Place:Saskatchewan, Canada

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NameSaskatchewan
Alt namesS.K.
SK
Sask.source: Wikipedia
SSKsource: Wikipedia
SKWNsource: Wikipedia
TypeProvince
Coordinates54°N 106°W
Located inCanada     (1905 - )
Contained Places
Cemetery
Dalesboro Cemetery
Place Forest Lawn Cemetery
Tregarva Cemetery
Census area
Assiniboia (census district)
Census division
MacKenzie
Swift Current (census division)
Deserted settlement
Gibbs
District
Avondale
Dalesboro
Red Fox
Geographic area
Pike Lake
Hamlet
Delmas
Gouldtown
Main Centre
Orkney
Summerberry
Historical county
Loganton ( 1909 - 1934 )
Historical inhabited place
Clarkboro ( 1907 - )
Historical region
Touchwood Hills
Inhabited place
Abbey
Aberdeen ( 1907 - )
Abernethy
Admiral
Alameda
Allan
Alsask
Amsterdam
Aneroid
Annaheim
Antler
Arborfield
Arcola
Ardath
Ardill
Armley
Asquith ( 1906 - )
Assiniboia
Atwater
Avonlea
Aylesbury
Aylsham
B-Say-Tah
Balcarres
Balgonie
Batoche
Battleford
Beauval
Beechy
Belle-Plaine
Bengough
Bethune
Bienfait ( 1912 - )
Big Beaver
Big River
Biggar
Birch Hills
Bladworth
Blaine Lake
Blumenhof
Borden
Bredenbury
Briercrest
Broadview
Brock
Bruno
Buchanan
Buena Vista
Buffalo Narrows
Burstall
Cabri
Cadillac
Cando
Canora
Carlea
Carlyle ( 1902 - )
Carnduff
Caron
Carrot River
Central Butte
Ceylon
Chamberlain
Chaplin
Choiceland
Christopher Lake
Churchbridge ( 1903 - )
Clair
Clavet
Claybank
Climax
Coderre
Cold Lake
Coleville
Colonsay
Congress
Conquest
Consul
Craik
Craven
Creighton
Crooked River
Cudworth
Cumberland House
Cupar
Cut Knife
Dafoe
Dalmeny
Davidson
Delisle
Denare Beach
Deschambault Lake
Dinsmore
Dodsland
Domremy
Doré Lake
Duck Lake
Dunblane
Dundurn
Dysart
Earl Grey
Eastend
Eatonia
Ebenezer ( 1885 - )
Edam
Edenburg
Elbow
Elfros
Elrose
Emerald Park
Emma Lake
Endeavour
Ermine
Erwood
Esterhazy
Estevan
Eston
Estuary
Evesham
Eyebrow
Fife Lake
Fillmore
Flaxcombe
Flin Flon
Foam Lake
Fond-du-Lac
Fort Qu'Appelle
Fox Valley
Francis
Frenchman Butte
Frobisher
Frontier
Fusilier
Gainsborough
Glaslyn
Glen Ewen
Glenavon
Golden Prairie
Goodeve
Govan
Govenlock
Gravelbourg
Grayson
Green Lake
Grenfell
Griffin
Gronlid
Gull Lake
Gunnar
Hafford
Hague
Halbrite
Halcro
Handsworth
Hanley
Harris
Hawarden
Hazlet
Hepburn
Herbert
Herschel
Hodgeville
Holdfast
Hudson Bay
Humboldt
Ile-à-la-Crosse
Imperial
Indian Head ( 1902 - )
Instow
Invermay
Isbister's Settlement
Island Falls
Ituna
Jansen
Kamsack
Kandahar
Katepwa Beach
Kelfield
Kelliher
Kelvington
Kenaston
Kendal
Kerrobert ( 1910 - )
Kincaid
Kindersley
Kinistino
Kipling
Kisbey
Krydor
Kyle
La Loche
La Ronge
Lafleche
Lajord
Lampman
Landis
Lang
Langbank
Langenburg
Langham
Lanigan
Lashburn
Laura
Leader
Leask
Leinan
Lemberg
Leoville
Lestock
Lewvan
Limerick
Lipton
Lisieux
Lloydminster
Loon Lake
Love
Lucky Lake
Lumsden Beach
Lumsden
Luseland
Macklin
Maidstone
Manitou Beach
Mankota
Manor
Maple Creek
Marcelin
Marengo
Martensville
Maryfield
Masefield
Maymont
Mazenod
McLean
McMahon
Meacham
Meadow Lake
Medstead
Melfort
Melville
Meota
Mervin
Meyronne
Midale
Milden
Milestone
Minton
Mistatim
Molanosa
Montreal Lake
Moose Jaw ( 1882 - )
Moosomin
Morse
Mortlach
Mossbank
Naicam
Neidpath
Neilburg
Netherhill
Neudorf
Nipawin
Nokomis
Norquay
North Battleford
North Portal
Odessa
Ogema
Ormiston
Outlook
Oxbow
Pangman
Paradise Hill
Paynton
Peesane
Pelican Narrows
Pelly
Pemmican Portage
Pennant Station
Pense
Perdue
Piapot
Pilot Butte
Pinehouse Lake
Pleasantdale
Plenty
Plunkett
Ponteix
Prairie River
Preecevile
Prelate
Prince Albert
Punnichy
Qu'Appelle
Quill Lake
Quinton
Radisson
Radville
Ravenscrag
Raymore
Redvers
Redwing
Regina Beach
Regina ( 1700 - )
Rhein
Ridgedale
Riverhurst
Rocanville
Roche-Percée ( 1909 - )
Rockglen
Rose Valley
Rosetown
Rosthern
Rouleau
Saint Walburg
Saint-Brieux
Saltcoats
Saskatoon ( 1883 - )
Sceptre
Scott
Scout Lake
Semans
Senate
Senlac
Shaunavon
Sheho
Shell Lake
Shellbrook
Silton
Simmie
Sintaluta
Smeaton
Smiley
Snowden
Sonningdale
Southbranch Settlement
Southend
Southey
Spalding
Spiritwood
Spruce Lake
Spy Hill
Squaw Rapids
St. Louis
Star City
Stewart Valley
Stony Rapids
Storhoaks
Stoughton
Strasbourg
Strawberry Hills
Strawberry Ridge
Sturgeon Landing
Sturgis
Swift Current
Theodore
Tisdale
Tompkins
Torquay
Tribune
Truax
Tugaske
Turtleford
Tuxford
Unity
Uranium City
Val Marie
Valeport
Vanguard
Veregin
Vibank
Viceroy
Viscount
Vonda
Wadena
Wakaw
Waldheim
Waldron
Wapella
Warman
Watrous
Watson
Wauchope
Wawota
Webb
Weldon
Weyburn
White City
White Fox
Whitewood
Wilcox
Wilkie
Willow Bunch
Willowbrook
Wishart
Wolseley
Wroxton
Wymark
Wynyard
Yellow Grass
Yorkton
Young
Zealandia
Zeneta
Zenon Park
Rural municipality
Aberdeen No. 373 ( 1909 - )
Battle River No. 348 ( 1910 - )
Blucher
Browning
Buckland No. 491 ( 1911 - )
Canwood
Coalfields No. 4 ( 1913 - )
Corman Park No. 344 ( 1970 - )
Cory
Cymri
Elcapo No. 154 ( 1910 - )
Enniskillen No. 3 ( 1909 - )
Excel
Fairview
Garry
Glen McPherson
Greenfield
Harris No. 316
Indian Head No. 156 ( 1884 - )
Kutawa
Lacadena
Langenburg No. 181 ( 1913 - )
Longlaketon No. 219 ( 1910 - )
Lumsden No. 189 ( 1912 - )
Mariposa No. 350 ( 1910 - )
McCraney No. 282
Miry Creek
Moose Creek No. 33 ( 1911 - )
Moose Mountain No. 63 ( 1911 - )
Morris No. 312
North Qu'Appelle
Orkney No. 244 ( 1913 - )
Pense No. 160 ( 1913 - )
Pittville No. 169 ( 1913 - )
Porcupine
Prairie
Reno
Rudy No. 284
Sherwood No. 159 ( 1911 - )
Sliding Hills
Snipe Lake
St. Philips
Surprise Valley
Torch River
Touchwood
Vanscoy No. 345 ( 1934 - )
Walpole
Wheatlands
Wolverine
Wood Creek No. 281
Unincorporated area
Cardross ( 1926 - )
Grace ( 1910 - 1926 )
Highgate ( 1919 - )
Juniata
Richardson
Shand
Silvergrove District
Stove Creek
Tregarva
Uninhabited place
Landshut ( 1905 - 1925 )
Unknown
Algrove
Alida
Allcock Lake
Alticane
Alvena
Amazon
Antelope
Archerwill
Arelee
Arran
Artland
Assiniboine
Auburnton
Bapaume
Beaver Dale
Bechard
Belbutte
Benson
Bickleigh
Bjorkdale
Bone Creek
Bracken
Bradwell
Bratton
Bright Sand
Broderick
Brokenshell
Broncho
Brora
Buffalo Horn
Calder
Cannington Manor
Cantal
Cantuar
Carievale
Carragana
Chelan
Cherry Ridge
Chipperfield
Clashmoor
Clemenceau
Cloan
Codette
Connaught
Constance
Coriander
Coteau
Courval
Creelman
Crutwell
Dahlton
Damour
Daysville
Debden
Demaine
Denzil
Dilke
Disley
Donavon
Drake
Dropmore
Dubuc
Duff
Dufferin
Dummer
East Gap
Eastleigh
Edenbridge
Edenwold
Eldersley
Eldon
Elmhurst
Elstow
Emmaville
Ernfold
Estlin
Etomami
Excelsior
Eye Hill
Fairlight
Fartown
Ferland
Fertile
Fielding
Fisher
Fitzmaurice
Floral
Forgan
Forget
Fort Pelly
Fort Pitt
Garrick
Gergovia
Gilroy
Girvin
Gladmar
Gledhow
Glenside
Gray
Greenan
Grosswerder
Hagen
Happy Valley
Hart Butte
Hatton
Hazel Cliffe
Hearne
Heart's Hill
Hendon
Heward
High Tor
Holbein
Homefield
Hubbard
Huntoon
Huronville
Idylwild
Isham
Jedburgh
Kathrinthal Colony
Keatley
Keeler
Kelso
Kuroki
Lac-Vert
Laird
Lake Alma
Lake Johnston
Lake of the Rivers
Lakenheath
Lakeview
Landshut Cem ( - present )
Landshut ( 1905 - )
Laporte
Laurier
LeRoy
Lebret
Leipzig
Leross
Leslie
Liberty
Lilac
Lindequist
Lintlaw
Lone Rock
Loverna
MacDowall
MacNutt
Macoun
Macrorie
Madison
Makwa
Marchwell
Margo
Marieval
Marquis
Marsden
Marshall
Maxstone
Mayfair
McTaggart
Meskanaw
Middle Lake
Mikado
Mildred
Minnehaha
Mont Nebo
Moose Range
Mozart
Mullingar
Murphy Creek
New England
New Finland
New Osgoode
Newcombe
Nobleville
Norbury
Norge
Norton
Nottingham
O'Malley
Oakdale
Oakshela
Old Wives
Onion Lake
Orcadia
Osage
Paddockwood
Pambrun
Park
Parkbeg
Parkerview
Pennant
Penzance
Percival
Petrolia
Pierceland
Plato
Pontrilas
Poplar Valley
Porcupine Plain
Preeceville
Prongua
Prud'homme
Red Deer Hill
Redfield
Reford
Reliance
Renown
Revenue
Reward
Riceton
Richard
Richlea
Robsart
Rockford
Rodgers
Royal Canadian
Ruddell
Saltburn
Sanctuary
Sandy Beach
Saskatchewan Landing
Shackleton
Shamrock
Shipman
Simpson
Sinnett
Somme
South Dean
South Fork
Sovereign
Speers
Speier
Springside
St-Isidore-de-Bellevue
St. Alphege
St. Denis
St. Josephs Colony
St. Laurent-Grandin
St. Marys Colony
St. Peters Colony
Stockholm
Stonehenge
Stony Beach
Storthoaks
Strongfield
Superb
Sutton
Swan Plain
Swanson
Swarthmore
Sylvania
Talmage
Tantallon
Tessier
Thackery
The Gap
Tiger Hills
Totnes
Tramping Lake
Trewdale
Tullis
Usherville
Vawn
Veillardville
Venn
Victoria Plains
Vidora
Waitville
Wallard
Wallwort
Waseca
Weekes
Welwyn
Whelan
White Bear
Whitkow
Wild Rose
Wilton
Windthorst
Winton
Wiseton
Witchekan
Yellow Creek
Zelma
Village (former)
Guernsey
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Saskatchewan ( or ) is a prairie province in Canada, which has a total area of and a land area of , the remainder being water area (covered by lakes/ponds, reservoirs and rivers). Saskatchewan is bordered on the west by the Province of Alberta, on the north by the Northwest Territories, on the east by Manitoba, and on the south by the U.S. states of Montana and North Dakota. As of December 2013, the population of Saskatchewan was estimated at 1,114,170. Residents primarily live in the southern half of the province. Of the total population, 257,300 live in the province's largest city, Saskatoon, while 210,000 live in the provincial capital, Regina. Other major cities include Prince Albert, Moose Jaw, Yorkton, Swift Current and North Battleford.

Saskatchewan was first explored by Europeans in 1690 and settled in 1774, having also been inhabited for thousands of years by various indigenous groups. It became a province in 1905, its name derived from the Saskatchewan River. The river was known as kisiskāciwani-sīpiy ("swift flowing river") in the Cree language. The province's economy is based on agriculture, mining, and energy. Saskatchewan's current premier is Brad Wall and its lieutenant-governor is Vaughn Solomon Schofield.

"In 1992, the federal and provincial governments signed a historic land claim agreement with Saskatchewan First Nations."[1] The First Nations received compensation and were permitted to buy land on the open market for the tribes; they have acquired about 761,000 acres (3079 kilometres squared), now reserve lands. Some First Nations have used their settlement to invest in urban areas, including Saskatoon.

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Saskatchewan has been populated by various indigenous peoples of North America, including members of the Sarcee, Blackfeet, Atsina, Cree, Saulteaux, Assiniboine (Nakoda) and Lakota Sioux. The first known European to enter Saskatchewan was Henry Kelsey in 1690, who travelled up the Saskatchewan River in hopes of trading fur with the province's indigenous peoples. The first permanent European settlement was a Hudson's Bay Company post at Cumberland House, founded in 1774 by Samuel Hearne.


In 1803 the Louisiana Purchase transferred from France to the United States part of what is now Alberta and Saskatchewan. In 1818 it was ceded to the United Kingdom. Most of what is now Saskatchewan, though, was part of Rupert's Land and controlled by the Hudson's Bay Company, which claimed rights to all watersheds flowing into Hudson Bay, including the Saskatchewan, Churchill, Assiniboine, Souris, and Qu'Appelle River systems.

In the late 1850s and early 1860s, scientific expeditions led by John Palliser and Henry Youle Hind explored the prairie region of the province.

In 1870, Canada acquired the Hudson's Bay Company's territories and formed the North-West Territories to administer the vast territory between British Columbia and Manitoba. The Crown also entered into a series of numbered treaties with the indigenous peoples of the area, which serve as the basis of the relationship between First Nations, as they are called today, and the Crown. Since the late twentieth century, land losses and inequities as a result of those treaties have been subject to negotiation for settlement between the First Nations in Saskatchewan and the federal government, in collaboration with provincial governments.


In 1885, post-Confederation Canada's first "naval battle" was fought in Saskatchewan, when a steamship engaged the Métis at Batoche in the North-West Rebellion.

A seminal event in the history of what was to become Western Canada was the 1874 "March West" of the federal government's new North-West Mounted Police. Despite poor equipment and lack of provisions, the men on the march persevered and established a federal presence in the new territory. Historians have argued that had this expedition been unsuccessful, the expansionist United States would have been tempted to expand into the political vacuum. The construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway would likely have been delayed or taken a different, more northerly route, stunting the early growth of towns like Brandon, Regina, Medicine Hat and Calgary – had these existed at all. Failure to construct the railway could also have forced British Columbia to join the United States.

In 1876, following their defeat of United States Army forces at the Battle of the Little Bighorn in Montana Territory in the United States, the Lakota Chief Sitting Bull led several thousand of his people to Wood Mountain. Survivors and descendants founded Wood Mountain Reserve in 1914.

European-Canadian settlement of the province started to take off as the Canadian Pacific Railway was built in the early 1880s, and the Canadian government divided up the land by the Dominion Land Survey and gave free land to any willing settlers.


The North-West Mounted Police set up several posts and forts across Saskatchewan, including Fort Walsh in the Cypress Hills, and Wood Mountain Post in south-central Saskatchewan near the United States border.

Many Métis people, who had not been signatories to a treaty, had moved to the Southbranch Settlement and Prince Albert district north of present-day Saskatoon following the Red River Rebellion in Manitoba in 1870. In the early 1880s, the Canadian government refused to hear the Métis' grievances, which stemmed from land-use issues. Finally, in 1885, the Métis, led by Louis Riel, staged the North-West Rebellion and declared a provisional government. They were defeated by a Canadian militia brought to the Canadian prairies by the new Canadian Pacific Railway. Riel, who surrendered and was convicted of treason in a packed Regina courtroom, was hanged on November 16, 1885. Since then, the government has recognized the Métis as an aboriginal people with status rights, and provided them with various benefits related to that status.

20th century

As more settlers came to the prairies on the railway, the population grew. On September 1, 1905, Saskatchewan became a province, with inauguration day held September 4. The Dominion Lands Act permitted settlers to acquire one quarter of a square mile of land to homestead and offered an additional quarter upon establishing a homestead. Immigration peaked in 1910, and in spite of the initial difficulties of frontier life – distance from towns, sod homes, and backbreaking labour – new settlers established a European-Canadian style of prosperous agrarian society.


In 1913, the Saskatchewan Stock Growers Association was established as Saskatchewan's first ranchers' organization. At its the founding convention in 1913, the members established three goals: to watch over legislation; to forward the interests of the stock growers in every honourable and legitimate way; and to suggest to parliament legislation to meet changing conditions and requirements. Its farming equivalent, the Saskatchewan Grain Growers Association, was the dominant political force in the province until the 1920s; it had close ties with the governing Liberal party.

In the late 1920s, the Ku Klux Klan, imported from the United States and Ontario, gained brief popularity in nativist circles in Saskatchewan and Alberta. The Klan, briefly allied with the provincial Conservative party because of their mutual dislike for Premier James G. "Jimmy" Gardiner and his Liberals (who ferociously fought the Klan), enjoyed about two years of prominence. It declined and disappeared, subject to widespread political and media opposition, plus internal scandals involving the use of the organization's funds.

In 1970, the first annual Canadian Western Agribition was held in Regina. This farm-industry trade show, with its strong emphasis on livestock, is rated as one of the five top livestock shows in North America, along with those in Houston, Denver, Louisville and Toronto.

The province celebrated the 75th anniversary of its establishment in 1980, with Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon, presiding over the official ceremonies. In 2005, 25 years later, her sister, Queen Elizabeth II, attended the events held to mark Saskatchewan's centennial.

Since the late 20th century, First Nations have become more politically active in seeking justice for past inequities, especially related to government taking of indigenous lands. The federal and provincial governments have negotiated on numerous land claims, and developed a program of "Treaty Land Entitlement", enabling First Nations to buy land to be taken into reserves with money from settlements of claims.

"In 1992, the federal and provincial governments signed an historic land claim agreement with Saskatchewan First Nations. Under the Agreement, the First Nations received money to buy land on the open market. As a result, about 761,000 acres have been turned into reserve land and many First Nations continue to invest their settlement dollars in urban areas", including Saskatoon. The money from such settlements has enabled First Nations to invest in businesses and other economic infrastructure.[1]

Resources


This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Saskatchewan. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.