Place:Dordogne, France

Watchers
NameDordogne
TypeDépartement
Coordinates45.167°N 0.817°E
Located inFrance
Also located inAquitaine, France    
Contained Places
Commune
Biron
Hautefort
Larzac
Le Fleix
Les Eyzies-de-Tayac
Mialet
Monpazier
Montazeau
Périgueux
Sarlat-la-Canéda
Thiviers
Veyrines-de-Domme
Inhabited place
Agonac
Aubas
Auriac-de-Bourzac
Baneuil
Beauronne
Belvès
Besse
Beynac-et-Cazenac
Boschaud
Brantôme
Bussière-Badil
Cadouin
Carsac-de-Carlux
Castelnaud-Fayrac
Chancelade
Cherval
Château-l'Evêque
Cénac-et-Saint-Julien
Domme
Faye
Goyran
Grand-Brassac
Issigeac
La Bachellerie
La Chapelle-Gonaguet
La Trappe
Laforce
Lalinde
Lanquais
Le Bugue
Le Buisson-de-Cadouin
Le Moustier
Lempzours
Mareuil
Mareuil-sur-Belle
Merlande
Montagrier
Montcaret
Montignac
Montpon-Ménesterol
Mussidan
Nailhac
Nontron
Paunat
Ribérac
Rouffignac-Saint-Cernin-de-Reillac
Saint-Amand-de-Coly
Saint-Astier
Saint-Aulaye
Saint-Avit-Sénieur
Saint-Cyprien
Saint-Geniès
Sainte-Foy-la-Grande
Salignac-Eyvignes
Terrasson-la-Villedieu
Thonac
Trémolat
Vergt
Verteillac
Region
Bergerac
Unknown
Abjat
Ajat
Allemans
Alles-sur-Dordogne
Angoisse
Anlhiac
Annesse-et-Beaulieu
Antonne-et-Trigonant
Archignac
Atur
Augignac
Azerat
Badefols-d'Ans
Badefols-sur-Dordogne
Bardou
Bars
Bassilac
Bayac
Beaumont
Beaupouyet
Beauregard-et-Bassac
Beaussac
Beleymas
Bertric-Burée
Biras
Blis-et-Born
Boisse
Boisseuilh
Bonneville-et-Saint-Avit-de-Fumadières
Born-de-Champs
Borrèze
Bosset
Bouillac
Boulazac
Bouniagues
Bourdeilles
Bourg-des-Maisons
Bourg-du-Bost
Bourgnac
Bourniquel
Bourrou
Bouteilles-Saint-Sébastien
Breuilh
Brouchaud
Bussac
Busserolles
Calès
Campagnac-lès-Quercy
Campagne
Campsegret
Cantillac
Capdrot
Carsac-de-Gurson
Carves
Cause-de-Clérans
Celles
Cendrieux
Cercles
Chalagnac
Chaleix
Champagnac-de-Belair
Champagne-et-Fontaine
Champcevinel
Champeaux-et-la-Chapelle-Pommier
Champniers-et-Reilhac
Champs-Romain
Chantérac
Chapdeuil
Chassaignes
Chenaud
Cherveix-Cubas
Chourgnac
Cladech
Clermont-d'Excideuil
Clermont-de-Beauregard
Cogulot
Colombier
Comberanche-et-Epeluche
Condat-sur-Trincou
Conne-de-la-Barde
Connezac
Corgnac-sur-l'Isle
Cornille
Coubjours
Coulaures
Coulounieix-Chamiers
Cours-de-Pile
Coursac
Coutures
Couze-et-Saint-Front
Creyssac
Creysse
Creyssensac-et-Pissot
Cubjac
Cunèges
Doissat
Douchapt
Douville
Douzillac
Dussac
Echourgnac
Eglise-Neuve-d'Issac
Eglise-Neuve-de-Vergt
Escoire
Etouars
Excideuil
Eygurande-et-Gardedeuil
Eyliac
Eymet
Eyrenville
Eyvirat
Eyzerac
Falgueyrat
Faurilles
Faux
Festalemps
Firbeix
Flaugeac
Fongalop
Fonroque
Fossemagne
Fougueyrolles
Fouleix
Fraisse
Gabillou
Gageac-et-Rouillac
Gardonne
Gaugeac
Ginestet
Gout-Rossignol
Grand-Castang
Granges-d'Ans
Grignols
Grives
Grun
Génis
Hautefaye
Issac
Jaure
Javerlhac-et-la-Chapelle-Saint-Robert
Jayac
Jumilhac-le-Grand
La Boissière-d'Ans
La Chapelle-Faucher
La Chapelle-Grésignac
La Chapelle-Montabourlet
La Chapelle-Montmoreau
La Chapelle-Péchaud
La Chapelle-Saint-Jean
La Coquille
La Douze
La Gonterie-Boulouneix
La Jemaye
La Roche-Chalais
La Rochebeaucourt-et-Argentine
La Roque-Gageac
La Tour-Blanche
Labouquerie
Lacropte
Lamonzie-Montastruc
Lamonzie-Saint-Martin
Lamothe-Montravel
Lanouaille
Lavalade
Lavaur
Laveyssière
Le Bourdeix
Le Buisson-Cussac
Le Change
Le Pizou
Lembras
Les Graulges
Les Lèches
Ligueux
Limeuil
Limeyrat
Liorac
Lisle
Lolme
Loubejac
Lunas
Lusignac
Lussas-et-Nontronneau
Léguillac-de-Cercles
Léguillac-de-l'Auche
Manaurie
Mandacou
Manzac-sur-Vern
Marcillac-Saint-Quentin
Marsac-sur-l'Isle
Marsalès
Marsaneix
Maurens
Mauzac-et-Saint-Meyme-de-Rozens
Mauzens-et-Miremont
Mayac
Mensignac
Mescoules
Milhac-d'Auberoche
Milhac-de-Nontron
Minzac
Molières
Monbazillac
Monbos
Monestier
Monfaucon
Monmadalès
Monmarvès
Monsac
Monsaguel
Monsec
Montagnac-d'Auberoche
Montagnac-la-Crempse
Montaut
Montferrand-du-Périgord
Montpeyroux
Montplaisant
Montrem
Mouleydier
Mouzens
Ménesplet
Nabirat
Nadaillac
Nanteuil-de-Bourzac
Nantheuil
Nanthiat
Nastringues
Naussannes
Neuvic
Nojals-et-Clotte
Notre-Dame-de-Sanilhac
Négrondes
Orliac
Orliaguet
Paleyrac
Parcoul
Paulin
Paussac-et-Saint-Vivien
Payzac
Pazayac
Petit-Bersac
Peyrignac
Peyrillac-et-Millac
Peyzac-le-Moustier
Pezuls
Piégut-Pluviers
Plazac
Pomport
Ponteyraud
Pontours
Port-Sainte-Foy-et-Ponchapt
Prats-de-Carlux
Prats-du-Périgord
Pressignac-Vicq
Preyssac-d'Excideuil
Prigonrieux
Proissans
Puyguilhem
Puymangou
Puyrenier
Queyssac
Quinsac
Rampieux
Razac-d'Eymet
Razac-de-Saussignac
Razac-sur-l'Isle
Ribagnac
Rouffignac
Rouffignac-de-Sigoulès
Rouquette
Rudeau-Ladosse
Sadillac
Sagelat
Saint-Aigne
Saint-Alvère
Saint-Amand-de-Belvès
Saint-Amand-de-Vergt
Saint-André-d'Allas
Saint-André-de-Double
Saint-Antoine-Cumond
Saint-Antoine-d'Auberoche
Saint-Antoine-de-Breuilh
Saint-Aquilin
Saint-Aubin-de-Cadelech
Saint-Aubin-de-Lanquais
Saint-Aubin-de-Nabirat
Saint-Avit-Rivière
Saint-Avit-de-Vialard
Saint-Barthélemy-de-Bellegarde
Saint-Barthélemy-de-Bussière
Saint-Capraise-d'Eymet
Saint-Capraise-de-Lalinde
Saint-Cassien
Saint-Cernin-de-Labarde
Saint-Cernin-de-Reillac
Saint-Cernin-de-l'Herm
Saint-Chamassy
Saint-Cirq
Saint-Crépin-d'Auberoche
Saint-Crépin-de-Richemont
Saint-Crépin-et-Carlucet
Saint-Cybranet
Saint-Cyr-les-Champagnes
Saint-Estèphe
Saint-Etienne-de-Puycorbier
Saint-Front-d'Alemps
Saint-Front-de-Pradoux
Saint-Front-la-Rivière
Saint-Front-sur-Nizonne
Saint-Félix-de-Bourdeilles
Saint-Félix-de-Reillac-et-Mortemart
Saint-Félix-de-Villadeix
Saint-Georges-Blancaneix
Saint-Georges-de-Montclard
Saint-Germain-de-Belvès
Saint-Germain-des-Prés
Saint-Germain-du-Salembre
Saint-Germain-et-Mons
Saint-Geyrac
Saint-Géraud-de-Corps
Saint-Géry
Saint-Hilaire-d'Estissac
Saint-Jean-d'Ataux
Saint-Jean-d'Estissac
Saint-Jean-d'Eyraud
Saint-Jean-de-Côle
Saint-Jory-de-Chalais
Saint-Jory-las-Bloux
Saint-Julien-d'Eymet
Saint-Julien-de-Bourdeilles
Saint-Julien-de-Crempse
Saint-Julien-de-Lampon
Saint-Just
Saint-Laurent-des-Bâtons
Saint-Laurent-des-Hommes
Saint-Laurent-des-Vignes
Saint-Laurent-la-Vallée
Saint-Laurent-sur-Manoire
Saint-Lazare
Saint-Louis-en-l'Isle
Saint-Léon-d'Issigeac
Saint-Léon-sur-Vézère
Saint-Léon-sur-l'Isle
Saint-Maime-de-Péreyrol
Saint-Marcel-du-Périgord
Saint-Marcory
Saint-Martial-Viveyrol
Saint-Martial-d'Albarède
Saint-Martial-d'Artenset
Saint-Martial-de-Nabirat
Saint-Martial-de-Valette
Saint-Martin-de Gurçon
Saint-Martin-de-Fressengeas
Saint-Martin-de-Ribérac
Saint-Martin-des-Combes
Saint-Martin-l'Astier
Saint-Martin-le-Pin
Saint-Mesmin
Saint-Michel-de-Double
Saint-Michel-de-Montaigne
Saint-Michel-de-Rivière
Saint-Michel-de-Villadeix
Saint-Michel-l'Ecluse-et-Léparon
Saint-Méard-de-Drône
Saint-Méard-de-Gurçon
Saint-Médard-d'Excideuil
Saint-Médard-de-Mussidan
Saint-Naixent
Saint-Pancrace
Saint-Pantaly-d'Ans
Saint-Pantaly-d'Excideuil
Saint-Pardoux-de-Drône
Saint-Pardoux-et-Vielvic
Saint-Pardoux-la-Rivière
Saint-Paul-Lizonne
Saint-Paul-de-Serre
Saint-Paul-la-Roche
Saint-Perdoux
Saint-Pierre-d'Eyraud
Saint-Pierre-de-Chignac
Saint-Pierre-de-Côle
Saint-Pierre-de-Frugie
Saint-Pompont
Saint-Priest-les-Fougères
Saint-Privat
Saint-Rabier
Saint-Raphaël
Saint-Romain-de-Monpazier
Saint-Romain-et-Saint-Clément
Saint-Rémy
Saint-Saud-Lacoussière
Saint-Sauveur
Saint-Sauveur-Lalande
Saint-Seurin-de-Prats
Saint-Sulpice-d'Excideuil
Saint-Sulpice-d'Eymet
Saint-Sulpice-de-Mareuil
Saint-Sulpice-de-Roumagnac
Saint-Séverin-d'Estissac
Saint-Victor
Saint-Vincent-Jalmoutiers
Saint-Vincent-de-Connezac
Saint-Vincent-de-Cosse
Saint-Vincent-le-Paluel
Saint-Vincent-sur-l'Isle
Saint-Vivien
Sainte-Croix
Sainte-Croix-de-Mareuil
Sainte-Eulalie-d'Ans
Sainte-Eulalie-d'Eymet
Sainte-Foy-de-Belvès
Sainte-Foy-de-Longas
Sainte-Innocence
Sainte-Marie-de-Chignac
Sainte-Mondane
Sainte-Nathalène
Sainte-Orse
Sainte-Radegonde
Sainte-Sabine
Sainte-Trie
Salagnac
Salles-de-Belvès
Salon
Sarlande
Sarliac-sur-l'Isle
Sarrazac
Saussignac
Savignac-Lédrier
Savignac-de-Miremont
Savignac-de-Nontron
Savignac-les-Eglises
Sceau-Saint-Angel
Segonzac
Sencenac-Puy-de-Fourches
Sergeac
Serres-et-Montguyard
Servanches
Sigoulès
Simeyrols
Singleyrac
Siorac-de-Ribérac
Siorac-en-Périgord
Sireuil
Sorges
Soudat
Soulaures
Sourzac
Tamniès
Teillots
Temple-Laguyon
Teyjat
Thenon
Thénac
Tocane-Saint-Apre
Tourtoirac
Trélissac
Tursac
Urval
Valeuil
Vallereuil
Valojoulx
Vanxains
Varaignes
Varennes
Vaunac
Vendoire
Verdon
Vergt-de-Biron
Veyrignac
Veyrines-de-Vergt
Vieux-Mareuil
Villac
Villamblard
Villars
Villefranche-de-Lonchat
Villefranche-du-Périgord
Villetoureix
Vitrac
Vélines
Vézac
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Dordogne is a department in southwestern France, with its prefecture in Périgueux. The department is located in the region of Aquitaine between the Loire Valley and the Pyrenees. and is named after the great Dordogne river that runs through it. It roughly corresponds with the ancient county of Périgord.

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

The county of Périgord dates back to when the area was inhabited by the Gauls. It was originally home to four tribes, the name for "four tribes" in the Gaulish language was "Petrocore". The area eventually became known as the county of Le Périgord and its inhabitants became known as the Périgordins (or Périgourdins). There are four Périgords in the Dordogne: the "Périgord Vert" (Green Périgord) with its main town of Nontron, consists of verdant valleys in a region crossed by many rivers and streams; the "Périgord Blanc" (White Périgord) situated around the department's capital of Périgueux, is a region of limestone plateaux, wide valleys and meadows; the "Périgord Pourpre" (Purple Périgord) with its capital of Bergerac, is a wine region; and the "Périgord Noir" (Black Périgord) surrounding the administrative center of Sarlat, overlooks the valleys of the Vézère and the Dordogne, where the woods of oak and pine give it its name.


The Petrocores took part in the resistance against Rome. Concentrated in a few major sites are the vestiges of the Gallo-Roman period-–the gigantic ruined tower and arenas in Périgueux (formerly Vesone), the Périgord museum's archaeological collections, villa remains in Montcaret and the Roman tower of La Rigale Castle in Villetoureix. The earliest cluzeaux, artificial caves either above or below ground, can be found throughout the Dordogne. These subterranean refuges and lookout huts were large enough to shelter entire local populous. According to Julius Caesar the Gauls took refuge in these caves during the resistance.

After Guienne province was transferred to the English Crown under the Plantagenets following the re-marriage of Eleanor of Aquitaine in 1152, Périgord passed by right to English suzerainty. Being situated at the boundaries of influence of the monarchies of France and England, it oscillated between the two dynasties for more than three hundred years of struggle until the end of the Hundred Years' War in 1453. The county had been torn apart and, as a consequence, that modeled its physiognomy.

During the calmer periods of the late 15th and early 16th centuries, the Castillon plain on the banks of the Dordogne saw a development in urban architecture. The finest Gothic and Renaissance residences were built in Périgueux, Bergerac and Sarlat. In the countryside, the nobility had the majority of the more than 1200 chateaux, manors and country houses erected. In the second half of the sixteenth century however, the terrors of war again visited the area, as the attacks pillaging and fires of the Wars of Religion reached a rare degree of violence in Périgord. At the time, Bergerac was one of the most powerful Huguenot strongholds, along with La Rochelle. Following these wars, Périgord, fief of Henry of Navarre, was to return to the Crown for good and would continue to suffer from the sudden political changes of the French nation, from the Revolution to the tragic hours of the Resistance.

We also encounter the memory of its most illustrious literary figures: Arnaut Daniel, Bertran de Born, Michel de Montaigne, Étienne de La Boétie, Brantôme, Fenelon, Maine de Biran, Eugene Le Roy and André Maurois; its great captains: Talleyrand, Saint-Exupery, Biron... and even Josephine Baker. A number of ruins (La Chapelle-Faucher, I'Herm...) have retained the memory of the tragedies which took place within their walls. Several of the castles and châteaux are open to visitors and some of them such as Bourdeilles and Mareuil, house remarkable collections.

In addition to its castles, chateaux, churches, bastides and cave fortresses, the Périgord region has preserved from centuries past a number of wonderful villages which still have their market halls, dovecotes, tories (stone huts), churches, abbeys and castles. Saint-Léon-sur-Vézère, Connezac, Saint-Jean-de-Côle, La Roque-Gageac and many others are real jewels of architecture. As for the old quarters of Périgueux or Bergerac, restored and developed into pedestrian areas, they have regained their former charm. A number of small towns, such as Brantôme, Issigeac, Eymet and Mareuil, have withstood the often brash changes of modern times. A special mention should be made in this respect to Sarlat and its Black Périgord area.

Dordogne is one of the original 83 departments created on 4 March 1790 during the French Revolution. It was included from the former province of Périgord, the county of Périgord. Its borders would continue to change over the subsequent decades.

In 1793 the communes of Boisseuilh, Coubjours, Génis, Payzac, Saint-Cyr-les-Champagnes, Saint-Mesmin, Salagnac, Savignac, Saint-Trié and Teillots were transferred from Corrèze to Dordogne.
In 1794 Dordogne ceded Cavarc to Lot-et-Garonne. Later in 1794 (albeit during the subsequent year under the Republican Calendar in use at the time) Dordogne gained Parcoul from Charente-Inférieure.
Following the restoration, in 1819, the commune of Bonrepos was suppressed and merged with the adjacent commune of Souillac in Lot.

In 1870, shortly after France went to war against Prussia in a war that the enemy was winning, a young aristocrat called Alain de Monéys was savagely tortured and then burned by a crowd of between 300 and 800 people for two hours on 16 August in a public square in the village of Hautefaye in the north-west of the department. Details of the incident remain unclear: the leading participants appear to have been drunk, and before the introduction of mass education most of the witnesses would have been unable (and possibly unwilling) to write down what they saw. But at some stage the victim died, and following a trial four individuals identified as culpable were in turn condemned to die by guillotine. The sentence was carried out in the same public square on 6 February 1871.

It was suggested that the victim had reported the (bad) news of the war in a way that implied support for the enemy, although subsequently it became clear that his patriotic credentials were beyond reproach. It was also suggested that the mob had been antagonised when he called out, "Vive la République!" (Long live the republic) at a time when the patriotic villagers valued the imperial regime, which Parisian revolutionaries were in the process of destroying.

The incident was widely reported at the time and has been extensively researched subsequently. This summary relies on the work of Alain Corbin, a modern historian specialising in the nineteenth century who analysed the incident and the mass psychology behind it.

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