Person:Louis XIV of France (1)

Louis XIV , de France
m. 24 Nov 1615
  1. Louis XIV , de France1638 - 1715
  2. Philippe I Duke of Orléans1640 - 1701
m.
  1. Charles de La Baume Le Blanc1663 - 1665
  2. Marie Anne de Bourbon1666 - 1739
  3. Louis , Count of Vermandois1667 - 1683
m.
  1. Louise de Maisonblanche1676 - 1718
Facts and Events
Name Louis XIV , de France
Gender Male
Birth[1][4] 5 Sep 1638 Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Yvelines, FranceHouse of Bourbon
Marriage 4 Jun 1660 Fuenterrabía, Guipúzcoa, Vascongadas, Spainto Maria Theresa of Spain
Marriage Cohabitation?
to Françoise-Athénaïs , marquise de Montespan
Marriage Cohabitation?
to Louise de La Vallière
Marriage Cohabitation?
to Claude des Œillets
Death[1][2] 1 Sep 1715 Versailles, Yvelines, FrancePalace of Versailles
Reference Number? Q7742?


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Louis XIV (Louis Dieudonné; 5 September 16381 September 1715), known as Louis the Great or the Sun King, was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who reigned as King of France from 1643 until his death in 1715. Starting on 14 May 1643 when Louis was 4 years old, his reign of 72 years and 110 days is the longest recorded of any monarch of a sovereign country in European history. In the age of absolutism in Europe, Louis XIV's France was a leader in the growing centralisation of power.

Louis began his personal rule of France in 1661, after the death of his chief minister, the Italian Cardinal Mazarin. An adherent of the concept of the divine right of kings, which advocates the divine origin of monarchical rule, Louis continued his predecessors' work of creating a centralised state governed from the capital. He sought to eliminate the remnants of feudalism persisting in parts of France and, by compelling many members of the nobility to inhabit his lavish Palace of Versailles, succeeded in pacifying the aristocracy, many members of which had participated in the Fronde rebellion during Louis' minority. By these means he became one of the most powerful French monarchs and consolidated a system of absolute monarchical rule in France that endured until the French Revolution.

Louis encouraged and benefited from the work of prominent political, military, and cultural figures such as Mazarin, Colbert, Louvois, the Grand Condé, Turenne, Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban, André Charles Boulle, Molière, Racine, Boileau, La Fontaine, Lully, Marais, Le Brun, Rigaud, Bossuet, Le Vau, Mansart, Charles, Claude Perrault, and Le Nôtre. Under his rule, the Edict of Nantes, which granted rights to Huguenots, was abolished. The revocation effectively forced Huguenots to emigrate or convert in a wave of dragonnades, which managed to virtually destroy the French Protestant minority.

During Louis' reign, France was the leading European power, and it fought three major wars: the Franco-Dutch War, the War of the League of Augsburg, and the War of the Spanish Succession. There were also two lesser conflicts: the War of Devolution and the War of the Reunions. Warfare defined the foreign policy of Louis XIV, and his personality shaped his approach. Impelled "by a mix of commerce, revenge, and pique", Louis sensed that warfare was the ideal way to enhance his glory. In peacetime he concentrated on preparing for the next war. He taught his diplomats that their job was to create tactical and strategic advantages for the French military.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Louis XIV of France. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
References
  1. 1.0 1.1 Louis XIV of France, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  2. Louis XIV, Roi de France, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.
  3.   King Louis, XIV, in Find A Grave.
  4. Anselme (de Sainte-Marie). Histoire généalogique de la maison royale de France, des pairs et grands officiers de la Couronne. (Paris: la Compagnie des Libraires, 1726-1733), 1:154-174.