Alt namesHeiliges Römisches Reich Deutscher Nationsource: from redirect
Alemanhasource: Rand McNally Atlas (1994) p 319
Alemaniasource: UN Terminology Bulletin (1993) p 52
Allemagnesource: UN Terminology Bulletin (1993) p 52
BRDsource: Facts About Germany (1992) p 119
Bundesrepublik Deutschland
Deutsches Reichsource: Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984); Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) p 437 ff.
Deutschlandsource: Wikipedia
Duitslandsource: Engels Woordenboek (1987) I, 286
Federal Republic of Germanysource: Wikipedia
Germaniasource: Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) p 221; Times Atlas of World History (1993) p 344; Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) p 437
República Federal de Alemaniasource: UN Terminology Bulletin (1993) p 52
République fédérale d'Allemagnesource: UN Terminology Bulletin (1993) p 52
DEUsource: Abbreviation
Coordinates51.5°N 10.5°E
Also located inNorddeutscher Bund     (1866 - 1871)
Deutscher Bund     (1814 - 1866)
Contained Places
Anhalt ( 1863 - 1918 )
Baden ( 1871 - 1918 )
Former state
Anhalt ( 1863 - 1918 )
Baden ( 1871 - 1918 )
Bayern ( 1871 - present )
Braunschweig ( 1871 - 1918 )
Bremen ( 1871 - present )
Elsaß-Lothringen ( 1871 - 1918 )
Hamburg ( 1871 - present )
Hessen ( 1871 - present )
Historical region
Schwaben ( abt. 800 - )
Inhabited place
Dobrianychi ( 1941 - 1944 )
Modern state
Baden-Württemberg ( 1918 - )
Bayern ( 1871 - present )
Berlin ( 1170 - )
Brandenburg ( 1157 - )
Bremen ( 1871 - present )
Hamburg ( 1871 - present )
Hessen ( 1871 - present )
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern ( 1945 - )
Niedersachsen ( 1300 - )
Nordrhein-Westfalen ( 1946 - )
Rheinland-Pfalz ( 1946 - )
Saarland ( 1920 - )
Sachsen ( abt 800 - )
Sachsen-Anhalt ( 1947 - )
Schleswig-Holstein ( abt 800 - )
Thüringen ( 450 - )
Lippe ( 1123 - 1918 )
Lübeck ( 1226 - 1937 )
Mecklenburg-Schwerin ( 1621 - 1934 )
Mecklenburg-Strelitz ( 1701 - 2011 )
Oldenburg ( 1108 - )
Preußen ( 1525 - 1934 )
Reuß jüngere Linie ( 1122 - 1919 )
Reuß ältere Linie ( 1122 - 1919 )
Sachsen ( abt 800 - )
Sachsen-Altenburg ( 1603 - 1919 )
Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha ( 1826 - 1919 )
Sachsen-Meiningen ( 1681 - 1919 )
Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach ( 1809 - 1920 )
Schaumburg-Lippe ( 1647 - 1949 )
Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt ( 1599 - 1919 )
Schwarzburg-Sondershausen ( 1620 - 1919 )
Waldeck ( 1712 - 1974 )
Württemberg ( 1495 - 1945 )

Note: In keeping with the 1900-rule at WeRelate, places in Germany are organized as they were in 1900 when Germany was known as the German Empire.


The German Empire

In 1900, the German Empire comprised all of modern Germany, Alsace-Lorraine, some communes now in Belgium, some counties now in Denmark, about half of modern Poland, the Kaliningrad oblast of Russia, and a strip of Lithuania, plus overseas colonies in Africa and the South Pacific.

Image: Deutsches Reich 1871-1918.png

It was divided into 27 constituent states, the largest of which was Prussia. Prussia consisted of 14 subdivisions (12 official provinces, one unofficial province (Hohenzollern), and one independent state (Berlin)).

How Place pages in Germany are organized at WeRelate

Germany as a place has a complicated history.

  • From 1814-1866 it was the German Confederation (Deutscher Bund), a loose league of 39 sovereign states
  • From 1866-1871 it was the North German Confederation (Norddeutscher Bund)
  • From 1871-1918 it was the German Empire. This is the time period from which we specify the title of the place page. We call the 27 constituent states during that time "former states" with only the state of Prussia being further divided. We call those subdivisions "Historical provinces".
  • From 1919-1933 it was the Weimar Republic
  • From 1933-1945 it was the German Reich (aka Third Reich or Deutsches Reich)
  • From 1945-1949 it was ...
  • From 1949-1990 the remaining territory was split into
  • From 1990-now Germany has been reunited. It is presently divided into 16 federal states. We designate these states as "Modern states".

How to title Place pages in Germany

For locations in Prussia:

Town, Historical district (kreis), Historical province (provinz), Preußen, Germany
Ex. Place:Nitsche, Schrimm, Posen, Preußen, Germany

For locations not in Prussia:

Town, Historical district (kreis), Historical State (land), Germany
Ex. Place:Bakum, Oldenburg, Germany is the page for Kreis Bakum in Oldenburg

Note: For each Historical state, include "Also located in" links to the modern state when known.

Lists of all WeRelate places for Germany

Further information on historical place organization in Germany

Modern day Germany (from Wikipedia)

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north, and the Alps to the south. It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.

Germany includes 16 constituent states, covers an area of ,[1] and has a largely temperate seasonal climate. With 83 million inhabitants, it is the second most populous state of Europe after Russia, the most populous state lying entirely in Europe, as well as the most populous member state of the European Union. Germany is a very decentralized country. Its capital and largest metropolis is Berlin, while Frankfurt serves as its financial capital and has the country's busiest airport. Germany's largest urban area is the Ruhr, with its main centres of Dortmund and Essen. The country's other major cities are Hamburg, Munich, Cologne, Stuttgart, Düsseldorf, Leipzig, Dresden, Bremen, Hannover, and Nuremberg.

Various Germanic tribes have inhabited the northern parts of modern Germany since classical antiquity. A region named Germania was documented before 100 AD. During the Migration Period, the Germanic tribes expanded southward. Beginning in the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire.[2] During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of the Protestant Reformation. After the collapse of the Holy Roman Empire, the German Confederation was formed in 1815. The German revolutions of 1848–49 resulted in the Frankfurt Parliament establishing major democratic rights.

In 1871, Germany became a nation state when most of the German states (most notably excluding Switzerland and Austria) unified into the Prussian-dominated German Empire. After World War I and the revolution of 1918–19, the Empire was replaced by the parliamentary Weimar Republic. The Nazi seizure of power in 1933 led to the establishment of a dictatorship, the annexation of Austria, World War II, and the Holocaust. After the end of World War II in Europe and a period of Allied occupation, Austria was re-established as an independent country and two new German states were founded: West Germany, formed from the American, British, and French occupation zones, and East Germany, formed from the Soviet occupation zone. Following the Revolutions of 1989 that ended communist rule in Central and Eastern Europe, the country was reunified on 3 October 1990.

Today, the sovereign state of Germany is a federal parliamentary republic led by a chancellor. It is a great power with a strong economy; it has the world's fourth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and the fifth-largest by PPP. As a global leader in several industrial and technological sectors, it is both the world's third-largest exporter and importer of goods. As a developed country with a very high standard of living, it upholds a social security and universal health care system, environmental protection, and a tuition-free university education.

The Federal Republic of Germany was a founding member of the European Economic Community in 1957 and the European Union in 1993. It is part of the Schengen Area and became a co-founder of the Eurozone in 1999. Germany is a member of the United Nations, NATO, the G7, the G20, and the OECD. Known for its rich cultural history, Germany has been continuously the home of influential and successful artists, philosophers, musicians, film people, sportspeople, entrepreneurs, scientists, engineers, and inventors. Germany has a large number of World Heritage sites and is among the top tourism destinations in the world.


See Wikipedia for the history of Germany.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Germany. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

Research Tips


  • The Atlas des Deutschen Reichs, by Ludwig Ravenstein is relatively rare in libraries of the United States. Memorial Library at the University of Wisconsin-Madison selected the 1883 copy in our collection as one of our first digitization projects because of its usefulness for genealogists.


source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog
source: Family History Library Catalog