Loir-et-Cher is a French department based in the Centre region. Its name is originated from two rivers which crossing it, the Loir on the North and the Cher on the South.
Its prefecture is Blois. The INSEE and La Poste gave it the number 41.
The department of Loir-et-Cher recovers a territory which was very occupied in the prehistoric period, however it was during the Middle Ages when there were the first local efforts of organization that many castles and strong places were erected to enable inhabitants to withstand against the invasions of Normands, Bourguignons, English and so on.
The economy is quite flourishing: there are shops in valley, the agriculture is growing in the region of the Beauce and the Perche to the Sologne which knew a certain prosperity until the 17th century. However, politically, the region remains quartered between the earldoms and the duchies neighbouring. In 1397, the House of Orleans becomes the possession of the Comté of Blois. In 1497, Louis d’Orleans (23rd count hereditary of Blois) was crowned with the name of Louis XII. It’s the beginning of the importance of Blois and of the Blaisois in the politic life of the French, impressive especially under the last Valois. At this time, kings and important financials compete to build castles and elegant abodes which are today on the first place of the national heritage due to their quantity, their significance and their worth. (Chambord, Blois, Cheverny and so on.)
After that, there were religion’s wars which were extremely ferocious under Charles IX's reign. In 1576 and 1588, the General Estates get together in Blois. L’Orléanais, le Berry, la Touraine, le Perche et le Maine occupied le Loir-et-Cher and its provinces in 1970. The Loir-et-Cher’s birth as a department was very difficult and laborious. The 29th September1789, the constitution’s advisory board made a report in which he wanted to attribute one of the 80 departments to Blois. However, some cities and canton capitals disagreed, such as Tours and Orleans. Inside of the department, Montrichard turns to Amboise and Tours, Saint-Aignan wants to turn to the Berry and Salbris to Vierzon.
Finally, Orleans gives Blois an important part of the Sologne except Beaugency and Tours doesn’t give Amboise. The department is founded 4 March 1790, in accordance with the law of 22 December 1789. It is constituted of some old provinces of the Orleanais and of the Touraine along with a Berry’s plot (left bank of the Selles en Berry’s Cher which becomes Selles sur Cher, to Saint-Aignan). The department’s constricion in its centre and the maximum stretching out in its surface area beyond the Loir on the North and the Cher on the South is due to these tribulations. After the victory of the Coalises during the Waterloo’s battle (18 June 1815), the Prussian’s troops occupied the department from June 1815 to November 1818. ( to learn more about it, go on to "France’s occupation at the end of the First Empire)
The poet Pierre de Ronsard, the inventor Denis Papin and the historian Augustin Thierry come from over here. Others well-known people attached also to this department, like François the First, Gaston d’Orleans, the Marshall Maunoury, and the abbot Gregoire. (Bishop of Blois elected at the Consituante) In the artistic domain, there is the compositor Antoine Boesset (1587-1643), musician in the Louis XII de France’s court, who was the head of the Music of the King’s Bedroom from 1623 to 1643.
The Loir-et-Cher’s department is a part of the Centre Region. It is adjacent of these departments : the Eure-et-Loir, the Loiret, the Cher, the Indre, the Indre-et-Loire and the Sarthe. Due to its surface area of 6 343 km², it is on the 31st national place in the size’s domain. It has a privileged geographical situation because it is in the center of the Centre region and near the Paris basin. An axe lively and dynamic, brings Blois closer (the department’s administrative center) of the both tall urban conglomerations near it: Orleans and Tours. Located on the boundaries of the Perche, the Beauce, the Sologne and the Touraine, it finds its territorial identity in the diversity of its geography and its landscapes. Cut in its middle by the Loire, it shows an image of balance and diversity.