Place:Hertfordshire, England


NameHertfordshire
Alt namesHertfordsource: Family History Library Catalog
Hertssource: BIAB Online (1999-2000) accessed 16 Dec 2002; Curious Fox: UK Counties and Shires [online] (2002). accessed 16 Dec 2002; Gazetteer of Great Britain (1999) xvii; Royal Mail: PAF Digest [online] (2002) accessed 16 Dec 2002
Herts.source: Oxford English Reference Dictionary (1996)
HRTsource: Curious Fox: UK Counties and Shires [online] (2002). accessed 16 Dec 2002
TypeHistoric county, Administrative county, Modern county
Coordinates51.75°N 0.333°W
Located inEngland
Contained Places
Borough (municipal)
Hemel Hempstead
Hertford
St. Albans
Watford
Civil parish
Aldenham
Ardeley
Ashwell
Ayot St. Lawrence
Ayot St. Peter
Barkway
Barley
Bengeo Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Bishop's Hatfield ( - 1951 )
Braughing
Brickendon
Buntingford
Bushey Rural ( 1894 - 1906 )
Chipperfield
Coleshill ( - 1844 )
Cottered
Eastwick
Elstree
Essendon
Gilston
Great Amwell
Great Berkhamstead Rural (parish) ( 1898 - )
Harpenden Rural ( 1898 - )
Hatfield
Hertford St. Andrew Rural ( 1894 - 1924 )
Hertford St. John Rural ( 1894 - 1929 )
High Wych ( 1901 - )
Hitchin Urban ( 1894 - 1974 )
Hoddesdon Rural ( 1894 - 1935 )
Langley
Layston ( - 1937 )
Little Hormead ( - 1937 )
Meesden
Nettleden with Potten End ( 1937 - present )
North Royston ( 1896 - 1897 )
Offley
Redbourn
Rickmansworth Rural ( 1898 - 1935 )
Shephall ( - 1946 )
South Bassingbourn ( 1896 - 1897 )
South Kneesworth ( 1896 - 1897 )
South Melbourn ( 1896 - 1897 )
St. Albans Abbey
St. Michael Rural (parish) ( 1894 - )
St. Peter Rural (parish) ( 1894 - 1947 )
St. Stephen (parish) ( 1894 - )
Standon
Stanstead Abbots
Thorley
Throcking ( - 1955 )
Thundridge
Totteridge ( - 1965 )
Tring Rural (parish) ( 1898 - 1974 )
Tring
Wakeley
Ware Rural (parish) ( 1894 - )
Ware
Watford Rural (parish) ( 1894 - 1974 )
Watton at Stone
Welwyn
Westmill
Widford
Wymondley
District municipality
Broxbourne District ( 1974 - )
Dacorum District ( 1974 - )
East Hertfordshire District ( 1974 - )
Hertsmere District ( 1974 - )
North Hertfordshire District ( 1974 - )
St. Albans District ( 1974 - )
Stevenage District ( 1974 - )
Three Rivers District ( 1974 - )
Watford District ( 1974 - )
Welwyn Hatfield District ( 1974 - )
Hamlet
Chipperfield
Eastwick
Potten End
Wakeley
Hundred
Braughing Hundred
Broadwater Hundred
Cashio Hundred
Dacorum Hundred
Edwinstree Hundred
Hertford Hundred
Hitchin and Pirton Hundred
Odsey Hundred
Inhabited place
Aldenham
Baldock
Barkway
Berkhamsted
Bishop's Stortford
Borehamwood
Bourne End
Buntingford
Bushey
Cheshunt
Coleshill ( - 1844 )
Cottered
Elstree
Great Amwell
Harpenden
Hatfield
Hemel Hempstead
Hertford
Hitchin
Hoddesdon
Leavesden
Letchworth
Leverstock Green ( 1849 - )
Little Amwell
Meppershall ( - 1844 )
Nettleden ( 1895 - present )
Potters Bar ( 1965 - present )
Rickmansworth
Royston
Sawbridgeworth
St. Albans
Stevenage
Tring
Waltham Cross
Ware
Watford
Watton at Stone
Welwyn Garden City ( 1921 - )
Westmill
Parish
Abbots Langley
Albury
Aldbury
Anstey
Arkley ( - 1965 )
Aspenden
Aston
Baldock
Barnet Vale ( 1894 - 1965 )
Barnet ( - 1965 )
Bayford
Bengeo
Benington
Berkhamsted
Bishop's Stortford
Bovingdon
Bramfield
Brent Pelham
Broadfield ( - 1955 )
Broxbourne
Buckland
Bushey
Bygrave
Caddington ( - 1897 )
Caldecote
Cheshunt
Chorleywood
Clothall
Codicote
Colney Heath ( 1947 - )
Datchworth
Digswell
Flamstead
Flaunden ( 1800 - )
Furneux Pelham
Graveley
Great Gaddesden
Great Hormead
Great Munden
Great Wymondley ( - 1937 )
Hadley ( 1894 - 1965 )
Harpenden
Hemel Hempstead
Hertford St. Andrew
Hertford
Hertingfordbury
Hexton
Hinxworth
Hitchin
Hoddesdon
Holwell ( 1897 - )
Hormead ( 1937 - )
Humbershoe ( 1897 - )
Hunsdon
Ickleford
Kelshall
Kensworth ( - 1897 )
Kimpton
King's Walden
Kings Langley
Knebworth
Letchworth
Lilley
Little Berkhamsted
Little Gaddesden
Little Hadham
Little Munden
Little Wymondley ( - 1937 )
London Colney ( 1947 - )
Markyate
Monken Hadley ( 1889 - 1965 )
Much Hadham
Newnham
North Mymms
Northaw
Northchurch
Norton ( - 1908 )
Nuthampstead ( 1866 - )
Pirton
Preston
Puttenham
Radwell
Reed
Rickmansworth
Ridge
Rowley ( - 1965 )
Royston
Rushden
Sacombe
Sandon
Sandridge
Sarratt
Sawbridgeworth
Shenley
South Mimms Urban ( 1894 - 1965 )
South Mimms ( 1965 - present )
St. Albans St. Michael's
St. Albans St. Peter's
St. Albans
St. Ippolyts
St. Paul's Walden
Stanstead St. Margaret
Stapleford
Stevenage
Stocking Pelham
Studham ( - 1897 )
Tewin
Therfield
Walkern
Wallington
Watford
Weston
Wheathampstead
Whipsnade ( - 1897 )
Wigginton
Willian ( - 1930 )
Wormley
Wyddial
Parish (ancient)
Ardeley
Ashwell
Ayot St. Lawrence
Ayot St. Peter
Barley
Bishop's Hatfield ( - 1951 )
Braughing
East Barnet ( - 1965 )
Elstree
Essendon
Gilston
Hertford All Saints
Layston ( - 1937 )
Little Hormead ( - 1937 )
Meesden
Offley
Redbourn
Shephall ( - 1946 )
St. Albans Abbey
St. Stephen (parish) ( 1894 - )
Standon
Stanstead Abbots
Thorley
Throcking ( - 1955 )
Thundridge
Welwyn
Widford
Registration district
Barnet Registration District (early) ( 1837 - 1851 )
Barnet Registration District (late) ( 1946 - 1965 )
Berkhampstead Registration District ( 1837 - 1939 )
Berkhamsted Registration District ( 1939 - 1974 )
Bishops Stortford Registration District ( 1837 - 2008 )
Broxbourne Registration District ( 1974 - 2008 )
Buntingford Registration District ( 1837 - 1838 )
Dacorum Registration District ( 1974 - 2008 )
Elstree and Potters Bar Registration District ( 1965 - 1996 )
Hatfield Registration District ( 1837 - 2008 )
Hemel Hempstead Registration District ( 1837 - 1974 )
Hertford Registration District ( 1837 - 1974 )
Hertford and Ware Registration District ( 1974 - 2008 )
Hertfordshire Registration District ( 2008 - )
Hitchin Registration District ( 1837 - 1996 )
Hitchin and Stevenage Registration District ( 1996 - 2008 )
Royston Registration District ( 1837 - 1939 )
St. Albans Registration District ( 1837 - 2008 )
Stevenage Registration District ( 1974 - 1996 )
Ware Registration District ( 1837 - 1974 )
Watford Registration District ( 1837 - 2008 )
Rural district
Ashwell Rural ( 1894 - 1935 )
Barnet Rural ( 1894 - 1941 )
Berkhamsted Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Bishop's Stortford Rural ( 1894 - 1895 )
Braughing Rural ( 1935 - 1974 )
Buntingford Rural ( 1894 - 1935 )
Elstree Rural ( 1941 - 1974 )
Hadham Rural ( 1895 - 1935 )
Hatfield Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Hemel Hempstead Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Hertford Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Hitchin Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Kensworth Rural ( 1894 - 1897 )
Royston Rural ( 1894 - 1897 )
St. Albans Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Studham Rural ( 1894 - 1897 )
Ware Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Watford Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Welwyn Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Suburb
Apsley
Cockfosters ( - 1965 )
Leavesden
Leverstock Green ( 1849 - )
Oxhey
Walsworth
Urban district
Baldock
Barnet ( - 1965 )
Berkhamsted
Bushey
Cheshunt
Chorleywood
East Barnet ( - 1965 )
Harpenden
Hitchin
Hoddesdon
Letchworth
Potters Bar ( 1965 - present )
Rickmansworth
Royston
Sawbridgeworth
Stevenage
Tring
Ware
Welwyn Garden City ( 1921 - )
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Hertfordshire (; abbreviated Herts) is a county in southern England, bordered by Bedfordshire to the north, Cambridgeshire to the north-east, Essex to the east, Buckinghamshire to the west and Greater London to the south.

Four towns have between 50,000 and 100,000 residents: Hemel Hempstead, Stevenage, Watford and St Albans. The county town, Hertford, once the main market town for the medieval agricultural county ranks 13th in population today deriving its name from a (stag) and a ford used as the components of the county's coat of arms and flag. Elevations are high for the region in the north and west. These reach over 240m in the western projection around Tring which is in the Chilterns. The county's borders are approximately the watersheds of the Colne and Lea, which flow southwards each accompanied by a canal. Hertfordshire is at the edge of the London Basin and most of its undeveloped land is agricultural and protected as Metropolitan Green Belt. The volume of intact medieval and Tudor buildings surpasses London, in places in well-preserved conservation areas, especially in St Albans which includes some remains of Verulamium, the town where in the third century AD an early recorded British martyrdom took place. Saint Alban, a Romano-British soldier, took the place of a Christian priest and was beheaded on Holywell Hill. His martyr's cross of a yellow saltire on a blue background is reflected in the flag and coat of arms of Hertfordshire.

The county's landmarks span many centuries, ranging from the six 'Hills', next to the New Town of Stevenage built by inhabitants during the Roman Britain centuries, to Leavesden Film Studios. Leavesden filmed much of the UK-based $7.7 Bn box office Harry Potter film series and has the country's studio tour. The largest sector of the economy of the county is services and it has a large proportion of residents who are City of London commuters. Ten railway lines and three motorways pass through or reach into the county.

In 2013, the county had a population of 1,140,700 living in an area of .

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Hertfordshire was the area assigned to a fortress constructed at Hertford under the rule of Edward the Elder in 913. Hertford is derived from the Anglo-Saxon heort ford, meaning deer crossing (of a watercourse). The name Hertfordshire is first recorded in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle in 1011. Deer feature in many county emblems.

There is evidence of humans living in Hertfordshire from the Middle Stone Age. It was first farmed during the Neolithic period and permanent habitation appeared at the beginning of the Bronze Age. This was followed by tribes settling in the area during the Iron Age.

Following the Roman conquest of Britain in AD 43, the aboriginal Catuvellauni quickly submitted and adapted to the Roman life; resulting in the development of several new towns, including Verulamium (St Albans) where in c. 293 the first recorded British martyrdom is traditionally believed to have taken place. Saint Alban, a Romano-British soldier, took the place of a Christian priest and was beheaded on Holywell Hill. His martyr's cross of a yellow saltire on a blue background is reflected in the flag and coat of arms of Hertfordshire as the yellow background to the stag or Hart representing the county. He is the Patron Saint of Hertfordshire.

With the departure of the Roman Legions in the early 5th century, the now unprotected territory was invaded and colonised by the Anglo-Saxons. By the 6th century the majority of the modern county was part of the East Saxon kingdom. This relatively short lived kingdom collapsed in the 9th century, ceding the territory of Hertfordshire to the control of the West Anglians of Mercia. The region finally became an English shire in the 10th century, on the merger of the West Saxon and Mercian kingdoms.

A century later the victorious William of Normandy received the surrender of the surviving senior English Lords and Clergy, at Berkhamsted, resulting in a new Anglicised title of William the Conqueror. He then embarked on an uncontested entry into London and coronation at Westminster.

After the Norman conquest, Hertfordshire was used for some of the new Norman castles at Bishop's Stortford and at the royal residence of Berkhamsted and at King's Langley, a staging post between London and the royal residence of Berkhamsted.

The Domesday Book recorded the county as having nine hundreds. Tring and Danais became oneDacorumfrom Danis Corum or Danish rule harking back to a Viking not Saxon past. The other seven were Braughing, Broadwater, Cashio, Edwinstree, Hertford, Hitchin and Odsey.

As London grew, Hertfordshire became conveniently close to the English capital; much of the area was owned by the nobility and aristocracy, this patronage helped to boost the local economy. However, the greatest boost to Hertfordshire came during the Industrial Revolution, after which the population rose dramatically. In 1903, Letchworth became the world's first garden city and Stevenage became the first town to redevelop under the New Towns Act 1946.

From the 1920s until the late 1980s, the town of Borehamwood was home to one of the major British film studio complexes, including the MGM-British Studios. Many well-known films were made here including the first three Star Wars movies (, & ). The studios generally used the name of Elstree (the adjoining village). American director Stanley Kubrick not only used to shoot in those studios but also lived in the area until his death. In more recent times, Elstree has had the likes of Big Brother UK and Who Wants To Be A Millionaire? filmed there, whilst EastEnders is also filmed at the studios. Also Hertfordshire has seen development in other film studio complexes, Leavesden Film Studios were developed on the Leavesden Aerodome site, north of Watford. The Harry Potter series was filmed at the studios, whilst the 1995 James Bond film GoldenEye was also filmed there.

On 17 October 2000, the Hatfield rail crash killed four people with 170 injured. The crash exposed the shortcomings of Railtrack, which consequently saw speed restrictions and major track replacement. On 10 May 2002, the second of the Potters Bar rail accidents occurred killing seven people; the train was at high speed when it derailed and flipped into the air when one of the carriages slid along the platform where it came to rest.

In early December 2005, the 2005 Hemel Hempstead fuel depot explosions occurred at the Hertfordshire Oil Storage Terminal.

In 2012, the canoe and kayak slalom events of the 2012 Summer Olympic Games took place in the town of Waltham Cross, within the borough of Broxbourne.

Following a proposal put forward by The Welwyn Garden Heritage Trust, town-planner Andrés Duany has suggested that designated "Garden Villages" could be built within Hertfordshire to relieve some of the pressure for new homes, with perhaps a third Garden City to follow.

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