Place:Ain, France

Watchers
NameAin
TypeDépartement
Coordinates46.167°N 5.333°E
Located inFrance
Also located inRhône-Alpes, France    
Contained Places
Arrondissement
Bourg-en-Bresse
Commune
Ambléon
Ambronay
Ambutrix
Ambérieu-en-Bugey
Ambérieux-en-Dombes
Andert-et-Condon
Anglefort
Apremont
Aranc
Arandas
Arbent
Arbignieu
Arbigny
Argis
Armix
Ars-sur-Formans
Artemare
Asnières-sur-Saône
Attignat
Balan
Baneins
Beaupont
Beauregard
Bellegarde-sur-Valserine
Belley
Belleydoux
Bellignat
Belmont-Luthézieu
Bettant
Bey
Beynost
Billiat
Birieux
Biziat
Blyes
Bohas-Meyriat-Rignat
Boissey
Bolozon
Bouligneux
Bourg-Saint-Christophe
Boyeux-Saint-Jérôme
Boz
Brens
Bressolles
Brion
Briord
Brégnier-Cordon
Brénaz
Brénod
Buellas
Bâgé-la-Ville
Bâgé-le-Châtel
Béligneux
Bénonces
Bény
Béon
Béréziat
Ceignes
Cerdon
Certines
Cessy
Ceyzériat
Ceyzérieu
Chalamont
Chaleins
Chaley
Challes
Challex
Champagne-en-Valromey
Champdor
Champfromier
Chanay
Chaneins
Chanoz-Châtenay
Charix
Charnoz
Chaveyriat
Chavornay
Chazey-Bons
Chazey-sur-Ain
Château-Gaillard
Châtenay
Châtillon-de-Michaille
Châtillon-la-Palud
Châtillon-sur-Chalaronne
Cize
Coligny
Collonges
Colomieu
Conand
Condeissiat
Conzieu
Corbonod
Corlier
Cormaranche-en-Bugey
Crans
Cras-sur-Reyssouze
Cressin-Rochefort
Crozet
Culoz
Curtafond
Dagneux
Divonne-les-Bains
Dompierre-sur-Chalaronne
Domsure
Dortan
Douvres
Drom
Druillat
Faramans
Feillens
Ferney-Voltaire
Foissiat
Genouilleux
Gex
Giron
Grand-Corent
Groslée
Guéreins
Hautecourt-Romanèche
Hauteville-Lompnes
Hostiaz
Hotonnes
Injoux-Génissiat
Innimond
Izernore
Izieu
Jayat
Journans
Joyeux
L'Abergement-Clémenciat
L'Abergement-de-Varey
La Boisse
La Burbanche
La Chapelle-du-Châtelard
La Tranclière
Lagnieu
Lavours
Le Montellier
Le Plantay
Leyment
Lhuis
Lhôpital
Lochieu
Lompnaz
Lompnieu
Loyettes
Lélex
Magnieu
Malafretaz
Manziat
Marboz
Marignieu
Marsonnas
Massieux
Massignieu-de-Rives
Messimy-sur-Saône
Meximieux
Mijoux
Mionnay
Miribel
Mogneneins
Montagnat
Montanges
Montceaux
Montluel
Montmerle-sur-Saône
Montrevel-en-Bresse
Montréal-la-Cluse
Murs-et-Gélignieux
Mézériat
Nantua
Nattages
Neuville-les-Dames
Neuville-sur-Ain
Neyron
Nivollet-Montgriffon
Niévroz
Oncieu
Ordonnaz
Ornex
Oyonnax
Parves
Peyrieu
Peyzieux-sur-Saône
Pirajoux
Pizay
Plagne
Pollieu
Poncin
Pont-d'Ain
Pont-de-Vaux
Pont-de-Veyle
Pougny
Priay
Prémeyzel
Prémillieu
Pugieu
Péron
Pérouges
Ramasse
Replonges
Revonnas
Reyrieux
Rignieux-le-Franc
Romans
Rossillon
Ruffieu
Saint-André-de-Bâgé
Saint-André-le-Bouchoux
Saint-Benoît
Saint-Bois
Saint-Champ
Saint-Denis-en-Bugey
Saint-Didier-d'Aussiat
Saint-Didier-sur-Chalaronne
Saint-Georges-sur-Renon
Saint-Germain-de-Joux
Saint-Germain-les-Paroisses
Saint-Jean-de-Niost
Saint-Jean-sur-Veyle
Saint-Just
Saint-Laurent-sur-Saône
Saint-Martin-le-Châtel
Saint-Maurice-de-Beynost
Saint-Maurice-de-Gourdans
Saint-Maurice-de-Rémens
Saint-Nizier-le-Désert
Saint-Rambert-en-Bugey
Saint-Sorlin-en-Bugey
Saint-Trivier-de-Courtes
Saint-Trivier-sur-Moignans
Saint-Vulbas
Saint-Éloi
Saint-Étienne-sur-Chalaronne
Sainte-Croix
Salavre
Sandrans
Sault-Brénaz
Serrières-de-Briord
Seyssel
Simandre-sur-Suran
Songieu
Souclin
Sulignat
Surjoux
Sutrieu
Talissieu
Tenay
Thil
Thoissey
Thézillieu
Torcieu
Tossiat
Toussieux
Tramoyes
Treffort-Cuisiat
Trévoux
Valeins
Varambon
Vaux-en-Bugey
Verjon
Versailleux
Vieu
Villars-les-Dombes
Villebois
Villemotier
Villereversure
Villes
Villette-sur-Ain
Villieu-Loyes-Mollon
Viriat
Virieu-le-Grand
Virieu-le-Petit
Virignin
Vongnes
Vonnas
Vésines
Étrez
Évosges
General region
Bugey
Dombes
Inhabited place
Arlod
Champagne-en-Valromay
Chézery
Cluse
Génissiat
Illiat
Jassans-Riottier
Jujurieux
Lacoux
Les Neyrolles
Marlieux
Martignat
Moulin-des-Ponts
Saint Génis-Pouilly
Saint-Julien
Treffort
Unknown
Amareins
Belmont
Bohas
Bouvent
Cesseins
Charancin
Chavannes-sur-Reyssouze
Chavannes-sur-Suran
Cheignieu-la-Balme
Chevillard
Chevroux
Chevry
Civrieux
Cleyzieu
Condamine
Confort
Confrançon
Contrevoz
Corcelles
Cordieux
Cormoranche-sur-Saône
Cormoz
Corveissiat
Courmangoux
Courtes
Craz
Crottet
Cruzilles-lès-Mépillat
Cuisiat
Curciat-Dongalon
Cuzieu
Dommartin
Dompierre-sur-Veyle
Dorches
Echallon
Echenevex
Fareins
Farges
Fitignieu
Flaxieu
Francheleins
Frans
Garnerans
Genay
Germagnat
Gorrevod
Granges
Gravelles
Grilly
Grièges
Groissiat
Géovreisset
Géovreissiat
Hautecourt
Hostias
Injoux
Izenave
Jasseron
Labalme
Laiz
Lalleyriat
Lancrans
Lantenay
Lapeyrouse
Le Grand-Abergement
Le Petit-Abergement
Le Poizat
Lent
Les Rippes
Lescheroux
Leyssard
Lilignod
Lompnas
Longchamp
Loyes
Lurcy
Luthézieu
Léaz
Maillat
Mantenay-Montlin
Marchamp
Matafelon
Meillonnas
Messimy
Meyriat
Misérieux
Mollon
Montagneux
Montagnieu
Montanay
Montcet
Monthieux
Montracol
Montréal
Mornay
Moëns
Mérignat
Napt
Ochiaz
Outriaz
Ozan
Parcieux
Passin
Percieux
Perrex
Peyriat
Polliat
Port
Pouillat
Pressiat
Prévessin
Péronnas
Rancé
Relevant
Reyssouze
Rignat
Rillieux
Romanèche
Saint-Alban
Saint-André-d'Huiriat
Saint-André-de-Corcy
Saint-André-sur-Vieux-Jonc
Saint-Bernard
Saint-Bénigne
Saint-Cyr-sur-Menthon
Saint-Denis-lès-Bourg
Saint-Didier-de-Formans
Saint-Etienne-du-Bois
Saint-Etienne-sur-Reyssouze
Saint-Genis-sur-Menthon
Saint-Germain-sur-Renon
Saint-Jean-de-Gonville
Saint-Jean-de-Thurigneux
Saint-Jean-le-Vieux
Saint-Jean-sur-Reyssouze
Saint-Julien-sur-Reyssouze
Saint-Julien-sur-Veyle
Saint-Marcel
Saint-Martin-de-Bavel
Saint-Martin-du-Frêne
Saint-Martin-du-Mont
Saint-Nizier-le-Bouchoux
Saint-Paul-de-Varax
Saint-Rémy
Saint-Sulpice
Saint-Trivier-en-Dombes
Sainte-Euphémie
Sainte-Julie
Sainte-Olive
Samognat
Sathonay-Camp
Sathonay-Village
Sauverny
Savigneux
Savignieux
Seillonnaz
Sergy
Sermoyer
Serrières-sur-Ain
Servas
Servignat
Simandre
Sonthonnax-la-Montagne
Ségny
Thoiry
Thol
Vandeins
Vernoux
Versonnex
Vesancy
Vescours
Veyziat
Vieu-d'Izenave
Villeneuve
Villette
Villieu
Volognat
Vouvray
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Ain (; Arpitan: 'En') is a department named after the Ain River on the eastern edge of France. Being part of the region Rhône-Alpes and bordered by the rivers Saône and Rhône, the department of Ain enjoys a privileged geographic situation. It has an excellent transport network (TGV, highways) and benefits from the proximity to the international airports of Lyon and Geneva.

Ain is composed of four geographically different areas (Bresse, Dombes, Bugey and Pays de Gex) which – each with its own characteristics – contribute to the diversity and the dynamic economic development of the department. In the Bresse agriculture and agro-industry are dominated by the cultivation of cereals, cattle breeding, milk and cheese production as well as poultry farming. In the Dombes, pisciculture assumes greater importance as does wine making in the Bugey. The high diversification of the department's industry is accompanied by a strong presence of the plastics sector in and around Oyonnax (so-called "Plastics Valley").

Due to its diverse industrial character and the cooperation of small and medium enterprises, Ain ranks among the departments with the fastest growing economy in the country. Its unemployment rate lies far beneath the national and regional average. Besides the export-oriented SME's, several large enterprises, with a prominent position on national and international markets, have settled in the department.

Although looking ahead, Ain attaches nevertheless great importance to its historical and cultural heritage as illustrated by its gastronomy (restaurant of Georges Blanc in Vonnas), its annual poultry competitions in the Bresse ("the three glorious") and its tourism (346 classified monuments such as the famous church of Brou in Bourg-en-Bresse, 14 museums of France, eco-tourism and ski tourism).

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

The first inhabitants settled in the territory of today's Ain about 15000 BC. The menhir of Simandre-sur-Suran dates from this era.

In the year 58 BC Julius Caesar's military action against the Helvetians advancing towards Gaul on the territory of today's Ain marked the beginning of the Gallic Wars.

Under the Merovingians, Ain belonged to the Kingdom of Burgundy. In the beginning of the 6th century AD the diocese of Belley is created. Important abbeys of the order of Saint Benedict are established in the valleys.

In 843 Ain was assigned to the kingdom of Lothar I by the Treaty of Verdun. The first big fiefdoms ("Seigneuries") emerge between 895 and 900 in Bâgé-la-Ville and Coligny. Numerous castles are erected. In the 12th century the romanic architecture prospers.

In the 11th century the Counts of Savoy and Valromey settled in the region of Belley. In 1272 they receive the Bresse and – by the Treaties of Paris in 1355 – the territories Dauphiné and Gex on the right bank of the Rhône. In the beginning of the 15th century almost the whole region of Ain is united under the banner of Savoy. New monasteries are founded in the cities, churches are constructed or reshaped according to the Gothic style of architecture.

In the beginning of the 16th century – the Duchy of Savoy was at the peak of its power – Ain was inherited by Margaret of Habsburg, the widow of Philibert II, Duke of Savoy. In Brou she erects a church and a monastery in late-gothic style. Bourg-en-Bresse becomes a bishop's see. After Margaret's death Francis I of France, a nephew of the Dukes of Savoy, claimed the Duchy for himself and conquers it in 1536. The future department of Ain is now French. However, following a Treaty concluded in 1559 Savoy, including the territory of Ain, was restored to the Duke of Savoy who immediately starts fortifying it. Shortly after, Henry IV conquered the region again, but the citadel of Bourg remains impregnable. The Treaty of Lyon of 17 January 1601 ends finally the conflict. Ain now belonged to Burgundy.

In the 17th century sculpture, painting and literature prosper. During the 18th century streets and small industries emerge. On 28 March 1762 the Count of Eu, son of the Duke of Maine, cedes the region Dombes to Louis XV.

In 1790, during the French Revolution, the departments of Ain and Léman are created. Ain is subdivided into 9 districts, 49 cantons and 501 communes. The Revolution does not claim many victims in the department, but it destroys numerous extraordinary valuable historical monuments. During the first French Consulate (1802) the districts are abolished. The Congress of Vienna dissolves the department of Léman and assigns the arrondissement Gex to the department of Ain.

During the French Revolution and the First Empire a large number of churches were destroyed, but in 1823 the diocese of Belley is refounded. The Curé of Ars becomes famous. During the Second Empire numerous churches are reconstructed, agriculture changes profoundly, and the railway expands.

Due to its distance from the frontline the department is spared the destruction of World War I (1914–1918). However, the majority of the vineyards can no longer be cultivated and disappear. Industrialization of the department starts in Oyonnax and Bellegarde. Construction of the Barrage de Génissiat starts in 1937.

World War II (1939–1945) vehemently strikes the department of Ain and takes its toll: 600 people are deported, half of them do not return. The monument of the Maquis in Cerdon, the memorial of the children of Izieu and the museum of the resistance and deportation in Nantua commemorate this tragic era.

In the second half of the 20th century the industrialization of the department proceeds, favored by a narrow street and railway network.

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