Place:Welwyn Garden City, Hertfordshire, England

NameWelwyn Garden City
Alt namesWelwynsource: name of former parish
TypeTown, Urban district
Coordinates51.8°N 0.217°W
Located inHertfordshire, England     (1921 - )
See alsoWelwyn Rural, Hertfordshire, Englandrural district in which it was located 1921-1974
Digswell, Hertfordshire, Englandparish which was part transferred to Welwyn Garden City in 1920
Hatfield, Hertfordshire, Englandparish which was transferred to Welwyn Garden City in 1920
Welwyn Hatfield District, Hertfordshire, Englanddistrict municipality covering the area since 1974
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names

Welwyn Garden City was founded in the early 20th century on land formerly in the three parishes of Welwyn, Digswell and Hatfield. The transfers of land occurred in 1921. In 1927 it became an Urban District.

the following text is based on an article in Wikipedia

Welwyn Garden City was founded by Sir Ebenezer Howard in the 1920s following his previous experiment in Letchworth Garden City. Howard had called for the creation of planned towns that were to combine the benefits of the city and the countryside and to avoid the disadvantages of both.

The Garden Cities and Town Planning Association had defined a garden city as

"a town designed for healthy living and industry of a size that makes possible a full measure of social life but not larger, surrounded by a rural belt; the whole of the land being in public ownership, or held in trust for the community."

In 1919, Howard arranged for the purchase of land in Hertfordshire that had already been identified as a suitable site. On 29 April 1920 a company, Welwyn Garden City Limited, was formed to plan and build the garden city. The first house was occupied just before Christmas 1920.

The town is laid out along tree-lined boulevards with a neo-Georgian town centre. It has its own environmental protection legislation, the Scheme of Management for Welwyn Garden City. Every road has a wide grass verge. The spine of the town is "Parkway", a central mall or scenic parkway, almost a mile long. The view along Parkway to the south was once described as one of the world's finest urban vistas.

Since 1974 Welwyn Garden City has been part of the Welwyn Hatfield District or Borough. It had a population of 46,619 in the UK census of 2011.

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