Place:Pas-de-Calais, France

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NamePas-de-Calais
TypeDépartement
Coordinates50.417°N 2.667°E
Located inFrance
Also located inNord-Pas-de-Calais, France    
Contained Places
Arrondissement
Béthune
Lens
Saint-Omer
Canton
Etaples (canton)
Hesdin (canton)
Heuchin (canton)
Montreuil (canton)
Cemetery
Aire Communal Cemetery
Guards Cemetery
Ligny-St. Flochel British Cemetery
Commune
Ablain-Saint-Nazaire
Acheville
Acq
Agnez-lès-Duisans
Aire
Aire-sur-la-Lys
Aix-en-Ergny
Aix-en-Issart
Ambrines
Ames
Amettes
Andres
Angres
Annay-sous-Lens
Anvin
Ardres
Arques
Aubigny-en-Artois
Auchel
Auchy-lès-Hesdin
Audembert
Audincthun
Audinghen
Audruicq
Aumerval
Auxi-le-Château
Avesnes
Avesnes-le-Comte
Avesnes-lès-Bapaume
Azincourt ( 700 - )
Bailleul-lès-Pernes
Bapaume
Barlin
Bavincourt
Beaulencourt
Beaurains
Beaurainville
Berck
Berles-Monchel
Bernieulles
Bertincourt
Beussent
Biache-Saint-Vaast
Biefvillers-lès-Bapaume
Billy-Berclau
Billy-Montigny
Boiry-Becquerelle
Boiry-Notre-Dame
Boisleux-Saint-Marc
Bomy
Boulogne-sur-Mer
Bourecq
Boursin
Bourthes
Brebières
Brimeux
Bucquoy
Bullecourt
Burbure
Busnes
Bénifontaine
Calais
Cambrin
Camiers
Canlers
Carency
Carvin
Cauchy-à-la-Tour
Colline-Beaumont
Conchil-le-Temple
Conteville-en-Ternois
Conteville-lès-Boulogne
Corbehem
Cormont
Coupelle-Neuve
Coupelle-Vieille
Courrières
Croisilles
Crépy
Créquy
Dainville
Dannes
Desvres
Divion
Douchy-lès-Ayette
Dourges
Douvrin
Duisans
Ecquedecques
Embry
Enguinegatte
Fampoux
Fauquembergues
Favreuil
Ferfay
Fleurbaix
Foncquevillers
Fontaine-lès-Hermans
Fortel-en-Artois
Fosseux
Fouquières-lès-Lens
Frencq
Fresnes-lès-Montauban
Fresnoy-en-Gohelle
Fruges
Frévent
Gennes-Ivergny
Givenchy-en-Gohelle
Givenchy-le-Noble
Gonnehem
Gouves
Grincourt-lès-Pas
Groffliers
Grévillers
Guinecourt
Guînes
Habarcq
Hannescamps
Harnes
Haute-Avesnes
Hauteville
Havrincourt
Herly
Hermaville
Hersin-Coupigny
Hesdin
Hesmond
Heuchin
Houdain
Houlle
Hubersent
Hucqueliers
Humbert
Hébuterne
Hénin-Beaumont
Hézecques
Incourt
Inxent
Isbergues
Izel-les-Hameaux
Izel-lès-Equerchin
La Couture
Lagnicourt-Marcel
Lambres
Lattre-Saint-Quentin
Laventie
Le Parcq
Le Portel
Le Touquet-Paris-Plage
Le Transloy
Lebiez
Leforest
Les Attaques
Lespesses
Ligny-Saint-Flochel
Ligny-Thilloy
Ligny-lès-Aire
Ligny-sur-Canche
Lillers
Lières
Liévin
Longvilliers
Loos-en-Gohelle
Lumbres
Léchelle
Marant
Marck
Maresville
Marles-sur-Canche
Marquion
Martinpuich
Matringhem
Mazinghem
Mercatel
Metz-en-Couture
Mingoval
Molinghem
Monchy-le-Preux
Mondicourt
Mont-Bernanchon
Montcavrel
Montenescourt
Montigny-en-Gohelle
Montreuil
Morval
Mory
Méricourt
Neuville-Bourjonval
Neuville-Saint-Vaast
Neuville-Vitasse
Norrent-Fontes
Noyelle-Vion
Noyelles-sous-Bellonne
Noyellette
Nédon
Nédonchel
Nœux-les-Mines
Oignies
Orville
Outreau
Parenty
Pas-en-Artois
Penin
Pernes
Pommera
Pommier
Pont-à-Vendin
Puisieux
Quéant
Quœux-Haut-Maînil
Ranchicourt
Raye-sur-Authie
Rebreuve-sous-les-Monts
Rebreuve-sur-Canche
Renty
Richebourg
Rinxent
Rivière
Robecq
Rocquigny
Rouvroy
Rumilly
Sailly-au-Bois
Sailly-en-Ostrevent
Sains-en-Gohelle
Saint-Georges
Saint-Inglevert
Saint-Nicolas
Saint-Pol-sur-Ternoise
Sainte-Catherine
Sallaumines
Samer
Sangatte
Sapignies
Sarton
Sauchy-Cauchy
Saulty
Savy-Berlette
Sempy
Senlis
Souchez
Sus-Saint-Léger
Teneur
Ternas
Thérouanne
Trescault
Tubersent
Vaulx-Vraucourt
Verchocq
Verton
Vieille-Chapelle
Villers-Sir-Simon
Villers-au-Flos
Vimy
Vitry-en-Artois
Wailly
Wamin
Wanquetin
Warlencourt-Eaucourt
Warlus
Warluzel
Widehem
Wingles
Ytres
Écoivres
Écourt-Saint-Quentin
Écoust-Saint-Mein
Éperlecques
Équihen-Plage
Étaing
Étaples
Étrun
Former municipality
Haut-Maisnil
Quœux
Saint-Pierre-lès-Calais
General region
Calaisis
Inhabited place
Achicourt
Agny
Ambleteuse
Annezin
Arras
Audresselles
Avion
Avroult
Beaumetz-lès-Loges
Beuvry
Blendecques
Blériot-Plage
Bruay-en-Artois
Bully-les-Mines
Calonne-Ricouart
Campagne-lès-Hesdin
Clairmarais
Colembert
Coulogne
Coulomby
Cuinchy
Douriez
Fauquemberques
Fressin
Grenay
Haillicourt
Ham-en-Artois
Hardelot-Plage
Hermies
La Caloterie
La Capelle-lès-Boulogne
Labroye
Locon
Longuenesse
Marles-les-Mines
Marquise
Merlimont
Mont-Saint-Éloi
Neuve-Chapelle
Nordausques
Olhain
Oye-Plage
Parcq
Plage-Sainte-Cécile
Saint Venant
Saint-Bertin
Saint-Josse
Saint-Laurent-Blangy
Saint-Martin-Boulogne
Saint-Momelin
Stella-Plage
Vendin-le-Vieil
Vendin-lès-Béthune
Vieil-Hesdin
Vis-en-Artois
Waben
Wimereux
Wissant
Wizernes
Unknown
Ablainzevelle
Achiet-le-Grand
Achiet-le-Petit
Acquin
Adinfer
Affringues
Agnières
Airon-Notre-Dame
Airon-Saint-Vaast
Aix-Noulette
Alembon
Alette
Alincthun
Alingthun
Allouagne
Alquines
Ambricourt
Amplier
Annay
Annequin
Anzin-Saint-Aubin
Arleux-en-Gohelle
Assonval
Athies
Attin
Aubin-Saint-Vaast
Aubingues
Aubrometz
Auchy-au-Bois
Auchy-les-Mines
Audrehem
Autingues
Averdoingt
Avondance
Ayette
Bailleul-Sir-Berthoult
Bailleul-aux-Cornailles
Bailleulmont
Bailleulval
Baincthun
Bainghen
Bajus
Balinghem
Bancourt
Baralle
Barastre
Barly
Basseux
Bayenghem-lès-Eperlecques
Bayenghem-lès-Seninghem
Bazinghen
Beaudricourt
Beaufort-Blavincourt
Beaumerie-Saint-Martin
Beaumetz-lès-Aire
Beaumetz-lès-Cambrai
Beaumont
Beauvois
Belle-et-Houllefort
Bellebrune
Bellonne
Bergueneuse
Berguette
Berlencourt-le-Cauroy
Berles-au-Bois
Bermicourt
Berneville
Beugin
Beugny
Beugnâtre
Beutin
Beuvrequen
Bezinghem
Bienvillers-au-Bois
Bihucourt
Bimont
Blairville
Blangermont
Blangerval
Blangy-sur-Ternoise
Blessy
Blingel
Bléquin
Boffles
Boiry-Saint-Martin
Boiry-Sainte-Martins
Boiry-Sainte-Rictrude
Bois-Bernard
Boisdinghem
Boisjean
Boisleux-au-Mont
Bonningues-lès-Ardres
Bonningues-lès-Calais
Bonnières
Boubers-lès-Hesmond
Boubers-sur-Canche
Bouilly
Bouin
Bouquehault
Bourcheuil
Bouret-sur-Canche
Bourlon
Bournonville
Bours
Bouvelinghem
Bouvigny-Boyeffles
Boyaval
Boyelles
Brexent-Enocq
Brunembert
Bryas
Brévillers
Brêmes
Buire-au-Bois
Buire-le-Sec
Buissy
Buneville
Bus
Béalencourt
Bécourt
Béhagnies
Béthonsart
Caffiers
Cagnicourt
Calonne-sur-la-Lys
Camblain-Châtelain
Camblain-l'Abbé
Cambligneul
Campagne-lès-Boulonnais
Campagne-lès-Guînes
Campagne-lès-Wardrecques
Campigneulles-les-Grandes
Campigneulles-les-Petites
Canettemont
Canteleux
Capelle-Fermont
Capelle-lès-Hesdin
Capelle-sur-la-Lys
Carly
Caucourt
Caumont
Cavron-Saint-Martin
Chelers
Chocques
Chériennes
Chérisy
Clarques
Clenleu
Clerques
Cléty
Conchy-sur-Canche
Condette
Contes
Coquelles
Cormettes
Couin
Coulemont
Courcelles-le-Comte
Courcelles-lès-Lens
Courset
Couturelle
Coyecques
Croisette
Croix-en-Ternois
Crèmarest
Cucq
Delettes
Denier
Dennebroeucq
Diéval
Dohem
Doucy-lès-Ayette
Doudeauville
Drocourt
Drouvin-le-Marais
Dury
Echinghen
Eclimeux
Ecques
Ecuires
Ecurie
Eleu-dit-Leauwette
Elnes
Enquin-les-Mines
Enquin-sur-Baillons
Epinoy
Eps
Equirre
Ergny
Erin
Erny-Saint-Julien
Erquières
Ervillers
Escalles
Escoeuilles
Esquerdes
Essars
Estevelles
Estrée
Estrée-Blanche
Estrée-Cauchy
Estrée-Wamin
Estréelles
Eterpigny
Evin-Malmaison
Famechon
Farbus
Febvin-Palfart
Ferlinghen
Ferques
Festubert
Feuchy
Ficheux
Fiefs
Fiennes
Fillièvres
Flers
Fleury
Floringhem
Fléchin
Fontaine-l'Etalon
Fontaine-lès-Boulans
Fontaine-lès-Croisilles
Foufflin-Ricametz
Fouquereuil
Fouquières-lès-Béthune
Framecourt
Fresnicourt-le-Dolmen
Fresnoy
Frémicourt
Fréthun
Frévillers
Frévin-Capelle
Galametz
Gauchin-Légal
Gauchin-Verloingt
Gaudiempré
Gavrelle
Givenchy-lès-la-Bassée
Glomenghem
Gomiécourt
Gommecourt
Gosnay
Gouy-Saint-André
Gouy-Servins
Gouy-en-Artois
Gouy-en-Ternois
Gouy-sous-Bellonne
Graincourt-lès-Havrincourt
Grand-Rullecourt
Grigny
Guarbecque
Guemps
Guigny
Guisy
Guémappe
Guémy
Haisnes
Halinghen
Hallines
Halloy
Hamblain-les-Prés
Hamelincourt
Hames-Boucres
Haplincourt
Haravesnes
Harbarcq
Hardinghen
Haucourt
Haut-Loquin
Hautecloque
Hautecôte
Helfaut
Hendecourt-lès-Cagnicourt
Hendecourt-lès-Ransart
Henneveux
Herbelles
Herbinghen
Herlin-le-Sec
Herlincourt
Hermelinghen
Hermin
Hernicourt
Hervelinghen
Hesdigneul-lès-Boulogne
Hesdigneul-lès-Béthune
Hesdin-l'Abbé
Hestrus
Heuringhem
Hinges
Hocquinghen
Houchin
Houvin-Houvigneul
Huby-Saint-Leu
Huclier
Hulluch
Humbercamps
Humeroeuille
Humières
Hénin-Liétard
Hénin-sur-Cojeul
Héninel
Hénu
Héricourt
Inchy-en-Artois
Inghem
Inghen
Isques
Ivergny
Journy
La Calotterie
La Cauchie
La Comté
La Herlière
La Loge
La Madelaine-sous-Montreuil
La Thieuloye
Labeuvrière
Labourse
Labuissière
Lacres
Laires
Landrethun-le-Nord
Landrethun-lès-Ardres
Lapugnoy
Le Ponchel
Le Quesnoy-en-Artois
Le Sars
Le Souich
Le Turne
Lebucquière
Lefaux
Lespinoy
Lestrem
Leubringhen
Leulinghem
Leulinghen-Bernes
Licques
Liencourt
Liettres
Lignereuil
Linghem
Linzeux
Lisbourg
Loison-sous-Lens
Loison-sur-Créquoise
Longfossé
Longueville
Longvillers
Lorgies
Lottinghen
Louches
Lozinghem
Lugy
Lédinghem
Lépine
Magnicourt-en-Comte
Magnicourt-sur-Canche
Maintenay
Maisnil
Maisnil-lès-Ruitz
Maisoncelle
Maizières
Mametz
Manin
Maninghem
Maninghem-Henne
Marconne
Marconnelle
Marenla
Maresquel-Ecquemicourt
Marest
Maroeuil
Marquay
Mazingarbe
Mencas
Menneville
Mentque-Norbécourt
Merck-Saint-Liévin
Meurchin
Moncheaux
Monchel-sur-Canche
Monchiet
Monchy-Breton
Monchy-Cayeux
Monchy-au-Bois
Monts-en-Ternois
Morchies
Moringhem
Moulle
Mouriez
Moyenneville
Mozinghem
Muncq-Nieurlet
Nabringhen
Nempont-Saint-Firmin
Nesles
Neufchâtel-Hardelot
Neulette
Neuville-au-Cornet
Neuville-sous-Montreuil
Neuvireuil
Nielles-lès-Ardres
Nielles-lès-Bléquin
Nielles-lès-Calais
Noeux-lès-Auxi
Noreuil
Nort-Leulinghem
Nortkerque
Nouvelle-Eglise
Noyelles-Godault
Noyelles-lès-Humières
Noyelles-lès-Vermelles
Noyelles-sous-Lens
Nuncq
Nuncq-Hautecôte
Oblinghem
Oeuf-en-Ternois
Offekerque
Offin
Offrethun
Oisy-le-Verger
Oppy
Ostreville
Ourton
Ouve-Wirquin
Palluel
Pelves
Pernes-lès-Boulogne
Peuplingues
Pierremont
Pihem
Pihen-lès-Guînes
Pittefaux
Planques
Plouvain
Plumoison
Polincove
Pressy
Preures
Pronville
Prédefin
Quelmes
Quercamps
Quernes
Quesques
Questrecques
Quiestède
Quilen
Quiéry-la-Motte
Racquinghem
Radinghem
Ramecourt
Rang-du-Filers
Ransart
Rebecques
Rebergues
Rebreuviette
Rebreuviette-sur-Canche
Reclinghem
Recques-sur-Course
Recques-sur-Hem
Regnauville
Rely
Remilly-Wirquin
Rety
Riencourt-lès-Bapaume
Riencourt-lès-Cagnicourt
Rimboval
Rincq
Roclincourt
Rodelinghem
Roellecourt
Roeux
Rollancourt
Rombly
Roquetoire
Rougefay
Roussent
Royon
Ruisseauville
Ruitz
Rumaucourt
Ruminghem
Ruyaulcourt
Récourt
Rémy
Sachin
Sailly-Labourse
Sailly-sur-la-Lys
Sains-lès-Fressin
Sains-lès-Marquion
Sains-lès-Pernes
Saint-Amand
Saint-Aubin
Saint-Denoeux
Saint-Etienne-au-Mont
Saint-Floris
Saint-Folquin
Saint-Hilaire-Cottes
Saint-Laurent-Blagny
Saint-Léger
Saint-Léonard
Saint-Martin-Choquel
Saint-Martin-au-Laërt
Saint-Martin-d'Hardinghem
Saint-Martin-sur-Cojeul
Saint-Michel-sous-Bois
Saint-Michel-sur-Ternoise
Saint-Omer-Capelle
Saint-Rémy-au-Bois
Saint-Tricat
Saint-Wandrille
Sainte-Austreberthe
Sainte-Marie-Kerque
Salperwick
Sanghen
Sars-le-Bois
Sauchy-Lestrée
Saudemont
Saulchoy
Selles
Seninghem
Senlecques
Serques
Servins
Setques
Sibiville
Simencourt
Siracourt
Sombres
Sombrin
Sorrus
Souastre
Surques
Séricourt
Tangry
Tardinghen
Tatinghem
Thiembronne
Thièvres
Thélus
Tigny-Noyelle
Tilloy-lès-Hermaville
Tilloy-lès-Mofflaines
Tilly-Capelle
Tilques
Tincques
Tingry
Tollent
Torcy
Tortefontaine
Tortequesne
Tournehem-sur-la-Hem
Tramecourt
Troisvaux
Vacquerie-le-Boucq
Vacqueriette
Valhuon
Vaudricourt
Vaudringhem
Verchin
Verlincthun
Vermelles
Verquigneul
Verquin
Vieil-Moutier
Vieille-Eglise
Villers-Brûlin
Villers-Châtel
Villers-au-Bois
Villers-l'Hôpital
Villers-lès-Cagnicourt
Vincly
Violaines
Vélu
Waast
Wacquinghen
Wail
Wailly-Beaucamp
Wambercourt
Wancourt
Wardrecques
Warlincourt-lès-Pas
Wavans-sur-l'Authie
Wavrans-sur-Ternoise
Wavrans-sur-l'Aa
Westbécourt
Westrehem
Wicquinghem
Wierre-Effroy
Wierre-au-Bois
Willeman
Willencourt
Willerval
Wimille
Wirwignes
Wismes
Wisques
Witternesse
Wittes
Zoteux
Zouafques
Zudausques
Zutkerque
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Pas-de-Calais ("strait of Calais"; ) is a department in northern France named after the French designation of the Strait of Dover, which it borders.

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Inhabited since prehistoric times, the Pas-de-Calais region was populated in turn by the Celtic Belgae, the Romans, the Germanic Franks and the Alemanni. During the fourth and fifth centuries, the Roman practice of co-opting Germanic tribes to provide military and defence services along the route from Boulogne-sur-Mer to Cologne created a Germanic-Romance linguistic border in the region that persisted until the eighth century.

Saxon colonization into the region from the fifth to the eighth centuries likely extended the linguistic border somewhat south and west so that by the ninth century most inhabitants north of the line between Béthune and Berck spoke a dialect of Middle Dutch, while the inhabitants to the south spoke Picard, a variety of Romance dialects.

This linguistic border is still evident today in the toponyms and patronyms of the region. Beginning in the ninth century, the linguistic border began a steady move to north and the east, and by the end of the 15th century Romance dialects had completely displaced those of Dutch.

Pas-de-Calais is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was created from parts of the former provinces of Calaisis, formerly English, Boulonnais, Ponthieu and Artois, this last formerly part of the Spanish Netherlands.

Some of the costliest battles of World War I were fought in the region. The Canadian National Vimy Memorial, eight kilometres from Arras, commemorates the Battle of Vimy Ridge assault during the Battle of Arras (1917) and is Canada's most important memorial in Europe to its fallen soldiers.

Pas-de-Calais was also the target of Operation Fortitude during World War II, which was an Allied plan to deceive the Germans that the invasion of Europe at D-Day was to occur here, rather than in Normandy.

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