Place:Greater London, England

Watchers
NameGreater London
Alt namesGLsource: Curious Fox: UK Counties and Shires [online] (2002). accessed 16 Dec 2002
GLCsource: Curious Fox: UK Counties and Shires [online] (2002). accessed 16 Dec 2002
Gt Lonsource: UK Counties and Regions Abbreviations [web site] (1997-98) accessed 16 Dec 2002
TypeModern county, Administrative county
Coordinates51.5°N 0.167°W
Located inEngland     (1965 - )
See alsoLondon, Englandmunicipal government of the County of London (or Inner London) 1889-1965
Kent, Englandcounty from which a number of parishes were absorbed in 1965
Middlesex, Englandcounty from which a number of parishes were absorbed in 1965
Surrey, Englandcounty from which a number of parishes were absorbed in 1965
Hertfordshire, Englandcounty with which a few parishes were transferred (both in and out) in 1965
Essex, Englandcounty with which a few parishes were transferred (both in and out) in 1965
Contained Places
Area
East End of London ( 1965 - )
Borough (metropolitan)
Barking (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Barnet (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Bexley (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Brent (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Bromley (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Camden (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Croydon (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Ealing (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Enfield (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Greenwich (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Hackney (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Hammersmith (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Haringey (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Harrow (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Havering (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Hillingdon (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Hounslow (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Islington (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Kensington and Chelsea (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Kingston upon Thames (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Lambeth (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Lewisham (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
London (City of) ( 1965 - )
Merton (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Newham (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Redbridge (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Richmond upon Thames (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Southwark (London Borough) ( - 1965 )
Sutton (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Tower Hamlets (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Waltham Forest (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Wandsworth (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Westminster (London Borough) ( 1965 - )
Borough (municipal)
Barking ( 1965 - )
Chingford ( 1965 - )
Finchley ( 1965 - present )
Ilford ( 1965 - )
Leyton ( 1965 - )
Leytonstone ( 1965 - )
Romford ( 1965 - )
Walthamstow ( 1965 - )
Civil parish
East Wickham ( 1965 - )
District
Ardleigh Green
Balham
Bankside
Barnehurst
Barnes Cray
Battersea
Bayswater
Beckton
Becontree
Beddington
Belgravia
Bellingham
Belmont
Belsize Park
Bermondsey
Bickley
Blackfen
Blackheath
Blackwall
Bounds Green
Brick Lane
Brixton
Brondesbury
Camberwell
Cambridge Heath
Canary Wharf
Canning Town
Chadwell Heath
Chalk Farm
Charing Cross
Charlton
Cheam
Chelsea
Chingford
Chislehurst
Clapham Junction
Clapham
Clitterhouse
Cockfosters
Collier Row
Colliers Wood
Colney Hatch
Coney Hall
Cranham
Cricklewood
Crofton
Crouch Hill
Cubitt Town
Dartmouth Park
Denmark Hill
Docklands
Dollis Hill
Downe
Downham
Dulwich
Earls Court
Earlsfield
East Barnet
East Dulwich
East Ham
East London
Eastcote
Eden Park
Eel Pie Island
Elephant and Castle
Elm Park
Elmers End
Eltham ( 1965 - )
Emerson Park
Falconwood
Farringdon
Fitzrovia
Foots Cray
Forest Gate
Forestdale
Fortis Green
Furzedown
Gallows Corner
Gants Hill
Gidea Park
Goodmayes
Gospel Oak
Hainault
Hammersmith
Hampstead Garden Suburb
Hampstead
Hamsey Green
Harlesden
Harold Hill
Harold Park
Harold Wood
Harringay
Hatton Garden
Hatton
Havering-atte-Bower
Heathrow
Hendon
Herne Hill
Highams Park
Highbury
Holborn
Holland Park
Honor Oak
Hornchurch
Ilford
Isle of Dogs
Islington
Kenley
Kennington
Kensington
Keston
Kidbrooke
Kilburn
King's Cross
Knightsbridge
Lansbury Estate
Lea Bridge
Leyton Grange
Leyton
Leytonstone
Little Venice
Longford
Lower Holloway
Lower Lea Valley
Lower Morden
Maida Vale
Manor House
Manor Park
Maryland
Mayfair
Merton Park
Mildmay
Mile End
Millbank
Millwall
Mitcham
Morden Park
Morden
Mottingham
Neasden
New Addington
New Barnet
New Cross Gate
New Eltham
New Southgate
Newbury Park
Newington Green
Nine Elms
Norbiton
Norbury
North Finchley
North Ockendon
North Woolwich
Northwood
Norwood Green
Notting Hill
Old Oak Common
Oliver Close
Orpington
Osidge
Oval
Palmers Green
Peckham ( 1965 - )
Pentonville
Petts Wood
Pimlico
Plaistow
Plumstead
Poplar
Port of London
Primrose Hill
Purley
Putney
Queen's Park
Rainham
Ratcliffe
Raynes Park
Redbridge
Roehampton
Romford
Rush Green
Sanderstead
Selsdon
Seven Kings
Seven Sisters
Shacklewell
Sheen
Shirley
Shooter's Hill
Sidcup ( 1965 - )
Sipson
Slade Green
Snaresbrook
Soho
Somers Town
South Bank
South Croydon
South Kensington
South Norwood
South Ruislip
South Wimbledon
South Woodford
Southall Norwood
Southfields
St John's Wood
St Pancras
St. Helier
St. James's
Stockwell
Stratford City
Stratford
Streatham
Stroud Green
Surbiton
Surrey Quays
Swiss Cottage
Thamesmead
The Burroughs
Thornton Heath
Tolworth
Tooting Bec
Tooting
Tottenham Green
Tottenham Hale
Totteridge
Tower Hill
Trowlock Island
Tufnell Park
Tulse Hill
Turnpike Lane
Tyburn
Upminster Bridge
Upper Walthamstow
Upton Park
Upton
Vauxhall
Waddon
Wallington
Walthamstow Village
Walthamstow
Walworth ( 1965 - )
Wandsworth ( 1965 - )
Wanstead
Welling ( 1965 - )
Wennington
West Croydon
West Ealing
West End of London
West Ham
West Hampstead
West Norwood
Westbourne
Westcombe Park
Whetstone
White City
Whitehall
Wimbledon
Winchmore Hill
Woodford Green
Woodford
Woodside Park
Woolwich
Wormwood Scrubs
Yiewsley
Former borough
Battersea ( 1965 - )
Bermondsey ( 1965 - )
Camberwell ( 1965 - )
Woolwich ( 1965 - )
Inhabited place
Coombe
Cranford ( 1965 - present )
East Wickham ( 1965 - )
Hayes
London (City of) ( 1965 - )
North Feltham
Southwark ( 1965 - )
Upper Norwood
Parish
Bromley-by-Bow ( 1965 - present )
Covent Garden ( 1965 - present )
Cowley ( 1965 - present )
Cranford ( 1965 - present )
Feltham ( 1965 - present )
Finchley ( 1965 - present )
Furnival's Inn ( 1965 - present )
Gray's Inn ( 1965 - present )
Hanworth ( 1965 - present )
Harefield ( 1965 - present )
Harlington ( 1965 - present )
Harmondsworth ( 1965 - present )
Hayes ( 1965 - present )
Hillingdon ( 1965 - present )
Hornsey ( 1965 - present )
Ickenham ( 1965 - present )
Kingsbury ( 1965 - present )
Liberty of the Rolls ( 1965 - present )
Lincoln's Inn ( 1965 - present )
Merton ( 1965 - )
Monken Hadley ( 1965 - present )
Northolt ( 1965 - present )
Norwood ( 1965 - present )
Perivale ( 1965 - present )
Precinct of the Savoy ( 1965 - present )
Ruislip ( 1965 - present )
Saffron Hill ( 1965 - present )
St Anne Soho ( 1965 - present )
St Clement Danes ( 1965 - present )
St George Hanover Square ( 1965 - present )
St Giles in the Fields ( 1965 - present )
St James Westminster ( 1965 - present )
St Martin in the Fields ( 1965 - present )
St Mary le Strand ( 1965 - present )
Staple Inn ( 1965 - present )
Tottenham ( 1965 - present )
Totteridge ( 1965 - present )
West Drayton ( 1965 - present )
Wood Green ( 1965 - present )
Yiewsley ( 1965 - present )
Parish (ancient)
Newington
Unknown
Bermondsey ( 1965 - )
Mile End Old Town
Urban district
Barking ( 1965 - )
Chingford ( 1965 - )
Feltham ( 1965 - present )
Hornchurch ( 1965 - )
Ilford ( 1965 - )
Leyton ( 1965 - )
Leytonstone ( 1965 - )
Romford ( 1965 - )
Walthamstow ( 1965 - )
Wanstead ( 1965 - )
Woodford ( 1965 - )
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names

Image:Greater London.png

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Greater London is an administrative area and ceremonial county in southeast England that covers the United Kingdom capital of London. The administrative area was created on 1 April 1965 and has been the London region since 1 April 1994. It comprises the City of London and 32 London boroughs, of which 12 are Inner London and 20 Outer London boroughs. The ceremonial county used by the Lord Lieutenant of Greater London does not include the City of London. The Greater London Authority, consisting of the Mayor of London and the London Assembly, headquartered in City Hall, has been responsible for strategic local government since 2000. Greater London occupies the same area as the London European Parliament constituency. It is at the first level of NUTS for statistical purposes, covers and had a population of 8,174,000 at the 2011 census. It has by far the highest GVA per capita in the United Kingdom at £37,232. The term Greater London was in use before 1965 to refer to various areas larger than the County of London such as the Metropolitan Police District.

Contents

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

London is divided into the small City of London and the much wider Greater London. This arrangement has come about because as the area of London grew and absorbed neighbouring settlements, a series of administrative reforms did not amalgamate the City of London with the surrounding metropolitan area, and its unique political structure was retained. Outside the limited boundaries of the City, a variety of arrangements has governed the wider area since 1855, culminating in the creation of the Greater London administrative area in 1965.


The term Greater London was used well before 1965, particularly to refer to the Metropolitan Police District (such as in the 1901 census), the area of the Metropolitan Water Board (favoured by the London County Council for statistics), the London Passenger Transport Area and the area defined by the Registrar General as the Greater London Conurbation. The Greater London Arterial Road Programme was devised between 1913 and 1916. One of the larger early forms was the Greater London Planning Region, devised in 1927, which occupied and included 9 million people.[1]

Proposals to expand the County of London

Although the London County Council was created covering the County of London in 1889, the county did not cover all the built-up area, particularly West Ham and East Ham, and many of the LCC housing projects, including the vast Becontree Estates, were outside its boundaries. The LCC pressed for an alteration in its boundaries soon after the end of the First World War, noting that within the Metropolitan and City Police Districts there were 122 housing authorities. A Royal Commission on London Government was set up to consider the issue. The LCC proposed a vast new area for Greater London, with a boundary somewhere between the Metropolitan Police District and the home counties. Protests were made at the possibility of including Windsor, Slough and Eton in the authority. The Commission made its report in 1923, rejecting the LCC's scheme. Two minority reports favoured change beyond the amalgamation of smaller urban districts, including both smaller borough councils and a central authority for strategic functions. The London Traffic Act 1924 was a result of the Commission. Reform of local government in the County of London and its environs was next considered by the Royal Commission on Local Government in Greater London chaired by Sir Edwin Herbert which issued the 'Herbert Report' after three years of work in 1960. The commission applied three tests to decide if a community should form part of Greater London: how strong is the area as an independent centre in its own right; how strong are its ties to London; and how strongly is it drawn outwards towards the country rather than inwards towards London.

Greater London is formally created

Greater London was formally created by the London Government Act 1963, which came into force on 1 April 1965, replacing the administrative counties of Middlesex and London, including the City of London, where the London County Council had limited powers, and absorbing parts of Essex, Hertfordshire, Kent and Surrey. Greater London originally had a two-tier system of local government, with the Greater London Council (GLC) sharing power with the City of London Corporation (governing the small City of London) and the 32 London Borough councils. The GLC was abolished in 1986 by the Local Government Act 1985. Its functions were devolved to the City Corporation and the London Boroughs, with some functions transferred to central government and joint boards.

Greater London was used to form the London region of England in 1994. A referendum held in 1998 established a public will to recreate an upper tier of government to cover the county. The Greater London Authority, London Assembly and the directly elected Mayor of London were created in 2000 by the Greater London Authority Act 1999. In 2000, the outer boundary of the Metropolitan Police District was re-aligned to the Greater London boundary. The 2000 and 2004 mayoral elections were won by Ken Livingstone (L), who had been the final leader of the GLC. The 2008 and 2012 elections were won by Boris Johnson (C).

Research Tips

  • See wiki.familysearch.org under "London" and also under "Middlesex" for key information about Greater London's jurisdictions and records, plus links to indexes, reference aids and Family History Library holdings.
  • A very useful FREE site for anyone researching their London ancestors between the years 1690-1800 is London Lives. This is a fully searchable edition of 240,000 manuscripts from eight archives and fifteen datasets, giving access to 3.35 million names.
  • London Ancestor, a website belonging to one of the London family history societies, has a list of transcriptions of directories from the 18th century, listing in one case "all the squares, streets, lanes, courts, yards, alleys, &C. in and about Five Miles of the Metropolis..."
  • The proceedings of the Old Bailey, London's central criminal court, 1674-1913. A fully searchable edition of the largest body of texts detailing the lives of non-elite people ever published, containing 197,745 criminal trials held at London's central criminal court. This site is FREE to use.



This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Greater London. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
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