Place:Germany

NameGermany
Alt namesHeiliges Römisches Reich Deutscher Nationsource: from redirect
Alemanhasource: Rand McNally Atlas (1994) p 319
Alemaniasource: UN Terminology Bulletin (1993) p 52
Allemagnesource: UN Terminology Bulletin (1993) p 52
BRDsource: Facts About Germany (1992) p 119
Bundesrepublik Deutschland
Deutsches Reichsource: Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984); Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) p 437 ff.
Deutschlandsource: Wikipedia
Duitslandsource: Engels Woordenboek (1987) I, 286
Federal Republic of Germanysource: Wikipedia
Germaniasource: Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) p 221; Times Atlas of World History (1993) p 344; Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) p 437
República Federal de Alemaniasource: UN Terminology Bulletin (1993) p 52
République fédérale d'Allemagnesource: UN Terminology Bulletin (1993) p 52
DEUsource: Abbreviation
TypeNation
Coordinates51.5°N 10.5°E
Also located inNorddeutscher Bund     (1866 - 1871)
Deutscher Bund     (1814 - 1866)
Contained Places
Duchy
Anhalt ( 1863 - 1918 )
Baden ( 1871 - 1918 )
Former state
Anhalt ( 1863 - 1918 )
Baden ( 1871 - 1918 )
Bayern ( 1871 - present )
Braunschweig ( 1871 - 1918 )
Bremen ( 1871 - present )
Elsaß-Lothringen ( 1871 - 1918 )
Hamburg ( 1871 - present )
Hessen ( 1871 - present )
Historical region
Schwaben ( abt. 800 - )
Inhabited place
Altenbrück
Dobrianychi ( 1941 - 1944 )
Modern state
Baden-Württemberg ( 1918 - )
Bayern ( 1871 - present )
Berlin ( 1170 - )
Brandenburg ( 1157 - )
Bremen ( 1871 - present )
Hamburg ( 1871 - present )
Hessen ( 1871 - present )
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern ( 1945 - )
Niedersachsen ( 1300 - )
Nordrhein-Westfalen ( 1946 - )
Rheinland-Pfalz ( 1946 - )
Saarland ( 1920 - )
Sachsen ( abt 800 - )
Sachsen-Anhalt ( 1947 - )
Schleswig-Holstein ( abt 800 - )
Thüringen ( 450 - )
State
Lippe ( 1123 - 1918 )
Lübeck ( 1226 - 1937 )
Mecklenburg-Schwerin ( 1621 - 1934 )
Mecklenburg-Strelitz ( 1701 - 2011 )
Oldenburg ( 1108 - )
Preußen ( 1525 - 1934 )
Reuß jüngere Linie ( 1122 - 1919 )
Reuß ältere Linie ( 1122 - 1919 )
Sachsen ( abt 800 - )
Sachsen-Altenburg ( 1603 - 1919 )
Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha ( 1826 - 1919 )
Sachsen-Meiningen ( 1681 - 1919 )
Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach ( 1809 - 1920 )
Schaumburg-Lippe ( 1647 - 1949 )
Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt ( 1599 - 1919 )
Schwarzburg-Sondershausen ( 1620 - 1919 )
Waldeck ( 1712 - 1974 )
Württemberg ( 1495 - 1945 )

Note: In keeping with the 1900-rule at WeRelate, places in Germany are organized as they were in 1900 when Germany was known as the German Empire.

Contents

The German Empire

In 1900, the German Empire comprised all of modern Germany, Alsace-Lorraine, some communes now in Belgium, some counties now in Denmark, about half of modern Poland, the Kaliningrad oblast of Russia, and a strip of Lithuania, plus overseas colonies in Africa and the South Pacific.

Image: Deutsches Reich 1871-1918.png

It was divided into 27 constituent states, the largest of which was Prussia. Prussia consisted of 14 subdivisions (12 official provinces, one unofficial province (Hohenzollern), and one independent state (Berlin)).

How Place pages in Germany are organized at WeRelate

Germany as a place has a complicated history.

  • From 1814-1866 it was the German Confederation (Deutscher Bund), a loose league of 39 sovereign states
  • From 1866-1871 it was the North German Confederation (Norddeutscher Bund)
  • From 1871-1918 it was the German Empire. This is the time period from which we specify the title of the place page. We call the 27 constituent states during that time "former states" with only the state of Prussia being further divided. We call those subdivisions "Historical provinces".
  • From 1919-1933 it was the Weimar Republic
  • From 1933-1945 it was the German Reich (aka Third Reich or Deutsches Reich)
  • From 1945-1949 it was ...
  • From 1949-1990 the remaining territory was split into
  • From 1990-now Germany has been reunited. It is presently divided into 16 federal states. We designate these states as "Modern states".

How to title Place pages in Germany

For locations in Prussia:

Town, Historical district (kreis), Historical province (provinz), Preußen, Germany
Ex. Place:Nitsche, Schrimm, Posen, Preußen, Germany

For locations not in Prussia:

Town, Historical district (kreis), Historical State (land), Germany
Ex. Place:Bakum, Oldenburg, Germany is the page for Kreis Bakum in Oldenburg

Note: For each Historical state, include "Also located in" links to the modern state when known.

Lists of all WeRelate places for Germany

Further information on historical place organization in Germany

Modern day Germany (from Wikipedia)

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a federal parliamentary republic in western-central Europe. It consists of 16 constituent states, which retain limited sovereignty, and covers an area of with a largely temperate seasonal climate. Its capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany is a major economic and political power and traditionally a leader in many cultural, theoretical and technical fields.

With 80.7 million inhabitants, Germany is the most populous member state in the European Union. After the United States, it is also the second most popular migration destination in the world. Germany has the world's fourth-largest economy by nominal GDP and the fifth-largest by PPP. As a global leader in several industrial and technological sectors, it is both the world's third-largest exporter and third-largest importer of goods. It is a developed country with a very high standard of living, featuring comprehensive social security that includes the world's oldest universal health care system. Known for its rich cultural and political history, Germany has been the home of many influential philosophers, artists, musicians, cineasts, entrepreneurs, scientists and inventors. Germany was a founding member of the European Communities in 1957, which became the European Union in 1993. It is part of the Schengen Area, and has been a member of the Eurozone since 1999. Germany is a member of the United Nations, NATO, the G8, the G20, the OECD and the Council of Europe.

Various Germanic tribes have occupied what is now northern Germany and southern Scandinavia since classical antiquity. A region named Germania was documented by the Romans before AD 100. During the Migration Period that coincided with the decline of the Roman Empire, the Germanic tribes expanded southward and established kingdoms throughout much of Europe. Beginning in the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire.[1] During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of the Protestant Reformation. The rise of Pan-Germanism inside the German Confederation, which had been occupied by France during the Napoleonic Wars, resulted in the unification of most of the German states in 1871 into the Prussian-dominated German Empire. As a result of the military defeat in World War I, and the German Revolution of 1918–1919, the Empire was replaced by the parliamentary Weimar Republic. The establishment of the Third Reich, or Nazi Regime, in 1933 eventually led to World War II and the Holocaust. In 1945, the remnants of the Nazi regime surrendered to the Allied Powers. Over the next few years, Germany lost more of its territory and was divided by the victors into Allied occupation zones, and evolved into two states, East Germany and West Germany. On 3 October 1990, the country was reunified, regaining full sovereignty about six months later.

History

See Wikipedia for the history of Germany.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Germany. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

Research Tips

Map

  • The Atlas des Deutschen Reichs, by Ludwig Ravenstein is relatively rare in libraries of the United States. Memorial Library at the University of Wisconsin-Madison selected the 1883 copy in our collection as one of our first digitization projects because of its usefulness for genealogists.

References

source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog
source: Family History Library Catalog