Place:Vendée, France

Watchers
NameVendée
Alt namesVendeesource: Times Atlas of the World (1988)
Vendéesource: Getty Vocabulary Program
TypeDépartement
Coordinates46.667°N 1.333°W
Located inFrance
Also located inPays-de-la-Loire, France    
Contained Places
Commune
Fontenay-le-Comte
La Roche-sur-Yon
Le Poiré-sur-Vie
Les Sables-d'Olonne
Luçon
Maillezais
Montreuil-sur-Mer
Mouilleron-en-Pareds
Nesmy
Nieul-le-Dolent
Noirmoutier-en-l'Île
Saint-Aubin-la-Plaine
Saint-Hilaire-de-Loulay
Saint-Laurent-de-la-Salle
Saint-Maurice-le-Girard
Île d'Yeu
General region
Vendéen
Inhabited place
Beauvoir-sur-Mer
Chaillé-les-Marais
Challans
Chantonnay
Châtaigneraie
Essarts
Foussais
Herbiers
La Barre-de-Monts
La Chaize-le-Vicomte
Les Epesses
Montaigu
Mothe-Achard
Nieul-sur-l'Autise
Oulmes
Palluau
Pouzauges
Roche-sur-Yon
Sables-d'Olonne
Saint Cézaire-sur-Siagne
Saint Gilles-Croix-de-Vie
Saint Jean-de-Monts
Saint-Nicolas-de-Brem
Sainte Hermine
Sallertaine
Talmont-Saint Hilaire
Tiffauges
Unknown
Aizenay
Angles
Antigny
Apremont
Aubigny
Auzay
Avrillé
Barbâtre
Bazoges-en-Paillers
Bazoges-en-Pareds
Beaufou
Beaulieu-sous-la-Roche
Beaurepaire
Bellenoue
Belleville-sur-Vie
Benet
Bessay
Bois-de-Céné
Bouffère
Bouillé-Courdault
Bouin
Boulogne
Bourneau
Bournezeau
Bretignolles-sur-Mer
Breuil-Barret
Cezais
Chaillé-sous-les-Ormeaux
Chaix
Chambretaud
Champagné-les-Marais
Charzais
Chasnais
Chauché
Chavagnes-en-Paillers
Chavagnes-les-Redoux
Cheffois
Château-Guibert
Château-d'Olonne
Châteauneuf
Commequiers
Corpe
Courdault
Coëx
Croix-de-Vie
Cugand
Curzon
Damvix
Dissais
Doix
Dompierre-sur-Yon
Evrunes
Falleron
Faymoreau
Fontaines
Fougère
Froidfond
Givrand
Grand'Landes
Grosbreuil
Grues
Gué-de-Velluire
Jard-sur-Mer
L'Aiguillon-sur-Mer
L'Aiguillon-sur-Vie
L'Herbergement
L'Hermenault
L'Ile-d'Elle
L'Ile-d'Olonne
L'Ile-d'Yeu
L'Orbrie
La Bernardière
La Boissière-de-Montaigu
La Boissière-des-Landes
La Bretonnière
La Bruffière
La Caillère
La Chaize-Giraud
La Chapelle-Achard
La Chapelle-Hermier
La Chapelle-Palluau
La Chapelle-Thémer
La Chapelle-aux-Lys
La Chaume
La Châtaigneraie
La Claye
La Copechagnière
La Coudrie
La Couture
La Crosnière
La Ferrière
La Flocellière
La Garnache
La Gaubretière
La Guyonnière
La Génétouze
La Jaudonnière
La Jonchère
La Limouzinière
La Meilleraie-Tillay
La Merlatière
La Mothe-Achard
La Pommeraie-sur-Sèvre
La Rabatelière
La Réorthe
La Tardière
La Tranche-sur-Mer
La Verrie
Lairoux
Landeronde
Landevieille
Le Bernard
Le Boupère
Le Bourg-sous-la-Roche
Le Champ-Saint-Père
Le Fenouiller
Le Girouard
Le Givre
Le Gué-de-Velluire
Le Langon
Le Perrier
Le Poiré-sur-Velluire
Le Tablier
Les Brouzils
Les Châtelliers-Châteaumur
Les Clouzeaux
Les Essarts
Les Herbiers
Les Landes-Genusson
Les Lucs-sur-Boulogne
Les Magnils-Reigniers
Les Moutiers-sur-Le-Lay
Les Pineaux
Lesson
Liez
Loge-Fougereuse
Longeville
Longèves
Maché
Magnils-Reigniers
Maillé
Mallièvre
Mareuil-sur-Lay
Mareuil-sur-Lay-Dissais
Marillet
Marsais-Sainte-Radégonde
Martinet
Menomblet
Mervent
Mesnard-la-Barotière
Monsireigne
Montournais
Montreuil
Mormaison
Mortagne-sur-Sèvre
Mouchamps
Mouilleron-le-Captif
Moutiers-les-Mauxfaits
Moutiers-sur-le-Lay
Mouzeuil-Saint-Martin
Nalliers
Notre-Dame-de-Monts
Notre-Dame-de-Riez
Olonne-sur-Mer
Payré-sur-Vendée
Petit-Bourg-des-Herbiers
Petosse
Pissotte
Poiroux
Pouillé
Puy-de-Serre
Puybelliard
Puyravault
Péault
Rocheservière
Rochetrejoux
Rosnay
Réaumur
Saint-André-Goule-d'Oie
Saint-André-Treize-Voies
Saint-André-d'Ornay
Saint-Aubin-des-Ormeaux
Saint-Avaugourd-des-Landes
Saint-Benoist-sur-Mer
Saint-Christophe-du-Ligneron
Saint-Cyr-des-Gâts
Saint-Cyr-en-Talmondais
Saint-Denis-du-Payré
Saint-Denis-la-Chevasse
Saint-Etienne-de-Brillouet
Saint-Etienne-du-Bois
Saint-Flaive-des-Loups
Saint-Florent-des-Bois
Saint-Fulgent
Saint-Georges-de-Montaigu
Saint-Georges-de-Pointindoux
Saint-Germain-de-Princay
Saint-Germain-l'Aiguiller
Saint-Gervais
Saint-Gilles-sur-Vie
Saint-Hilaire-Le-Vouhis
Saint-Hilaire-de-Mortagne
Saint-Hilaire-de-Riez
Saint-Hilaire-de-Talmont
Saint-Hilaire-de-Voust
Saint-Hilaire-des-Loges
Saint-Hilaire-du-Bois
Saint-Hilaire-la-Forêt
Saint-Jean-de-Beugné
Saint-Juire-Champgillon
Saint-Julien-des-Landes
Saint-Laurent-sur-Sèvre
Saint-Maixent-sur-Vie
Saint-Malo-du-Bois
Saint-Mars-La-Réorthe
Saint-Mars-des-Prés
Saint-Martin-Lars-en-Sainte-Hermine
Saint-Martin-de-Brem
Saint-Martin-de-Fraigneau
Saint-Martin-des-Fontaines
Saint-Martin-des-Noyers
Saint-Martin-des-Tilleuls
Saint-Martin-sous-Mouzeuil
Saint-Mathurin
Saint-Maurice-des-Noues
Saint-Mesmin
Saint-Michel-Mont-Mercure
Saint-Michel-en-l'Herm
Saint-Michel-le-Cloucq
Saint-Médard-des-Près
Saint-Paul-Mont-Penit
Saint-Paul-en-Pareds
Saint-Philbert-de-Bouaine
Saint-Philibert-du-Pont-Charrault
Saint-Pierre-Le-Vieux
Saint-Pierre-du-Chemin
Saint-Prouant
Saint-Révérend
Saint-Sigismond
Saint-Sornin
Saint-Sulpice-le-Verdon
Saint-Suplice-en-Pareds
Saint-Urbain
Saint-Valérien
Saint-Vincent-Puymaufrais
Saint-Vincent-Sterlanges
Saint-Vincent-sur-Graon
Saint-Vincent-sur-Jard
Sainte-Christine
Sainte-Cécile
Sainte-Florence
Sainte-Foy
Sainte-Gemme-la-Plaine
Sainte-Pexine
Sainte-Radégonde-des-Noyers
Saligny
Sigournais
Simon-la-Vineuse
Soullans
Sérigné
Tallud-Saint-Gemme
Talmont
Thiré
Thorigny
Thouarsais-Bouildroux
Tillay
Treize-Septiers
Treize-Vents
Triaize
Vairé
Velluire
Venansault
Vendrennes
Vix
Vouillé-Les-Marais
Vouvant
Xanton-Chassenon
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

The Vendée is a department in the Pays-de-la-Loire region in west-central France, on the Atlantic Ocean. The name Vendée is taken from the Vendée river which runs through the southeastern part of the department.

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

The area today called the Vendée was originally known as the Bas-Poitou and is part of the former province of Poitou. In the southeast corner, the village of Nieul-sur-l'Autise is believed to be the birthplace of Eleanor of Aquitaine (1122–1204). Eleanor's son, Richard I of England (the Lionheart) often had his base in Talmont. The Hundred Years' War (1337–1453) turned much of the Vendée into a battleground.

Since the Vendée held a considerable number of influential Protestants, including control by Jeanne d'Albret, the region was greatly affected by the French Wars of Religion which broke out in 1562 and continued until 1598. In April of that year King Henri IV issued the Edict of Nantes and the Wars came to an end. The revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685 caused many Huguenots to flee from the Vendée.

It is also remembered as the place where the peasants revolted against the Revolutionary government in 1793. They resented the harsh conditions imposed on the Roman Catholic Church by the provisions of the Civil Constitution of the Clergy act (1790) and broke into open revolt after the Revolutionary government's imposition of military conscription. A guerrilla war, known as the Revolt in the Vendée, led at the outset by peasants who were chosen in each locale, cost more than 240,000 lives before it ended in 1796 (190,000 Vendeans who were republicans or royalists and 50,000 non-Vendean republican soldiers; according to the Jacques Hussenet and Centre Vendéen de Recherche Historique's book "Détruisez la Vendée"). The Revolt in the Vendée must not be confused with the revolt of the Chouans, which took place at the same time in Maine and Bretagne.

In 1815, when Napoleon escaped exile on Elba for his Hundred Days, the Vendée refused to recognise him and stayed loyal to King Louis XVIII. General Lamarque led 10,000 men into the Vendée to pacify the region. A failed rebellion in the Vendée in 1832 in support of Marie-Caroline de Bourbon-Sicile, duchess de Berry, the former King Charles X's widowed daughter-in-law, was an unsuccessful attempt to restore the Legitimist Bourbon dynasty during the reign of the Orléanist monarch, King Louis Philippe of the French (1830–1848).

In 1850, British author Anthony Trollope published his book La Vendée, detailing the history of the region and the war. In the preface he pays tribute to Madame de la Rochejaquelein, on whose memoirs of the war he based his story.

The Revolt in the Vendée is the subject of Ninety-Three (Quatrevingt-treize), the last novel by the French writer Victor Hugo, an episode in Mr. Midshipman Hornblower and also the backdrop of Les Chouans by Balzac.

In the writings of Karl Marx regarding revolutionary struggles in various countries, he uses the term "a Vendée" as meaning "a focus of persistent counter-revolutionary activities". Vladimir Lenin, when speaking about Cossacks as potential counter-revolutionary opposition identified them as Russian Vendée.

Research Tips


This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Vendée. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.