Alt namesCHEsource: International Genealogic Abbreviation
Confederazione Elveticasource: Encyclopædia Britannica (1988) XI, 449 ff.
Confederazione Svizzerasource: Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Confederaziun Helveticasource: Encyclopædia Britannica (1988) XI, 449 ff.
Confoederatio Helveticasource: Wikipedia
Confédération Helvétiquesource: BHA, Authority file (2003-)
Confédération Suissesource: Britannica Book of the Year (1993) p 723; Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984); Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) p 1173
Helvetiasource: Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) p 625-627
Helvetic Confederationsource: BHA, Authority file (2003-)
Helvetic Republicsource: Times Atlas of World History (1993) p 345
La Suissesource: Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) p 625-627
Rhaetiasource: Times Atlas of World History (1993) p 354
Schweizsource: Getty Vocabulary Program
Schweizerishe Eidgenossenschaftsource: Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Suissesource: UN Terminology Bulletin (1993) p 82; Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Suizasource: UN Terminology Bulletin (1993) p 82
Suíçasource: Rand McNally Atlas (1994) p 320
Svizzerasource: Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Svizzrasource: Encyclopædia Britannica (1988) XI, 449 ff.
Swiss Confederationsource: Wikipedia
Zwitserlandsource: Engels Woordenboek (1987) II, 1003
Coordinates47°N 8°E
Contained Places
Aargau ( 1803 - )
Appenzell Ausserrhoden ( 1513 - )
Appenzell Innerrhoden ( 1513 - )
Basel-Landschaft ( 1833 - )
Basel-Stadt ( 1833 - )
Bern ( 1353 - )
Fribourg ( 1481 - )
Genève ( 1815 - )
Glarus ( 1352 - )
Graubünden ( 1803 - )
Jura ( 1979 - )
Luzern ( 1332 - )
Neuchâtel ( 1815 - )
Nidwalden ( 1291 - )
Obwalden ( 1291 - )
Sankt Gallen ( 1803 - )
Schaffhausen ( 1501 - )
Schwyz ( 1291 - )
Solothurn ( 1481 - )
Thurgau ( 1803 - )
Ticino ( 1803 - )
Uri ( 1291 - )
Valais ( 1815 - )
Vaud ( 1803 - )
Zug ( 1352 - )
Zürich ( 1351 - )
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a country situated in western, central and southern Europe. It consists of 26 cantons, and the city of Bern is the seat of the federal authorities.[1] The sovereign state is a federal republic bordered by Italy to the south, France to the west, Germany to the north, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east. Switzerland is a landlocked country geographically divided between the Alps, the Swiss Plateau and the Jura, spanning a total area of (land area ). While the Alps occupy the greater part of the territory, the Swiss population of approximately 8.5 million people is concentrated mostly on the plateau, where the largest cities are to be found: among them are the two global cities and economic centres Zürich and Geneva.

The establishment of the Old Swiss Confederacy dates to the late medieval period, resulting from a series of military successes against Austria and Burgundy. Swiss independence from the Holy Roman Empire was formally recognized in the Peace of Westphalia in 1648. The country has a history of armed neutrality going back to the Reformation; it has not been in a state of war internationally since 1815 and did not join the United Nations until 2002. Nevertheless, it pursues an active foreign policy and is frequently involved in peace-building processes around the world. In addition to being the birthplace of the Red Cross, Switzerland is home to numerous international organisations, including the second largest UN office. On the European level, it is a founding member of the European Free Trade Association, but notably not part of the European Union, the European Economic Area or the Eurozone. However, it participates in the Schengen Area and the European Single Market through bilateral treaties.

Spanning the intersection of Germanic and Romance Europe, Switzerland comprises four main linguistic and cultural regions: German, French, Italian and Romansh. Although the majority of the population are German-speaking, Swiss national identity is rooted in a common historical background, shared values such as federalism and direct democracy, and Alpine symbolism. Due to its linguistic diversity, Switzerland is known by a variety of native names: Schweiz (German); Suisse (French); Svizzera (Italian); and Svizra or (Romansh). On coins and stamps, the Latin name – frequently shortened to "Helvetia" – is used instead of the four national languages.

Switzerland is one of the most developed countries in the world, with the highest nominal wealth per adult and the eighth-highest per capita gross domestic product according to the IMF. Switzerland ranks at or near the top globally in several metrics of national performance, including government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic competitiveness and human development. Zürich, Geneva and Basel have all three been ranked among the top ten cities in the world in terms of quality of life, with the first ranked second globally, according to Mercer in 2018.


How places in Switzerland are organized

All places in Switzerland

Further information on historical place organization in Switzerland

Research Tips

Two useful websites for those searching for Swiss kin. Each takes a little getting used to, but it's worth the trouble:

Swiss Genealogy on the Internet

Swiss maps

--Hh219 07:14, 15 April 2007 (MDT)

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