Place:Aude, France

Watchers
NameAude
TypeDépartement
Coordinates43.083°N 2.5°E
Located inFrance
Also located inLanguedoc-Roussillon, France    
Contained Places
Canton
Alzonne (canton)
Belcaire (canton)
Belpech (canton)
Capendu (canton)
Carcassonne-Est
Carcassonne-Ouest
Chalabre (canton)
Conques-sur-Orbiel (canton)
Couiza (canton)
Coursan (canton)
Durban-Corbières (canton)
Ginestas (canton)
Lézignan-Corbières (canton)
Mas-Cabardès (canton)
Montréal (canton)
Mouthoumet (canton)
Peyriac-Minervois (canton)
Saissac (canton)
Salles-sur-l'Hers (canton)
Tuchan (canton)
Commune
Carcassonne
Castelnaudary
Limoux
Montolieu
Narbonne
Rennes-le-Château
Rennes-les-Bains
General region
Sault
Inhabited place
Alairac
Alet-les-Bains
Axat
Azille
Baraigne
Bugarach
Caunes-Minervois
Duilhac-sous-Peyrepertuse
Fanjeaux
Fenouillet-du-Razès
La Digne-d'Amont
Lagrasse
Lastours
Laurac
Les Martys
Mazerolles-du-Razès
Mireval-Lauragais
Molleville
Montbrun-des-Corbières
Montlaur
Montmaur
Montséret
Palairac
Pauligne
Pennautier
Puivert
Quillan
Saint-Hilaire
Saint-Martin-des-Puits
Saint-Papoul
Saint-Polycarpe
Sigean
Termes
Trèbes
Villegly
Unknown
Aigues-Vives
Airoux
Ajac
Alaigne
Albas
Albières
Alzonne
Antugnac
Aragon
Argeliers
Argens-Minervois
Armissan
Arques
Arquettes-en-Val
Artigues
Arzens
Aunat
Auriac
Badens
Bages
Bagnoles
Barbaira
Belcaire
Belcastel-et-Buc
Belflou
Belfort-sur-Rébenty
Bellegarde-du-Razès
Belpech
Belvianes-et-Cavirac
Belvis
Belvèze-du-Razès
Berriac
Bessède-de-Sault
Bizanet
Bize-Minervois
Blomac
Bouilhonnac
Bouisse
Bourigeole
Bouriège
Boutenac
Bram
Brenac
Brousses-et-Villaret
Brugairolles
Brézilhac
Buillac
Cabrespine
Cahuzac
Cailhau
Cailhavel
Cailla
Cambieure
Campagna-de-Sault
Campagne-sur-Aude
Camplong-d'Aude
Camps-sur-l'Agly
Camurac
Canet
Capendu
Carlipa
Cascastel-des-Corbières
Cassaignes
Castans
Castanviels
Castelnau-d'Aude
Castelreng
Caudebronde
Caudeval
Caunette-sur-Lauquet
Caunettes-en-Val
Caux-et-Sauzens
Cavanac
Caves
Cazalrenoux
Cazilhac
Cenne-Monestiès
Chalabre
Citou
Clermont-sur-Lauquet
Comigne
Comus
Conilhac-Corbières
Conilhac-de-la-Montagne
Conques-sur-Orbiel
Corbières
Coudons
Couffoulens
Couiza
Counozouls
Cournanel
Coursan
Courtauly
Coustaussa
Coustouge
Cruscades
Cubières-sur-Cinoble
Cucugnan
Cumiès
Cuxac-Cabardès
Cuxac-d'Aude
Cépie
Davejean
Dernacueillette
Donazac
Douzens
Duilhac
Durban-Corbières
Embres-et-Castelmaure
Escouloubre
Escueillens
Espezel
Espéraza
Fa
Fabrezan
Fajac-en-Val
Fajac-la-Relenque
Fendeille
Ferrals-les-Corbières
Ferran
Festes-et-St-André
Feuilla
Fitou
Fleury
Floure
Fontanès-de-Sault
Fontcouverte
Fonters-du-Razès
Fontiers-Cabardès
Fontiès-d'Aude
Fontjoncouse
Fournes-Cabardès
Fourtou
Fraisse-Cabardès
Fraissé-des-Corbières
Félines-Termenès
Gaja-et-Villedieu
Gaja-la-Selve
Galinagues
Gardie
Generville
Gincla
Ginestas
Ginoles
Gléon
Gourvieille
Gramazie
Granès
Greffeil
Gruissan
Grèzes
Gueytes-et-Labastide
Homps
Hounoux
Issel
Jonquières
Joucou
La Bezole
La Cassaigne
La Courtête
La Digne-d'Aval
La Fajolle
La Force
La Louvière-Lauragais
La Pomarède
La Serpent
La Tourette-Cabardès
Labastide-Esparbairenque
Labastide-d'Anjou
Labastide-en-Val
Labécède-Lauragais
Lacombe
Ladern-sur-Lauquet
Lafage
Lairière
Lanet
Lapalme
Laprade (Mas-Cabardes)
Laprade
Laredorte
Laroque-de-Fa
Lasbordes
Lasserre-de-Prouille
Laurabuc
Lauraguel
Laure-Minervois
Lavalette
Le Bousquet
Le Clat
Les Brunels
Les Cassés
Les Ilhes
Lespinassière
Leuc
Leucate
Lignairolles
Limousis
Loupia
Luc-sur-Aude
Luc-sur-Orbieu
Lézignan-Corbières
Magrie
Mailhac
Maisons
Malras
Malves
Malviès
Maquens
Marcorignan
Marmorières
Marquein
Marsa
Marseillette
Mas-Cabardès
Mas-Stes-Puelles
Mas-des-Cours
Massac
Mayreville
Mayronnes
Mazuby
Miraval-Cabardès
Mirepeisset
Missègre
Molandier
Molières-sur-l'Alberte
Montauriol
Montazels
Montclar
Montferrand
Montfort-sur-Boulzane
Montgaillard
Montgradail
Monthaut
Montirat
Montjardin
Montjoi
Montlegun
Montredon
Montréal
Monze
Moussan
Moussoulens
Mouthoumet
Moux
Mérial
Mézerville
Niort-de-Sault
Nébias
Névian
Ornaisons
Orsans
Ouveillan
Padern
Palaja
Paraza
Payra-sur-l'Hers
Paziols
Pech-Luna
Pexiora
Peyrefitte-du-Razès
Peyrefitte-sur-l'Hers
Peyrens
Peyriac-Minervois
Peyriac-de-Mer
Peyrolles
Pezens
Pieusse
Plaigne
Plavilla
Pomas
Pomy
Port-la-Nouvelle
Portel
Pouzols-Minervois
Pradelles-Cabardès
Pradelles-en-Val
Preixan
Puginier
Puichéric
Puilaurens
Pujol-de-Bosc
Pécharic-et-le-Py
Pépieux
Quintillan
Quirbajou
Raissac-d'Aude
Raissac-sur-Lampy
Ribaute
Ribouisse
Ricaud
Rieux-Minervois
Rieux-en-Val
Rivel
Rodome
Roquecourbe-Minervois
Roquefeuil
Roquefort-de-Sault
Roquefort-des-Corbières
Roquefère
Roquetaillade
Roubia
Rouffiac-d'Aude
Rouffiac-des-Corbières
Roullens
Routier
Rouvenac
Rustiques
Saint-Amans
Saint-André-de-Roquelongue
Saint-Benoît
Saint-Couat-d'Aude
Saint-Couat-du-Razès
Saint-Denis
Saint-Ferriol
Saint-Frichoux
Saint-Gaudéric
Saint-Jean-de-Barrou
Saint-Jean-de-Paracol
Saint-Julia-de-Bec
Saint-Julien-de-Briola
Saint-Just-de-Bélengard
Saint-Just-et-le-Bézu
Saint-Laurent-de-la-Cabrerisse
Saint-Louis-et-Parahou
Saint-Marcel
Saint-Martin-Lalande
Saint-Martin-Lys
Saint-Martin-de-Villereglan
Saint-Martin-le-Vieil
Saint-Michel-de-Lanès
Saint-Nazaire-d'Aude
Saint-Paulet
Saint-Pierre-des-Champs
Saint-Sernin
Sainte-Camelle
Sainte-Colombe-sur-Guette
Sainte-Colombe-sur-l'Hers
Sainte-Eulalie
Sainte-Valière
Saissac
Salles-d'Aude
Salles-sur-l'Hers
Sallèles-Cabardès
Sallèles-d'Aude
Salsigne
Salvezines
Salza
Seignalens
Serres
Serviès-en-Val
Sonnac-sur-l'Hers
Sougraigne
Souilhanels
Souilhe
Soulatgé
Soupex
Talairan
Taurize
Terroles
Thézan-des-Corbières
Tournissan
Tourouzelle
Tourreilles
Trassanel
Trausse
Treilles
Tresmèzes
Tréville
Tréziers
Tuchan
Valmigère
Vendémies
Ventenac-Cabardès
Ventenac-d'Aude
Verdun-en-Lauragais
Verzeille
Vignevieille
Villalbe
Villalier
Villanière
Villar-St-Anselme
Villar-en-Val
Villardebelle
Villardonnel
Villaret
Villarzel-Cabardès
Villarzel-du-Razès
Villasavary
Villautou
Villebazy
Villedaigne
Villedubert
Villefloure
Villefort
Villegailhenc
Villelongue-d'Aude
Villemagne
Villemoustaussou
Villeneuve-Minervois
Villeneuve-la-Comptal
Villeneuve-lès-Montréal
Villepinte
Villerouge-Termenès
Villesiscle
Villespy
Villesèque-des-Corbières
Villesèquelande
Villetritouls
Vinassan
Véraza
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Aude is a department in south-central France named after the river Aude. The local council also calls the department "Cathar Country".


Aude is also a frequent feminine French given name in Francophone countries, deriving initially from Aude or Oda, a wife of Bertrand, Duke of Aquitaine, and mother of Saint Hubertus's brother Eudo. Aude was the name of Roland's fiancée in the chansons de geste.

Contents

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Prehistory

Human traces have been found in the department from 1,500,000 BC in the form of hammers and worked tools on the hill of Grazailles at Carcassonne. The most interesting discovery, however, is that of the skull of Tautavel Man made by Henry de Lumley in the commune of Tautavel in the Pyrénées-Orientales department. It is the oldest skull known in Europe. It dates from about 450,000 years BCE. It is likely that Tautavel Man lived in all of this region.

The Roman Era

The Romans, led by the consul-general Domitius Ahenobarbus, installed themselves first of all at Narbonne in 118 BC on the oppidum of Montlaurès which became the provincial capital and a very active mercantile port. The position was strategically important since it stood at the cross roads of two Roman roads, the Via Aquitania and the Via Domitia as well as by the sea near the mouth of the River Aude. Carcassonne became Latin in 30 BC with the creation of numerous grain farms. For almost two centuries, Aude enjoyed peace and strong economic growth.

Barbarian Invasions

The Visigoths invaded the country in 435 AD at a time when Flavius Aetius, the Roman senator, was busy repressing the Bagaudes who were brigands from Gaul. In 507, the victory of Clovis I at the battle of Vouillé permitted him to conquer Toulouse and Aquitaine. However, he could not recover the Aude territory which remained in the hands of the Visigoths, thanks to the help of the King of the Ostrogoths whose troops defeated Clovis's son in 508. The region was then part of Septimania, so called because it was composed of seven bishoprics that the visigoth kings had established there: Elne, Agde, Narbonne, Lodève, Béziers, Maguelonne, and Nîmes. Septimania covered the Aude but also the whole region of Languedoc-Roussillon.

Middle Ages

In 817, Louis le Débonnaire detached Carcassès and Razès from Septimania to reunite them with the marquisate of Toulouse and the kingdom of Aquitaine. The first Count of Carcassonne was Oliba from the family of the Counts of Barcelona who established himself in 819. Razès was another county that was formed by an archbishop of Narbonne who had been chased from his town by the Saracens. He had transferred his episcopal seat to Razès and had procured the honours of the feudal title for the area. Narbonne formed a third county. Thus, the Aude department was formed in the ninth century from three counties: Carcassonne, Razès and Narbonne. In 880, the County of Razès was united by marriage to that of Carcassonne, never to be separated.

Catharism in Aude

In the 13th century, the region saw the development of Catharism, a dualistic Christian sect with similarities to Gnosticism. This religion was very quickly judged to be heretical by the Catholic Church. Faced with its growing strength in the counties of Carcassonne and Toulouse, Pope Innocent III in 1209 declared a crusade against the Albigensians. The barons of the north united to form an army under the command of Simon de Montfort. Whereas the count of Toulouse Raymond VI received absolution, the Count of Carcassonne confronted the army alone. The city of Carcassonne became the refuge of numerous Cathars.

The Protestant Crisis and Economic Expansion of the department

In 1561, religious troubles appeared at Carcassonne in the form of a Protestant crisis. Duke Henri I de Montmorency, the Governor of the Languedoc, joined the Reformed side in 1574. On the Catholic side, the Duke Anne de Joyeuse became head of the Catholic League. Henri II de Montmorency was defeated at the Battle of Castelnaudary in September 1632 against the royal troops then was condemned to death and executed at Toulouse.

The Creation of the Department

The present department is one of the original 83 departments created by the Constituent Assembly during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was created from part of the former province of Languedoc. Administrative divisions were amended by the Act of 28 Pluviôse of Year 8, which created four arrondissements (reduced to three by Premier Raymond Poincaré in 1926) and reduced the number of cantons from 45 to 31.

The 20th Century

The Aude enjoyed strong wine production while grain farmers of Lauragais faced great difficulties. However, the department suffered from oversupply and a slump in sales of wine. In 1907 the crisis produced a winemakers’ revolt. This led to the establishment of many Winemaking cooperatives in Aude from 1909.

Heraldry

Research Tips


This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Aude. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.