Place:Belgium

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NameBelgium
Alt namesAustrian Netherlandssource: Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) p 67-68
Belgicasource: Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 90
Belgiensource: Rand McNally Atlas (1994) p 319
Belgiosource: Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) p 607
Belgiquesource: UN Terminology Bulletin (1993) p 40
Belgiësource: Getty Vocabulary Program
Bélgicasource: UN Terminology Bulletin (1993) p 40
Kingdom of Belgiumsource: Wikipedia
Koninkrijk Belgiësource: Wikipedia
Koninkrijk Belgïesource: Britannica Book of the Year (1993) p 563; Britannica Book of the Year (1994) p 563; Encyclopædia Britannica (1988) XXVIII, 61-62
Royaume de Belgiquesource: Wikipedia
Southern Netherlandssource: Times Atlas of World History (1993) p 338
Spanish Netherlandssource: Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) p 68; Times Atlas of World History (1993) p 338
BELsource: Abbreviation
België
Belguimsource: common misspelling
TypeNation
Coordinates50.833°N 4°E
Contained Places
Unknown
Termonde
Bailliage
Hainaut (Bailliage)
Former province
Brabant ( - 1995 )
General region
Famenne
Kempen
Inhabited place
Foy
Province
Antwerpen ( - 1995 )
Hainaut ( - 1995 )
Limburg ( - 1995 )
Liège ( - 1995 )
Luxembourg ( - 1995 )
Namur ( - 1995 )
Oost-Vlaanderen ( - 1995 )
West-Vlaanderen ( - 1995 )
Region
Brussels-Capital Region ( 1993 - )
Vlaanderen ( 1993 - )
Wallonne ( 1993 - )
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a federal monarchy in Western Europe. It is a founding member of the European Union and hosts the EU's headquarters as well as those of several other major international organisations such as NATO. Belgium covers an area of and has a population of about 11 million people.

Straddling the cultural boundary between Germanic and Latin Europe, Belgium is home to two main linguistic groups: the Dutch-speaking, mostly Flemish community, which constitutes about 59% of the population, and the French-speaking, mostly Walloon population and Brussels inhabitants, which comprises 41% of all Belgians. Additionally, there is a small group of German-speakers who are officially recognized.

Belgium's two largest regions are the Dutch-speaking region of Flanders in the north and the French-speaking southern region of Wallonia. The Brussels-Capital Region, officially bilingual, is a mostly French-speaking enclave within the Flemish Region.[1] A German-speaking Community exists in eastern Wallonia. Belgium's linguistic diversity and related political conflicts are reflected in its political history and complex system of government.

Historically, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg were known as the Low Countries; it once covered a somewhat larger area than the current Benelux group of states. The region was called Belgica in Latin, after the Roman province of Gallia Belgica, which covered more or less the same area. From the end of the Middle Ages until the 17th century, the area of Belgium was a prosperous and cosmopolitan centre of commerce and culture. From the 16th century until the Belgian Revolution in 1830, when Belgium seceded from the Netherlands, the area of Belgium served as the battleground between many European powers, causing it to be dubbed the "Battlefield of Europe,"[2] a reputation strengthened by both World Wars.

Upon its independence, Belgium participated in the Industrial Revolution and, during the course of the 20th century, possessed a number of colonies in Africa. The second half of the 20th century was marked by rising tensions between the Dutch-speaking and the French-speaking citizens fueled by differences in language and the unequal economic development of Flanders and Wallonia. This continuing antagonism has led to several far-reaching reforms, resulting in a transition from a unitary to a federal arrangement during the period from 1970 to 1993. Despite the reforms, tensions between the groups remain; the formation of a coalition government took 18 months following the June 2010 federal election.

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How places in Belgium are organized

Historically Belgium was divided into nine provinces. In the early 1990's three regions were created and the provinces were placed into regions, with the former province of Brabant split among the three regions. The standard at WeRelate is to title Belgium place pages according to the province when it is known, and omit the region from the place title.

All places in Belgium

Further information on historical place organization in Belgium

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This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Belgium. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.