Place:North Dakota, United States

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NameNorth Dakota
Alt namesNDsource: Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) p 1257
N Dak
N Dakota
No Dakota
No Dak
TypeState
Coordinates47°N 100°W
Located inUnited States     (1889 - )
Contained Places
County
Adams ( 1907 - )
Barnes ( 1873 - )
Benson ( 1883 - )
Billings ( 1879 - )
Bottineau ( 1873 - )
Bowman ( 1883 - )
Burke ( 1910 - )
Burleigh ( 1873 - )
Cass ( 1873 - )
Cavalier ( 1873 - )
Dickey ( 1881 - )
Divide ( 1910 - )
Dunn ( 1883 - )
Eddy ( 1885 - )
Emmons ( 1879 - )
Foster ( 1873 - )
Golden Valley ( 1912 - )
Grand Forks ( 1873 - )
Grant ( 1916 - )
Griggs ( 1881 - )
Hettinger ( 1883 - )
Kidder ( 1873 - )
La Moure ( 1873 - )
Logan ( 1873 - )
McHenry ( 1873 - )
McIntosh ( 1883 - )
McKenzie ( 1901 - )
McLean ( 1883 - )
Mercer ( 1875 - )
Morton ( 1873 - )
Mountrail ( 1873 - )
Nelson ( 1883 - )
Oliver ( 1885 - )
Pembina ( 1867 - )
Pierce ( 1887 - )
Ramsey ( 1873 - )
Ransom ( 1873 - )
Renville ( 1910 - )
Richland ( 1873 - )
Rolette ( 1873 - )
Sargent ( 1883 - )
Sheridan ( 1908 - )
Sioux ( 1914 - )
Slope ( 1914 - )
Stark ( 1879 - )
Steele ( 1883 - )
Stutsman ( 1873 - )
Towner ( 1883 - )
Traill ( 1875 - )
Walsh ( 1881 - )
Ward ( 1885 - )
Wells ( 1873 - )
Williams ( 1873 - )
Former county
Buford ( 1883 - )
Church
Flannery ( 1883 - )
Garfield
Howard ( 1873 - )
Stevens ( 1873 - )
Wallace ( 1883 - )
Wallette ( 1873 - )
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

North Dakota is the 39th state of the United States, having been admitted to the union on November 2, 1889. It is located in the Upper Midwestern region of the United States, bordered by the Canadian provinces of Saskatchewan and Manitoba to the north, the states of Minnesota to the east, South Dakota to the south, and Montana to the west. The state capitol is located in Bismarck and the largest city is Fargo. Currently, North Dakota is the 19th most extensive but the 3rd least populous and the 4th least densely populated of the 50 United States.

The primary public universities are located in Grand Forks and Fargo. The U.S. Air Force operates air bases near Minot and Grand Forks.

North Dakota has weathered the Great Recession with a boom in natural resources, particularly a boom in oil extraction from the Bakken formation, which lies beneath the western part of the state. The development has driven strong job and population growth, and low unemployment.

Contents

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Prior to European contact, Native Americans inhabited North Dakota for thousands of years. The first European to reach the area was the French-Canadian trader La Vérendrye, who led an exploration party to Mandan villages in 1738.

Dakota Territory was settled sparsely until the late 19th century, when the railroads entered the region and vigorously marketed the land. An omnibus bill for statehood for North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana, and Washington titled the Enabling Act of 1889 was passed on February 22, 1889 during the administration of Grover Cleveland, but it was left to his successor, Benjamin Harrison, to sign proclamations formally admitting North Dakota and South Dakota to the Union on November 2, 1889.

The rivalry between the two new states presented a dilemma of which was to be admitted first. Harrison directed Secretary of State James G. Blaine to shuffle the papers and obscure from him which he was signing first and the actual order went unrecorded, thus no one knows which of the Dakotas was admitted first. However, since North Dakota alphabetically appears before South Dakota, its proclamation was published first in the Statutes At Large. Since that day, it has become common to list the Dakotas alphabetically and thus North Dakota is usually listed as the 39th state.

Unrest among wheat farmers, especially among Norwegian immigrants, led to a radical political movement after World War I centered in the Non Partisan League ("NPL"). The NPL, which eventually merged into the Democratic Party, attempted to insulate North Dakota from the power of out-of-state banks and corporations. In addition to founding the state-owned Bank of North Dakota and North Dakota Mill and Elevator (both still in existence), the NPL established a state-owned railroad line (later sold to the Soo Line Railroad). Anti-corporate laws were passed that virtually prohibited a corporation or bank from owning title to land zoned as farmland. These laws, still in force today, after having been upheld by both state and federal courts, make it almost impossible to foreclose on farmland, as even after foreclosure, the property title cannot be held by a bank or mortgage company.

The original North Dakota State Capitol burned to the ground on December 28, 1930, and was replaced by a limestone faced art deco skyscraper that still stands today. A round of federal construction projects began in the 1950s, including the Garrison Dam and the Minot and Grand Forks Air Force bases. There was a boom in oil exploration in western North Dakota in the late 1970s and early 1980s, as rising petroleum prices made development profitable. This boom came to an end after petroleum prices declined.[1]

In recent years the state has had a strong economy, with unemployment lower than the national average and strong job and population growth.[2][3] Much of the growth has been based on development of the Bakken oil fields in the western part of the state.[4] Estimates as to the remaining amount of oil vary, with some estimating over 100 years worth of oil remaining in the area.

Timeline

YearEventSource
1870North Dakota's First censusSource:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1889North Dakota's becomes a stateSource:Wikipedia
1929Great Depression hit North Dakota hardSource:Wikipedia

Population History

source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
Census Year Population
1870 2,405
1880 36,909
1890 190,983
1900 319,146
1910 577,056
1920 646,872
1930 680,845
1940 641,935
1950 619,636
1960 632,446
1970 617,761
1980 652,717
1990 638,800

Note: North Dakota was admitted as a State on November 2, 1889 with essentially its present boundaries. It was formed from Dakota Territory, organized in 1861 (for Dakota's earlier history, see the State note for South Dakota). In 1850 census coverage of present-day North Dakota was limited to a few settlements in what was then Minnesota Territory. In 1860, some forts and settlements in the present State were enumerated in Nebraska Territory as well as in Dakota, which was not yet organized. No determination has been made to assign the 1860 Dakota total of 4,837 to what became the two separate States. Census coverage first included the whole State in 1890. The 1870 and 1880 populations consist of the totals of those counties of Dakota Territory located wholly or primarily in what is now North Dakota, plus (in 1870) an estimated portion of the Territory's unorganized part. The 1890 total includes the population (4,206) of the entire Standing Rock Indian Reservation, much of which was in South Dakota.. Totals for 1870 and 1880 are the totals of those counties of Dakota Territory located wholly or primarily in what is now North Dakota; in addition, the 1870 total includes an estimated share (1,192) of the population of the Territory's unorganized portion (2,091). Total for 1890 includes the population (8,264) of certain Indian reservations not reported by county; this includes the population (4,206) of the entire Standing Rock Indian Reservation, much of which was in South Dakota. The 1890 total also includes the population (511) of the Fort Yates and Standing Rock Indian agency other than reservation Indians, likewise not reported by county. Total for 1900 includes the population (2,208) of the portion of the Standing Rock Indian Reservation in North Dakota, not reported by county.

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