Sawbridgeworth is a small, mainly residential, town and also a civil parish in the East Hertfordshire District of Hertfordshire, England. Between 1901 and 1974 it was an urban district. Sawbridgeworth borders Harlow and is four miles south of Bishop's Stortford, twelve miles east of Hertford and nine miles north of Epping. The river Stort flows through the east of the town, past the Maltings. Its population as recorded in the 2011 UK census was 8,458. Nearby villages include High Wych and Much Hadham. The parish includes the village of Spelbrook or Spellbrook.
The Manor of "Sabrixteworde" (one of the many spellings previously associated with the town) was recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086. After the Battle of Hastings it was granted to Geoffrey de Mandeville I by William the Conqueror. Local notables have included John Leventhorpe, an executor of both King Henry IV and King Henry Vs' wills, and Anne Boleyn, who was given the Pishiobury/Pishobury estate, located to the south of the town.
Much of the town centre is a conservation area; many of the buildings date from the Tudor, Stuart, and Georgian periods. Great St Mary's church was originally built in the 13th century (although a church on the site existed in Saxon times) and includes a Tudor tower containing a clock bell (1664) and eight ringing bells, the oldest of which dates from 1749. Ralph Jocelyn of Hyde Hall, who was twice Lord Mayor of London in the 15th century, is buried here; images of many of his family and other locals have been engraved on brass, and hence the church is popular for enthusiasts of brass rubbing. The ghost of Sir John Jocelyn, known for his love of horses, is reputed to appear riding a white horse on the old carriage drive every 1 November.
The town's prosperity came from the local maltings, owned by George Fawbert and John Barnard; in 1839 they set up the Fawbert and Barnard charity to fund local children and their education, funding a local infant school that still exists today.
During the Second World War RAF Sawbridgeworth operated Supermarine Spitfires, Westland Lysanders, North American Mustangs, and de Havilland Mosquitoes. The joinery works, located between the canal and the railway and owned by the building contractor Walter Lawrence & Son Ltd, built over 1,000 Mosquito fuselages for deHavilland during World War 2.
For more information, see the EN Wikipedia article Sawbridgeworth.