build-up in the county. Forts were built all along the coast following the raid on the Medway, a successful attack by the Dutch navy on the shipyards of the Medway towns in 1667.

The 18th century was dominated by wars with France, during which the Medway became the primary base for a fleet that could act along the Dutch and French coasts. When the theatre of operation moved to the Atlantic, this role was assumed by Portsmouth and Plymouth, with Chatham concentrating on shipbuilding and ship repair. As an indication of the area's military importance, the first Ordnance Survey map ever drawn was a one-inch map of Kent, published in 1801. Many of the Georgian naval buildings still stand.

In the early 19th century, smugglers were very active on the Kent coastline. Gangs such as The Aldington Gang brought spirits, tobacco and salt to the county, and transported goods such as wool across the sea to France.

In 1889, the County of London was created and the townships of Deptford, Greenwich, Woolwich, Lee, Eltham, Charlton, Kidbrooke and Lewisham were transferred out of Kent and in 1900 the area of Penge was gained. Some of Kent is contiguous with the Greater London sprawl, notably parts of Dartford.

During World War II, much of the Battle of Britain was fought in the skies over the county. Between June 1944 and March 1945, over 10,000 V1 flying bombs or "Doodlebugs", were fired toward London from bases in Northern France. Although many were destroyed by aircraft, anti-aircraft guns, and barrage balloons, both London and Kent were hit by around 2,500 of these bombs.

After the war, Kent's borders changed several more times. In 1965 the London boroughs of Bromley and Bexley were created from nine towns formerly in Kent. In 1998, Rochester, Chatham, Gillingham, and Rainham left the administrative county of Kent to form the Unitary Authority of Medway. During this reorganisation, through an "apparent" administrative oversight, the city of Rochester lost its official city status.

For almost nine centuries a small part of present-day East London (the North Woolwich, London E16 area), formed part of Kent. The most likely reason for this is that in 1086 Hamon, dapifer and Sheriff of Kent owned the manor and, perhaps illegally, annexed it to Kent. It ceased to be considered part of the county in 1965 upon creation of the London Borough of Newham.

Research Tips

  • Kent County Council Archive, Local Studies and Museums Service. James Whatman Way, Maidstone, Kent ME14 1LQ. This incorporates the Centre for Kentish Studies in Maidstone and the East Kent Archives Centre near Dover.
  • Canterbury Cathedral Archives see the Archives web pages on the Canterbury Catherdral site.
  • For information on the area around the Medway Towns, have a look at Medway Council's CityArk site.
  • Ordnance Survey Maps of England and Wales - Revised: Kent illustrates the parish boundaries of Kent when rural districts were still in existence and before Greater London came into being. The map publication year is 1931. An earlier map of 1900 may also be useful. The maps blow up to show all the parishes and many of the small villages and hamlets. Maps in this series are now downloadable for personal use.
  • Steve Archer has produced a very useful round-up of the available census records for Kent - and where/from whom they are available.
  • Registration Districts in Kent for the period 1837 to the present. By drilling down through the links you can follow any parish through the registration districts to which it was attached.
  • Bishop's Transcripts for Kent parishes, 1558-1887, can be found on FamilySearch since February 2016
  • The Kent Family History Society and the North West Kent Family History Society are the most dominant, but there are also
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