Place:Québec, Canada

Alt namesQuebecsource: English spelling
PQsource: Wikipedia (Postal abbreviation)
QCsource: Postal abbreviation
P.Q.source: Wikipedia (former abbreviation)
Que.source: Wikipedia (former abbreviation)
Province du Québecsource: NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
Québecsource: Getty Vocabulary Program
Québec provincesource: Getty Vocabulary Program
Nouvelle-Francesource: name until 1763 (while a colony of France)
Province of Quebecsource: name while an English colony 1763-1791
Lower Canadasource: name 1792-1840
Canada Eastsource: name 1840-1867
Coordinates54°N 72°W
Located inCanada     (1867 - )
See alsoNouvelle-Francename while a colony of France (until 1763)
Province of Quebec, Canadaname while an English colony 1763-1791
Contained Places
Administrative region
Abitibi-Témiscamingue ( 1898 - )
Côte-Nord ( 1982 - )
Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine ( 1987 - )
Mauricie ( 1997 - )
Mauricie–Bois-Francs ( 1982 - 1997 )
Montérégie ( 1982 - )
Border crossing
Lacolle Junction
Westmount ( 2006 - present )
Census division
Gatineau (county) ( 1930 - 1982 )
Former administrative division
Hesse District ( 1763 - 1792 )
Historical county
Abitibi ( 1898 - 1982 )
Argenteuil ( 1855 - 1982 )
Arthabaska ( - 1982 )
Bagot ( 1855 - 1982 )
Beauce ( 1855 - 1982 )
Beauharnois ( 1855 - 1982 )
Bellechasse ( 1855 - 1982 )
Berthier ( 1855 - 1982 )
Bonaventure ( 1855 - 1982 )
Brome ( - 1982 )
Chambly ( 1855 - 1982 )
Champlain ( - 1982 )
Charlevoix ( 1853 - 1982 )
Chicoutimi ( 1855 - 1982 )
Châteauguay ( 1855 - 1982 )
Compton ( 1793 - 1982 )
Deux-Montagnes ( - 1983 )
Dorchester ( - 1982 )
Drummond ( - 1982 )
Frontenac ( 1912 - 1982 )
Gaspé ( - 1885 )
Gaspé-Est ( 1885 - 1982 )
Gaspé-Ouest ( 1885 - 1982 )
Hull ( 1855 - 1970 )
Huntingdon ( - 1982 )
Kamouraska ( - 1982 )
Labelle ( - 1982 )
Lac-Saint-Jean-Ouest ( - 1982 )
Laprairie ( - 1982 )
Matane ( - 1982 )
Matapédia ( - 1982 )
Montmorency No 1
Napierville ( - 1982 )
Nicolet ( - 1982 )
Rivière-du-Loup ( 1930 - 1982 )
Saint-Jean ( 1854 - 1982 )
Shefford ( - 1982 )
Sherbrooke ( 1802 - )
Soulanges ( - 1982 )
Témiscamingue ( - 1982 )
Vaudreuil ( - 1982 )
Yamaska ( 1855 - 1982 )
Île-de-Montréal ( - 2002 )
Historical province
Acadia ( 1604 - 1713 )
Inhabited place
L'Isle Verte
Pine Beach
Westmount ( 2006 - present )
Westmount ( 2006 - present )
Westmount ( 2006 - present )
Anticosti Island
Île Jésus
Military base
Valcartier Camp
Montréal TE ( 2002 - )
source: Family History Library Catalog
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Quebec is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. It is bordered to the west by the province of Ontario and the bodies of water James Bay and Hudson Bay; to the north by Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay; to the east by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the province of Newfoundland and Labrador; and to the south by the province of New Brunswick and the U.S. states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, and New York. It also shares maritime borders with Nunavut, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia. Quebec is Canada's largest province by area and its second-largest administrative division; only the territory of Nunavut is larger. It is historically and politically considered to be part of Central Canada (with Ontario).

Quebec is the second-most populous province of Canada, after Ontario. It is the only one to have a predominantly French-speaking population, with French as the sole provincial official language. Most inhabitants live in urban areas near the Saint Lawrence River between Montreal and Quebec City, the capital. Approximately half of Quebec residents live in the Greater Montreal Area, including the Island of Montreal. English-speaking communities and English-language institutions are concentrated in the west of the island of Montreal but are also significantly present in the Outaouais, Eastern Townships, and Gaspé regions. The Nord-du-Québec region, occupying the northern half of the province, is sparsely populated and inhabited primarily by Aboriginal peoples.

The climate around the major cities is four-seasons continental with cold and snowy winters combined with warm to hot humid summers, but farther north long winter seasons dominate and as a result the northern areas of the province are marked by tundra conditions. Even in central Quebec, at comparatively southerly latitudes, winters are severe in inland areas.

Quebec independence debates have played a large role in the politics of the province. Parti Québécois governments held referendums on sovereignty in 1980 and 1995. Although neither passed, the 1995 referendum saw the highest voter turnout in Quebec history, at over 93%, and only failed by less than 1%. In 2006, the House of Commons of Canada passed a symbolic motion recognizing the "Québécois as a nation within a united Canada".

While the province's substantial natural resources have long been the mainstay of its economy, sectors of the knowledge economy such as aerospace, information and communication technologies, biotechnology, and the pharmaceutical industry also play leading roles. These many industries have all contributed to helping Quebec become an economically influential province within Canada, second only to Ontario in economic output.



For more information, see the EN Wikipedia article Quebec#History.

How places in Canada are organized



Research Tips

French names for places

Because French is the one official language of Québec, WeRelate employs the French names for places within the province. Many placenames will be similar to their counterparts in English, with the addition of accents and hyphens between the words. The words "Saint" and "Sainte" should be spelled out in full. Placenames should be made up of four parts: the community (or parish, or township, or canton), the historic county, Québec, Canada. You may find placenames red-linked unless you follow these conventions.

Local government structure

The Province of Québec was made up of counties and territories. Counties in Québec were established gradually as the land was settled by Europeans. Each county included communities with some form of local governement (often church-based). Territories referred to the undeveloped sections under the control of the government in charge of the whole province at the time. The communities included townships and/or cantons, depending on the English/French makeup of the county concerned, and also included ecclesiastical parishes with somewhat different boundaries which could overlap with local townships or cantons. Ecclesiastical parish registers have been retained and are available to view (online through Ancestry). Since the 1980s many small townships and parishes are merging into larger "municipalities", often with the same name as one of their components.

Beginning in 1979 the historic counties of Québec were replaced by administrative regions and regional county municipalities (abbreviated as RCM in English and MRC in French). Regional county municipalities are a supra-local type of regional municipality, and act as the local municipality in unorganized territories within their borders. (An unorganized area or unorganized territory is any geographic region in Canada that does not form part of a municipality or Indian reserve. There is a list in Wikipedia.) There are also 18 equivalent territories (TEs) which are not considered to be RCMs. These are mostly large cities with their suburbs, but include 4 very large geographical areas where the population is sparse.

The administrative regions (above the RCMs in the hierarchy) are illustrated on a map in Wikipedia. The regions are used to organize the delivery of provincial government services and there are conferences of elected officers in each region. The regions existed before the change from historic counties to regional county municipalities.

The above description is based on various articles in Wikipedia including one titled Types of municipalities in Quebec

NOTE: WeRelate refers to Québec communities as being within their historic counties because this is the description which will be found in historical documents. FamilySearch and Quebec GenWeb follow the same procedure. However, it is always wise to know the current RCM as well in order to track these documents down in local repositories and also to describe events which have taken place since 1980.

Because the former or historic counties and the modern regional county municipalities can have the same names but may cover a slightly different geographical area, the placenames for Regional County Municipalities or "Territories Equivalent to regional county municipalities" are distinguished by including the abbreviation "RCM" or "TE" following the name.

Historic counties (which were taken out of use in about 1982) were made up of townships or cantons. The two words are equivalent in English and French. Eventually all the Québec cantons in WeRelate will be described as townships. Many townships disappeared before 1980 with the growth of urbanization.

If the word parish is used, this is the local ecclesiastical parish of the Roman Catholic Church. Parish boundaries and township or canton boundaries were not always the same.

The WeRelate standard form for expressing a place in Québec is township/canton/parish, historic county, Québec, Canada,
or local municipality, administrative region, Québec, Canada for places established after the changes of the 1980s.

Other Sources

  • FamilySearch Wiki Information for the province and for indivdiual counties, and places within counties.
  • The Drouin Collection: explaining its history and purpose in a FamilySearch Wiki article
  • The Drouin Collection provided by and (pay websites).
  • Genealogy Quebec in French, the website of the Drouin Institute. (also a pay website) with more databases than are on Ancestry.
  • Quebec GenWeb (English version--for the most part)
  • The Quebec Familiy History Society is the largest English-language genealogical society in Quebec. Most of their services are members only, but their Bulletin Board has useful tips for everyone. These may change from time to time.
  • The CanGenealogy page for Quebec. An overview of available online sources with links written by Canadian genealogist Dave Obee.
  • La Mémoire du Québec online. Édition 2017. "Le dictionnaire des noms propres du Québec." In other words, an up-to-date gazetteer of places in Québec organized as a wiki. Each entry is a timeline.
  • Eastern Townships of Quebec Connector. A blogpost with links to many websites dealing with Quebec genealogy, particularly for those who don't speak French well. All parts of Quebec are mentioned.
  • Google "translate French to English" for those words and phrases you can't quite remember from schooldays.

The Talk Page

Notes on the "Talk Page" accompanying this article.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Quebec. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.