Place:Pas-de-Calais, France

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NamePas-de-Calais
TypeDépartement
Coordinates50.417°N 2.667°E
Located inFrance
Also located inNord-Pas-de-Calais, France    
Contained Places
Arrondissement
Béthune
Lens
Saint-Omer
Canton
Etaples (canton)
Hesdin (canton)
Heuchin (canton)
Montreuil (canton)
Cemetery
Guards Cemetery
Ligny-St. Flochel British Cemetery
Commune
Ablain-Saint-Nazaire
Acheville
Agnez-lès-Duisans
Aix-en-Ergny
Aix-en-Issart
Angres
Annay-sous-Lens
Arques
Aubigny-en-Artois
Auchel
Auchy-lès-Hesdin
Audruicq
Auxi-le-Château
Azincourt ( 700 - )
Bapaume
Barlin
Bertincourt
Biache-Saint-Vaast
Biefvillers-lès-Bapaume
Billy-Berclau
Billy-Montigny
Boulogne-sur-Mer
Boursin
Bourthes
Brebières
Bénifontaine
Calais
Cambrin
Carency
Carvin
Cauchy-à-la-Tour
Corbehem
Cormont
Courrières
Croisilles
Dainville
Desvres
Divion
Dourges
Douvrin
Fampoux
Fauquembergues
Favreuil
Fouquières-lès-Lens
Fresnes-lès-Montauban
Fresnoy-en-Gohelle
Fruges
Gennes-Ivergny
Givenchy-en-Gohelle
Gouves
Grincourt-lès-Pas
Grévillers
Guinecourt
Guînes
Harnes
Hersin-Coupigny
Hesdin
Heuchin
Houdain
Houlle
Hucqueliers
Hénin-Beaumont
Incourt
Izel-lès-Equerchin
La Couture
Laventie
Le Parcq
Le Portel
Le Touquet-Paris-Plage
Leforest
Lillers
Liévin
Longvilliers
Loos-en-Gohelle
Maresville
Marquion
Monchy-le-Preux
Mont-Bernanchon
Montigny-en-Gohelle
Montreuil
Méricourt
Neuville-Bourjonval
Norrent-Fontes
Noyelles-sous-Bellonne
Nœux-les-Mines
Oignies
Orville
Outreau
Pas-en-Artois
Quéant
Quœux-Haut-Maînil
Rouvroy
Sailly-en-Ostrevent
Sains-en-Gohelle
Saint-Nicolas
Saint-Pol-sur-Ternoise
Sainte-Catherine
Sallaumines
Samer
Sangatte
Souchez
Thérouanne
Vaulx-Vraucourt
Vieille-Chapelle
Vimy
Vitry-en-Artois
Warlencourt-Eaucourt
Warlus
Warluzel
Wingles
Éperlecques
Équihen-Plage
Étaples
Former municipality
Haut-Maisnil
Quœux
Saint-Pierre-lès-Calais
General region
Calaisis
Inhabited place
Achicourt
Agny
Aire-sur-la-Lys
Ambleteuse
Andres
Annezin
Anvin
Ardres
Arras
Audresselles
Avesnes-le-Comte
Avion
Avroult
Beaumetz-lès-Loges
Berck
Beuvry
Blendecques
Blériot-Plage
Bruay-en-Artois
Bucquoy
Bully-les-Mines
Burbure
Calonne-Ricouart
Campagne-lès-Hesdin
Clairmarais
Colembert
Coulogne
Coulomby
Créquy
Cuinchy
Douriez
Embry
Fauquemberques
Fressin
Frévent
Grenay
Haillicourt
Ham-en-Artois
Hardelot-Plage
Hermies
Isbergues
La Caloterie
La Capelle-lès-Boulogne
Labroye
Locon
Longuenesse
Lumbres
Marck
Marles-les-Mines
Marquise
Merlimont
Mont-Saint-Éloi
Neuve-Chapelle
Neuville-saint-vaast
Nordausques
Olhain
Oye-Plage
Parcq
Plage-Sainte-Cécile
Pommera
Puisieux
Rinxent
Saint Venant
Saint-Bertin
Saint-Josse
Saint-Laurent-Blangy
Saint-Martin-Boulogne
Saint-Momelin
Stella-Plage
Vendin-le-Vieil
Vendin-lès-Béthune
Vieil-Hesdin
Vis-en-Artois
Waben
Wimereux
Wissant
Wizernes
Unknown
Ablainzevelle
Achiet-le-Grand
Achiet-le-Petit
Acq
Acquin
Adinfer
Affringues
Agnières
Aire
Airon-Notre-Dame
Airon-Saint-Vaast
Aix-Noulette
Alembon
Alette
Alincthun
Alingthun
Allouagne
Alquines
Ambricourt
Ambrines
Ames
Amettes
Amplier
Annay
Annequin
Anzin-Saint-Aubin
Arleux-en-Gohelle
Assonval
Athies
Attin
Aubin-Saint-Vaast
Aubingues
Aubrometz
Auchy-au-Bois
Auchy-les-Mines
Audembert
Audincthun
Audinghen
Audrehem
Aumerval
Autingues
Averdoingt
Avesnes
Avesnes-lès-Bapaume
Avondance
Ayette
Bailleul-Sir-Berthoult
Bailleul-aux-Cornailles
Bailleul-lès-Pernes
Bailleulmont
Bailleulval
Baincthun
Bainghen
Bajus
Balinghem
Bancourt
Baralle
Barastre
Barly
Basseux
Bavincourt
Bayenghem-lès-Eperlecques
Bayenghem-lès-Seninghem
Bazinghen
Beaudricourt
Beaufort-Blavincourt
Beaulencourt
Beaumerie-Saint-Martin
Beaumetz-lès-Aire
Beaumetz-lès-Cambrai
Beaumont
Beaurains
Beaurainville
Beauvois
Belle-et-Houllefort
Bellebrune
Bellonne
Bergueneuse
Berguette
Berlencourt-le-Cauroy
Berles-Monchel
Berles-au-Bois
Bermicourt
Berneville
Bernieulles
Beugin
Beugny
Beugnâtre
Beussent
Beutin
Beuvrequen
Bezinghem
Bienvillers-au-Bois
Bihucourt
Bimont
Blairville
Blangermont
Blangerval
Blangy-sur-Ternoise
Blessy
Blingel
Bléquin
Boffles
Boiry-Becquerelle
Boiry-Notre-Dame
Boiry-Saint-Martin
Boiry-Sainte-Martins
Boiry-Sainte-Rictrude
Bois-Bernard
Boisdinghem
Boisjean
Boisleux-Saint-Marc
Boisleux-au-Mont
Bomy
Bonningues-lès-Ardres
Bonningues-lès-Calais
Bonnières
Boubers-lès-Hesmond
Boubers-sur-Canche
Bouilly
Bouin
Bouquehault
Bourcheuil
Bourecq
Bouret-sur-Canche
Bourlon
Bournonville
Bours
Bouvelinghem
Bouvigny-Boyeffles
Boyaval
Boyelles
Brexent-Enocq
Brimeux
Brunembert
Bryas
Brévillers
Brêmes
Buire-au-Bois
Buire-le-Sec
Buissy
Bullecourt
Buneville
Bus
Busnes
Béalencourt
Bécourt
Béhagnies
Béthonsart
Caffiers
Cagnicourt
Calonne-sur-la-Lys
Camblain-Châtelain
Camblain-l'Abbé
Cambligneul
Camiers
Campagne-lès-Boulonnais
Campagne-lès-Guînes
Campagne-lès-Wardrecques
Campigneulles-les-Grandes
Campigneulles-les-Petites
Canettemont
Canlers
Canteleux
Capelle-Fermont
Capelle-lès-Hesdin
Capelle-sur-la-Lys
Carly
Caucourt
Caumont
Cavron-Saint-Martin
Chelers
Chocques
Chériennes
Chérisy
Clarques
Clenleu
Clerques
Cléty
Colline-Beaumont
Conchil-le-Temple
Conchy-sur-Canche
Condette
Contes
Conteville
Conteville-lès-Boulogne
Coquelles
Cormettes
Couin
Coulemont
Coupelle-Neuve
Coupelle-Vieille
Courcelles-le-Comte
Courcelles-lès-Lens
Courset
Couturelle
Coyecques
Croisette
Croix-en-Ternois
Crèmarest
Crépy
Cucq
Dannes
Delettes
Denier
Dennebroeucq
Diéval
Dohem
Doucy-lès-Ayette
Doudeauville
Drocourt
Drouvin-le-Marais
Duisans
Dury
Echinghen
Eclimeux
Ecoivres
Ecourt-Saint-Quentin
Ecoust-Saint-Mein
Ecquedecques
Ecques
Ecuires
Ecurie
Eleu-dit-Leauwette
Elnes
Enguinegatte
Enquin-les-Mines
Enquin-sur-Baillons
Epinoy
Eps
Equirre
Ergny
Erin
Erny-Saint-Julien
Erquières
Ervillers
Escalles
Escoeuilles
Esquerdes
Essars
Estevelles
Estrée
Estrée-Blanche
Estrée-Cauchy
Estrée-Wamin
Estréelles
Etaing
Eterpigny
Etrun
Evin-Malmaison
Famechon
Farbus
Febvin-Palfart
Ferfay
Ferlinghen
Ferques
Festubert
Feuchy
Ficheux
Fiefs
Fiennes
Fillièvres
Flers
Fleurbaix
Fleury
Floringhem
Fléchin
Foncquevillers
Fontaine-l'Etalon
Fontaine-lès-Boulans
Fontaine-lès-Croisilles
Fontaine-lès-Hermans
Fortel-en-Artois
Fosseux
Foufflin-Ricametz
Fouquereuil
Fouquières-lès-Béthune
Framecourt
Frencq
Fresnicourt-le-Dolmen
Fresnoy
Frémicourt
Fréthun
Frévillers
Frévin-Capelle
Galametz
Gauchin-Légal
Gauchin-Verloingt
Gaudiempré
Gavrelle
Givenchy-Le-Noble
Givenchy-lès-la-Bassée
Glomenghem
Gomiécourt
Gommecourt
Gonnehem
Gosnay
Gouy-Saint-André
Gouy-Servins
Gouy-en-Artois
Gouy-en-Ternois
Gouy-sous-Bellonne
Graincourt-lès-Havrincourt
Grand-Rullecourt
Grigny
Guarbecque
Guemps
Guigny
Guisy
Guémappe
Guémy
Habarcq
Haisnes
Halinghen
Hallines
Halloy
Hamblain-les-Prés
Hamelincourt
Hames-Boucres
Hannescamps
Haplincourt
Haravesnes
Harbarcq
Hardinghen
Haucourt
Haut-Loquin
Haute-Avesnes
Hautecloque
Hautecôte
Hauteville
Havrincourt
Helfaut
Hendecourt-lès-Cagnicourt
Hendecourt-lès-Ransart
Henneveux
Herbelles
Herbinghen
Herlin-le-Sec
Herlincourt
Herly
Hermaville
Hermelinghen
Hermin
Hernicourt
Hervelinghen
Hesdigneul-lès-Boulogne
Hesdigneul-lès-Béthune
Hesdin-l'Abbé
Hesmond
Hestrus
Heuringhem
Hinges
Hocquinghen
Houchin
Houvin-Houvigneul
Hubersent
Huby-Saint-Leu
Huclier
Hulluch
Humbercamps
Humbert
Humeroeuille
Humières
Hébuterne
Hénin-Liétard
Hénin-sur-Cojeul
Héninel
Hénu
Héricourt
Hézecques
Inchy-en-Artois
Inghem
Inghen
Inxent
Isques
Ivergny
Izel-les-Hameaux
Journy
La Calotterie
La Cauchie
La Comté
La Herlière
La Loge
La Madelaine-sous-Montreuil
La Thieuloye
Labeuvrière
Labourse
Labuissière
Lacres
Lagnicourt-Marcel
Laires
Lambres
Landrethun-le-Nord
Landrethun-lès-Ardres
Lapugnoy
Lattre-Saint-Quentin
Le Ponchel
Le Quesnoy-en-Artois
Le Sars
Le Souich
Le Transloy
Le Turne
Lebiez
Lebucquière
Lefaux
Les Attaques
Lespesses
Lespinoy
Lestrem
Leubringhen
Leulinghem
Leulinghen-Bernes
Licques
Liencourt
Liettres
Lignereuil
Ligny-Saint-Flochel
Ligny-Thilloy
Ligny-lès-Aire
Ligny-sur-Canche
Linghem
Linzeux
Lisbourg
Lières
Loison-sous-Lens
Loison-sur-Créquoise
Longfossé
Longueville
Longvillers
Lorgies
Lottinghen
Louches
Lozinghem
Lugy
Léchelle
Lédinghem
Lépine
Magnicourt-en-Comte
Magnicourt-sur-Canche
Maintenay
Maisnil
Maisnil-lès-Ruitz
Maisoncelle
Maizières
Mametz
Manin
Maninghem
Maninghem-Henne
Marant
Marconne
Marconnelle
Marenla
Maresquel-Ecquemicourt
Marest
Marles-sur-Canche
Maroeuil
Marquay
Martinpuich
Matringhem
Mazingarbe
Mazinghem
Mencas
Menneville
Mentque-Norbécourt
Mercatel
Merck-Saint-Liévin
Metz-en-Couture
Meurchin
Mingoval
Molinghem
Moncheaux
Monchel-sur-Canche
Monchiet
Monchy-Breton
Monchy-Cayeux
Monchy-au-Bois
Mondicourt
Montcavrel
Montenescourt
Monts-en-Ternois
Morchies
Moringhem
Morval
Mory
Moulle
Mouriez
Moyenneville
Mozinghem
Muncq-Nieurlet
Nabringhen
Nedon
Nempont-Saint-Firmin
Nesles
Neufchâtel-Hardelot
Neulette
Neuville-Vitasse
Neuville-au-Cornet
Neuville-sous-Montreuil
Neuvireuil
Nielles-lès-Ardres
Nielles-lès-Bléquin
Nielles-lès-Calais
Noeux-lès-Auxi
Noreuil
Nort-Leulinghem
Nortkerque
Nouvelle-Eglise
Noyelette
Noyelle-Vion
Noyelles-Godault
Noyelles-lès-Humières
Noyelles-lès-Vermelles
Noyelles-sous-Lens
Nuncq
Nuncq-Hautecôte
Nédonchel
Oblinghem
Oeuf-en-Ternois
Offekerque
Offin
Offrethun
Oisy-le-Verger
Oppy
Ostreville
Ourton
Ouve-Wirquin
Palluel
Parenty
Pelves
Penin
Pernes
Pernes-lès-Boulogne
Peuplingues
Pierremont
Pihem
Pihen-lès-Guînes
Pittefaux
Planques
Plouvain
Plumoison
Polincove
Pommier
Pont-à-Vendin
Pressy
Preures
Pronville
Prédefin
Quelmes
Quercamps
Quernes
Quesques
Questrecques
Quiestède
Quilen
Quiéry-la-Motte
Racquinghem
Radinghem
Ramecourt
Ranchicourt
Rang-du-Filers
Ransart
Raye-sur-Authie
Rebecques
Rebergues
Rebreuve-sous-les-Monts
Rebreuve-sur-Canche
Rebreuviette
Rebreuviette-sur-Canche
Reclinghem
Recques-sur-Course
Recques-sur-Hem
Regnauville
Rely
Remilly-Wirquin
Renty
Rety
Richebourg
Riencourt-lès-Bapaume
Riencourt-lès-Cagnicourt
Rimboval
Rincq
Rivière
Robecq
Roclincourt
Rocquigny
Rodelinghem
Roellecourt
Roeux
Rollancourt
Rombly
Roquetoire
Rougefay
Roussent
Royon
Ruisseauville
Ruitz
Rumaucourt
Rumilly
Ruminghem
Ruyaulcourt
Récourt
Rémy
Sachin
Sailly-Labourse
Sailly-au-Bois
Sailly-sur-la-Lys
Sains-lès-Fressin
Sains-lès-Marquion
Sains-lès-Pernes
Saint-Amand
Saint-Aubin
Saint-Denoeux
Saint-Etienne-au-Mont
Saint-Floris
Saint-Folquin
Saint-Georges
Saint-Hilaire-Cottes
Saint-Inglevert
Saint-Laurent-Blagny
Saint-Léger
Saint-Léonard
Saint-Martin-Choquel
Saint-Martin-au-Laërt
Saint-Martin-d'Hardinghem
Saint-Martin-sur-Cojeul
Saint-Michel-sous-Bois
Saint-Michel-sur-Ternoise
Saint-Omer-Capelle
Saint-Rémy-au-Bois
Saint-Tricat
Saint-Wandrille
Sainte-Austreberthe
Sainte-Marie-Kerque
Salperwick
Sanghen
Sapignies
Sars-le-Bois
Sarton
Sauchy-Cauchy
Sauchy-Lestrée
Saudemont
Saulchoy
Saulty
Savy-Berlette
Selles
Sempy
Seninghem
Senlecques
Senlis
Serques
Servins
Setques
Sibiville
Simencourt
Siracourt
Sombres
Sombrin
Sorrus
Souastre
Surques
Sus-Saint-Léger
Séricourt
Tangry
Tardinghen
Tatinghem
Teneur
Ternas
Thiembronne
Thièvres
Thélus
Tigny-Noyelle
Tilloy-lès-Hermaville
Tilloy-lès-Mofflaines
Tilly-Capelle
Tilques
Tincques
Tingry
Tollent
Torcy
Tortefontaine
Tortequesne
Tournehem-sur-la-Hem
Tramecourt
Trescault
Troisvaux
Tubersent
Vacquerie-le-Boucq
Vacqueriette
Valhuon
Vaudricourt
Vaudringhem
Verchin
Verchocq
Verlincthun
Vermelles
Verquigneul
Verquin
Verton
Vieil-Moutier
Vieille-Eglise
Villers-Brûlin
Villers-Châtel
Villers-Sir-Simon
Villers-au-Bois
Villers-au-Flos
Villers-l'Hôpital
Villers-lès-Cagnicourt
Vincly
Violaines
Vélu
Waast
Wacquinghen
Wail
Wailly
Wailly-Beaucamp
Wambercourt
Wamin
Wancourt
Wanquetin
Wardrecques
Warlincourt-lès-Pas
Wavans-sur-l'Authie
Wavrans-sur-Ternoise
Wavrans-sur-l'Aa
Westbécourt
Westrehem
Wicquinghem
Widehem
Wierre-Effroy
Wierre-au-Bois
Willeman
Willencourt
Willerval
Wimille
Wirwignes
Wismes
Wisques
Witternesse
Wittes
Ytres
Zoteux
Zouafques
Zudausques
Zutkerque
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Pas-de-Calais is a department in northern France. Its name is the French equivalent of the Strait of Dover, which it borders.

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Inhabited since prehistoric times, the Pas-de-Calais region was populated in turn by the Celtic Belgae, the Romans, the Germanic Franks and the Alemanni. During the fourth and fifth centuries, the Roman practice of co-opting Germanic tribes to provide military and defence services along the route from Boulogne to Cologne created a Germanic-Romance linguistic border in the region that persisted until the eighth century.

Saxon colonization into the region from the fifth to the eighth centuries likely extended the linguistic border somewhat south and west so that by the ninth century most inhabitants north of the line between Béthune and Berck spoke a dialect of Middle Dutch, while the inhabitants to the south spoke Picard, a variety of Romance dialects.

This linguistic border is still evident today in the toponyms and patronyms of the region. Beginning in the ninth century, the linguistic border began a steady move to north and the east, and by the end of the 15th century Romance dialects had completely displaced those of Dutch.

Pas-de-Calais is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was created from parts of the former provinces of Calaisis, formerly English, Boulonnais, Ponthieu and Artois, this last formerly part of the Spanish Netherlands.

Some of the costliest battles of World War I were fought in the region. The Vimy Memorial commemorates the Battle of Vimy Ridge and is Canada's most important memorial to its fallen soldiers.

Pas-de-Calais was also the target of Operation Fortitude during World War II, which was an Allied plan to deceive the Germans that the invasion of Europe at D-Day was to occur here, rather than in Normandy.

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