Person:Henry II of France (1)

Henri II _____, roi de France
b.31 Mar 1519
d.10 Jul 1559 Paris, Paris, France
m. 28 Oct 1533
  1. François II de France1544 - 1560
  2. Élisabeth de France1545 - 1568
  3. Claude de France1547 - 1575
  4. Louis de France1549 - 1550
  5. Charles IX de France1550 - 1574
  6. Henri III de France1551 - 1589
  7. Marguerite de Valois1553 - 1615
  8. François de France, duc d'Alençon1555 - 1584
  9. Victoire de France1556 - 1556
  10. Jeanne de France1556 - 1556
  • HHenri II _____, roi de France1519 - 1559
  • WFilippa Duci1520 - Bef 1586
  1. Diane de France1538 - 1619
  1. Henry de Valois1535 - 1590
  1. Henri de Saint-Rémi
Facts and Events
Name Henri II _____, roi de France
Gender Male
Alt Birth[3] 31 Mar 1518 Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Yvelines, France
Birth[1] 31 Mar 1519 House of Valois-Anjou
Marriage 28 Oct 1533 Marseille, Marseille, Bouches-du-Rhône, FranceMarseille Cathedral
to Catherine de' Medici
Marriage Cohabitation?
to Filippa Duci
Marriage Cohabitation?
to Lady Janet Stewart
Marriage Cohabitation?
to Diane de Poitiers
Marriage Cohabitation?
to Nicole de Savigny
Death[1][3] 10 Jul 1559 Paris, Paris, FranceHôtel des Tournelles
Reference Number? Q132545?

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Henry II (; 31 March 1519 – 10 July 1559) was King of France from 31 March 1547 until his death in 1559. The second son of Francis I and Duchess Claude of Brittany, he became Dauphin of France upon the death of his elder brother Francis in 1536.

As a child, Henry and his elder brother spent over four years in captivity in Spain as hostages in exchange for their father. Henry pursued his father's policies in matters of art, war, and religion. He persevered in the Italian Wars against the Habsburgs and tried to suppress the Protestant Reformation, even as the Huguenot numbers were increasing drastically in France during his reign.

Under the April 1559 Peace of Cateau-Cambrésis which ended the Italian Wars, France renounced its claims in Italy, but gained certain other territories, including the Pale of Calais and the Three Bishoprics. These acquisitions strengthened French borders while the abdication of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor in January 1556 and division of his empire between Spain and Austria provided them with greater flexibility in foreign policy.

In July 1559, Henry was injured in a jousting tournament held to celebrate the treaty and died ten days later after his surgeon, Ambroise Paré, was unable to cure the wound inflicted by Gabriel de Montgomery, the captain of his Scottish Guard. Though he died early, the succession appeared secure as he left four young sons, as well as a wife in Catherine de' Medici, to lead a capable regency during their minority. Three of those sons would all live long enough to be king themselves, but their ineffectual reigns, and the unpopularity of Catherine's regency, helped to spark the French Wars of Religion between Protestants and Catholics, and an eventual end to the House of Valois as France's ruling dynasty.

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  1. 1.0 1.1 Henry II of France, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  2.   Henri II, Roi de France, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe
    [ 1:133-.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Anselme (de Sainte-Marie). Histoire généalogique de la maison royale de France, des pairs et grands officiers de la Couronne. (Paris: la Compagnie des Libraires, 1726-1733)