Place:Genève, Switzerland

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NameGenève
Alt namesCanton of Geneva
Genevasource: Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
Geneva cantonsource: Getty Vocabulary Program
Genfsource: Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) p 222
Genèvesource: Family History Library Catalog
Genèvesource: Getty Vocabulary Program
Ginevrasource: Family History Library Catalog
TypeCanton
Coordinates46.25°N 6.167°E
Located inSwitzerland     (1815 - )
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

The Republic and Canton of Geneva is the French-speaking westernmost canton or state of Switzerland, surrounded on almost all sides by France (Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes). As is the case in several other Swiss cantons (canton of Ticino, canton of Neuchâtel, and canton of Jura), this canton is referred to as a republic within the Swiss Confederation.

The canton of Geneva is located in the southwestern corner of Switzerland and is considered one of the most cosmopolitan areas of the country. As a center of the Calvinist Reformation, the city of Geneva has had a great influence on the canton, which essentially consists of the city and its hinterlands.

Contents

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Allobroges (until 121 BC)

Geneva was controlled by the Allobroges tribe until 121 BC.

Roman Empire (121 BC – 443 AD)

It was annexed to the Roman Empire in 121 BC and remained part of it until 443.

Burgundians (443–532)

In 443, Burgundians took over Geneva.

Francia (532–888)

In 532, the land controlled by Burgundians became part of the Frankish Empire.

Kingdom of Burgundy (888–1032)

Geneva became a part of the Kingdom of Burgundy in 888.

Holy Roman Empire (1032–1648)

Geneva became a part of the Holy Roman Empire in 1032 and officially remained in it until the Peace of Westphalia.

Prince-Bishopric of Geneva, political struggles and the Grand Council (1154–1541)

The Prince-Bishopric of Geneva was a Prince-Bishopric of the Holy Roman Empire from 1154, but from 1290, secular authority over the citizens was divided from the bishop's authority, at first only lower jurisdiction, the office of vidame given to François de Candie in 1314, but from 1387 the bishops granted the citizens of Geneva full communal self-government.

As from 1416, the Dukes of Savoy attempted to annex the city, both by claiming secular authority and by installing members of the Savoy dynasty as bishops, the city sought assistance in allying itself with the Old Swiss Confederacy.

Republic of Geneva (1541–1798, 1813–1815)

The Republic of Geneva was proclaimed in 1541, under John Calvin, and given a constitution (Édits civils) in 1543. The Republic of Geneva reinforced its alliance to the Protestant cantons of the Swiss Confederacy, becoming an "everlasting ally" in 1584.

The French Revolution reached Geneva in 1792, and in February 1794, the Republic gave itself a new, revolutionary constitution which proclaimed the equality of all citizens. After the death of Robespierre in July of the same year, there was a counter-revolution, which gained the upper hand by 1796.

French Revolution and Napoleonic Wars (1798–1813)

Robespierre's death prompted the French invasion of 1798, and the annexation of Geneva which became the capital of the French département du Léman.

The Napoleonic army left Geneva on December 30, 1813, and on the next day the return of the Republic (Restauration de la République) was proclaimed.

Canton and Republic of Geneva (1815–present)

Geneva finally joined the Swiss Confederation in 1815 as the 22nd canton, having been enlarged by French and Savoyard territories at the Congress of Vienna (see Restoration and Regeneration).

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