Alt namesGrand Duchy of Luxembourgsource: Wikipedia
Grand-Duché de Luxembourgsource: Britannica Book of the Year (1991) p 645
Gross-Herzogtum Luxemburgsource: Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) p 377-378
Grossherzogtum Luxemburgsource: Britannica Book of the Year (1993) p 656; Encyclopædia Britannica (1988) VII, 576 ff.
Grousherzogdem Lëtzebuergsource: Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) p 376-377
Letzeburgsource: BHA, Authority file (2003-)
Luxembourgeoissource: Oxford English Dictionary [online] accessed 20 January 2004
Luxemburgsource: Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Luxemburgosource: Cassell's Spanish Dictionary (1978) p 865
Lützelburgsource: Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 539
Coordinates49.75°N 6.167°E
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Luxembourg, officially the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, is a landlocked country in Western Europe. It is bordered by Belgium to the west and north, Germany to the east, and France to the south. Its capital and largest city, Luxembourg, is one of the four official capitals of the European Union (together with Brussels, Frankfurt, and Strasbourg) and the seat of several EU agencies, notably the Court of Justice of the European Union, the highest judicial authority. Luxembourg's culture, people, and languages are highly intertwined with its French and German neighbors; while Luxembourgish is legally the only national language of the Luxembourgish people, French and German are also used in administrative and judicial matters and all three are considered administrative languages of the country.

With an area of , Luxembourg is one of the smallest sovereign states in Europe. In 2022, it had a population of 645,397, which makes it one of the least-populous countries in Europe, albeit with the highest population growth rate; foreigners account for nearly half the population. Luxembourg is a representative democracy headed by a constitutional monarch, Grand Duke Henri, making it the world's only remaining sovereign grand duchy. It is a developed country with an advanced economy and one of the world's highest GDP (PPP) per capita. The City of Luxembourg was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994 due to the exceptional preservation of the vast fortifications and historic quarters.

The history of Luxembourg is considered to begin in 963, when count Siegfried acquired a rocky promontory and its Roman-era fortifications, known as Lucilinburhuc, "little castle", and the surrounding area from the Imperial Abbey of St. Maximin in nearby Trier. Siegfried's descendants increased their territory through marriage, conquest, and vassalage. By the end of the 13th century, the counts of Luxembourg reigned over a considerable territory. In 1308, Count of Luxembourg Henry VII became King of the Romans and later Holy Roman Emperor; the House of Luxembourg would produce four Holy Roman Emperors during the High Middle Ages. In 1354, Charles IV elevated the county to the Duchy of Luxembourg. The duchy eventually became part of the Burgundian Circle and then one of the Seventeen Provinces of the Habsburg Netherlands. Over the centuries, the City and Fortress of Luxembourg—of great strategic importance due to its location between the Kingdom of France and the Habsburg territories—was gradually built up to be one of the most reputed fortifications in Europe. After belonging to both the France of Louis XIV and the Austria of Maria Theresa, Luxembourg became part of the First French Republic and Empire under Napoleon.

The present-day state of Luxembourg first emerged at the Congress of Vienna in 1815. The Grand Duchy, with its powerful fortress, became an independent state under the personal possession of William I of the Netherlands with a Prussian garrison to guard the city against another invasion from France.[1] In 1839, following the turmoil of the Belgian Revolution, the purely French-speaking part of Luxembourg was ceded to Belgium and the Luxembourgish-speaking part (except the Arelerland, the area around Arlon) became what is the present state of Luxembourg.

Luxembourg is a founding member of the European Union, OECD, United Nations, NATO, and Benelux. It served on the United Nations Security Council for the first time in 2013 and 2014.[2] As of 2022, Luxembourg citizens had visa-free or visa-on-arrival access to 189 countries and territories, ranking the Luxembourgish passport third in the world, tied with Finland, Italy, and Spain.


How places in Luxembourg are organized

All places in Luxembourg

Further information on historical place organization in Luxembourg

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