- source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
- source: Family History Library Catalog
- the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia
Cooling is a village and civil parish on the Hoo Peninsula, overlooking the North Kent Marshes, 6 miles north northwest of Rochester. According to the 2001 census the parish had a population of 209.
This remote and isolated settlement has been described as 'the capital of English Lollardry' because of its association with Sir John Oldcastle.
Cooling was recorded in the Domesday Book when it was held by Bishop Odo of Bayeux (half-brother of William the Conqueror). The most notable surviving feature of the village is Cooling Castle, built on the edge of the marshes during the 12th century to defend the neighbouring port of Cliffe from the threat of French raiders.
Cooling was a civil parish in Hoo Rural District from 1894 until 1934, in Strood Rural District from 1934 until 1974, and since 1974 has been part of the Medway unitary authority.