Place:Hesdin, Pas-de-Calais, France


Coordinates50.367°N 2.05°E
Located inPas-de-Calais, France
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Hesdin is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in northern France.



the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Hesdin was a fief of the counts of Artois, vassals of the Counts of Flanders until 1180. When Philip, count of Flanders gave Artois as dowry to his niece Isabella of Hainault when she married Philip Augustus of France in 1180, Hesdin and the other seigneuries passed to France.

At the end of the 11th century, Hesdin gained renown for the park and chateau of Robert II, Count of Artois, which featured the earliest examples of early medieval automata in Europe. These included mechanical monkeys covered in badger fur, mechanized fountains, a large sundial surrounded by lions and leopards, and a bellows operated organ. Over the years additional automata were added, including creations such as a mechanical king and an indoor fountain with mechanical birds. Guillaume de Machaut, in his poem Le Remede de Fortune, characterized them as "the marvels, the delights, the inventions, the engines, the contrivances, the water courses, the strange things that were enclosed there." By the 1380s, the automata had fallen into disrepair, until Philip the Good renovated them again in the 1430s. A 1433 bill of account recounts numerous mechanical amusements, including machines that played pranks on the guests as well as angels and figures that spoke and directed visitors.

Though subsequently the territory passed to the Dukes of Burgundy, Hesdin remained one of a handful of French strongholds, until in 1553 Emperor Charles V ordered the utter destruction of the old fortified town on a rise of ground and built the present town the following year, some from the original site, on the banks of the Canche. The unfortified village of Vieil-Hesdin was later built on the original site.

In 1639 the French laid siege to Hesdin and under Louis XIII, it was recaptured for France. Thus, though Hesdin has an ancient name and 16th century structures, there is nothing left of the medieval town.

The most recent and resourceful book on the history of Hesdin is Promenades dans Hesdin by Regis Deparis (2004)

In 2014 Hesdin elected a 22-year-old law student, Stéphane Sieczkowski-Samier, as Mayor. Sieczkowski-Samier became the youngest mayor in France and is nicknamed "Petit Sarko" (little Sarkozy) in the French press as a reference to the previous French President Nicolas Sarkozy who is from the same political party.

Personnes mentionnées dans les actes à cause de leur fonction locale

(Cette liste doit être établie uniquement à partir de sources que chacun peut facilement vérifier, comme les Archives Départementales en ligne, ou le dépôt dans la base WeRelate d'actes numérisés - par photo ou copie scannée.)


Adjoints au maire

  • 1851 : Louis Plichon, 1er adjoint


Instituteurs, maîtres ou recteurs d'école

  • 1851 : Joséphine Heusse, institutrice communale
  • 1851 : Ambroise Thorillon, institutrice
  • 1851 : Philippe Évrard
  • 1851 : Charles Dufour, instituteur communal
  • 1851 : Victor Lehoucq, directeur des écoles chrétiennes
  • 1851 : Louis Fan, frère des écoles chrétiennes
  • 1851 : Josèphe Roberge, institutrice
  • 1851 : Marie Louise Crépin, institutrice
  • 1851 : Philippine Mandelot, sous-maîtresse

Directeurs et professeurs de collège

  • 1851 : Joseph Avisse, professeur
  • 1851 : Valentin Laporte, professeur


Médecins, chirurgiens, officiers de santé

  • 1851 : Charles Plet, médecin
  • 1851 : Pierre Coulogne, praticien
  • 1851 : Adolphe Malbranque, officier de santé
  • 1851 : Adolphe Danvin, médecin


  • 1851 : Jules Gommers


  • 1851 : Marie Josèphe Deschamps, accoucheuse


Clercs de notaire

  • 1851 : Ambroise Pingrenon
  • 1851 : Albéric Ringard
  • 1851 : Romain Bonneville



  • 1851 : Charles Demagny, "artiste vétérinaire"
  • 1851 : Urbain Joseph Dupont, vétérinaire attaché au dépôt ...?

Juges de paix

  • 1851 : Narcisse Delye


  • 1851 : Charles Théodore Garbé

Patronymes courants


Les surnoms n'ont pas qu'une fonction descriptive ou ironique. Ils permettent d'identifier des individus portant le même prénom et le même patronyme.

Défunts inhumés dans l'église et non au cimetière

External links

  • For more information, see the FR Wikipedia article Hesdin.

Research Tips

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Hesdin. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.