Baden-Württemberg is a state of Germany located in the southwest, east of the Upper Rhine. It is Germany’s third largest state in terms of size and population, with an area of and 10.7 million inhabitants. The state capital and largest city is Stuttgart, one of Germany’s most important cities.
In 100 CE, The Roman Empire invaded and occupied Württemberg, constructing a limes (fortified boundary zone) along its northern borders. In early 200 CE, Alemanni forced the Romans to retreat beyond the Rhine and Danube rivers. In 496 CE the Alemanni themselves succumbed a Frankish invasion led by Clovis I.
After World War II, Allied forces established three federal states in the territory of modern-day Baden-Württemberg: Württemberg-Hohenzollern, Baden and Württemberg-Baden. Baden and Württemberg-Baden were occupied by France and the United States respectively. In 1949, each state became founding members of the Federal Republic of Germany, with Article 118 of the German constitution providing an accession procedure. On 16 December 1951, Württemberg-Baden, Württemberg-Hohenzollern and Baden voted in favour a joint merger via referendum. Baden-Württemberg officially became a state of Germany on 25 April 1952.
Kreis & Administrative Units in Baden-Württemberg (current)