Place:Sachsen-Anhalt, Germany

Alt namesSaxony-Anhalt
Sachsen-Anhaltsource: Wikipedia
TypeModern state
Coordinates51.833°N 11.833°E
Located inGermany     ( 1947 - )
Also located inEast Germany     (1945 - 1990)
See alsoAnhalt, GermanyParent
Sachsen, Preußen, GermanyParent
Contained Places
Altmarkkreis Salzwedel ( 2004 - )
Anhalt-Bitterfeld ( 2007 - )
Burgenlandkreis ( 2004 - )
Börde ( 2007 - )
Harz ( 2007 - )
Jerichower Land ( 2004 - )
Mansfeld-Südharz ( 2007 - )
Saalekreis ( 2007 - )
Salzlandkreis ( 2007 - )
Stendal ( 2004 - )
Wittenberg ( 2004 - )
Former district
Anhalt-Zerbst ( 2004 - 2007 )
Aschersleben-Staßfurt ( 2004 - 2007 )
Bernburg ( 2004 - 2007 )
Bitterfeld ( 2004 - 2007 )
Bördekreis ( 2004 - 2007 )
Cöthen ( 2004 - 2007 )
Halberstadt ( 2004 - 2007 )
Mansfelder Land ( 2004 - 2007 )
Merseburg-Querfurt ( 2004 - 2007 )
Ohrekreis ( 2004 - 2007 )
Quedlinburg ( 2004 - 2007 )
Saalkreis ( 2004 - 2007 )
Sangerhausen ( 2004 - 2007 )
Schönebeck ( 2004 - 2007 )
Weißenfels ( 2004 - 2007 )
Wernigerode ( 2004 - 2007 )
Former regierungsbezirk
Dessau ( 1990 - 2003 )
Halle ( 1990 - 2003 )
Magdeburg ( 1990 - 2003 )
Independent city
Dessau-Roßlau ( 2007 - )
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Saxony-Anhalt is a state of Germany, bordering the states of Brandenburg, Saxony, Thuringia and Lower Saxony. It covers an area of and has a population of 2.19 million inhabitants, making it the 8th-largest state in Germany by area and the 11th-largest by population. Its capital is Magdeburg and its largest city is Halle (Saale).

The state of Saxony-Anhalt was formed in July 1945 after World War II, when the Soviet army administration in Allied-occupied Germany formed it from the former Prussian Province of Saxony and the Free State of Anhalt. Saxony-Anhalt became part of the German Democratic Republic in 1949, but was dissolved in 1952 during administrative reforms and its territory divided into the districts of Halle and Magdeburg, with the city of Torgau joining the district of Leipzig. Following German reunification the state of Saxony-Anhalt was re-established in 1990 and became one of the new states of the Federal Republic of Germany.

Saxony-Anhalt is renowned for its rich cultural heritage and possesses the highest concentration of UNESCO World Heritage sites in Germany.


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Saxony-Anhalt is a federal state with a relatively short history, if compared to other German federal states. It was formed in 1945 out of former Prussian territories and mainly consists of three distinct historical regions: the area around Magdeburg, the formerly independent Anhalt and a southern part which once was part of Saxony but had been annexed by Prussia in the 19th century. This historical origin can still be seen in the coat of arms of the federal state.

In April 1945 the US Army took control of most of the western and northern area of the future Saxony-Anhalt. The U.S. Group Control Council, Germany (a precursor of the OMGUS) appointed the first non-Nazi officials in leading positions in the area. Erhard Hübener, put on leave by the Nazis, was reappointed Landeshauptmann (state governor). By early July the US Army withdrew from the former Prussian Province of Saxony to make way for the Red Army to take it as part of the Soviet occupation zone, as agreed by the London Protocol in 1944.

On 9 July the Soviet SVAG ordered the merger of the Free State of Anhalt, Halle-Merseburg, the governorate of Magdeburg (in its then borders), Allstedt (before Thuringia) and some Brunswickian eastern exclaves and salients (Calvörde and the eastern part of the former Blankenburg district) with the Province of Saxony. The previously Saxon Erfurt governorate had become a part of Thuringia.

Anhalt takes its name from Anhalt Castle near Harzgerode; the origin of the name of the castle remains unknown. Anhalt was once an independent German federal state dating back for centuries.

The SVAG appointed Hübener as president of the provincial Saxon administration, a newly created function. The administration was seated in Halle an der Saale, which became the capital, also of later Saxony-Anhalt until 1952. On 3 September 1945 the new administration enacted by Soviet-inspired ordinance the mass expropriations, mostly hitting holders of large real estates, often of noble descent.

On the occasion of the first (and one and only) election in the Soviet zone, allowing parties truly to compete for seats in provincial and state parliaments, on 20 October 1946, the Province of Saxony was renamed as the Province of Saxony-Anhalt, taking the prior merger into account.[1] On 3 December 1946 the members of the new provincial parliament elected Hübener the first minister-president of Saxony-Anhalt with the votes of CDU and Liberal Democratic Party of Germany (LDPD). Thus he became the only governor in the Soviet zone, who was not a member of the communist Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED). He was an inconvenient governor for the Soviet rulers.

After the official Allied decision to dissolve the Free State of Prussia, which had remained in limbo since the Prussian coup of 1932, its former provinces, in as far as they still existed, achieved statehood, thus the province emerged into the State of Saxony-Anhalt on 6 October 1947.[1] It became part of the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) in 1949. From 1952 on the East German states were dissolved, and Saxony-Anhalt's territory was divided into the East German districts of Halle and Magdeburg, except that the territory around Torgau was assigned to Leipzig. In 1990, in the course of German reunification, the districts were reintegrated as a state. But, territory around Torgau did not return to the state and joined Saxony. Now, Torgau is the centre of Nordsachsen district (since 2008).

In 2015 the skeletal remains of an ancient inhabitant of Karsdorf dated from the Early Neolithic (7200 BP) were analysed; he turned out to belong to the paternal T1a-M70 lineage and maternal lineage H1.

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