Place:Charente-Maritime, France

Watchers
NameCharente-Maritime
Alt namesCharente-Inférieuresource: Family History Library Catalog
Charente-Inférieuresource: Encyclopædia Britannica (1988) III, 100
TypeDépartement
Coordinates45.5°N 0.75°W
Located inFrance
Also located inPoitou-Charentes, France    
Contained Places
Arrondissement
Saint-Jean-d'Angély
Canton
Aigrefeuille-d'Aunis (canton)
Burie (canton)
Gémozac (canton)
La Jarrie (canton)
La Rochelle (Canton Ouest)
La Rochelle (canton)
La Tremblade (canton)
Loulay (canton)
Montlieu-la-Garde (canton)
Saint-Agnant (canton)
Saint-Genis-de-Saintonge (canton)
Saint-Hilaire-de-Villefranche (canton)
Saint-Pierre-d'Oléron (canton)
Tonnay-Charente (canton)
Commune
Dœuil-sur-le-Mignon
Gibourne
Hiers-Brouage
La Flotte
La Rochelle
La Ronde
Le Bois-Plage-en-Ré
Marennes
Mortiers
Moëze
Médis
Périgny
Rochefort
Royan
Saint-Denis-d'Oléron
Saint-Martin-de-Ré
Saint-Sauveur-d'Aunis
Sainte-Soulle
Saintes
Semussac
Île-d'Aix
Former municipality
Saint-Martin-de-la-Coudre
Saint-Sauveur-de-Nuaillé
Inhabited place
Arces
Archiac
Archingeay
Ars-en-Ré
Arthénac
Aulnay
Avy
Berneuil
Biron
Bords
Bougneau
Brouage
Chadenac
Champagne
Champagnolles
Charron
Chermignac
Château-d'Oléron
Consac
Contré
Corme-Royal
Corme-Écluse
Courçon
Cozes
Dampierre-sur-Boutonne
Dompierre-sur-Charente
Dompierre-sur-Mer
Esnandes
Fenioux
Fontaine-Chalendray
Fontaines-d'Ozillac
Geay
Genouillé
Gourvillette
Guitinières
Jarnac-Champagne
Jarrie
Jonzac
Le Douhet
Lonzac
Lorignac
Macqueville
Marans
Marignac
Marsilly
Matha
Mirambeau
Moings
Montendre
Montguyon
Pons
Saint Césaire
Saint Genis-de-Saintange
Saint Jean-d'Angély
Saint Savinien
Saint-Porchaire
Salles-lès-Aulnay
Saujon
Surgères
Tonnay-Boutonne
Tremblade
Trizay
Échebrune
Échillais
Écurat
Unknown
Agonnay
Agudelle
Aigrefeuille-d'Aunis
Allas-Bocage
Allas-Champagne
Anais
Andilly
Angliers
Angoulins
Annepont
Annezay
Antezant
Antignac
Ardillières
Arvert
Asnières-la-Giraud
Aujac
Aumagne
Authon
Aytré
Bagnizeau
Balanzac
Ballans
Ballon
Barzan
Bazauges
Beaugeay
Beauvais-sur-Matha
Bedenac
Belluire
Benon
Bercloux
Bernay
Beurlay
Bignay
Blanzac-Lès-Matha
Blanzay-sur-Boutonne
Bois
Boisredon
Boresse-et-Martron
Boscamnant
Bouhet
Bourcefranc-Le-Chapus
Bourgneuf
Boutenac-Touvent
Bran
Bresdon
Breuil-Magné
Breuil-la-Réorte
Breuillet
Brie-sous-Archiac
Brie-sous-Matha
Brie-sous-Mortagne
Brives-sur-Charente
Brizambourg
Burie
Bussac-Forêt
Bussac-sur-Charente
Cabariot
Celles
Cercoux
Chaillevette
Chambon
Chamouillac
Champagnac
Champdolent
Chaniers
Chantemerle-sur-la-Soie
Chardes
Chartuzac
Chatenet
Chaunac
Chenac-Saint-Seurin-d'Uzet
Chepniers
Cherbonnières
Chervettes
Chevanceaux
Chives
Châtelaillon-Plage
Chérac
Cierzac
Ciré-D'Aunis
Clam
Clavette
Clion
Clérac
Coivert
Colombiers
Corignac
Coulonge-sur-Charente
Coulonges
Courant
Courcelles
Courcerac
Courcoury
Courpignac
Coux
Cramchaban
Cravans
Crazannes
Cressé
Croix-Chapeau
Dolus
Ebéon
Ecoyeux
Epargnes
Etaules
Expiremont
Ferrières
Floirac
Fléac-sur-Seugne
Fontains-d'Ozillac
Fontcouverte
Fontenet
Forges
Fouras
Germignac
Givrezac
Grandjean
Grézac
Gémozac
Haimps
Jazennes
Juicq
Jussas
L'Eguille
L'Houmeau
La Barde
La Benâte
La Brousse
La Chapelle-Bâton
La Chapelle-des-Pots
La Clisse
La Clotte
La Couarde-sur-Mer
La Croix-Comtesse
La Frédière
La Genétouze
La Gripperie-Saint-Symphorien
La Grève-sur-Mignon
La Jard
La Jarne
La Jarrie
La Jarrie-Audouin
La Laigne
La Tremblade
La Vallée
La Vergne
La Villedieu
Lagord
Landes
Landrais
Le Chay
Le Château-d'Oléron
Le Fouilloux
Le Gicq
Le Gua
Le Gué-d'Alleré
Le Mung
Le Pin
Le Seure
Le Thou
Les Eduts
Les Eglises-d'Argenteuil
Les Essards
Les Gonds
Les Mathes
Les Nouillers
Les Portes
Les Touches-de-Périgny
Loire-les-Marais
Loiré-sur-Nie
Loix
Longèves
Loulay
Louzignac
Lozay
Luchat
Lussac
Lussant
Léoville
Marsais
Massac
Mazeray
Mazerolles
Meschers-sur-Gironde
Messac
Meursac
Meux
Migron
Migré
Mons
Montils
Montlieu-la-Garde
Montpellier-de-Medillan
Montroy
Moragne
Mornac-sur-Seudre
Mortagne-sur-Gironde
Mosnac
Moulons
Muron
Mérignac
Nachamps
Nancras
Nantillé
Neuillac
Neulles
Neuvicq-Montguyon
Neuvicq-le-Château
Nieul-Le-Virouil
Nieul-lès-Saintes
Nieul-sur-Mer
Nieulle-sur-Seudre
Nuaillé-d'Aunis
Nuaillé-sur-Boutonne
Néré
Orignolles
Orlac
Ozillac
Paichebrun
Paillé
Pessines
Pisany
Plassac
Plassay
Polignac
Pommiers
Pont-l'Abbé-d'Arnoult
Port-d'Envaux
Port-des-Barques
Pouillac
Poursay-Garnaud
Prignac
Préguillac
Puilboreau
Puy-du-Lac
Puyravault
Puyrolland
Pérignac
Péré
Rioux
Romazières
Romegoux
Rouffiac
Rouffignac
Réaux
Rétaud
Sablonceaux
Saint-Agnant
Saint-Aigulin
Saint-André-de-Lidon
Saint-Augustin
Saint-Bonnet-sur-Gironde
Saint-Bris-des-Bois
Saint-Christophe
Saint-Ciers-Champagne
Saint-Ciers-du-Taillon
Saint-Clément-des-Baleines
Saint-Coutant-le-Grand
Saint-Crépin
Saint-Cyr-du-Doret
Saint-Denis-du-Pin
Saint-Dizant-du-Bois
Saint-Dizant-du-Gua
Saint-Eugène
Saint-Fort-sur-Gironde
Saint-Froult
Saint-Félix
Saint-Gemme
Saint-Genis-de-Saintonge
Saint-Georges-D'Oléron
Saint-Georges-de-Cubillac
Saint-Georges-de-Didonne
Saint-Georges-de-Longuepierre
Saint-Georges-des-Agoûts
Saint-Georges-des-Coteaux
Saint-Georges-du-Bois
Saint-Germain-de-Lusignan
Saint-Germain-de-Marencennes
Saint-Germain-de-Vibrac
Saint-Germain-du-Seudre
Saint-Grégoire-d'Ardennes
Saint-Hilaire-de-Villefranche
Saint-Hilaire-du-Bois
Saint-Hippolyte
Saint-Jean-d'Angle
Saint-Jean-de-Liversay
Saint-Julien-de-l'Escap
Saint-Just-Luzac
Saint-Laurent-de-la-Barrière
Saint-Laurent-de-la-Prée
Saint-Loup
Saint-Léger
Saint-Maigrin
Saint-Mandé-sur-Brédoire
Saint-Mard
Saint-Martial
Saint-Martial-de-Mirambeau
Saint-Martial-de-Vitaterne
Saint-Martial-sur-Né
Saint-Martin-D'Ary
Saint-Martin-de-Coux
Saint-Martin-de-Juillers
Saint-Maurice-de-Laurançanne
Saint-Maurice-de-Laurençanne
Saint-Maurice-de-Tavernole
Saint-Médard
Saint-Médard-d'Aunis
Saint-Nazaire-sur-Charente
Saint-Ouen
Saint-Ouen-d'Aunis
Saint-Ouen-la-Thène
Saint-Palais-de-Négrignac
Saint-Palais-de-Phiolin
Saint-Palais-sur-Mer
Saint-Pardoult
Saint-Pierre-d'Amilly
Saint-Pierre-d'Arnilly
Saint-Pierre-d'Oléron
Saint-Pierre-de-Juillers
Saint-Pierre-de-L'Île
Saint-Pierre-du-Palais
Saint-Quantin-de-Rançanne
Saint-Rogatien
Saint-Romain-de-Benet
Saint-Romain-sur-Gironde
Saint-Saturnin-du-Bois
Saint-Sauvant
Saint-Savinien
Saint-Seurin-de-Palenne
Saint-Sever-de-Saintonge
Saint-Sigismond-de-Clermont
Saint-Simon-de-Bordes
Saint-Simon-de-Pellouaille
Saint-Sorlin-de-Conac
Saint-Sornin
Saint-Sulpice-d'Arnoult
Saint-Sulpice-de-Royan
Saint-Séverin-sur-Boutonne
Saint-Thomas-de-Conac
Saint-Trojan-Les-Bains
Saint-Vaize
Saint-Vivien
Saint-Xandre
Sainte-Colombe
Sainte-Lheurine
Sainte-Marie-de-Ré
Sainte-Même
Sainte-Radégonde
Sainte-Ramée
Saleignes
Salignac-de-Mirambeau
Salignac-sur-Charente
Salles-sur-Mer
Seigné
Semillac
Semoussac
Siecq
Sonnac
Soubise
Soubran
Soulignonne
Soumeras
Sousmoulins
Taillant
Taillebourg
Talmont
Tanzac
Taugon
Ternant
Tesson
Thaims
Thairé
Thors
Thénac
Thézac
Tonnay-Charente
Torxé
Tugéras
Vallet
Vandré
Vanzac
Varaize
Varzay
Vaux-sur-Mer
Vergeroux
Vergné
Vervant
Vibrac
Villars-en-Pons
Villars-les-Bois
Villedoux
Villemorin
Villeneuve-la-Comtesse
Villenouvelle
Villexavier
Villiers-Couture
Vinax
Virollet
Virson
Voissay
Vouhé
Vénérand
Vérines
Yves
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Charente-Maritime is a department on the southwestern coast of France named after the Charente River.

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Previously a part of Saintonge and Aunis, Charente-Inférieure was one of the 83 original departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. On 4 September 1941, it was renamed Charente-Maritime.

When first created, the commune of Saintes was assigned as the prefecture of the department (Saintes had previously been the capital of Saintonge). This changed in 1810 when Napoléon passed an imperial decree which moved the prefecture to La Rochelle.

During World War II, the department was invaded by the German army and became part of occupied France. To provide defence against a possible beach landing, the Organisation Todt constructed a number of sea defences in the area. Defences such as pillboxes are particularly noticeable on the beaches of the presqu'île d'Arvert and the island of Oléron.

At the end of the war there were only two pockets of German resistance: La Rochelle, in the north and Royan in the south. Despite being almost completely destroyed during an RAF bombing raid on 5 January 1945, the town of Royan wasn't liberated by the French resistance until April of the same year. La Rochelle was finally captured on 9 May 1945.

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