Place:Moselle, France

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NameMoselle
TypeDépartement
Coordinates49°N 7°E
Located inFrance
Also located inLorraine, France    
Contained Places
Canton
Rohrbach
Commune
Abreschviller
Argancy
Arzviller
Augny
Bazoncourt
Bettviller
Beux
Bitche
Charly-Oradour
Cheminot
Chesny
Chieulles
Coin-sur-Seille
Courcelles-Chaussy
Crion
Dabo
Dieuze
Faulquemont
Forbach ( 1000 - )
Féy
Garrebourg
Goin
Gravelotte
Grostenquin
Guntzviller
Harreberg
Haselbourg
Henridorff
Hombourg-Haut
Hommert
Hultehouse
Imling
Jouy-aux-Arches
Jussy
Lessy
Lixheim
Longeville-lès-Metz
Lorry-Mardigny
Lorry-lès-Metz
Loutzviller
Lutzelbourg
Maizeroy
Maizery
Marieulles
Marly
Metz
Mittelbronn
Morhange
Mécleuves
Nancy
Pange
Peltre
Phalsbourg
Plappeville
Pont-à-Chaussy
Pournoy-la-Grasse
Raville
Réchicourt-le-Château
Réding
Saint-Avold
Saint-Louis
Sanry-sur-Nied
Sarrebourg
Schweyen
Semécourt
Servigny-lès-Raville
Silly-en-Saulnois
Silly-sur-Nied
Thionville
Troisfontaines
Vantoux
Verny
Vigny
Villers-Stoncourt
Waldweistroff
Walscheid
Wintersbourg
Former municipality
Crépy
Magny
Mont
Former village
Schaeferhof
Hameau
Hellert
Inhabited place
Albestroff
Ancy-sur-Moselle
Angevillers
Ars-sur-Moselle
Audun-le-Tiche
Aulnois-sur-Seille
Aumetz
Ban-Saint-Martin
Barst-Marienthal
Basse-Yutz
Behren-lès-Forbach
Bining
Bisping-Écluse
Bliesbruck
Boulange
Boulay-Moselle
Bousse
Bouzonville
Breidenbach
Bénestroff
Carling
Cattenom
Chailly-lès-Ennery
Château-Salins
Châtel-Saint-Germain
Colombey-Nouilly
Contz-les-Bains
Courcelles-sur-Nied
Creutzwald-la-Croix
Créhange
Delme
Diedenhofen
Distroff
Enchenberg
Falck
Fameck
Farschviller
Florange
Folschviller
Fontoy
Freyming
Fénétrange
Gandrange
Goetzenbruck
Gorzé
Grosbliederstroff
Hagondange
Hambach
Han-sur-Nied
Hayange
Hettange-Grande
Héming
Koenigsmacker
Kédange-sur-Canner
Lafrimbolle
Lemberg
Les Étangs
Lorquin
Maizières-lès-Metz
Maizières-lès-Vic
Marange-Zondrange
Marsal
Meisenthal
Metzervisse
Montbronn
Montigny-lès-Metz
Moussey
Moyenvic
Moyeuvre-Grande
Munster
Niderviller
Puttelange-lès-Farschviller
Rezonville
Rohrbach-lès-Bitche
Roussy-le-Village
Rémilly
Saarburg
Saint-Georges
Sarralbe
Sarreguemines
Sierck-les-Bains
Solgne
Spicheren
Stiring-Wendel
Téterchen
Uckange
Vergaville
Vic-sur-Seille
Vigy
Volmerange-les-Mines
Volmunster
Woelfling-lès-Sarreguemines
Woippy
Évrange
Unknown
Aboncourt
Aboncourt-sur-Seille
Achain
Achen
Adaincourt
Adelange
Aideling
Aidling
Ajoncourt
Alaincourt-la-Côte
Algrange
Alsting
Altrippe
Altviller
Alzing
Amanvillers
Amelécourt
Amnéville
Ancerville
Angviller-lès-Bisping
Antilly
Anzeling
Apach
Arraincourt
Arriance
Arry
Ars-Laquenexy
Aspach
Assenoncourt
Attilloncourt
Aube
Audviller
Avricourt
Ay-sur-Moselle
Azoudange
Bacourt
Baerenthal
Bambiderstroff
Bannay
Barchain
Baronville
Barville-Bas
Basse-Ham
Basse-Rentgen
Bassing
Baudrecourt
Beckerholtz
Bellange
Berg-sur-Moselle
Berling
Bermering
Berthelming
Bertrange
Berviller-en-Moselle
Bettange
Bettborn
Bettelainville
Betting-et-Gongelfang
Betting-lès-Saint-Avold
Beyren-lès-Sierck
Bezange-la-Petite
Biberkirch
Bibiche
Bickenholtz
Bidestroff
Biding
Bioncourt
Bionville-sur-Nied
Bisten-en-Lorraine
Bistroff
Blanche-Eglise
Blies-Ebersing
Blies-Guersviller
Borny
Boucheporn
Boulay
Bourdonnay
Bourgaltroff
Bourscheid
Bousbach
Boussange
Bousseviller
Boust
Boustroff
Breistroff-la-Grande
Brettnach
Bronvaux
Brouck
Brouderdorff
Brouviller
Brulange
Bréhain
Buchy
Buding
Budling
Buhl-Lorraine
Bure
Burlioncourt
Burtoncourt
Bébing
Béchy
Béning-lès-Saint-Avold
Bérig-Vintrange
Calembourg
Cappel
Chambrey
Chanville
Charleville-sous-Bois
Chenois
Chicourt
Château-Bréhain
Château-Rouge
Château-Voué
Chémery
Chémery-les-Deux
Chérisey
Clouange
Cocheren
Coin-lès-Cuvry
Coincy
Colligny
Colmen
Condé-Northen
Conthil
Corny-sur-Moselle
Coume
Coutures
Craincourt
Cutting
Cuvry
Dalem
Dalhain
Dalstein
Danne-et-Quatre-Vents
Dannelbourg
Denting
Desseling
Destry
Devant-les-Ponts
Diane-Capelle
Diebling
Diesen
Diffembach-lès-Hellimer
Dodenhoven
Dolving
Domnon-lès-Dieuze
Donjeux
Donnelay
Dornot
Dourd'hal
Drogny
Dédeling
Ebersviller
Eblange
Eguelshardt
Eincheville
Elange
Elvange
Elzange
Ennery
Entrange
Epping
Erching
Ernestviller
Erstroff
Escherange
Etting
Etzling
Evange
Eysing
Failly
Farébersviller
Filstroff
Fixem
Flastroff
Fleisheim
Fleury
Flocourt
Flétrange
Flévy
Folkling
Folpersviller
Fonteny
Fossieux
Foulcrey
Fouligny
Foville
Francaltroff
Fraquelfing
Frauenberg
Freistroff
Fremestroff
Fresnes-en-Saulnois
Freybouse
Fribourg
Frémery
Fèves
Gandren
Garche
Gavisse
Gelucourt
Gerbécourt
Givrycourt
Glatigny
Gomelange
Gondreville
Gondrexange
Gosselming
Gras
Grening
Grindorff
Gros-Réderching
Grundviller
Grémecey
Guebenhouse
Guenviller
Guermange
Guerstling
Guerting
Guessling-Hémering
Guinglange
Guinkirchen
Guinzeling
Guirlange
Guising
Guébestroff
Guéblange-lès-Dieuze
Guébling
Guénange
Guénestroff
Haboudange
Hagen
Hallering
Halling
Halling-lès-Boulay
Halstroff
Ham-sous-Varsberg
Hampont
Hangviller
Hannocourt
Hanviller
Haraucourt-sur-Seille
Hargarten-aux-Mines
Harprich
Hartzviller
Haspelschiedt
Hattigny
Hauconcourt
Haut-Clocher
Haute-Kontz
Haute-Rentgen
Haute-Sierck
Haute-Suisse
Haute-Vigneulles
Haute-Yutz
Havange
Hayes
Hazembourg
Heckenransbach
Heckling
Heining-lès-Bouzonville
Hellering
Hellering-lès-Fénétrange
Hellimer
Helling
Helstroff
Henriville
Hermelange
Herny
Hertzing
Hessange
Hesse
Hestroff
Hilbesheim
Hilsprich
Himling
Hinckange
Hobling
Hoff
Holacourt
Holbach-lès-Lemberg
Holling
Holving
Hombourg-Bas
Hombourg-Budange
Hommarting
Honskirch
Hoste-Haut
Hottviller
Hundling
Hunting
Hémilly
Hérange
Ibigny
Illange
Immeldange
Inglange
Insming
Insviller
Ippling
Jallaucourt
Jury
Juvelize
Juville
Kalhausen
Kanfen
Kappelkinger
Kemplich
Kerbach
Kerling-lès-Sierck
Kerprich-aux-Bois
Kerprich-lès-Dieuze
Kirsch-lès-Sierck
Kirschnaumen
Kirviller
Kitzing
Klang
Knutange
Koeking
Kuntzig
L'Hôpital
La Haye-des-Allemands
La Maxe
Lachambre
Ladonchamps
Lagarde
Lambach
Landange
Landonvillers
Landroff
Laneuveville-en-Saulnois
Laneuveville-lès-Lorquin
Langatte
Languimberg
Laning
Laquenexy
Laudrefang
Laumesfeld
Launstroff
Le Ban-Saint-Martin
Le Val-de-Guéblange
Leiding
Lelling
Lemoncourt
Lemud
Lengelsheim
Lesse
Ley
Leyviller
Lezey
Lhor
Lidrequin
Lidrezing
Liederschiedt
Lindre-Basse
Lindre-Haute
Liocourt
Lixing-lès-Rouhling
Lixing-lès-Saint-Avold
Liéhon
Lommerange
Longeville-lès-Cheminot
Longeville-lès-Saint-Avold
Lostroff
Loudrefing
Loupershouse
Loutremange
Louvigny
Lubécourt
Lucy
Luppy
Luttange
Léning
Macheren
Macquenon
Mainvillers
Malancourt-la-Montagne
Malaucourt-sur-Seille
Malling
Malroy
Manderen
Manhoué
Manom
Many
Marange-Silvange
Marimont-lès-Bénestroff
Marsilly
Marspich
Marthille
Maxstadt
Menskirch
Merlebach
Merschweiller
Merten
Metting
Metzeresche
Metzing
Mey
Mittersheim
Molring
Momerstroff
Moncheux
Moncourt
Mondelange
Mondorff
Monneren
Montdidier
Montenach
Montois-la-Montagne
Montoy-Flanville
Montrequienne
Morlange
Morsbach
Morville-lès-Vic
Morville-sur-Nied
Moulins-lès-Metz
Mouterhouse
Moyeuvre-Petite
Mulcey
Mussy-l'Évêque
Méchy
Mégange
Métairies-Saint-Quirin
Métrich
Narbéfontaine
Nelling
Neufchef
Neufgrange
Neufmoulins
Neufvillage
Neunkirch-lès-Sarreguemines
Neunkirchen-lès-Bouzonville
Nidange
Niderhoff
Niederstinzel
Niedervisse
Nilvange
Nitting
Noisseville
Norroy-le-Veneur
Northen
Nouilly
Nousseviller-Saint-Nabor
Nousseviller-lès-Bitche
Novéant-sur-Moselle
Nébing
Oberdorff
Obergailbach
Oberstinzel
Obervisse
Obreck
Obrick
Odenhofen
Oeting
Oeutrange
Ogy
Ommeray
Oriocourt
Ormersviller
Orny
Oron
Ottange
Ottonville
Oudrenne
Pagny-lès-Goin
Petit-Réderching
Petit-Tenquin
Petite-Rosselle
Pettoncourt
Philippsbourg
Piblange
Pierrevillers
Plaine-de-Walsch
Plesnois
Pommérieux
Pontigny
Pontoy
Pontpierre
Porcelette
Postroff
Pouilly
Pournoy-la-Chétive
Preiche
Prévocourt
Puttelange-lès-Thionville
Puttigny
Puzieux
Pévange
Racrange
Rahling
Ranguevaux
Rech
Redlach
Reinange
Remelfing
Ressaincourt
Retonfey
Rettel
Reyersviller
Rhodes
Riche
Richeling
Richemont
Richeval
Rimling
Ritzing
Rochonvillers
Rodalbe
Rode
Rodemack
Rolbing
Rombas
Romelfing
Romécourt
Roncourt
Roppeviller
Rorbach-lès-Dieuze
Rosbruck
Rosselange
Rouhling
Roupeldange
Roussy-le-Bourg
Rozérieulles
Rupigny
Rurange-lès-Mégange
Rurange-lès-Thionville
Russange
Rustroff
Rédange
Rémelfang
Rémeling
Rémering-lès-Hargarten
Rémering-lès-Puttelange
Réning
Sailly-Achâtel
Saint-Bernard
Saint-Epvre
Saint-François-Lacroix
Saint-Hubert
Saint-Jean-Kourtzerode
Saint-Jean-Rohrbach
Saint-Jean-de-Bassel
Saint-Julien-lès-Metz
Saint-Jure
Saint-Louis-lès-Bitche
Saint-Médard
Saint-Privat
Saint-Privat-la-Montagne
Saint-Quirin
Sainte-Barbe
Sainte-Marie-aux-Chênes
Sainte-Ruffine
Salival
Salonnes
Sanry-lès-Vigy
Sarraltroff
Sarreinsberg
Sarreinsming
Saulny
Schalbach
Scheuerwald
Schmittviller
Schneckenbusch
Schoeneck
Schorbach
Schreckling
Schweix
Schwerdorff
Scy-Chazelles
Secourt
Seingbouse
Sentzich
Servigny-lès-Sainte-Barbe
Siersthal
Sillegny
Simming-et-Faulbach
Singling
Sorbey
Sotzeling
Soucht
Steinbach
Sturzelbronn
Suisse
Sérémange-Erzange
Talange
Tarquimpol
Tenteling
Terville
Teting-sur-Nied
Thicourt
Thimonville
Thonville
Théding
Tincry
Torcheville
Tragny
Tressange
Tritteling
Tromborn
Trémery
Turquestein-Blancrupt
Urbach
Vahl-Ebersing
Vahl-lès-Bénestroff
Vahl-lès-Faulquemont
Vallerange
Vallières-lès-Metz
Valmont
Valmunster
Vannecourt
Vany
Varize
Varsberg
Vasperviller
Vatimont
Vaudoncourt
Vaudreching
Vaux
Vaxy
Veckersviller
Velving
Vernéville
Verrerie-Sophie
Vescheim
Veymerange
Vibersviller
Vieux-Lixheim
Viller
Villers-Bettnach
Villers-L'Orme
Villers-sur-Nied
Villing
Vilsberg
Vinsberg
Vionville
Virming
Vitry-sur-Orne
Vittersbourg
Vittoncourt
Viviers
Voelfling-lès-Bouzonville
Voimhaut
Volkrange
Volmerange-lès-Boulay
Volstroff
Voyer
Vry
Vrémy
Vulmont
Waldhouse
Waldwisse
Walschbronn
Waltembourg
Weiskirch
Wentzviller
Wiesviller
Willerwald
Wittring
Woustviller
Wuisse
Xanrey
Xocourt
Xouaxange
Zarbeling
Zetting
Zeurange
Zilling
Zimming
Zommange
Zoufftgen
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Moselle is a department in the east of France named after the river Moselle.

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Moselle is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790. It was created from the former province of Lorraine.

In 1793, the foreign enclaves of Manderen, Lixing-lès-Rouhling, Momerstroff, and Créhange (Kriechingen), all possessions of princes of the German Holy Roman Empire, were annexed by France and incorporated into the Moselle département.

By the Treaty of Paris of 1814 following the first defeat and abdication of Napoleon, France had to surrender almost all its conquests since 1792. On the northeastern border, France was not restored to its 1792 borders, but a new border was established to put an end to the convoluted nature of the border, with all its enclaves and exclaves. As a result, the French exclave of Tholey (now in Saarland, Germany) as well as a few communes near Sierck-les-Bains (both territories until then part of the Moselle département) were ceded to Austria. On the other hand, the French annexations of 1793 were confirmed, and furthermore, the south of the Napoleonic département of Sarre was ceded to France, including the town of Lebach, the city of Saarbrücken, and the rich coal basin nearby. France was thus a net beneficiary of the Treaty of Paris, all the new territories ceded to her being far larger and more strategic than the few territories ceded to Austria. All these new territories were incorporated into the Moselle department, and so Moselle had now a larger territory than ever since 1790.

However, with the return of Napoleon and his final defeat at the Battle of Waterloo, the Congress of Vienna in 1815 imposed much harsher conditions on France. Tholey and the communes around Sierck-les-Bains were still to be ceded as agreed in 1814, but the south of the Sarre department with Saarbrücken was withdrawn from France. In addition, France had to cede to Austria the area of Rehlingen (now in Saarland) as well as the strategic fort-town of Saarlouis and the territory around it, all territories and towns which had been French since the 17th century, and which were part of the Moselle department since 1790. In the end of 1815, Austria gave all these territories to Prussia. So later France could directly invade Prussia, starting on 2 August 1870 the Franco-German War, which it had declared on North Germany on 19 July, with the French Army of the Rhine Corps II and III conquering Saarbrücken. And it was from the Saar basin then that the Prussian forces counterattacked invading France, supported by North Germany and southern German states defeating France in 1871.

Thus, by the end of 1815, the Moselle department had finally the limits that it would keep until 1871. It was slightly smaller than at its creation in 1790, the incorporation of the Austrian enclaves not compensating for the loss of Saarlouis, Rehlingen, Tholey, and the communes around Sierck-les-Bains. Between 1815 and 1871, the department had an area of 5,387 km² (2,080 sq. miles). Its prefecture (capital) was Metz. It had four arrondissements: Metz, Briey, Sarreguemines, and Thionville.

After the French defeat in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1871, almost all of the Moselle department, along with Alsace and portions of the Meurthe and Vosges departments, was returned to the German Empire by the Treaty of Frankfurt on the ground that the population in those areas spoke German dialects. Only one-fifth of Moselle (arrondissement of Briey in the extreme west of the department) was spared annexation by Bismarck, as it was a French-speaking area. Bismarck later bitterly regretted his decision when it was discovered that the region of Briey and Longwy was rich with iron ore. The Moselle department ceased to exist on May 18, 1871, and the eastern four fifth of Moselle returned to Germany were merged with the also German-annexed eastern third of the Meurthe Department into the German Department of Lorraine, seated in Metz, within the newly established Imperial State of Alsace-Lorraine. The remaining area of Briey was merged with the truncated Meurthe department to create the new Meurthe-et-Moselle department (a new name chosen on purpose to remind people of the lost Moselle department) with its préfecture at Nancy.

In 1919, with the French victory in the First World War, Alsace-Lorraine was returned to France by Germany at the Treaty of Versailles. However, it was not decided to recreate the old departments of Meurthe and Moselle by reverting to the old department borders of before 1871. Instead, Meurthe-et-Moselle was left untouched, and the German Region of Lorraine was reconstituted as the new department of Moselle. Thus, the Moselle department was reborn, but its borders were quite different from those before 1871. Having lost the area of Briey, it had now gained the areas of Château-Salins and Sarrebourg which before 1871 were in the Meurthe department (being one-third of it) and which had been part of the Reichsland of Alsace-Loraine since 1871.

The new Moselle department now had its current area of 6,216 km² (2,400 sq. miles), larger than the old Moselle because the areas of Château-Salins and Sarrebourg were far larger than the area of Briey and Longwy.

During World War II Moselle was again stripped from France and became part of the Gau - Westmark according to the armistice of June 22, 1940. Adolf Hitler considered Moselle and Alsace part of Germany and as a result the inhabitants were drafted into the German Wehrmacht.

Moselle was liberated by the American army in 1944 and returned to France, within the same frontiers that it had in 1919. As a result of the war and German aggression that led up to it, the Germanic heritage of the region was shunned by the French government and the local population as well. The dialect more or less fell into disuse in the public realm. Recently, efforts have been made to revive the dialect and distinct culture of the region as with the onset of open borders and cordial Franco-German relations the language no longer is associated with the war.

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This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Moselle. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.