Person:Louis XIII of France (1)

Louis XIII , de France
m. 27 Dec 1600
  1. Louis XIII , de France1601 - 1643
  2. Elisabeth de France1602 - 1644
  3. Christine Marie de France1606 - 1663
  4. Nicholas Henri , Duke of Orléans1607 - 1611
  5. Gaston , duc d'Orléans1608 - 1660
  6. Henriette Marie de France1609 - 1669
m. 24 Nov 1615
  1. Louis XIV , de France1638 - 1715
  2. Philippe I Duke of Orléans1640 - 1701
Facts and Events
Name Louis XIII , de France
Gender Male
Birth[1][2] 27 Sep 1601 Fontainebleau, Seine-et-Marne, FranceHouse of Bourbon
Alt Marriage 18 Oct 1615 Burgos, Burgos, Castilla y León, Spainpar procuration
to Anne of Austria
Marriage 24 Nov 1615 Bourdeaux, Drôme, Franceto Anne of Austria
Death[1][2] 14 May 1643 Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Yvelines, France
Reference Number? Q737533?


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Louis XIII (; 27 September 1601 – 14 May 1643) was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who was King of France from 1610 to 1643 and King of Navarre (as Louis II) from 1610 to 1620, when the crown of Navarre was merged with the French crown.

Shortly before his ninth birthday, Louis became king of France and Navarre after his father Henry IV was assassinated. His mother, Marie de' Medici, acted as regent during his minority. Mismanagement of the kingdom and ceaseless political intrigues by Marie and her Italian favourites led the young king to take power in 1617 by exiling his mother and executing her followers, including Concino Concini, the most influential Italian at the French court.

Louis XIII, taciturn and suspicious, relied heavily on his chief ministers, first Charles d'Albert, duc de Luynes and then Cardinal Richelieu, to govern the Kingdom of France. King and cardinal are remembered for establishing the Académie française, and ending the revolt of the French nobility. They systematically destroyed castles of defiant lords and denounced the use of private violence (dueling, carrying weapons, and maintaining private armies). By the end of 1620s, Richelieu established "the royal monopoly of force" as the ruling doctrine. The reign of Louis "the Just" was also marked by the struggles against the Huguenots and Habsburg Spain.

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References
  1. 1.0 1.1 Louis XIII of France, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Anselme (de Sainte-Marie). Histoire généalogique de la maison royale de France, des pairs et grands officiers de la Couronne. (Paris: la Compagnie des Libraires, 1726-1733), 1:151-153.