Place:France


NameFrance
Alt namesFranciasource: UN Terminology Bulletin (1993) p 52
Frankreichsource: Cassell's German Dictionary (1982) p 228
Frankrijksource: Engels Woordenboek (1987) II, 231
Françasource: Novo Dicionário Aurélio (1975) p 652
French Republicsource: Wikipedia
Galliasource: Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) p 209-211; Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 308; Times Atlas of World History (1993) p 343
Gaulsource: Times Atlas of World History (1993) p 343; Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) p 411-414
Gaulesource: Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) p 411-414
République Françaisesource: Britannica Book of the Year (1991) p 596; Britannica Book of the Year (1993) p 607
République françaisesource: Wikipedia
FRAsource: Abbreviation
Frankrigsource: Danish spelling
TypeNation
Coordinates46°N 2°E
Contained Places
Unknown
Bailli de Roncq
Serez sur Thimister
Stembert
Département
Ain
Aisne
Allier
Alpes-Maritimes
Ardennes
Ardèche
Ariège
Aube
Aude
Aveyron
Bas-Rhin
Basses-Alpes ( 1790 - )
Basses-Pyrénées
Bouches-du-Rhône
Calvados
Cantal
Charente
Charente-Maritime
Cher
Corrèze
Corse ( - 1975 )
Corse-du-Sud ( 1975 - )
Creuse
Côte-d'Or
Côtes-du-Nord
Deux-Sèvres
Dordogne
Doubs
Drôme
Essonne
Eure
Eure-et-Loir
Finistère ( 1790 - )
Gard
Gers
Gironde
Haut-Rhin ( 1790 - )
Haute-Corse ( 1975 - )
Haute-Garonne
Haute-Loire
Haute-Marne
Haute-Savoie
Haute-Saône
Haute-Vienne
Hautes-Alpes
Hautes-Pyrénées
Hauts-de-Seine ( 1968 - )
Hérault
Ille-et-Vilaine
Indre
Indre-et-Loire
Isère
Jura
Landes
Loir-et-Cher
Loire
Loire-Atlantique ( 1790 - )
Loiret
Lot
Lot-et-Garonne
Lozère
Maine-et-Loire
Manche
Marne
Mayenne
Meurthe-et-Moselle
Meuse
Morbihan
Moselle
Nièvre
Nord
Oise
Orne
Paris
Pas-de-Calais
Puy-de-Dôme
Pyrénées-Orientales
Rhône
Sarthe
Savoie
Saône-et-Loire
Seine-Maritime ( 1790 - )
Seine-Saint-Denis ( 1964 - )
Seine-et-Marne
Somme
Tarn
Tarn-et-Garonne
Territoire de Belfort
Val-d'Oise ( 1968 - )
Val-de-Marne ( 1968 - )
Var
Vaucluse
Vendée
Vienne
Vosges
Yonne
Yvelines
Former nation/state/empire
Boulonnais
Nemours
Saumurois
Valois
Former province
Agenais
Angoumois
Anjou
Artois
Aunis
Auxerrois
Barrois
Basse-Navarre
Berry
Bessin
Bourbonnais
Bresse
Béarn
Couserans
Franc-Lyonnais
Gascony
Gévaudan
Labourd
Lieuvin
Limousin (former province)
Lorraine (former province)
Lyonnais
Maine
Nébouzan
Orléanais
Pays d'Auge
Pays d'Ouche
Pays de Bray
Pays de Caux
Ponthieu
Périgord
Quatre-Vallées
Rouergue
Roumois
Saintonge
Soule
Touraine
Île-de-France (former province)
General region
Alsace-Lorraine
Argonne
Brenne
Cévennes
Dauphiné
Forez ( 1500 - 1600 )
Grand-Ouest
Guienne
Languedoc
Le midi
Marche
Morvan
Mâconnais
Perche
Poitou
Sénonais
Vallage
Velay
Vexin
Historical region
Albret
Bigorre
Brie
Comtat Venaissin
Flandre française
Francia
Gascogne
Normandie
Provence
Roussillon
Savoy
Septimania
Val de Loire
Région
Alsace
Aquitaine
Auvergne
Basse-Normandie
Bourgogne
Bretagne
Centre
Champagne
Corse (région) ( 1768 - )
Franche-Comté
Haute-Normandie
Languedoc-Roussillon
Limousin
Lorraine
Midi-Pyrénées
Nord-Pas-de-Calais
Pays-de-la-Loire
Picardie
Poitou-Charentes
Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Rhône-Alpes
Île-de-France
Unknown
Meuse-et-Loire
Richebourg-l'avoue
Village (former)
Bettenhoffen 67 Bas-Rhin
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

France (; French: ), officially the French Republic, is a unitary sovereign state comprising territory in western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. Metropolitan France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean; France covers and has a population of 66.6 million. It is a semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the nation's largest city and the main cultural and commercial center. The Constitution of France establishes the country as secular and democratic, with its sovereignty derived from the people.

During the Iron Age, what is now France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. The Gauls were conquered by the Roman Empire in 51 BC, which held Gaul until 486. The Gallo-Romans faced raids and migration from the Germanic Franks, who dominated the region for hundreds of years, eventually creating the medieval Kingdom of France. France has been a major power in Europe since the Late Middle Ages, with its victory in the Hundred Years' War (1337 to 1453) strengthening French state-building and paving the way for a future centralized absolute monarchy. During the Renaissance, France experienced a vast cultural development and established the first steps of a worldwide colonial empire. The 16th century was dominated by Religious Civil Wars between Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots).

Louis XIV made France the dominant cultural, political and military power in Europe, but by the late 18th century, the monarchy was overthrown in the French Revolution. One legacy of the revolution was the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, one of the world's earliest documents on human rights, which expresses the nation's ideals to this day. France was governed as one of history's earliest Republics until the Empire was declared by Napoleon, who dominated European affairs and had a long-lasting impact on Western culture. Following his defeat, France endured a tumultuous succession of governments: an absolute monarchy was restored, replaced in 1830 by a constitutional monarchy, then briefly by a Second Republic, and then by a Second Empire, until a more lasting French Third Republic was established in 1870.

France's colonial empire reached the height of global prominence during the 19th and early 20th centuries, when it possessed the second-largest colonial empire in the world. In World War I, France was one of the main winners as part of the Triple Entente powers fighting against Germany and the Central Powers. France was also one of the Allied Powers in World War II, but it was occupied by Nazi Germany in 1940. Following liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was established and later dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, came into being in 1958 and continues to operate today. In the era of decolonization, most of the French colonial empire became independent after the Second World War.

Throughout its long history, France has produced many influential artists, thinkers, and scientists, and remains a prominent global center of culture. It hosts the world's fourth-largest number of cultural UNESCO World Heritage Sites and receives around 83 million foreign tourists annually – the most of any country in the world. France remains a great power with significant cultural, economic, military, and political influence in Europe and around the world. It is a developed country with the world's fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP and eighth-largest by purchasing power parity. In terms of total household wealth, France is the wealthiest nation in Europe and fourth in the world. It also possesses the world's second largest exclusive economic zone (EEZ), covering .

French citizens enjoy a high standard of living, and the country performs well in international rankings of education, health care, life expectancy, civil liberties, and human development. France is a founding member of the United Nations, where it serves as one of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council. It is a member of numerous international institutions, including the Group of 7, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the World Trade Organization (WTO), and La Francophonie. France is a founding and leading member state of the EU.[1]

Contents

How places in France are organized

France was organized into provinces (labeled "former provinces") until 1790, when it was divided into 83 départements. The départments are now located in régions. The standard at WeRelate is to title French place pages according to the départment in which they were located in 1965, with also-located-in links to the former province and other départments in which they have been or are currently located. The year 1965 is chosen because it is the year used by the Family History Library Catalog.

All places in France

Further information on historical place organization in France

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This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at France. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.