Place:Greater London, England

Watchers
NameGreater London
Alt namesGLsource: Curious Fox: UK Counties and Shires [online] (2002). accessed 16 Dec 2002
GLCsource: Curious Fox: UK Counties and Shires [online] (2002). accessed 16 Dec 2002
Gt Lonsource: UK Counties and Regions Abbreviations [web site] (1997-98) accessed 16 Dec 2002
TypeModern county, Administrative county
Coordinates51.5°N 0.167°W
Located inEngland     (1965 - )
See alsoLondon, Englandmunicipal government of the County of London (or Inner London) 1889-1965
Kent, Englandcounty from which a number of parishes were absorbed in 1965
Middlesex, Englandcounty from which a number of parishes were absorbed in 1965
Surrey, Englandcounty from which a number of parishes were absorbed in 1965
Hertfordshire, Englandcounty with which a few parishes were transferred (both in and out) in 1965
Essex, Englandcounty with which a few parishes were transferred (both in and out) in 1965
Contained Places
Area
Canary Wharf ( 1980 - )
Docklands ( 1971 - )
East End of London ( 1965 - )
Farringdon ( 1965 - )
Heathrow
Thamesmead ( 1966 - )
Borough (metropolitan)
Barking (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Barnet (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Bexley (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Brent (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Bromley (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Camden (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Croydon (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Ealing (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Enfield (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Greenwich (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Hackney (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Hammersmith (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Haringey (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Harrow (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Havering (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Hillingdon (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Hounslow (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Islington (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Kensington and Chelsea (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Kingston upon Thames (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Lambeth (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Lewisham (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
London (City of) ( 1965 - )
Merton (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Newham (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Redbridge (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Richmond upon Thames (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Southwark (London Borough) ( - 1965 )
Sutton (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Tower Hamlets (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Waltham Forest (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Wandsworth (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Westminster (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Cemetery
Abney Park Cemetery ( 1965 - )
Brompton Cemetery ( 1965 - )
Highgate Cemetery ( 1965 - )
Kensal Green Cemetery ( 1965 - )
Nunhead Cemetery ( 1965 - )
Tower Hamlets Cemetery ( 1965 - )
West Norwood Cemetery ( 1965 - )
City district
East London ( 1965 - )
West End of London
District
Furzedown
Gallows Corner
Gidea Park
Harold Park
Hatton Garden
Lansbury Estate
Lea Bridge
Little Venice
Lower Lea Valley
Manor House
Maryland
Mildmay
Mile End
Millbank
New Barnet
New Eltham
New Southgate
Nine Elms
Norbury
North Finchley
North Ockendon
Old Oak Common
Osidge
Oval
Pentonville
Pimlico
Port of London
Queen's Park
Rainham
Roehampton
Romford
Rush Green
Seven Sisters
Shacklewell
Sheen
Shirley
Shooter's Hill
Slade Green
South Bank
South Ruislip
Southfields
St. James's
Stratford City
Stratford
Stroud Green
Surrey Quays
The Burroughs
Tottenham Green
Tottenham Hale
Totteridge
Tower Hill
Trowlock Island
Turnpike Lane
Tyburn
Upminster Bridge
Upper Walthamstow
Upton Park
Waddon
Walthamstow Village
Walthamstow
Wennington
West Ealing
Whetstone
White City
Whitehall
Winchmore Hill
Wormwood Scrubs
Inhabited place
London (City of) ( 1965 - )
Parish
Furnival's Inn ( 1965 - present )
Gray's Inn ( 1965 - present )
Liberty of the Rolls ( 1965 - present )
Lincoln's Inn ( 1965 - present )
Perivale ( 1965 - present )
Saffron Hill ( 1965 - present )
Staple Inn ( 1965 - present )
Tottenham ( 1965 - present )
Registration district
Barking Registration District ( 1965 - )
Barnet Registration District ( 1965 - )
Bexley Registration District ( 1965 - )
Brent Registration District ( 1965 - )
Bromley Registration District ( 1965 - )
Camden Registration District ( 1965 - )
Croydon Registration District ( 1965 - )
Ealing Registration District ( - 1965 )
Enfield Registration District ( 1965 - )
Greenwich Registration District ( 1965 - )
Hackney Registration District ( 1965 - )
Hammersmith Registration District ( 1965 - )
Haringey Registration District ( 1965 - )
Harrow Registration District ( 1965 - )
Havering Registration District ( 1965 - )
Hillingdon Registration District ( 1965 - )
Hounslow Registration District ( 1965 - )
Islington Registration District ( 1965 - )
Kensington and Chelsea Registration District ( 1965 - )
Kingston upon Thames Registration District ( 1965 - )
Lambeth Registration District ( 1965 - )
Lewisham Registration District ( 1965 - )
London (City of) Registration District ( 1965 - )
Merton Registration District ( 1965 - )
Newham Registration District ( 1965 - )
Redbridge Registration District ( 1965 - )
Richmond upon Thames Registration District ( 1965 - )
Sutton Registration District ( 1965 - )
Tower Hamlets Registration District ( 1965 - )
Waltham Forest Registration District ( 1965 - )
Wandsworth Registration District ( 1965 - )
Westminster Registration District ( 1965 - )
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names

Image:Greater London.png

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Greater London is an administrative area and ceremonial county in southeast England that covers the United Kingdom capital of London. The administrative area was created on 1 April 1965 and has been the London region since 1 April 1994. It comprises the City of London and 32 London boroughs, of which 12 are Inner London and 20 Outer London boroughs. The ceremonial county used by the Lord Lieutenant of Greater London does not include the City of London. The Greater London Authority, consisting of the Mayor of London and the London Assembly, headquartered in City Hall, has been responsible for strategic local government since 2000. Greater London occupies the same area as the London European Parliament constituency. It is at the first level of NUTS for statistical purposes, covers and had a population of 8,174,000 at the 2011 census. It has by far the highest GVA per capita in the United Kingdom at £37,232. The term Greater London was in use before 1965 to refer to various areas larger than the County of London such as the Metropolitan Police District.

Contents

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

London is divided into the small City of London and the much wider Greater London. This arrangement has come about because as the area of London grew and absorbed neighbouring settlements, a series of administrative reforms did not amalgamate the City of London with the surrounding metropolitan area, and its unique political structure was retained. Outside the limited boundaries of the City, a variety of arrangements has governed the wider area since 1855, culminating in the creation of the Greater London administrative area in 1965.


The term Greater London was used well before 1965, particularly to refer to the Metropolitan Police District (such as in the 1901 census), the area of the Metropolitan Water Board (favoured by the London County Council for statistics), the London Passenger Transport Area and the area defined by the Registrar General as the Greater London Conurbation. The Greater London Arterial Road Programme was devised between 1913 and 1916. One of the larger early forms was the Greater London Planning Region, devised in 1927, which occupied and included 9 million people.[1]

Proposals to expand the County of London

Although the London County Council was created covering the County of London in 1889, the county did not cover all the built-up area, particularly West Ham and East Ham, and many of the LCC housing projects, including the vast Becontree Estates, were outside its boundaries. The LCC pressed for an alteration in its boundaries soon after the end of the First World War, noting that within the Metropolitan and City Police Districts there were 122 housing authorities. A Royal Commission on London Government was set up to consider the issue. The LCC proposed a vast new area for Greater London, with a boundary somewhere between the Metropolitan Police District and the home counties. Protests were made at the possibility of including Windsor, Slough and Eton in the authority. The Commission made its report in 1923, rejecting the LCC's scheme. Two minority reports favoured change beyond the amalgamation of smaller urban districts, including both smaller borough councils and a central authority for strategic functions. The London Traffic Act 1924 was a result of the Commission. Reform of local government in the County of London and its environs was next considered by the Royal Commission on Local Government in Greater London chaired by Sir Edwin Herbert which issued the 'Herbert Report' after three years of work in 1960. The commission applied three tests to decide if a community should form part of Greater London: how strong is the area as an independent centre in its own right; how strong are its ties to London; and how strongly is it drawn outwards towards the country rather than inwards towards London.

Greater London is formally created

Greater London was formally created by the London Government Act 1963, which came into force on 1 April 1965, replacing the administrative counties of Middlesex and London, including the City of London, where the London County Council had limited powers, and absorbing parts of Essex, Hertfordshire, Kent and Surrey. Greater London originally had a two-tier system of local government, with the Greater London Council (GLC) sharing power with the City of London Corporation (governing the small City of London) and the 32 London Borough councils. The GLC was abolished in 1986 by the Local Government Act 1985. Its functions were devolved to the City Corporation and the London Boroughs, with some functions transferred to central government and joint boards.

Greater London was used to form the London region of England in 1994. A referendum held in 1998 established a public will to recreate an upper tier of government to cover the county. The Greater London Authority, London Assembly and the directly elected Mayor of London were created in 2000 by the Greater London Authority Act 1999. In 2000, the outer boundary of the Metropolitan Police District was re-aligned to the Greater London boundary. The 2000 and 2004 mayoral elections were won by Ken Livingstone (L), who had been the final leader of the GLC. The 2008 and 2012 elections were won by Boris Johnson (C).

Greater London Research Tips

  • See wiki.familysearch.org under "London" and also under "Middlesex", "Surrey" and "Kent" for key information about Greater London's jurisdictions and records, plus links to indexes, reference aids and Family History Library holdings.
  • The London Metropolitan Archives (40 Northampton Road, Clerkenwell, London EC1R 0HB) holds records relating to the whole of Greater London. Ancestry (subscription necessary) has produced transcriptions and provides images of lists of baptisms, marriages, and burials in churches across Greater London. These lists start in 1813 and stretch into the 20th century.
  • GENUKI has a long list of websites and archive holders in addition to London Metropolitan Archives above. (The list from GENUKI is not maintained so well that there is never a dead link in it. However, it is often worth googling the title given on the page just in case the contributor has reorganized their website.)
  • GENUKI also has a list of the Archives and Local Studies Libraries for each of the boroughs of Greater London.
  • The London Encyclopaedia by Ben Weinreb and Christopher Hibbert. An e-book available online through Google, originally published by Pan Macmillan. There is a search box in the left-hand pane.
  • London Lives. A very useful free website for anyone researching their London ancestors between the years 1690-1800. This is a fully searchable edition of 240,000 manuscripts from eight archives and fifteen datasets, giving access to 3.35 million names.
  • London Ancestor, a website belonging to one of the London family history societies, has a list of transcriptions of directories from the 18th century, listing in one case "all the squares, streets, lanes, courts, yards, alleys, &C. in and about Five Miles of the Metropolis..." In other parts of the same website are maps of various parts of 19th century London and Middlesex.
  • The proceedings of the Old Bailey, London's central criminal court, 1674-1913. A fully searchable edition of the largest body of texts detailing the lives of non-elite people ever published, containing 197,745 criminal trials held at London's central criminal court. This website is free to use.
  • Registration Districts in London, Registration Districts in Middlesex, Registration Districts in Surrey, Registration Districts in Kent, are lists of the registration districts used for civil registration (births, marriages and deaths, as well as the censuses). There are linked supporting lists of the parishes which made up each registration district, the dates of formation and abolition of the districts, the General Register Office numbers, and the local archive-holding place. This work has been carried out by Brett Langston under the agency of GENUKI (Genealogy United Kingdom and Ireland) and UKBMD - Births, Marriages, Deaths & Censuses on the Internet.


This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Greater London. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.