Place:Austria


NameAustria
Alt namesAsturiasource: Orbis Latinus (1971) p 36
Austersource: Orbis Latinus (1971) p 36
Austrasiasource: Orbis Latinus (1971) p 36
Austrasiacussource: Orbis Latinus (1971) p 36
Austrasiisource: Orbis Latinus (1971) p 36
Autrichesource: Cassell's French Dictionary (1981) p 65
Haustriasource: Orbis Latinus (1971) p 36
Luitbaldi marchionis marchiasource: Orbis Latinus (1971) p 36
Marchia orientalissource: Orbis Latinus (1971) p 36
Oesterreichsource: CIA, World Fact Book (1995)
Oostenrijksource: Engels Woordenboek (1987) II, 559
Orienssource: Orbis Latinus (1971) p 36
Orientale regnumsource: Orbis Latinus (1971) p 36
Orientalis pagussource: Orbis Latinus (1971) p 36
Osterichasource: Orbis Latinus (1971) p 36
Ostrogothiasource: Orbis Latinus (1971) p 36
Republic of Austriasource: Wikipedia
Republik Österreichsource: Britannica Book of the Year (1991) p 548
Österreichsource: Getty Vocabulary Program
TypeNation
Coordinates47.333°N 13.333°E
Contained Places
Former county
Alsó-Fehér ( 1750 - 1867 )
Former nation/state/empire
Deutscher Bund
Former province
Banat ( 1849 - 1960 )
Bosnien-Herzegovina ( - 1918 )
Bukowina ( 1774 - 1918 )
Böhmen ( 1650 - 1918 )
Dalmatien ( 1815 - 1918 )
Galizien ( 1772 - 1918 )
Krain ( 1849 - 1918 )
Kroatien ( - 1918 )
Kärnten
Küstenland ( 1813 - 1918 )
Lombardie ( - 1866 )
Moravia ( 1867 - 1918 )
Niederösterreich
Oberösterreich
Salzburg
Schlesien ( - 1918 )
Schlesien ( 1526 - 1740 )
Siebenbürgen ( 1750 - 1867 )
Slavonien ( - 1918 )
Steiermark ( 1918 - )
Tirol
Venedig ( - 1918 )
Vorarlberg
Former region
Erdély ( 1750 - 1867 )
Gemeinde
Oberalm
Historical region
Moravia ( 1867 - 1918 )
Inhabited place
Dobrianychi ( 1772 - 1918 )
Velike Brusnice
Region
Innerösterreich
Transilvania ( 1750 - 1867 )
State
Burgenland
Kärnten
Niederösterreich
Oberösterreich
Salzburg
Steiermark ( 1918 - )
Tirol
Vorarlberg
Wien
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Austria, officially the Republic of Austria, is a country in Central Europe comprising 9 federated states. Its capital, largest city and one of nine states is Vienna. Austria has an area of , a population of nearly 9 million people and a nominal GDP of $477 billion. It is bordered by the Czech Republic and Germany to the north, Hungary and Slovakia to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. The terrain is highly mountainous, lying within the Alps; only 32% of the country is below , and its highest point is . The majority of the population speaks local Bavarian dialects as their native language, and German in its standard form is the country's official language. Other regional languages are Hungarian, Burgenland Croatian, and Slovene.[1]

Austria played a central role in European History from the late 18th to the early 20th century. It initially emerged as a margraviate around 976 and developed into a duchy and later archduchy. In the 16th century, Austria started serving as the heart of the Habsburg Monarchy and the junior branch of the House of Habsburg – one of the most influential royal houses in history. As archduchy, it was a major component and administrative centre of the Holy Roman Empire. Following the Holy Roman Empire's dissolution, Austria founded its own empire in the 19th century, which became a great power and the leading force of the German Confederation. Subsequent to the Austro-Prussian War and the establishment of a union with Hungary, the Austro-Hungarian Empire was created. Austria was involved in both world wars; it started the first one under Emperor Franz Joseph and served as the birthplace of Adolf Hitler, who provoked the second one.

Austria is a parliamentary representative democracy with a President as head of state and a Chancellor as head of government. Major urban areas of Austria include Graz, Linz, Salzburg and Innsbruck. Austria is consistently ranked as one of the richest countries in the world by per capita GDP terms. The country has developed a high standard of living and in 2018 was ranked 20th in the world for its Human Development Index. The republic declared its perpetual neutrality in foreign political affairs in 1955. Austria has been a member of the United Nations since 1955 and joined the European Union in 1995.[1] It harbours the OSCE and OPEC and is a founding member of the OECD and Interpol. Austria also signed the Schengen Agreement in 1995, and adopted the euro currency in 1999.

Contents

How places in Austria are organized

Prior to World War I, Austria-Hungary was comprised of a group of lands that are labeled "former provinces". Since WWI Austria has been divided into nine states. The standard at WeRelate is to title Austrian place pages according to their former province when the former province is known, with also-located-in links to the modern state when it is known.

All places in Austria

Further information on historical place organization in Austria

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This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Austria. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.