Place:Kent, England

Watchers
NameKent
Alt namesKENsource: Curious Fox: UK Counties and Shires [online] (2002). accessed 16 Dec 2002
TypeHistoric county, Administrative county, Modern county
Coordinates51.2751°N 0.5205°E
Located inEngland
See alsoGreater London, EnglandChild
Contained Places
Unknown
Isle of Thanet
Borough
Swale
Civil parish
Bearsted
Brenchley
Capel
Frittenden
Hollingbourne
Kenardington
Linstead
Saltwood
Warehorne
District
Beckenham ( - 1965 )
Belvedere
Bexley
Bexleyheath ( - 1965 )
Bickley
Blackheath
Brockley
Bromley Common
Bromley
Catford
Charlton
Chislehurst and Sidcup
Chislehurst
Crayford
Downe
Elmstead
Eltham ( - 1965 )
Erith ( - 1965 )
Farnborough
Foots Cray
Hampton
Hither Green
Keston
Kidbrooke
Lee
Mottingham
Orpington
Plaistow
Plumstead
Sidcup ( - 1965 )
Strood
Sydenham
Thanet
Welling ( - 1965 )
West Wickham
Former borough
Woolwich ( - 1889 )
General region
Grain
Inhabited place
Acol
Addington
Adisham
Aldington
Allhallows
Allhallows-on-Sea
Allington
Appledore
Ash
Ash-next-Sandwich
Ashford
Aylesford
Aylesham
Badger's Mount
Badlesmere
Bapchild
Barfrestone
Barham
Barming
Bean
Bearstead
Bearsted
Bekesbourne
Benenden
Benover
Berwick
Bethersden
Betsham
Betteshanger
Bicknor
Biddenden
Bilsington
Birchington
Birchington-on-Sea
Birling
Bishopsbourne
Blean
Bluebell Hill
Bobbing
Bodsham
Bonnington
Borden
Borstal ( 1998 - )
Bough Beech
Boughton Aluph
Boughton Green
Boughton Malherbe
Boxley
Brabourne
Brasted Chart
Brasted
Bredgar
Bredhurst
Brenchley
Brenzett
Bridge
Broad Street
Broadstairs
Brogdale
Brompton
Brookland
Broomfield
Buckland Valley
Burham
Burmarsh
Canterbury
Capel
Capel-le-Ferne
Capstone
Chainhurst
Chalk
Charing
Chart Sutton
Chartham
Chatham
Chattenden
Chevening
Chiddingstone
Chilham
Chillenden
Chipstead
Chislet
Church Street
Claygate Cross
Cliffe Woods
Cliffe-at-Hoo
Cobham
Coldred
Collier Street
Cooling
Coombe
Cowden
Coxheath
Cranbrook
Crockenhill
Crockham Hill
Culverstone Green
Cuxton
Darenth
Dartford
Deal
Denton
Detling
Ditton
Dover
Dunk's Green
Dunkirk
Dunton Green
Dymchurch
East Barming
East Farleigh
East Langdon
East Malling
East Peckham
Eastchurch
Eastling
Eastry
Eccles
Edenbridge
Edenhall
Elham
Etchinghill
Eyhorne Street
Eynsford
Eythorne
Fairseat
Farningham
Farthingloe
Faversham
Fawkham Green
Finglesham
Folkestone
Fordwich
Four Elms
Frindsbury
Frinsted
Frittenden
Gillingham
Godmersham
Golden Green
Goodnestone
Goudhurst
Grafty Green
Graveney
Gravesend
Great Chart
Green
Greenhithe
Greenwich
Guston
Hadlow
Hale Street
Halling
Halstead
Ham
Hamstreet
Harbledown
Harrietsham
Hartley
Hartlip
Harvel
Hastingleigh
Hawkhurst
Hawkinge
Hawley
Headcorn
Heaverham
Hemsted
Herne Bay
Hextable
High Halstow
Higham Upshire
Higham
Hildenborough
Hollingbourne
Hoo St Werburgh
Hoo
Horsmonden
Horton Kirby
Horton
Hucking
Hunton
Hythe
Ickham
Ide Hill
Idle Hill
Ightham
Istead Rise
Ivy Hatch
Kearsney
Kemsing
Kenardington
Kennington
Kingsdown
Kit's Coty
Knockholt Pound
Knockholt
Knowlton
Laddingford
Lade
Lamberhurst
Langley
Leaveland
Leeds
Leigh
Lenham
Lewisham
Leybourne
Leysdown-on-Sea
Linstead
Linton
Little Chart
Littlebourne
Longfield
Loose
Lower Halstow
Lower Higham
Lower Stoke
Luddesdowne
Luton
Lydd
Lyminge
Lympne
Maidstone
Manston
Marden
Margate
Marlpit Hill
Marshborough
Martin Mill
Martin
Meopham Station
Meopham
Mereworth
Mersham
Milton Regis
Milton-next-Gravesend
Minster-in-Sheppey
Minster-in-Thanet
Monkton
Nackington
Nettlestead Green
Nettlestead
New Ash Green
New Hythe
New Romney
Newenden
Newington
North Eastling
North Leigh
Northbourne
Northfleet
Northwood
Oad Street
Oare
Offham
Old Romney
Ospringe
Otford
Otham
Paddock Wood
Patrixbourne
Pembury
Penshurst
Petham
Pineham
Platt
Plaxtol
Pluckley
Postling
Pratts Bottom
Preston
Queenborough
Rainham ( - 1998 )
Ramsgate ( 450 - )
Reculver
Richborough
Ridley
Riverhead
Rochester
Rodmersham
Rolvenden
Royal Tunbridge Wells ( 1400 - )
Ruckinge
Ryarsh
Saint Lawrence
Saint Margaret's at Cliffe
Saint Mary's Hoo
Saint Marys Bay
Saltwood
Sandgate
Sandhurst
Sandwich
Seal
Sellindge
Selling
Sevenoaks Weald
Sevenoaks
Sevington
Shadoxhurst
Shalmsford Street
Sheerness
Shepherdswell
Shipbourne
Shoreham
Shorne
Singlewell or Ifield
Sittingbourne
Smarden
Snodland
South Ashford
South Darenth
Southborough
Southfleet
St Nicholas at Wade
St. Peter
Stalisfield Green
Stansted
Staple
Staplehurst
Statenborough
Stockbury
Stoke
Stone next Faversham
Stone
Stowting
Sturry
Sundridge
Sutton Valence
Sutton-at-Home
Swalecliffe
Swanley
Swanscombe
Temple Ewell
Tenterden
Teston
Teynham
Thong
Throwley
Thurnham
Tilmanstone
Tonbridge
Toy's Hill
Trottiscliffe
Tudeley
Tunbridge Wells
Tunstall
Tyler Hill
Ulcombe
Under River
Upchurch
Upnor ( 1998 - )
Vigo
Wainscott
Walderslade
Wallend
Walmer
Warehorne
Wateringbury
Well Hill
West Cliffe
West Farleigh
West Kingsdown
West Langdon
West Malling
West Peckham
Westerham
Westgate-on-Sea
Westwell
Whitfield
Whitley Row
Whitstable
Wichling
Wickhambreux
Wigmore
Wilmington
Wingham
Woodchurch
Woodnesborough
Wormshill
Wouldham
Wrotham Heath
Wrotham
Wye
Yalding
Island
Isle of Sheppey
Thanet
Parish
Hayes
Registration district
Bromley District
East Ashford District
West Ashford District
Suburb
Cheriton
Unitary authority
Medway
Unknown
Acrise
Alkham
Aloesbridge
Ashurst
Bewerley
Bidborough
Bircholt
Blackmanstone
Bloughton-under-Blean
Boughton-Monchelsea
Boughton-under-Blean
Brook
Buckland (near Dover)
Buckland (near Faversham)
Catford-Bridge
Challock
Charing Heath
Chelsfield
Chislett
Cliftonville
Crundale
Cudham
Davington
Denton (near Dover)
Doddington
East Sutton
East Wickham
Eastbridge
Eastwell
Ebony
Egerton
Elmstone
Ewell
Eythorn
Fairfield
Fawkham
Flemings
Fordcombe
Forest-Hill
Frankfield
Gavelkind
Glassenbury
Goodnestone (near Sandwich)
Grange
Great Mongeham
Green-Street-Green
Groombridge
Hackington
Halden
Herne
Hernhill
Hever
Hinxhill
Hoath
Holycross-Westgate
Hoo-St. Mary
Hope-All Saints
Hothfield
Hougham
Hurst
Ifield
Isle of Elmley
Isle of Harty
Ivy-church
Iwade
Kilndown
Kingsdown (near Deal)
Kingsdown (near Eynesford)
Kingsdown (near Sittingbourne)
Kingsnorth
Kingstone
Knole
Lamb-Abbey
Langton
Leysdown
Lidsing
Linkhill
Little Mongeham
Littlebourn
Lower Hardres
Luddenham
Lullingstone
Lydden
Mark-Beech
Matfield-Green
Midley
Milstead
Milton (near Canterbury)
Milton
Molash
Monks Horton
Murston
Nepicar
Newchurch
Newington-next-Hythe
Newnham
Nonington
North Cray
Norton
Nottingham
Nursted
Orgarswick
Orlestone
Otterden
Oxney
Paddlesworth
Perry Street
Poulton
Preston-by-Wingham
Preston-next-Faversham
Ringwould
Ripple
River
Romney-Marsh
Rosherville
Rusthall
Sarre
Scray
Seabrook
Seasalter
Shadoxhurst Churchyard
Sheldwich
Sholden
Shortlands
Sissinghurst
Small-Hythe
Smeeth
Snargate
Snave
South Street
Speldhurst
St. Dunstan
St. Margaret-at-Cliffe
St. Mary Cray
St. Mary
St. Mary-in-the-Marsh
St. Pauls Cray
Stanford
Stelling Minnis
Stelling
Stodmarsh
Stonar
Stone-near-Dartford
Stourmouth
Sutton-at-Hone
Sutton-by-Dover
Swingfield
Thanington
The Brents
Tickenhurst-
Tong
Tonge
Tovil
Trotterscliffe
Upper Hardres
Waldershare
Waltham
Warden
West Hythe
Westbere
Westbrook
Westenhanger
Westgate
Westmarsh
Wheatle Hall
Willesborough
Wittersham
Womenswould
Woodlands
Woolwich
Wootton
Worth
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Kent is a county in South East England, and one of the home counties. The ceremonial county boundaries of Kent include the shire county of Kent and the unitary borough of Medway. Kent has a nominal border with France halfway through the Channel Tunnel, as well as a defined boundary with Essex in the middle of the Thames Estuary. The county also borders Greater London to the North West near the towns of Swanley and Dartford, Surrey near Westerham and East Sussex near Tunbridge Wells. Maidstone is its county town and historically Rochester and Canterbury have been accorded city status, though only the latter still holds it.

Kent's location between London and continental Europe has led to it being in the front line of several conflicts, including the Battle of Britain during World War II. East Kent was known as Hell Fire Corner during the conflict. England has relied on the county's ports to provide warships through much of the past 800 years; the Cinque Ports in the 12th–14th centuries and Chatham Dockyard in the 16th–20th centuries were of particular importance to the country's security. France can be seen clearly in fine weather from Folkestone, and the iconic White Cliffs of Dover.

Because of its abundance of orchards and hop gardens, Kent is traditionally known as "The Garden of England" – a name often applied when marketing the county or its produce, although other regions have tried to lay claim to the title. Major industries in the north-west of Kent have included cement, papermaking, and aircraft construction, but these are now in decline. Large parts of Kent are within the London commuter belt. South and East Kent rely on tourism and agriculture. Coal mining has also played its part in Kent's industrial heritage.

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

The area has been occupied since the Palaeolithic era, as attested by finds from the quarries at Swanscombe. The Medway megaliths were built during the Neolithic era. There is a rich sequence of Bronze Age, Iron Age, and Roman era occupation, as indicated by finds and features such as the Ringlemere gold cup and the Roman villas of the Darent valley.

The modern name of Kent is derived from the Brythonic word Cantus meaning "rim" or "border". This describes the eastern part of the current county area as a border land or coastal district. Julius Caesar had described the area as Cantium, or home of the Cantiaci in 51 BC.

The extreme west of the modern county was occupied by Iron Age tribes, known as the Regnenses. It is possible that another ethnic group occupied what is now called The Weald and East Kent. East Kent became a kingdom of the Jutes during the 5th century and was known as Cantia from about 730 and as Cent in 835. The early medieval inhabitants of the county were known as the Cantwara, or Kent people. These people regarded the city of Canterbury as their capital.

In 597, Pope Gregory I appointed Augustine as the first Archbishop of Canterbury. In the previous year, Augustine successfully converted the pagan King Æthelberht of Kent to Christianity. The Diocese of Canterbury became Britain's first Episcopal See and has since remained Britain's centre of Christianity.

In the 11th century, the people of Kent adopted the motto Invicta, meaning "undefeated". This naming followed the invasion of Britain by William of Normandy. The Kent people's continued resistance against the Normans led to Kent's designation as a semi-autonomous county palatine in 1067. Under the nominal rule of William's half-brother Odo of Bayeux, the county was granted similar powers to those granted in the areas bordering Wales and Scotland.

During the medieval and early modern period, Kent played a major role in several of England's most notable rebellions, including the Peasants' Revolt of 1381, led by Wat Tyler, Jack Cade's Kent rebellion of 1450, and Wyatt's Rebellion of 1554 against Queen Mary I.


The Royal Navy first used the River Medway in 1547. By the reign of Elizabeth I (1558–1603) a small dockyard had been established at Chatham. By 1618, storehouses, a ropewalk, a drydock, and houses for officials had been built downstream from Chatham.

By the 17th century, tensions between Britain and the powers of the Netherlands and France led to increasing military build-up in the county. Forts were built all along the coast following the raid on the Medway, a successful attack by the Dutch navy on the shipyards of the Medway towns in 1667.

The 18th century was dominated by wars with France, during which the Medway became the primary base for a fleet that could act along the Dutch and French coasts. When the theatre of operation moved to the Atlantic, this role was assumed by Portsmouth and Plymouth, with Chatham concentrating on shipbuilding and ship repair. As an indication of the area's military importance, the first Ordnance Survey map ever drawn was a one-inch map of Kent, published in 1801. Many of the Georgian naval buildings still stand.

In the early 19th century, smugglers were very active on the Kent coastline. Gangs such as The Aldington Gang brought spirits, tobacco and salt to the county, and transported goods such as wool across the sea to France.

In 1889, the County of London was created and the townships of Deptford, Greenwich, Woolwich, Lee, Eltham, Charlton, Kidbrooke and Lewisham were transferred out of Kent and in 1900 the area of Penge was gained. Some of Kent is contiguous with the Greater London sprawl, notably parts of Dartford.

During World War II, much of the Battle of Britain was fought in the skies over the county. Between June 1944 and March 1945, over 10,000 V1 flying bombs or "Doodlebugs", were fired toward London from bases in Northern France. Although many were destroyed by aircraft, anti-aircraft guns, and barrage balloons, both London and Kent were hit by around 2,500 of these bombs.

After the war, Kent's borders changed several more times. In 1965 the London boroughs of Bromley and Bexley were created from nine towns formerly in Kent. In 1998, Rochester, Chatham, Gillingham, and Rainham left the administrative county of Kent to form the Unitary Authority of Medway. During this reorganisation, through an "apparent" administrative oversight, the city of Rochester lost its official city status.

For almost nine centuries a small part of present day East London (the North Woolwich, London E16 area), formed part of Kent. The most likely reason for this is that in 1086 Hamon, dapifer and Sheriff of Kent owned the manor and, perhaps illegally, annexed it to Kent. It ceased to be considered part of the county in 1965 upon creation of the London Borough of Newham.

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