Place:Germany


NameGermany
Alt namesAlemanhasource: Rand McNally Atlas (1994) p 319
Alemaniasource: UN Terminology Bulletin (1993) p 52
Allemagnesource: UN Terminology Bulletin (1993) p 52
BRDsource: Facts About Germany (1992) p 119
Bundesrepublik Deutschland
Deutsches Reichsource: Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984); Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) p 437 ff.
Deutschlandsource: Wikipedia
Duitslandsource: Engels Woordenboek (1987) I, 286
Federal Republic of Germanysource: Wikipedia
Germaniasource: Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) p 221; Times Atlas of World History (1993) p 344; Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) p 437
República Federal de Alemaniasource: UN Terminology Bulletin (1993) p 52
République fédérale d'Allemagnesource: UN Terminology Bulletin (1993) p 52
DEUsource: Abbreviation
TypeNation
Coordinates51.5°N 10.5°E
Contained Places
Historical region
Schwaben ( abt. 800 - )
Inhabited place
Dobrianychi ( 1941 - 1944 )
Modern state
Baden-Württemberg ( 1918 - )
Bayern ( 555 - )
Berlin ( 1170 - )
Brandenburg ( 1157 - )
Bremen ( 780 - )
Hamburg ( 808 - )
Hessen ( 1263 - )
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern ( 1945 - )
Niedersachsen ( 1300 - )
Nordrhein-Westfalen ( 1946 - )
Rheinland-Pfalz ( 1946 - )
Saarland ( 1920 - )
Sachsen ( abt 800 - )
Sachsen-Anhalt ( 1947 - )
Schleswig-Holstein ( abt 800 - )
Thüringen ( 450 - )
State
Anhalt ( 1300 - 1945 )
Baden ( abt 1112 - 1952 )
Bayern ( 555 - )
Braunschweig ( 1031 - )
Bremen ( 780 - )
Elsaß-Lothringen ( 1871 - 1918 )
Hamburg ( 808 - )
Hessen ( 1263 - )
Lippe ( 1123 - 1918 )
Lübeck ( 1226 - 1937 )
Mecklenburg-Schwerin ( 1621 - 1934 )
Mecklenburg-Strelitz ( 1701 - 2011 )
Oldenburg ( 1108 - )
Preußen ( 1525 - 1934 )
Reuß jüngere Linie ( 1122 - 1919 )
Reuß ältere Linie ( 1122 - 1919 )
Sachsen ( abt 800 - )
Sachsen-Altenburg ( 1603 - 1919 )
Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha ( 1826 - 1919 )
Sachsen-Meiningen ( 1681 - 1919 )
Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach ( 1809 - 1920 )
Schaumburg-Lippe ( 1647 - 1949 )
Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt ( 1599 - 1919 )
Schwarzburg-Sondershausen ( 1620 - 1919 )
Waldeck ( 1712 - 1974 )
Württemberg ( 1495 - 1945 )
Territory
Elsaß-Lothringen ( 1871 - 1918 )

Image: Deutsches Reich 1871-1918.png

source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a federal parliamentary republic in western-central Europe. It consists of 16 constituent states, which retain limited sovereignty, and covers an area of with a largely temperate seasonal climate. Its capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany is a major economic and political power and traditionally a leader in many cultural, theoretical and technical fields.

With 80.7 million inhabitants, Germany is the most populous member state in the European Union. After the United States, it is also the second most popular migration destination in the world. Germany has the world's fourth-largest economy by nominal GDP and the fifth-largest by PPP. As a global leader in several industrial and technological sectors, it is both the world's third-largest exporter and third-largest importer of goods. It is a developed country with a very high standard of living, featuring comprehensive social security that includes the world's oldest universal health care system. Known for its rich cultural and political history, Germany has been the home of many influential philosophers, artists, musicians, cineasts, entrepreneurs, scientists and inventors. Germany was a founding member of the European Communities in 1957, which became the European Union in 1993. It is part of the Schengen Area, and has been a member of the Eurozone since 1999. Germany is a member of the United Nations, NATO, the G8, the G20, the OECD and the Council of Europe.

Various Germanic tribes have occupied what is now northern Germany and southern Scandinavia since classical antiquity. A region named Germania was documented by the Romans before AD 100. During the Migration Period that coincided with the decline of the Roman Empire, the Germanic tribes expanded southward and established kingdoms throughout much of Europe. Beginning in the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire.[1] During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of the Protestant Reformation. The rise of Pan-Germanism inside the German Confederation, which had been occupied by France during the Napoleonic Wars, resulted in the unification of most of the German states in 1871 into the Prussian-dominated German Empire. As a result of the military defeat in World War I, and the German Revolution of 1918–1919, the Empire was replaced by the parliamentary Weimar Republic. The establishment of the Third Reich, or Nazi Regime, in 1933 eventually led to World War II and the Holocaust. In 1945, the remnants of the Nazi regime surrendered to the Allied Powers. Over the next few years, Germany lost more of its territory and was divided by the victors into Allied occupation zones, and evolved into two states, East Germany and West Germany. On 3 October 1990, the country was reunified, regaining full sovereignty about six months later.

Contents

How places in Germany are organized

Germany was unified as a nation in 1871. From 1871-1918 it was known as the German Empire, with Preußen being (by far) its largest state. We call the subdivisions of Germany during this time "former states", with Preußen being further subdivided into provinces. Currently Germany is divided into 16 states. We call these states "modern states".

The Family History Library Catalog (FHLC) lists places in Germany according to their German Empire state with one exception: Thüringen is a modern state that was formed in 1919 from eight German Empire states, and some places are listed in the FHLC under Thuringen instead of being listed under their German Empire state.

How places in Germany should be titled

The goal at WeRelate is to title German places as they were around 1900:

Town, historical kreis, historical stadt, Germany
For locations in Preußen: town, historical kreis, historical province, Preußen, Germany
title German places according to their former (German Empire) state when it is known, with also-located-in links to the modern state when it is known.

All places in Germany

Further information on historical place organization in Germany

History

See Wikipedia for the history of Germany.


Research Tips

See Germany Research Guide.


Map

  • The Atlas des Deutschen Reichs, by Ludwig Ravenstein is relatively rare in libraries of the United States. Memorial Library at the University of Wisconsin-Madison selected the 1883 copy in our collection as one of our first digitization projects because of its usefulness for genealogists.
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Germany. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.