Place:Sachsen-Anhalt, Germany

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NameSachsen-Anhalt
Alt namesSaxony-Anhalt
Sachsen-Anhaltsource: Wikipedia
TypeModern State
Coordinates51.833°N 11.833°E
Located inGermany     (1990 - )
Also located inEast Germany     (1945 - 1990)
See alsoAnhalt, GermanyParent
Sachsen, Preußen, GermanyParent
Contained Places
District
Altmarkkreis Salzwedel ( 2004 - )
Anhalt-Bitterfeld ( 2007 - )
Burgenlandkreis ( 2004 - )
Börde ( 2007 - )
Harz ( 2007 - )
Jerichower Land ( 2004 - )
Mansfeld-Südharz ( 2007 - )
Saalekreis ( 2007 - )
Salzlandkreis ( 2007 - )
Stendal ( 2004 - )
Wittenberg ( 2004 - )
Dorf
Hohenlochau
Former district
Anhalt-Zerbst ( 2004 - 2007 )
Aschersleben-Staßfurt ( 2004 - 2007 )
Bernburg ( 2004 - 2007 )
Bitterfeld ( 2004 - 2007 )
Bördekreis ( 2004 - 2007 )
Cöthen ( 2004 - 2007 )
Halberstadt ( 2004 - 2007 )
Mansfelder Land ( 2004 - 2007 )
Merseburg-Querfurt ( 2004 - 2007 )
Ohrekreis ( 2004 - 2007 )
Quedlinburg ( 2004 - 2007 )
Saalkreis ( 2004 - 2007 )
Sangerhausen ( 2004 - 2007 )
Schönebeck ( 2004 - 2007 )
Weißenfels ( 2004 - 2007 )
Wernigerode ( 2004 - 2007 )
Former regierungsbezirk
Dessau ( 1990 - 2003 )
Halle ( 1990 - 2003 )
Magdeburg ( 1990 - 2003 )
Independent city
Dessau-Roßlau ( 2007 - )
Region
Altmark
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Saxony-Anhalt is a landlocked federal state of Germany surrounded by the federal states of Lower Saxony, Brandenburg, Saxony and Thuringia. Its capital is Magdeburg.

Saxony-Anhalt covers an area of . It has a population of 2.34 million.

Saxony-Anhalt should not be confused with Saxony or Lower Saxony, also German states.

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

In April 1945 the US Army took control of most of the western and northern area of the future Saxony-Anhalt. The U.S. Group Control Council, Germany (a precursor of the OMGUS) appointed the first non-Nazi officials in leading positions in the area. So Erhard Hübener, furloughed by the Nazis, was reappointed Landeshauptmann (state governor). By early July the US Army retired in order to allow the Red Army taking Prussian Saxony as part of its Soviet occupation zone, as agreed by the London Protocol in 1944.

On 9 July the Soviet SVAG ordered the merger of the Free State of Anhalt, Halle-Merseburg, the governorate of Magdeburg (in its then borders), Allstedt (before Thuringia) and some Brunswickian eastern exclaves and salients (Calvörde and the eastern part of the former Blankenburg district) into the Prussian Province of Saxony. While the prior Saxon Erfurt governorate had become a part of Thuringia.

For the earlier history see the respective articles of these entities before 1945. Anhalt takes its name from Anhalt Castle near Harzgerode; the origin of the name of the castle remains unknown.

The SVAG appointed Hübener as president of the provincial Saxon administration, a newly created function. The administration was seated in Halle an der Saale, which became the capital, also of later Saxony-Anhalt until 1952. On 3 September 1945 the new administration enacted by Soviet-inspired ordinance the mass expropriations, mostly hitting holders of large real estates, often of noble descent.

On the occasion of the first as well as one and only election in the Soviet zone, allowing parties to really compete for seats in provincial and state parliaments, on 20 October 1946, the Province of Saxony was renamed into Province of Saxony-Anhalt (Provinz Sachsen-Anhalt), accounting for the prior merger.[1] On 3 December 1946 the members of the new provincial parliament elected Hübener the first minister-president of Saxony-Anhalt with the votes of CDU and Liberal Democratic Party of Germany (LDPD). So he became the only governor in the Soviet zone, who was no member of the communist Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED). He was an inconvenient governor for the Soviet rulers.

After the official Allied decision to dissolve the Free State of Prussia, which had remained in limbo since the Prussian coup of 1932, its former provinces, in as far as they still existed, achieved statehood, thus the province emerged into the State of Saxony-Anhalt on 6 October 1947.[1] It became part of the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) in 1949. From 1952 to 1990 the East German states had been suppressed and Saxony-Anhalt's territory was divided into the East German districts of Halle and Magdeburg. In 1990, in the course of German reunification, the districts were reintegrated as a state.

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