Place:Canada


NameCanada
Alt namesBritish North Americasource: Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) p 210-213
Canadásource: UN Terminology Bulletin (1993) p 44
Dominion of Canadasource: Encyclopædia Britannica (1988) II, 784-786
Kanadasource: Cassell's German Dictionary (1982) p 337
Cansource: Abbreviation
TypeCountry
Coordinates60°N 96°W
Contained Places
Former province
Canada West ( 1841 - 1867 )
Upper Canada ( 1791 - 1841 )
Former settlement
Red River Settlement ( 1811 - 1870 )
General region
Prairies
Ungava
Historical region
Athabaska ( 1882 - 1905 )
North West Territory ( - 1870 )
Rupert’s Land ( 1670 - 1870 )
Province
Alberta ( 1905 - )
British Columbia ( 1871 - )
Manitoba ( 1870 - )
New Brunswick ( 1867 - )
Newfoundland and Labrador ( 1949 - )
Nova Scotia ( 1867 - present )
Ontario ( 1867 - )
Prince Edward Island ( 1873 - )
Québec ( 1867 - )
Saskatchewan ( 1905 - )
Territory
Northwest Territories
Nunavut ( 1999 - )
Yukon ( 1898 - )


source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering , making it the world's second-largest country by total area. Canada's southern border with the United States is the world's longest bi-national land border. Its capital is Ottawa, and its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver. As a whole, Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its land area being dominated by forest and tundra. Consequently, its population is highly urbanized, with over 80 percent of its inhabitants concentrated in large and medium-sized cities, many near the southern border. Canada's climate varies widely across its vast area, ranging from arctic weather in the north, to hot summers in the southern regions, with four distinct seasons.

Various indigenous peoples have inhabited what is now Canada for thousands of years prior to European colonization. Beginning in the 16th century, British and French expeditions explored, and later settled, along the Atlantic coast. As a consequence of various armed conflicts, France ceded nearly all of its colonies in North America in 1763. In 1867, with the union of three British North American colonies through Confederation, Canada was formed as a federal dominion of four provinces. This began an accretion of provinces and territories and a process of increasing autonomy from the United Kingdom. This widening autonomy was highlighted by the Statute of Westminster of 1931 and culminated in the Canada Act of 1982, which severed the vestiges of legal dependence on the British parliament.

Canada is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy, with Queen Elizabeth II being the head of state, with an elected Prime Minister, who serves as the chairman of the federal cabinet, and head of government. The country is a realm within the Commonwealth of Nations, a member of the Francophonie and officially bilingual at the federal level. It ranks among the highest in international measurements of government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic freedom, and education. It is one of the world's most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large-scale immigration from many other countries. Canada's long and complex relationship with the United States has had a significant impact on its economy and culture.

A developed country, Canada has the fifteenth-highest nominal per capita income globally as well as the twelfth-highest ranking in the Human Development Index. Its advanced economy is the tenth-largest in the world, relying chiefly upon its abundant natural resources and well-developed international trade networks. Canada is part of several major international and intergovernmental institutions or groupings including the United Nations, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the G7 (formerly G8), the Group of Ten, the G20, the North American Free Trade Agreement and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum.

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How places in Canada are organized

All places in Canada

Further information on historical place organization in Canada

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