Place:Baden-Württemberg, Germany

NameBaden-Württemberg
Alt namesBaden-Württembergsource: Getty Vocabulary Program
Württemberg-Badensource: Times Atlas of World History (1993) p 360
Baden-Wurttemberg
Baden-Wuerttemberg
TypeModern state
Coordinates47.95°N 9.9°E
Located inGermany     (1918 - )
See alsoBaden, GermanyParent
Hohenzollern, Preußen, GermanyParent
Württemberg, GermanyParent
Contained Places
City district
Landkreis Heilbronn
District
Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald ( 1975 - )
Former village
Spessart ( 1972 - present )
Inhabited place
Illingen
Müllheim
Sichertshausen
Uberlingen
Municipality
Kämpfelbach ( 1974 - present )
Maienfels
Regierungsbezirk
Freiburg
Karlsruhe
Stuttgart
Tübingen
Region
Black Forest
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Baden-Württemberg is a state in southwest Germany, east of the Rhine, which forms the border with France. It is Germany’s third-largest state, with an area of and 11 million inhabitants. Baden-Württemberg is a parliamentary republic and partly sovereign, federated state which was formed in 1952 by a merger of the states of Württemberg-Baden, Baden and Württemberg-Hohenzollern. The largest city in Baden-Württemberg is the state capital of Stuttgart, followed by Karlsruhe and Mannheim. Other cities are Freiburg im Breisgau, Heidelberg, Heilbronn, Pforzheim, Reutlingen and Ulm.

The sobriquet Ländle ("small land" in the local Swabian and Alemannic German dialects) is sometimes used as a synonym for Baden-Württemberg.

Contents

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Baden-Württemberg is formed from the historical territories of Baden, Prussian Hohenzollern, and Württemberg, and also parts of Swabia.

In 100 AD, the Roman Empire invaded and occupied Württemberg, constructing a limes (fortified boundary zone) along its northern borders. Over the course of the third century AD, the Alemanni forced the Romans to retreat west beyond the Rhine and Danube rivers. In 496 AD the Alemanni were defeated by a Frankish invasion led by Clovis I.

The Holy Roman Empire was later established. The majority of people in this region continued to be Roman Catholics, even after the Protestant Reformation influenced populations in northern Germany. In the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries, numerous people emigrated from this mostly rural area to the United States for economic reasons.

20th century to present

After World War II, the Allies established three federal states in the territory of modern-day Baden-Württemberg: Württemberg-Hohenzollern, Baden, and Württemberg-Baden. Baden and Württemberg-Hohenzollern were occupied by France, while Württemberg-Baden was occupied by the United States. In 1949, each state became a founding member of the Federal Republic of Germany, with Article 118 of the German constitution providing an accession procedure. On 16 December 1951, Württemberg-Baden, Württemberg-Hohenzollern and Baden voted via referendum in favor of a joint merger.[1] Baden-Württemberg officially became a state in West Germany on 25 April 1952.[1]

Kreis & Administrative Units in Baden-Württemberg (current)

  • Freiburg im Brisgau
    • Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald
    • Emmendingen
    • Freiburg
    • Konstanz
    • Lorrach
    • Ortenaukreis
    • Rottweil
    • Schwarzwald-Baar-Kreis
    • Tuttlingen
    • Waldshut
  • Karlsruhe
    • Baden-Baden
    • Calw
    • Enzkreis
    • Freudenstadt
    • Heidelberg
    • Karlsruhe
    • Mannheim
    • Neckar-Odenwald-Kreis
    • Pforzheim
    • Rastatt
    • Rhein-Neckar-Kreis
  • Stuttgart
    • Boblingen
    • Esslingen
    • Goppingen
    • Heidenheim
    • Heilbronn
    • Hohenlohekreis
    • Ludwigsburg
    • Main-Tauber-Kreis
    • Ostalbkreis
    • Rems-Murr-Kreis
    • Schwabisch Hall
    • Stuttgart
  • Tubingen
    • Alb-Donau-Kreis
    • Biberach
    • Bodenseekreis
    • Ravensburg
    • Reutlingen
    • Sigmaringen
    • Tubingen
    • Ulm
    • Zollernalbkreis

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