Place:Penshurst, Kent, England

Watchers
NamePenshurst
Alt namesFordcombesource: village in parish
Saint's Hillsource: hamlet in parish
Saints Hillsource: spelling variant of above
Smart's Hillsource: hamlet in parish
Smarts Hillsource: spelling variant of above
TypeParish (ancient), Civil parish
Coordinates51.171°N 0.18°E
Located inKent, England
See alsoSomerden Hundred, Kent, Englandancient county division in which it was part located
Washlingstone Hundred, Kent, Englandancient county division in which it was part located
Sevenoaks Rural, Kent, Englandrural district of which it was a part 1894-1974
Sevenoaks District, Kent, Englanddistrict municipality which has covered the area since 1974
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is based on an article in Wikipedia

Penshurst is a village and civil parish in the Sevenoaks District of Kent, England. The parish is located on the northern slopes of the Weald, west of Tonbridge. Within the parish boundaries are the two villages of Penshurst and Fordcombe, with a combined population of some 1,479 persons in the UK census of 2001, increasing to 1,628 at the 2011 UK census.

Penshurst village is located some 4 miles (6.4 km) west of Tonbridge and 6 miles (9.7 km) south of the town of Sevenoaks. It lies in a valley near the confluence of two rivers, the Medway and the Eden. To the south of the village, within the parish, are the settlements of Saint's Hill and Smart's Hill.

The village grew up around Penshurst Place, the ancestral home of the Sidney family. There are many Tudor-looking buildings in the village, although some are Victorian. Henry Stafford, the first Baron Stafford was born here in 1501.

The Leicester Arms, once part of the Penshurst Estate, was owned by Sir William Sidney, grandfather of poet and statesman Sir Philip Sidney. His other grandson (and brother of Sir Philip Sidney), the Viscount De L’isle, was appointed Earl of Leicester in 1618 and it was shortly after this that The Leicester Arms, formerly known as "The Porcupine", was renamed in his honour. The pub and hotel is now owned privately.

Penshurst railway station, on the Tonbridge to Redhill railway line, is some 2 miles (3.2 km) north of the village, at the hamlet of Chiddingstone Causeway in Chiddingstone parish. Penshurst Airfield was located close to the station, but within the parish of Leigh. It opened in 1916 as a military airfield, and served as a civil airfield from 1919-36. It was reopened as RAF Penshurst in 1940, and closed in 1946.

end of Wikipedia contribution

Penshurst was a civil parish in Sevenoaks Rural District from 1894 until 1974, and since 1974 has been part of the non-metropolitan Sevenoaks District. Originally it was an ancient parish partly in the Somerden Hundred and partly in the Washlingstone Hundred

Research Tips

  • Kent County Council Archive, Local Studies and Museums Service. James Whatman Way, Maidstone, Kent ME14 1LQ. This incorporates the Centre for Kentish Studies in Maidstone and the East Kent Archives Centre near Dover.
  • Canterbury Cathedral Archives see the Archives web pages on the Canterbury Catherdral site.
  • For information on the area around the Medway Towns, have a look at Medway Council's CityArk site.
  • Ordnance Survey Maps of England and Wales - Revised: Kent illustrates the parish boundaries of Kent when rural districts were still in existence and before Greater London came into being. The map publication year is 1931. An earlier map of 1900 may also be useful. The maps blow up to show all the parishes and many of the small villages and hamlets. Maps in this series are now downloadable for personal use.
  • Steve Archer has produced a very useful round-up of the available census records for Kent - and where/from whom they are available.
  • Registration Districts in Kent for the period 1837 to the present. By drilling down through the links you can follow any parish through the registration districts to which it was attached.
  • Bishop's Transcripts for Kent parishes, 1558-1887, can be found on FamilySearch since February 2016
  • The Kent Family History Society and the North West Kent Family History Society are the most dominant, but there are also
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Penshurst. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.