Place:Canada


NameCanada
Alt namesBritish North Americasource: Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) p 210-213
Canadásource: UN Terminology Bulletin (1993) p 44
Dominion of Canadasource: Encyclopædia Britannica (1988) II, 784-786
Kanadasource: Cassell's German Dictionary (1982) p 337
Cansource: Abbreviation
TypeCountry
Coordinates60°N 96°W
Contained Places
Former province
Lower Canada ( 1791 - 1840 )
Upper Canada ( 1791 - 1841 )
Former settlement
Red River Settlement ( 1811 - 1870 )
General region
Prairies
Ungava
Historical region
Athabaska ( 1882 - 1905 )
North West Territory ( - 1870 )
Rupert’s Land ( 1670 - 1870 )
Province
Alberta ( 1905 - )
British Columbia ( 1871 - )
Canada East ( 1840 - 1867 )
Canada West ( 1841 - 1967 )
Manitoba ( 1870 - )
New Brunswick ( 1867 - )
Newfoundland and Labrador ( 1949 - )
Nova Scotia
Ontario ( 1867 - )
Prince Edward Island ( 1873 - )
Québec ( 1867 - )
Saskatchewan ( 1905 - )
Territory
Northwest Territories
Nunavut ( 1999 - )
Yukon ( 1898 - )


source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Canada is a country in North America consisting of ten provinces and three territories. Located in the northern part of the continent, it extends from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean. Covering 9.98 million square kilometres in total, Canada is the world's second-largest country by total area and the fourth-largest country by land area. Its common border with the United States forms the world's longest land border.

The land that is now Canada has been inhabited for millennia by various Aboriginal peoples. Beginning in the late 15th century, British and French colonies were established on the region's Atlantic coast. As a consequence of various conflicts, the United Kingdom gained and lost North American territories until left, in the late 18th century, with what mostly comprises Canada today. Pursuant to the British North America Act, on July 1, 1867, three colonies joined to form the autonomous federal Dominion of Canada. This began an accretion of provinces and territories to the new self-governing Dominion. In 1931, Britain granted Canada near total independence with the Statute of Westminster 1931 and full sovereignty was attained when the Canada Act 1982 severed the vestiges of legal dependence on the British parliament.

Canada is a federal parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy, Queen Elizabeth II being the current head of state. The country is officially bilingual at the federal level. It is one of the world's most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large-scale immigration from many countries, with a population of approximately 35 million as of 2015. Its advanced economy is one of the largest in the world, relying chiefly upon its abundant natural resources and well-developed international trade networks. Canada's long and complex relationship with the United States has had a significant impact on its economy and culture.

Canada is a developed country and one of the wealthiest in the world, with the tenth highest nominal per capita income globally, and the eighth highest ranking in the Human Development Index. It ranks among the highest in international measurements of government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic freedom, and education. Canada is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, and is furthermore part of several major international and intergovernmental institutions or groupings, including NATO, the G8, the Group of Ten, the G20, the North American Free Trade Agreement and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum.

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How places in Canada are organized

All places in Canada

Further information on historical place organization in Canada

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